Vur sentence example

vur
  • Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) is a condition in which urine flows from the bladder, back up the ureter, and back into the kidneys.
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  • When VUR is present, backpressure of the urine on the kidney is significant.
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  • In VUR, bacteria that enter through the urinary tract may be carried back up the ureter with the urine.
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  • Most cases of VUR are due to a defect in the way the ureter is implanted into the bladder.
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  • Structural defects of the urinary system may also cause VUR.
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  • Occasionally, VUR is suspected when a child has a difficult time becoming toilet trained.
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  • Once VUR has been diagnosed, its progress may be followed with a nuclear scintigram, in which a radioactive substance is put into the bladder via catheter, and a gamma camera takes images that reveal the presence and degree of VUR.
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  • Surgery for VUR consists of reimplanting the ureters into the bladder at a more normal angle.
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  • Prognosis is dependent on the grade of VUR.
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  • About 80 percent of children with grades I and II VUR simply grow out of the problem.
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  • The average age of VUR resolution is about six to seven years.
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  • While as of 2004 there was no known method of preventing VUR, it is important to note that a high number of the siblings of children with VUR also have VUR.
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  • It is important that parents of children with VUR understand the importance of following the instructions for antibiotic administration.
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  • Children with VUR should also be monitored for the development of constipation, which can complicate the VUR.
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  • Problems with bladder emptying can make toilet teaching a slower process in children with VUR.
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