Harnack, Julicher and McGiffert, however, agree with Lightfoot, Weiss, Zahn (and early tradition) in holding that the letter is wholly Pauline - a position which is proving more and more acceptable to contemporary scholarship.
Zahn (1900) and Julicher (1906); the histories of the apostolic age by C. von Weizsdcker (1892), A.
Zahn, of an edition of the works of the Apostolic Fathers, Patrum apostolicorum opera, a smaller edition of which appeared in 1877.
Weiss, Meyer, Sabatier, Lightfoot, Hort, Sanday, Bacon, Julicher, Harnack, Zahn and many others.
But it can be shown to be no more so than that of Galatians (Zahn, Einleitung, i.
Zahn (1897-1899, 2nd ed.
In addition to these Clement often speaks of his intention to write on certain subjects, but it may well be doubted whether in most cases, if not all, he intended to devote separate treatises to 1 Zahn thinks we have part of them in the Adumbrationes Clem.
For the Fragments see Zahn, Forschungen zur Gesch.
But other scholars, such as Zahn, Schiirer, Porter, state that the secret books with which we have been dealing formed a class by themselves and were called " Genuizim " (a+r
See Zahn, Gesch.
(See Zahn, Gesch.
712, 713); Zahn, Gesch.
Lipsius and Zahn assign it to the middle of the 2nd century.
(So Zahn, Gesch.
Recently Schubert has sought to derive the elements which are found in the Petrine Gospel, but not in the canonical gospels, from the original Ada Pilati, while Zahn exactly reverses the relation of these two works.
xviii.), but this is declared to be untrustworthy by Zahn, op. cit.
to the Gospels, and Zahn's Gesch.
It circulated among the Nazarenes in Syria, and was composed, according to Zahn (op. cit.
Zahn (op. cit.
In 1885 a long fragment was discovered at Akhmim, and published by Bouriant in 1892, and subsequently by Lods, Robinson, Harnack, Zahn, Schubert, Swete.
703) assigns it to the latter half of the 2nd century, but Zahn (Gesch.
It was used by the Ebionites, and was written, according to Zahn (op. cit.
536-537; Zahn, Gesch.
- On this important gospel see Zahn, Gesch.
25.6, and the List of Sixty Books, not a shred of it has been preserved, unless with Zahn ii.
See Zahn ii.
See Zahn,, op. cit.
See Zahn i.
For a discussion of this work see Zahn, Gesch.
For a translation of Ephraem's commentary see Zahn ii.
424-467; Zahn (op. cit.
According to Photius, moreover, the Acts of Peter also were composed by this same Leucius Charinus, who, according to Zahn (Gesch.
Hence Zahn gives its date as 90 -100 at latest; Dobschiitz, as loo -110; and Harnack, as 110 -130.
21); but this view is contested by Zahn, see Gesch.
The book is variously dated by different scholars: Zahn assigns it to the years A.D.
See Zahn, Patr.
See Zahn, op. cit.
74 sqq.; Zahn, Gesch.
Zahn fixes the date at 97, Salmon a few years later, Lipsius 142.
Among the chief editions are those of Zahn, Der Hirt des Hermas (1868); Gebhardt and Harnack, Patres Apostolici (1877, with full bibliographical material); Funk, Patres Apost.
Johann Zahn, in his Oculus Artificialis Teledioptricus (1685-1686), described and figured two forms of portable box cameras with lenses.
von Zahn, Styriaca (Graz, 1894-1896).
Some writers, notably Professor Zahn,' piecing together this text with 2 Tim.
Zahn's reasoned argument stands in contrast to the blind reliance on tradition shown by Macdonald, The Symbol of the Apostles, and the fanciful reconstruction of the primitive creed by Baeumer, Harnack or Seeberg.
But Ignatius might seem to offer in the following passage some confirmation of Zahn's theory of a primitive creed of Antioch (Troll.
He omits, however, to mention this, which is Zahn's strongest argument, II.
Zahn acutely suggests that it was omitted in the time of Zephyrinus to counteract Monarchian teaching such as the formula: " believe in one God, Jesus Christ."
Zahn, Das apostolische Symbolum (1893); C. A.
by Holtzmann, Julicher, Weiss, Zahn, Davidson, Salmon, Bacon and the standard Commentaries of Meyer and Holtzmann, the International (Bigg) and other series, contain discussions of authorship and date.
- These methods are now generally regarded as unscientific, and call for no further notice here save to mention that the first was upheld by Hengstenberg, Ebrard, Maitland, Elliott, &c.; the second by Kliefoth, Beck, Zahn, and the third by Auberlen, Luthardt, Milligan and Benson.
His views have been accepted by (amongst many others) Renan, 1 Hilgenfeld, 2 Gebhardt,3 Lipsius, 4 Harnack, 5 Zahn, 6 Lightfoot, ?
Zahn, Forschungen zur Geschichte des Kanons, &c., iv.
of Gebhardt, Harnack and Zahn j ointly (1875-1877), J.
