With regard to the land and the services due therefrom a beginning was made of the policy which culminated in the statutes of Mortmain and of Quia Emptores.
In that case, all who accept a revelation without professing to understand its content would require to be ranked as mystics; the fierce sincerity of Tertullian's credo quia ab-' surdum, Pascal's reconciliation of contradictions in Jesus Christ, and Bayle's half-sneering subordination of reason to faith would all be marks of this standpoint.
Every seignory now existing must have been created before the Statute of Quia Emptores (1290), which forbade the future creation of estates in fee-simple by subinfeudation.
Anselm's motto, Credo ut intelligam, marks well the distance that has been traversed since Tertullian's Credo quia absurdum est.
They are reported to have said, " Omnia unum, quia quicquid est est Deus."
The legal character of this transaction is summed up in a well-known passage in the Digest: - Interdictum de precariis merito introductum est, quia nulla eo nomine juris civilis actio esset, magis enim ad donationes et beneficii causam, quam ad negotii contracts spectat precarii conditio.
Next year he was sent to 1 " Hugo Theodoricus iste dicitur, id est Francus, quia olim omnes Franci Hugones vocabantur..
' Cedere squamigeris latices nitentibus aiunt Et liquidas aperire vias, quia post loca pisces Linquant, quo possint cedentes confluere undae.'
So Tertullian: " Crucifixus est Dei filius; non pudet, quia pudendum est.
Et mortuus est Dei filius; prorsus credibile est, quia ineptum est.
Et sepultus resurrexit; certum est, quia impossibile est."
The statute Quia Emptores of 1290 is sometimes called the statute of Westminster III.
He has been represented as a determined apologist of intellectual orthodoxy animated by an almost fanatical "hatred of reason," and possessed with a purpose to overthrow the appeal to reason; as a sceptic and pessimist of a far deeper dye than Montaigne, anxious chiefly to show how any positive decision on matters beyond the range of experience is impossible; as a nervous believer clinging to conclusions which his clearer and better sense showed to be indefensible; as an almost ferocious ascetic and paradoxer affecting the credo quia impossibile in intellectual matters and the odi quia amabile in matters moral and sensuous; as a wanderer in the regions of doubt and belief, alternately bringing a vast though vague power of thought and an unequalled power of expression to the expression of ideas incompatible and irreconcilable.
Credo, quia absurdum was applied, notably by the popular writers of the French Second Empire, in a fashion grotesquely literal enough to scandalize Tertullian himself.
The pope, by the bull Quia quorundam (November 10, 1324), cited Michael to appear at Avignon at the same time as Occam and Bonagratia.
Five years later this legislation was supplemented by the statute Quia Emptores, equally beneficial to king and barons, which provided that subtenants should not be allowed to make over land to other persons, retaining the nominal possession and feudal rights over it, but should be compelled to sell it out and out, so that their successor in title stood to the overlord exactly as the seller had done~ Hitherto they had been wont to dispose of the whole or parts of their estates while maintaining their feudal rights over it, so that the ultimate landlord could not deal directly with the new occupant, whose reliefs, wardship, &c., fell to the intermediate holder who had sold away the land.
Accordingly in 1290 a statute was passed, Quia emptores, which allowed the tenant to alienate whenever he pleased, but the alienee or person to whom he granted was to hold the land not of the alienor but of the same immediate lord, and by the same services as the alienor held it before.
Land was held in free and common socage, and the statute quia emptores was suspended, thus allowing subinfeudation.
Nam et hoc credo, quia, nisi credidero, non intelligam."
Choir Quia fecit mihi magna qui potens est: et sanctum nomen ejus.
Heu mihi Heu mihi Domine quia peccavi nimis, in vita mea: quid faciam miser?
Alii merulam\ aiunt vocitatam quia sola volat\ quasi mera Volans.
Et quia ipsi ab aquilone venerant terram ipsam etiam Normanniam appellarunt."
Then the priest invites those present to approach and, dipping his thumb in the ashes, marks them as they kneel with the sign of the cross on the forehead (or in the case of clerics on the place of tonsure), with the words: Memento, homo, quia pulvis es et in pulverem reverteris (Remember, man, that thou art dust and unto dust thou shalt return).
from an imaginary old Saxon word beggen, " to beg" or "pray," an explanation adopted even by Mosheim, or from begue, " stammering," a French word of unknown origin, which only brings us back to Lambert again, whose name of Le Begue, as the chronicler Aegidius, a monk of Orval (Aureae Vallis), tells us, simply means "the stammerer," quia balbus erat (Gesta pontificum Leodiensium, c. A.D.
Et inde missa,' quia sacramentis altaris interesse non possunt, qui nondum regenerati sunt" ("The missa is at the time of the sacrifice, when the catechumens are sent out, the deacon crying, ` If any catechumen remain, let him go forth.'" Hence missa, because those who are as yet unregenerate - i.e.
Alii merulam\ aiunt vocitatam quia sola volat\ quasi mera volans.
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