The political status of the country is controlled by the Ottoman Empire, of which Syria makes part, divided into the vilayets of Aleppo, Sham or Syria (Damascus), the Lebanon (q.v.) and Beirut, and the separate sanjaks or mutessarifliks of Zor and Jerusalem.
The first reduction in size occurred in 1857, when some of the western portion of the vilayet was added to the newly created sanjak of Zor.
The river actually flows in a depression, the Zor, from a quarter to 2 m.
It is the capital and the only considerable town of the Zor sanjak, formed in 1857, which includes Ras el -`Ain on the north and Palmyra on the south, with a total area of 32,820 sq.
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