QUIRITES (literally "spearmen"; see QuIRiNus), the earliest name of the burgesses of Rome.
Rev. xviii., p. 368) explains Quirinus as the oak-god (quercus), and Quirites as the men of the oaken spear.
Quintus is regularly transcribed /winos), and suggests that the initial sound may have been slightly modified so as to correspond with the pure Latin word quirites (spearmen).
Combined in the phrase "populus Romanus Quirites (or Quiritium)" it denoted the individual citizen as contrasted with the community.
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