In 1738 he married Lady Elizabeth Finch, daughter of the earl of Winchelsea.
As the name implies, the ports originally constituting the body were only five in number - Hastings, Romney, Hythe, Dover and Sandwich; but to these were afterwards added the "ancient towns" of Winchelsea and Rye with the same privileges, and a good many other places, both corporate and non-corporate, which, with the title of limb or member, held a subordinate position.
WINCHELSEA, a village in the Rye parliamentary division of Sussex, England, 9 m.
This was within historic times a great inlet of the English Channel, and Winchelsea was a famous seaport until the 15th century.
In the 14th and 15th centuries Winchelsea was frequently attacked by the French, and in 1350 Edward III.
In the time of the Confessor Winchelsea (Winchenesel, Winchelese, Wynchelse) was included in Rameslie which was granted by him to the abbey of Fecamp. The town remained under the lordship of the abbey until it was resumed by Henry III.
By the reign of Henry II., if not before, Winchelsea was practically added to the Cinque Ports and shared their liberties.
Winchelsea as a Cinque Port was summoned to parliament in1264-1265and returned two members from 1366 till 1832, when it was disfranchised.
In later years Winchelsea became a great resort for smugglers, and the vaults originally constructed for the Gascon wine trade were used for storing contraband goods.
Conspicuous among them were his famous combat with Eustace de Ribemont, near Calais, in 1349, and the hard-fought naval victory over the Spaniards off Winchelsea, in 1350.
In the 13th century Colchester was sufficiently important as a port to pay a fee-farm of X46, its ships plying to Winchelsea and France.
The east end was usually square, but the Friars Church at Winchelsea had a polygonal apse.
Suspended from his office, he went to Rome to be tried before Pope Boniface VIII., who referred the case to Winchelsea, archbishop of Canterbury; the archbishop, although Langton's lifelong enemy, found him innocent, and this sentence was confirmed by Boniface in 1303.
on royal business in 1305, Langton appears to have persuaded Clement to suspend Winchelsea; after his return to England he was the chief adviser of Edward I., who had already appointed him the principal executor of his will.
and even of the restored archbishop, Winchelsea, who was anxious to uphold the privileges of his order, Langton, accused again by the barons in 1309, remained in prison after Edward's surrender to the "ordainers" in 1310.
Excommunicated by Winchelsea, he appealed to the pope, visited him at Avignon, and returned to England after the archbishop's death in May 1313.
When Robert Winchelsea, archbishop of Canterbury, died in May 1313 Edward II.
On the Ides (15th) of March 1359 a French fleet sacked Winchelsea, carrying off the women and girls.
Lydd and Romney, though maritime still in name, retaining some of the ancient privileges of the Cinque Ports, have become, through changes in the coast-line, small inland towns; and the same has been the fate of Rye, Winchelsea, and other places in that district.
Robert Winchelsea, the archbishop of Can.terbur~, an enthusiastic exponent of clerical rights and grievances., declared himself in conscience bound to obey the pontiff, and persuaded the representatives of the Church in the parliament to refuse supplies.
Winchelsea in return excommunicated all those who refused to recognize the authority of the popes bull.
They did so, and even Winchelsea, after a time, was reconciled tohis master.
It was called, and made a liberal grant for that purpose, but Archbishop Winchelsea and the earls of Norfolk and Hereford took advantage of their masters needs, and of his absence, to assert themselves.
Scotland, Winchelsea was put in disgrace, and ultimately exiled.
The king knew how to yield, and even opponents like Winchelsea and the earls of Norfolk and Hereford respected him too much to drive him to an extremity.
But Arch bishop Winchelsea had returned from exile in a belli gerent mood, and the place of Norfolk and Hereford was taken by an ambitious prince of the royal house, Thomas, earl of Lancaster, the son of the younger brother of Edward I.
He fought in the naval fight off Sluys and in the one off Winchelsea in 1350; he led armies into Scotland, Gascony and Normandy, his exploits in Gascony in 1345 and 1346 being especially successful; he served frequently under Edward III.
bight Winchelsea tree-tops, a Mistle Thrush was singing.
After the destruction of Old Winchelsea, New Winchelsea, a walled town, flourished for about a hundred years and provided a large proportion of the ships furnished by the Cinque Ports to the crown; but the ravages of the French destroyed it, its walls were broken down, and the decay of the harbour, owing to the recession of the sea, prevented any later return of its prosperity.
His undoubted seriousness and his immense personal reputation did not, however, save him from the excesses of calumny and misinterpretation; and in order to impose some moderation upon his aspersers the duke thought it necessary to send a challenee to one of the most violent of these, the earl of Winchelsea.
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