See opening of the letters of Abimelech of Tyre, Bezold's Oriental Diplomacy, Nos.
When Abimelech (the Philistine king in the stories of Abraham and Isaac) could be substituted in the title of Ps.
ABIMELECH (Hebrew for "father of [or is] the king").
Abimelech is called "king of the Philistines," but the title is clearly an anachronism.
On the death of Gideon, Abimelech set himself to assert the authority which his father had earned, and through the influence of his mother's clan won over the citizens of Shechem.
Abimelech thus became king, and extended his authority over central Palestine.
Abimelech, warned by his deputy Zebul, left his residence at Arumah and approached the city.
This revolt, which Abimelech successfully quelled, appears to be only an isolated episode.
The mother of Abimelech the son of Gideon was a Shechemite, and Shechem was the centre of his short-lived kingdom (Jud.
A similar experience is said to have happened to Abraham and Sarah at Gerar with the Philistine king Abimelech (xx.
Arising out of the incident is an account of a covenant between Abimelech and Isaac (xxvi.
See further ABIMELECH; GIDEON; MANASSEH; and JEWS: History.
The Philistines naturally had a prominent place in popular tradition, and the story of Isaac and the Philistine Abimelech (Gen.
17, 18), while the founder of the Judaean dynasty has intimate relations with a Philistine king Achish (or Abimelech, Ps.
21, and the successors of Jeroboam 2), attacks by nomads and wars with Ammon and Moab; conflicts between newly settled Israelites and indigenous Canaanites have been suspected in the story of Abimelech, and it is not impossible that the post-Deuteronomic writer who inserted ch.
I), and his adventure in the land of Abimelech, king of Gerar (xx.), is a duplicate of xii.
The story of the events at the court of Abimelech (xxvi.) finds a parallel in the now disjointed xx., xxi.
The covenant with Abimelech may be compared with the friendship between David and Achish (1 Sam.
Xxvii.), who is actually called Abimelech in the heading of Ps.
It was the scene of the coronation (a religious ceremony) of Abimelech (Judg.
The same agency produces discord between Abimelech and the Shechemites (Judges ix.
Xx.), but here Abimelech takes Sarah to wife, although he is warned by a divine vision before the crime is actually committed.