Bubastis, capital of the 19th nome of Lower Egypt, is now represented by a great mound of ruins called Tell Basta, near Zagazig, including the site of a large temple (described by Herodotus) strewn with blocks of granite.
This line is now abandoned in favour of the railway which follows the canal from Suez to Ismailia, and then ascends the Wadi Tumilat to Zagazig, whence branches diverge to Cairo and Alexandria.
Vast cemeteries of animals which belonged to the revered species have been discovered; more especially may be mentioned that of the cats at Bubastis, the remains of which, charred by some great fire, until recently filled numberless chambers of crude brick in the ruins at Zagazig.
A boring made in 1886 for the Royal Society at Zagazig attained a depth of 375 ft.
of Tanta; Zagazig (34,999) is the largest town in the Delta east of the Damietta branch; Bilbeis (f3,485) lies N.N.E.
of and terminus of a railway from Zagazig, on the edge of the desert south of Lake Menzala, and the starting-point of the caravans to Syria; Mataria (15,142) on Lake Menzala and headquarters of the fishing industry; Zifta (13,850) on the Damietta branch and the site of a barrage; Samant~4 (14,408), also on the Damietta branch, noted for its pottery, and Fua (14,515), where large quantities of tarbushes are made, on the Rosetta branch.
An immediate pursuit was ordered, and the Indian contingent, under Major-General Macpherson, reached Zagazig, while the cavalry, under Major-General Drury Lowe, occupied Belbeis and pushed on to Cairo, 65 m.
ZAGAZIG (Zakazik), a town of Lower Egypt, capital of the province of Sharkia.
Situated on the Delta in the midst of a fertile district, Zagazig is a great centre of the cotton and grain trade of Egypt.
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