Zahn, almost colossal in scale and exhaustive in detail, embracing Gesch.
Zahn and Pincher may be said to supplement and correct each other, as they write from very different points of view, and on Jalicher's side there is no lack of criticism of his great opponent.
Zahn's series is monumental in its way, and his Grundriss is very handy and full of closely packed and (in statements of facts) trustworthy matter.
[The Diatessaron may be studied in Zahn, " Evangelienharmonic," article in the Protestantische Realencyklopadie (1898); J.
See, on the external evidence in general, Zahn's Geschichte der neutest.
Zahn (2nd ed., 1900), G.
It usually contemplates a special Jewish-Christian house-church (so Zahn), like those which Paul salutes at the end of Romans, e.g.
Zahn's article in Hauck's Realencyklopeidie.
Weiss (in Meyer's Commentar, 7th ed., 1902; full and exact), Wohlenberg (in Zahn's Commentar, 1906), and J.
Brief English notes are furnished by Horton (Century Bible, 1901, from Zahn's standpoint) and J.
Seeberg in Zahn's Forschungen, V.
Zahn, Zeitschrift fiir kirchliche Wissenschaft and kirchliches Leben (1886), p. 337 &c.; Bousset, Kritisch-exegetisches Kommentar zur Offenbarung Johannis, cap. 17, and the article "Sibyllen" in Herzog-Hauck, Realencyklopadie fiir Theologie and Kirche (3rd ed.), xviii.
Zahn, Der Stoiker Epiktet and sein Vencaltnis zum Christentum (2nd ed.
and Zahn, Introd.
1853), Zahn (Marcell v.
From the frequency of his quotations, Aphraates is a specially important witness to the form in which the Gospels were read in the Syriac church in his day; Zahn and others have shown that he - mainly at least - used the Diatessaron.
Zahn's excursus and Prof. Lake in Expositor, March 1906, p. 236 f.) throws a slight doubt on the interpretation of ii.
and Zahn's Geschichte d.
Zahn (2nd ed., 1907); these supersede most of the earlier works, but H.
For the patristic editions, see the introductory sections in Zahn and Lightfoot.
Zahn and J.
The hypothesis has won very wide acceptance, but several editors and critics (including Harnack, Zahn and Clemen) remain unconvinced.
Nor is it possible to regard (with Zahn) such counsels as merely prophylactic; they are too definite and pointed.
Zahn is now its main supporter, and his contentions are not convincing.
Proofs of its Pauline authorship are led fully by Zahn (Einleitung in das N.T.
Zahn's Geschichte des N.T.
Zahn (1903) and W.
Zahn (Introd.), J.
Zahn and Dom Morin and also of Profs.
Zahn (Forschungen zur Geschichte des Kanons, i.) and most writers 1 Tatian describes himself as an " Assyrian," and though the terms " Assyrian " and " Syrian " are used very loosely by ancient writers, it is probable that he was born E.
Lipsius discovers Gnostic traits in the story, but these are denied by Zahn (Gesch.
This, according to Lightfoot (see Colossians $, 272-298) and Zahn, is a translation from the Greek.
The Epistle to the Alexandrians is mentioned only in the Muratorian canon (see Zahn ii.
An ingenious conjecture by Zahn enables us to add the words " holy Church " to our reconstruction of the creed from the writings of Tertullian.
On the other hand, Kunze, Loofs, Sanday, and Zahn find evidence of the existence of an Eastern type of creed of equal or greater antiquity and distinguished from the Roman by such phrases as " One " (God), " Maker of heaven and earth," " suffered," " shall come again in glory."
Over and above the general criticism, which may now be said to have been completely answered by the investigations of Zahn, Lightfoot and Harnack, one or two special arguments have been brought against the Epistle to Polycarp. Ussher, for instance, while accepting the other six epistles, rejected this on the ground that Jerome says that Ignatius only sent one letter to Smyrna - a mistake due to his misinterpretation of Eusebius.
There is indeed so much that is Pauline in r Peter as to give distinct attractiveness to the hypothesis, which is most elaborately maintained by Zahn, that a larger share than usual in the composition of the letter was left to Silvanus (r Peter v.
Zahn, Forschungen I.; " Aphraates and the Diatessaron," vol.
It is "a sensational heading" (Findlay), but it may either refer 1Ã‚° to the whole epistle (so Augustine, Chrysostom, &c., followed by Zahn) or, as most hold (with Jerome) to the postscript (vi.
After two seasons and watching the events of September 11, 2001, Anderson Cooper returned to broadcast news and landed a job at CNN, where he co-anchored American Morning with Paula Zahn.
In 1992, Spectra Books published Star Wars: Heir to the Empire by Timothy Zahn.
The Thrawn trilogy, as told by Timothy Zahn and approved by George Lucas, revisits the New Republic five years after the events of Return of the Jedi.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.