He died in 1799, and Maximilian Joseph, the head of the Zweibriicken branch, inherited Bavaria and the Palatinate.
1489), son of Stephen, count palatine of Zimmern-Veldenz, founded the line of the dukes of Zweibriicken, which became extinct in 1731, when the duchy passed to the Birkenfeld branch, whence it came under the sway of Bavaria in 1799.
At the peace of Luneville Zweibriicken was ceded to France; on its reunion with Germany in 1814 the greater part of the territory was given to Bavaria, the remainder to Oldenburg and Prussia.
See Lehmann, Geschichte des Herzogtums Zweibriicken (Munich, 1867).
west of Landau, and on the railway from that place to Zweibriicken.
The province is well served by railway communication and, for purposes of administration, is divided into the following 16 districts: Bergzabern, Diirkheim, Frankenthal, Germersheim, Homburg, Kaiserslautern, Kirchheimbolanden, Kusel, Landau, Ludwigshafen, Neustadt, Pirmasens, Rockenhausen, St Ingbert, Spires and Zweibriicken.
In 1400 Rupert was elected German king, and when he died in 1410 his possessions were divided among his four sons: the eldest, Louis III., received the Rhenish Palatinate proper; the second son, John, obtained the upper Palatinate; while the outlying districts of Zweibriicken and Simmern passed to Stephen, and that of Mosbach to Otto.
Already on Stephen's death in 1459 this family had been divided into two branches, those of Simmern and of Zweibriicken, and in 1514 the latter branch had been divided into the lines of Zweibriicken proper and of Veldentz.
Mention has already been made of a division of this family into two lines after 1459, and of a further division of the Zweibriicken line in 1514, when again two lines were founded.
The junior of these, that of Veldentz, became extinct in 1694, but the senior, that of Zweibriicken proper, was still very flourishing.
Charles Theodore died without legitimate sons in 1799, and his successor was Maximilian Joseph, a member of the Birkenfeld branch of the Zweibriicken family, who later became king of Bavaria as Maximilian I.
He accompanied the count palatine of Zweibriicken to Poland, and on his return to Paris he devoted himself to writing.
[CHARLES GUSTAVUS] (1622-1660), king of Sweden, son of John Casimir, count palatine of Zweibriicken, and Catherine, sister of Gustavus Adolphus, was born at Nykoping Castle on the 8th of November 1622.
of Zweibriicken, whose line became extinct in 1569, when the countship reverted to Lorraine.
The protests of the next heir, Charles, duke of Zweibriicken (Deux-Ponts), supported by the king of Prussia, led to the war of Bavarian succession.
By the peace of Teschen (May 13th, 1779) the Inn quarter was ceded to Austria, and the succession secured to Charles of Zweibriicken.
The elector was not unwilling, but the scheme was wrecked by the opposition of the heir to the Bavarian throne, the duke of Zweibriicken, in response to whose appeal Frederick the Great formed, on the 23rd of July 1785, a confederation of German princes (Fiirstenbund) for the purpose of opposing the threatened preponderance of Austria.
LOUIS I., king of Bavaria (1786-1868), son of the then prince, afterwards duke and elector, Max Joseph of Zweibriicken and his wife Princess Augusta of Hesse-Darmstadt (-1796), was born at Strassburg on the 25th of August 1786.
Of the latter's four sisters, the eldest (Marie Eleonore) was married to Albert Frederick, duke of Prussia, the second (Anna) to Philip Louis, count palatine of Neuburg, the third (Magdalena) to John, count palatine of Zweibriicken, and the fourth (Sybille) to Charles of Habsburg, margrave of Burgau.
On the death of Charles Theodore, the last of this line, in 1 799, Jdlich and Berg fell to Maximilian Joseph of Zweibriicken (Maximilian I.
The town came into the possession of Zweibriicken in 1755 and later into that of Bavaria.
Zweibriicken ("two bridges") is the Latin Bipontinum; it appears in early documents also as Geminus Pons, and was called by the French Deux-Ponts.
At the ducal printing office at Zweibriicken the fine edition of the classics known as the Bipontine Editions was published (1 799 sqq.).
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