POMERANIA (German, Pommern), a territory of Germany and a maritime province of Prussia, bounded on the N.
The name of Pomore, or Pommern, meaning "on the sea," was given to the district by the latter of the tribes about the time of Charlemagne, and it has often changed its political and geographical significance.
Berghaus, Landbuch des Herzogtums Pommern (Berlin, 1865-1876); the Codex Pomeraniae diplomaticus, edited by K.
Von Sommerfeld, Geschichte der Germanisierung des Herzogtums Pommern (Leipzig, 1896); F.
Barthold, Geschichte von Rugen and Pommern (Hamburg, 1839-1845); K.
Wehrmann, Geschichte von Pommern (Gotha, 1904-1906); and Uecker, Pommern in Wort and Bild (Stettin, 1904).
Off its coast-line, on the parallel of 6° S., lies the vast Bismarck Archipelago, of which New Pomerania (Neu Pommern) is the most important member; and, on the parallel of io, the d'Entrecasteaux Islands, with the Marshall Bennett group to their north-east; while stretching out from the south-east promontory of the mainland is the Louisiade Archipelago.
Neu-Pommern, formerly New Britain, native Birara), an island of the Bismarck Archipelago, N.E.