In Novaya Zemlya and the Taimyr peninsula, it projects within the Arctic Circle as far as 77° 6' and 77° 40' N.
are Karlo, East Kvarken, the Aland archipelago, Dagd, and Osel or Oesel in the Baltic Sea; Novaya Zemlya, with Kolguyev and Vaigach, in the Barents Sea; the Solovetski Islands in the White Sea; the New Siberian archipelago, Wrangel Land and Bear Islands, off the Siberian coast; the Commander Islands off Kamchatka; the Shantar Islands and the N.
Russia, which is going on from Esthonia and Finland to the Kola peninsula and Novaya Zemlya, at an average rate of about two feet per century.
to the Caspian, whence it turns to the north on a line not far from the 60th meridian, along the Ural Mountains, and meets the Arctic Ocean nearly opposite the island of Novaya Zemlya.
KARA SEA, a portion of the Arctic Ocean demarcated, and except on the north-west completely enclosed, by Novaya Zemlya, Vaygach Island and the Siberian coast.
It is approached from the west by three straits - Matochkin, between the two islands of Novaya Zemlya, and Kara and Yugor to the north and south of Vaygach Island respectively.
The sea is all shallow, the deepest parts lying off Vaygach Island and the northern part of Novaya Zemlya.
Norway, Scotland, British Columbia 5 and Alaska, Patagonia and Chile, and even Spitsbergen and Novaya Zemlya, whose west coasts are far more indented than their east ones.
That of - 4° F., which crosses Novaya Zemlya in Europe, passes through Tobolsk, Tomsk, Krasnoyarsk and Irkutsk, and touches 45° N.
The isotherm of - 22° F., which touches the north point of Novaya Zemlya, passes in Siberia through Turukhansk (at the confluence of the Lena and the Lower Tunguzka) and descends as low as 55° N.
VAYGACH (variously Waigats, Waigatch, &c.), an island off the Arctic coast of Russia, between it and Novaya Zemlya, bounded S.
BARENTS SEA, that part of the Arctic Ocean which is demarcated by the north coast of Europe, the islands of Novaya Zemlya, Franz Josef Land and Spitsbergen, and smaller intervening islands; it was named after the Dutch navigator.
of Novaya Zemlya, extending northward from about 80° to 82° N., and between 4 2° and 64° E.
of Novaya Zemlya.
NOVAYA ZEMLYA (Nova Zembla, " new land"), an Arctic land off the coast of European Russia, to which it belongs, consisting of two large islands separated by a narrow winding channel, the Matochkin Shar.
With Vaygach Island, between it and the mainland, Novaya Zemlya forms a continuation of the Pae-Khoy hills.
coast of Novaya Zemlya, especially between the Matochkin Shar and 75° N., there are a number of fjord-like inlets - such as Chekina, Rasmyslov and Medvizhiy bays.
extremity of Goose Land (Gusinaya Zemlya) in 72° N.
Little is known of the interior of Novaya Zemlya.
Traces of Eocene deposits have not been discovered on Novaya Zemlya.
above the sea) Novaya Zemlya, like the whole of the arctic coast of Russia, was submerged for several hundred feet.
Novaya Zemlya is colder than Spitsbergen (which lies more to the N.) as in some degree it shares in the continental conditions of northern Russia and Siberia.
The phanerogamic flora of Novaya Zemlya and Vaygach numbers about two hundred species.
As to the genetic connexions of the Novaya Zemlya flora, it appears, according to M.
The interior of Novaya Zemlya shows hardly a trace of animal life, save here and there a vagrant bird, a few lemmings, an ice-fox, a brown or white bear, and at times immigrant reindeer.
Many of them wintered for years on Novaya Zemlya without great loss from scurvy.
Owing to the ice in the White Sea Russian hunters found Novaya Zemlya less easy of access than did the Norwegians.
Novaya Zemlya is included in the Russian province of Archangel.
Novaya Zemlya seems to have been known to Novgorod hunters in the 11th century; but its geographical discovery dates from the great movement for the discovery of the N.E.
In 1870 the Norwegian Captain Johannesen penetrated as far as 79° E., in 76° 13' N., and afterwards accomplished the second circumnavigation of Novaya Zemlya.
These explorations led the way for the famous voyages of Baron Nordenskidld (1875-1878), which included investigations in Novaya Zemlya.
Next year Hudson was again sent by the Muscovy Company to open a passage to China, this time by the north-east route between Spitzbergen and Novaya Zemlya, which had been attempted by his predecessors and especially by the Dutch navigator William Barents.
With a mixed crew of eighteen or twenty men he left the Texel in the "Half-Moon" on the 6th of April, and by the 5th of May was in the Barents Sea, and soon afterwards among the ice near Novaya Zemlya, where he had been the year before.
This significant but evanescent phenomenon, which represents the direct emissions of a low-lying solar envelope, was photographed by William Shackleton on the occasion of an eclipse in Novaya Zemlya on the 9th of August 1896; and it has since been abundantly registered by exposures made during the obscurations of 1898, 1900, 1901 and 1905.
The Dutch emulated the British in the Arctic seas during this period, directing their efforts mainly towards the discovery of a north-east passage round the northern end of Novaya Zemlya; and William Barents or Barendsz (1594-1597) is the most famous name in this connexion, his boat voyage along the coast of Novaya Zemlya after losing his ship and wintering in a high latitude, being one of the most remarkable achievements in polar annals.
In Novaya Zemlya and the Taimyr peninsula, it projects within the Arctic Circle as far as 77Ã‚° 6' and 77Ã‚° 40' N.
That of - 4Ã‚° F., which crosses Novaya Zemlya in Europe, passes through Tobolsk, Tomsk, Krasnoyarsk and Irkutsk, and touches 45Ã‚° N.
The isotherm of - 22Ã‚° F., which touches the north point of Novaya Zemlya, passes in Siberia through Turukhansk (at the confluence of the Lena and the Lower Tunguzka) and descends as low as 55Ã‚° N.
of Novaya Zemlya, extending northward from about 80Ã‚° to 82Ã‚° N., and between 4 2Ã‚° and 64Ã‚° E.
He successfully observed the total solar eclipse of the 8th of August 1896 at Novaya Zemlya, and purposed a voyage to India for the eclipse of 1898, but died suddenly at the Radcliffe Observatory on the 9th of May 1897.
coast of Novaya Zemlya, especially between the Matochkin Shar and 75Ã‚° N., there are a number of fjord-like inlets - such as Chekina, Rasmyslov and Medvizhiy bays.
extremity of Goose Land (Gusinaya Zemlya) in 72Ã‚° N.
In 1870 the Norwegian Captain Johannesen penetrated as far as 79Ã‚° E., in 76Ã‚° 13' N., and afterwards accomplished the second circumnavigation of Novaya Zemlya.
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