Zimmern in Z.D.M.G.
Zimmern's Heft ii.
pp. 167-171; Zimmern, Keilinschr.
Zimmern; see also his Index, sub voce).
pp. 2 4928 7; Die sumerischen Familiengesetze (1879); Zimmern, Babylonische Busspsalmen (1885), pp. 71 f.; Hommel, Gesch.
For the Babylonian evidence see Zimmern, op. cit., 603.
Zimmern and F.
4 seq.; 4 See a collection and critical estimate of this evidence by Zimmern, Die Keilinschriften and das Alte Testament, 465 sqq.
Zimmern's somewhat different treatment of the subject in Ency.
Benrath (2nd ed., Brunswick, 1892), translated into English by Helen Zimmern (London, 1876).
trans., p. 56, with note on pp. 114 -118; Zimmern, Die Keilinschr.
Winckler and Zimmern, Keilinschr.
The investigations which have been carried on in recent years by King, Tallquist and Zimmern, as well as by Briinnow and Craig, on the magic and ritual of Babylonia and Assyria have been fruitful of results.
This is not a distinction which governs Zimmern and other writers.
Our chief source of information is Zimmern's Beitreige zur Kenntniss der Babylon: Religion, pp. 81-95, from which Lagrange in his Etudes sur les religions semitiques 2 has chiefly derived his materials (ch.
Zimmern's results are summarized in K.
As contrasted with the baru or soothsaying priest, as he is called by Zimmern, we have the asipu, who was the priestmagician who dealt in conjurations (siptu), whereby diseases were removed, spells broken, or in expiations whereby sins were expiated.
Tallquist's edition of the Maklu series of incantations and his explanations of the ritual, and also the publications by Zimmern of the Surpu series of tablets in his Beitreige have rendered us familiar with the functions of the asipu.
(I) According to Zimmern the baru and the asipu formed close gilds and the office passed from father to son.
(4) In the ritual tablets for the asipu published in Zimmern's Beitriige, No.
383 ff.; Zimmern, Die Keilinschriften and das Alte Testament, pp. 529 f., 631 f.; Dibelius, Die Lade Jahves (1906), pp. 72-86.
Students of Tallquist's Maklu series of incantation or of the surpu series edited by Zimmern (in his Beitrage zur Kenntniss der Babylonischen Religion) will recollect the images over which the priest sorcerer recites his formulae.
This collective grouping of the seven (five) planetary divinities is derived from the late Babylonian religion, which can definitely be indicated as the home of these ideas (Zimmern, Keilinschriften in dem alien Testament, ii.
The interesting parallels between the Babylonian Marduk (Merodach) god of light and Christ as a world saviour are ingeniously set forth by Zimmern in K.A.T., 3rd ed., pp. 376-391, but the total impression which they leave is vague.
In the western 1 See Zimmern, in Ztsch.
by Zimmern and Buhl, Leipzig, 1910); Brown, Briggs and Driver, Hebrew and Eng.
Zimmern (Zatw xl.
Zimmern, Lessing's Life and Works (1878); H.
Professors Peter Jensen and Zimmern have also done excellent work in the same field and, together with Haupt, have established the correct method of investigating the Sumerian vocables, which should be studied only in relation to the Sumerian literature.
Zimmern, Vergleichende Grammatik d.
Gesellschaft, 1892); Zimmern, Vergi.
Guhrauer, Sime, and Zimmern; Kuno Fischer, Geschichte der neuern Philosophie (vol.
Zimmern, Beitrage zur Kenntniss der babylonischen Religion (Leipzig, 1901); J.
Zimmern in vol.
To these local examples may be added the lord (or lady) of life, a serpent-deity of the Assyrian city Der (Winckler and Zimmern, Keilinschrift.
On these points see Zimmern, K.A.T.
"Kushaiah"); and Zimmern, Keilinschr.
Schopenhauer; von ihm; iiber ihn (1863); Helen Zimmern, Schopenhauer and his Philosophy (1877); O.
In 1891 came a new explanation of Esther from Zimmern.
Jensen, now followed by Zimmern, is equal to the occasion.
There may have once existed in Hebrew a story of the deadly feud between Mordecai (if that be the original ' See Zimmern, Die Keilinschriften and das Alte Test.('), p. 438.
(1875), 14$-153; Lagarde, Purim (1887); Zimmern in Stade's Zeitschrift, xi.
Zimmern and P. Jensen, compares the dragon of the Apocalypse with the Babylonian Tiamat, thinks that some myth is referred to, and finds the µay€Scov of ApµayEbwv in the divine name `YEVEAAcya5wv, a Babylonian god of the underworld.
Zimmern indeed connects the Akitu festival with 'that of Purim on the 15th Adar (March); see K.A.T.
The Hebrew and probably the Phoenician name for 0 was Ain (Ayin), and in the Semitic alphabet, which does not indicate vowels, the symbol stood for a "voiced glottal stop" and also for a "voiced velar spirant" (Zimmern).
23 seems to connect the original of the feast with a threshold covenant (see Trumbull, Threshold Covenant, Philadelphia, 1902); the daubing of the sideposts and lintel with blood at the original Passover, which finds its counterpart in Babylonian custom (Zimmern, Beit.
" wipe off " and not " cover " as in Arabic. Zimmern thinks that the meaning " atone " " expiate," which belongs to the Pael form of the root k-p-r in both Aramaic and Arabic was borrowed from the Babylonian (cf.
He was represented as the writer of the tablets of destiny, and was therefore regarded as the interpreter of oracles (see Zimmern, K.
Zimmern (1 vol., 1879), will be found in Bohn's "Standard Library."
So too Zimmern, in Gunkel's Schopfung and Chaos, p. 313, note 2, name) and Haman, with elements suggested by the story of the battle between the Supreme God and the dragon (see Cosmogony).
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.