Wissowa, Religion and Kultus der Romer (1902), according to whom Spes was originally not a garden goddess, but simply the divinity to whom one prayed for the fulfilment of one's desires.
On the 23rd of February (the end of the old Roman year) the festival called Terminalia, according to Wissowa a festival not of the god but of the boundary stones (termini), was held.
Wissowa, Religion and Kultus der Romer (1902); W.
iii., edited by Wissowa; Th.
Wissowa, Religion and Kultus der Romer and Gesammelte Abhandlungen zur romischen Religionsund Stadtgeschichte; W.
The old view that the Lares were the deified ancestors of the family has been rejected lately by Wissowa, who holds that the Lar was originally the protecting spirit of a man's lot of arable land, with a shrine at the compitum, i.e.
Wissowa, Religion and Kultus der Romer (1902), p. 148 foil.; Archiv fiir Religionswissenschaft (1904, p. 42 foil.) and W.
Wissowa in Roscher's Lexicon der Mythologie, s.v.
Wissowa, Religion and Kultus der Rimer (1902); F.
See Wissowa, Religion der Reimer (1902), p. 304, and his article in Pauly-Wissowa's Realencyclopadie, iii.
Wissowa in the Corpus scriptorum eccl.
Schmidt (Italic) in Pauly's Realencyclopadie edited by Wissowa (1894).
On his trial see article in Pauly Wissowa's Realencyclopcidie.
Wissowa, Religion and Kultus der Romer, p. 355 seq.; monograph by Wackermann (Hanau, 1888); C. Pascal, Studii di antichita e mitologia (1896).
Wissowa Religion and Kultus der Romer (1902); D.
Bouche-Leclercq, Histoire de la divination dans l'antiquite (1879), and his articles, with bibliography, in Daremberg and Saglio's Dictionnaire des antiquites; also articles "Augures," "Auspicium," by Wissowa in Pauly's Realencyclopddie (II.
235 seq.; Wissowa, Religion and Kultus der Reimer, 430 seq.; Bouche-Leclercq, Les Pontifes, passim.
Mannhardt, who by comparing numerous examples of similar customs among other European peoples arrived at the conclusion that the rite was of extreme antiquity and of dramatic rather than sacrificial character, and that its object was possibly to procure rain; (2) that of Wissowa, who refuses to date it farther back than the latter half of the 3rd century B.C., and sees in it the yearly representation of an original sacrifice of twentyseven captive Greeks (taking Argei as a Latin form of 'Ap-yE701) by drowning in the Tiber.
See Wissowa's arguments in the article "Argei" in his edition of Pauly's Realencyclopddie.
It is probable that he was of Etruscan origin (see Wissowa, Religion and Kultus der Romer, 1902, p. 233).
See Preller, Romische Mythologic; article "Dius Fidius," by Wissowa, in Roscher's Lexikon der Mythologie, and his Religion and Kultus der Romer (1902), who rejects the identity of Semo Sancus Dius Fidius with Hercules; W.
Wissowa, Religion and Kultus der Ramer (1902), according to whom Virbius was a divinity who assisted at childbirth (cp. the nixi di); J.
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