He was one of the three Hanoverians, Windthorst and Miquel being the other two, who at once won for the representatives of the conquered province the lead in both the Prussian and German parliaments.
LUDWIG WINDTHORST (1812-1891), German politician, was born on the 17th of January 1812 at Kaldenhof, a country house near Osnabruck.
Windthorst took no part in the critical events of 1866; contrary to the opinion of many of his friends, after the annexation of Hanover by Prussia he accepted the fait accompli, took the oath of allegiance, and was elected a member both of the Prussian parliament and of the North German diet.
After the death of Hermann von Mallinckrodt (1821-1874) in 1874, Windthorst became leader of the party, and maintained that position till his death.
Windthorst took the responsibility of keeping the papal instructions secret from the rest of his party and of disobeying them.
Windthorst was undoubtedly one of the greatest of German parliamentary leaders: no one equalled him in his readiness as a debater, his defective eyesight compelling him to depend entirely upon his memory.
Windthorst's Ausgewahlte Reden were published in three volumes (Osnabruck, 1901-1902).
Knopp, Ludwig Windthorst: ein Lebensbild (Dresden, 1898); and Hiisgen, Ludwig Windthorst (Cologne, 1907).
high, containing the grave of Ludwig Windthorst, "his little excellency," for many years leader of the Ultramontane (Centre) party in the imperial diet.
On the 30th of January Bismarck took the opportunity of inveighing against the formation of the sectarian Centrum as being " one of the most monstrous phenomena in the world of politics," and he left no room for doubt in the minds of his hearers that he regarded the leadership of Windthorst as constituting, in his eyes, a peril to the national unity.
Windthorst thereupon raised the question in the Reichstag, but the Prussian government refused to take any notice of the interpolation on the ground that there was no right in the constitution for the imperial authority to take cognizance of acts of the Prussian government.
Bismarck, in order to win the support of the Centre, appealed directly to the pope, but Windthorst took the responsibility of refusing to obey the popes request on a matter purely political.
an attempt was made to reconcile the Guelphs, and even the Poles were taken into favor; Windthorst was treated with marked distinction.
No great parliamentary leader took the place of Windthorst, Lasker and Bennigsen; the extra - parliamentary societies, less responsible and more violent, grew in influence.
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