Winckler, " Die Gesetze Hammurabis Kiinigs von Babylon urn 2250 v.
18 foll., and Winckler, Religionsgeschichtlicher u.
Winckler's own views are condensed in the 3rd edition - a re-writing - of Schrader's work (Keilinschr.
(1896), pp. 23 sqq.; see also Winckler, Gesch.
i, LXX reads Maon), and a more southerly origin has been thought of (Winckler).
6 The present position of this incident, immediately after Absalom's rebellion was quelled, is almost inconceivable (Winckler, H.
Dove (Leipzig, 1890); and the article by Dove in the Allgemeine deutsche Biographic. Also Winckler, Leopold von Ranke.
The two personages - the "old and foolish king" and the "poor and wise youth" - have been supposed (by Winckler) to be Antiochus Epiphanes (175-164 B.C.) and Demetrius (162-150 B.C.), or (by Haupt) Antiochus and the impostor Alexander Balas (150-146 B.C.), or (by others) Demetrius and Alexander; in favour of Alexander as the "youth" it may be said that he was of obscure origin, was at first popular, and was later abandoned by his friends.
Winckler, in his Altorient.
Winckler to have been the son of the latter king.
Winckler, Altorientalische Forschungen, p. 484 sqq.).
Winckler (Altorientalische Forschungen, ii.
Winckler, Altorientalische Forschungen (1893 foil.), and The Tell-el-Amarna Letters (1896); G.
But there is no evidence for his "cyclic date" of 2517 B.C., on which his system depended, and there is little doubt that the beginning of the historical period of Berossus is to be set, not in 2506 B.C., but in 2232 B.C. The two systems of Sayce,' that of Rogers,' the three systems of Winckler, 5 both those of Delitzsch, 6 and that of Maspero, 7 may be grouped together, for they are based on the same principle.
It should be noted that Winckler (1905) and Delitzsch (1907) gives the dates only in round numbers.
9 Lehmann-Haupt's first system (1898) resembled those of Oppert, Sayce, Rogers, Winckler, Delitzsch and Maspero in that he accepted the figures of the Kings' List, and did not attempt to emend them.
See Winckler, Geschichte Babyloniens and Assyriens (1892), Altorientalische Forschungen, i.
Lehmann-Haupt .uggested an emendation of the text, reducing the number by a thousand years; 14 while Winckler has regarded the statement of Nabonidus as an uncritical exaggeration.
See Winckler in Schrader's Keilinschriften and das Alte-Testament (3rd ed.), i.
Winckler in 1907.
Winckler undertook the work, and great numbers of cuneiform tablets were found.
Winckler claims to read Haiti as the name of the possessors of Boghaz Keui, and to find in this name the proof of the Hittite character of Syro-Cappadocian power and of the imperial predominance of the city.
Winckler has adduced evidence from names of local gods to show that there was an Indo-European racial element in Mitanni; but none for a similar element in the Hatti, whose chief god was Teshub.
Winckler in Orient.
Winckler, Die deutsche Hansa in Russland (Berlin, 1886).
There were in Austria 22 literary and 41 special periodicals in 1848, and 110 literary and 413 special periodicals in 1873 (see the statistical inquiry of Dr Johann Winckler, D; e period.
See Jeremias, Das Alte Testament im Lichte des Alten Orients, p. 121, I; Winckler, Die Keilinschriften and das Alte Testament', p. 333 s Reville, Religions of Mexico and Peru, p. 129.
For attempts to find a mythological interpretation of Isaac's life, see Goldziher, Mythology of the Hebrews; Winckler, Gesch.
So too Winckler, in the new edition of E.
Winckler, Altorientalische Forschungen (" das Land Musri "); D.
Winckler and Zimmern, Keilinschr.
For traces of mythical elements in the story see Winckler, Altorient.
If Cain is the eponym of the Kenites it is quite possible that Abel was originally a South Judaean demigod or hero; on this, see Winckler, Gesch.
(Octagon Prism, 6, 40, 42 seq.) sums up the results of the military operations of his first five years as reaching from the Lower Zab Riviera to the Euphrates Riviera (ebirtan Puratti, well rendered "Parapotamia" by Winckler 4) and Ijatte-land; but this is obviously not a proper name in the same sense as Naharin.
Edin; see especially Winckler's discussion in Or.
Doomsday Book, 69; Winckler, Alt.-or.
King now 2 plausibly argues, is not certain; nor whether the 32 kings who revolted and were conquered by Manishtusu, as we now learn, were by the Mediterranean, as Winckler argued, or by the Persian Gulf, as King holds.
As he must have asserted himself in Mesopotamia before he advanced into the maritime district (and perhaps beyond: see Sargon), what is referred to in the Omens and the Chronicle 26,472 may be, as Winckler argued (Or.
It was from the special type of cuneiform developed there, apparently, that the later Assyrian forms were derived (Winckler, Altorient.
5 Winckler has identified the Kharri with the Aryans, to whom he assigns a state in Armenia (Or.
Early period: besides the histories of Babylonia and Assyria see Winckler, various essays in his Altor.
Phonizier, 13 sqq., and Winckler, Keilinschr.
7 Winckler, Tell-el-Am.
i., followed by Winckler, Altor.
Smith), and Cparda of Darius in the Behistun inscription (Robertson Smith); whilst, according to Winckler (K.A.T.
Winckler, The Tell el Asnarna Letters (Berlin, London and New York, I 896).
On this site Winckler found in 1907 the records of the Hittite kings who fought against Egypt and Assyria.
Winckler, in the 3rd ed.
(London, 1902), p. 269; Winckler, Keilinschr.
In short, the place which the Temple held in with that of a deity (Winckler, Keil.
Palestinian origin (Marquart, Winckler, Cheyne, Ency.
It is the merit of Hugo Winckler especially to have lifted biblical study out of the somewhat narrow lines upon which it had usually proceeded, but, at the time of writing (1910), Old Testament criticism still awaits a sound reconciliation of the admitted internal intricacies and of the external evidence for Palestine and that larger area of which it forms part.
Winckler in 3rd ed.
6 he is still reigning; see on this Winckler, Keilinschr.
To these local examples may be added the lord (or lady) of life, a serpent-deity of the Assyrian city Der (Winckler and Zimmern, Keilinschrift.
5 This persistence of serpent-cult, and the ' For the early date (between 720 and 710), Winckler, Alttest.
p. 109; Winckler, op. cit.
Wissenschaft, 1886, pp. 173 sqq.; Winckler, Alttest.
(1889); Winckler, Untersuchungen zur altor.
To say with Winckler 4 that he was " a decided adherent of the Chaldean party " is to go beyond the evidence.
Winckler, Mitteilungen der deutschen Orientgesellschaft, No.
Winckler takes a different line.
" Purim, § 7), while agreeing with Winckler that the book is based on an earlier narrative, holds that that earlier text differed more widely from the present in its geographical and historical setting than Winckler seems to suppose.
(1891), pp. 1 5716 9, and Keilinschriften and das Alte Testament (3), 485, 515-520, Jensen in Wildeboer's Esther (in Marti's series, 1898), pp.173-175; Winckler, Keilinschriften and das Alte Testament ('), p. 288, Altorientalische Forschungen, 3rd ser.
Winckler may be right in restoring a mutilated passage in the annals of this king so as to make it mean that Babylon owed its name to Sargon, who made it the capital of his empire.
Winckler, Geschichte Israels, vol.
in Jewish Church (2nd ed.), 117 sqq.; Winckler, Alte Test.
On the name " Canaan " Winckler remarks, 4 " There is at present no prospect of an etymological explanation."
4 The boldest of the disaffected was Aziru, son of Abd 1 For the grounds of these dates see Winckler, Gesch.
4 See Amarna Letters, Winckler's edition, No.
by Winckler, with translation (1896); the reports of Macalister in the Pal.
1 -15a itself be not of secondary origin (Winckler, Schwally, H.
1-22), can hardly be the original sequel to Absalom's rebellion (Winckler, H.
Winckler on later evidence (1893) has been the subject of continued debate.
Winckler, whose works depart from the somewhat narrow limits of purely " Israelite " histories, emphasize the necessity of observing the characteristics of Oriental thought and policy, and are invaluable for discriminating students.
2) finds him in Maon, Winckler has suggested that he was a Calebite chief, while a criticism of the details relating to David's family has induced Marquart 2 to conjecture that he was born at Arad (Tell 'Arad) 1 Bethel (ver.
1891, pp. 58-81; History, Prophecy and the Monuments (1894), Ã¯¿½Ã¯¿½ 798 5, 94110; Hugo Winckler, Untersuchungen zur altorientalischen Geschichte (1886), pp. 65 ff.
Winckler, Ann., 1836, 18, 3 10), by boiling phenylchloracetic acid with alkalis (A.
(738 B.C.), conflicts with the chronological evidence, with what is known of Uzziah's life and policy, and with the historical situations represented in the Biblical narratives (see Winckler, Alttest.
Friedrich Delitzsch brought into notice three tablets, of the age of the first dynasty of Babylon, in which he read the names of Yaa'-ve-ilu, Ya-ve-ilu, and Ya-u- um -ilu (" Yahweh is God "), and which he regarded as conclusive proof that Yahweh was known in Babylonia before 2000 B.C.; he was a god of the Semitic invaders in the second wave of migration, who were, according to Winckler and Delitzsch, of North Semitic stock (Canaanites, in the linguistic sense).'
28, "Hamath, which had belonged to Judah" (R.V.) is incorrect; Winckler (Keilinschrift.
It may be here stated that Winckler's conception of the Hebrew prophet Isaiah as the mouthpiece of the Assyrian court (K.A.T.
84 seq., criticizing Winckler, Der Alte Orient (1905), vol.
Winckler, Altorientalische Forschungen (1893-1906); Freiherr von Landau, " Die Bedeutung der Phonizier im VOlkerleben " in Ex oriente lux (Leipzig, 1905), vol.
On the depopulation of Samaria and the introduction of colonists, see Winckler's objections, Alttest.
Beketoff, Ber., 1888, 21, p. 424 ref.); by reducing the carbonate (C. Winckler, Ber., 1890, 23, p. 51) or the hydroxide with magnesium (H.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.