Parlement sentence example

parlement
  • A decree of the parlement (1606), obtained by Marguerite de Valois, deprived him of nearly all his possessions, including Auvergne, though he still retained the title.
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  • Joachim Descartes, his father, having purchased a commission as counsellor in the parlement of Rennes, introduced the family into that demi-noblesse of the robe which, between the bourgeoisie and the high nobility, maintained a lofty rank in French society.
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  • He had three children, a son who afterwards succeeded to his father in the parlement, a daughter who married a M.
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  • In 1673 a decree of the parlement against Cartesian and other unlicensed theories was on the point of being issued, and was only checked in[time by the appearance of a burlesque mandamus against the intruder Reason, composed by Boileau and some of his brother-poets.
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  • Next year he was returned to parlement by the arrondissement of Pontarlier; but the work of legislation was ill-suited to him.
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  • He was successively councillor of the parlement of Grenoble, secretary to the king, almoner to Marie de' Medici, abbot of Aulnay and finally, in 1606, bishop of Sees.
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  • One of his first acts after entering on the duties of his office was to cause the parlement of Paris to register the edict of Romorantin, of which he is sometimes, but erroneously, said to have been the author.
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  • The renewal of the religious war in September 1567, however, was at once a symptom and a cause of diminished influence to L'Hopital, and in February 1568 he obtained his letters of discharge, which were registered by the parlement on the IIth of May, his titles, honours and emoluments being reserved to him during the remainder of his life.
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  • 3 Le Parlement russe t p. 151.
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  • Chasles, Le Parlement russe (Paris, 1910); H.
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  • Francis being in captivity after the battle of Pavia (February 25, 1525), Faber was condemned and his works suppressed by commission of the parlement; these measures were quashed on the return of Francis some months later.
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  • He then intervened in the suit pending between his father and mother before the parlement of Paris, and attacked the ruling powers so violently that he had to leave France and again go to Holland, and try to live by literary work.
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  • In 1752 he became substitut, and later conseiller in the parlement of Paris, and in 1753 maitre des requetes.
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  • In 1754 he was a member of the chambre royale which sat during an exile of the parlement; in 1755 and 1756 he accompanied Gournay, then intendant of commerce, in his tours of inspection in the provinces, and in 1760, while travelling in the east of France and Switzerland, visited Voltaire, who became one of his chief friends and supporters.
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  • He recognized the danger of the recall of the old parlement, but was unable effectively to oppose it, since he had been associated with the dismissal of Maupeou and Terray, and seems to have underestimated its power.
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  • Judicially it was under the authority of the parlement of Bordeaux; for financial purposes it was part of the generalite of Montauban.
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  • He was designed for the magistracy of his province; and in 1771, when for a time the provincial parlement was suppressed, with the others, by the chancellor Maupeou, he refused to sit in the royal tribunal substituted for it.
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  • His son, Galactoire, who was president of the parlement of Navarre, died on the 10th of February 1689.
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  • In 1789 he was an advocate at the parlement of Normandy.
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  • Although, when Beam was annexed to the domains of the crown, it was granted a conseil d'etat and a parlement, which sat at Pau, the province also retained its fors until the Revolution.
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  • CHARLES DE MARILLAC (c. 1510-1560), French prelate and diplomatist, came of a good family of Auvergne, and at the age of twenty-two was advocate at the parlement of Paris.
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  • JEAN LEBEUF (1687-1760), French historian, was born on the 7th of March 1687 at Auxerre, where his father, a councillor in the parlement, was receveur des consignations.
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  • The mother of the cardinal, Susanne de La Porte, belonged to a family of the magistrature, her father, Francois de La Porte, being one of the first advocates of the parlement of Paris.
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  • The only great noble who rose was Henri, duc de Montmorenci, governor of Languedoc, and his defeat at Castelnaudary on the 1st of September 1632 was followed by his speedy trial by the parlement of Toulouse, and by his execution.
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  • The cardinal de Rohan accepted the parlement of Paris as judges.
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  • In Paris he became advocate to the parlement (1347); then King John appointed him master of requests, and in 1351, a year during which he received many other honours, he became bishop of Laon.
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  • Marguerite died shortly in prison; Jeanne was declared innocent by the parlement and returned to her husband.
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  • Another historic part filled by Amyraut was in the negotiations originated by Pierre le Gouz de la Berchere (1600-1653), first president of the parlement of Grenoble, when exiled to Saumur, for a reconciliation and reunion of the Catholics of France with the French Protestants.
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  • His Son, Auguste Arthur Beugnot (1797-1865), was an historian and scholar, who published an Essai sur les institutions de Saint Louis (1821), Histoire de la destruction du paganisme en occident (2 vols., 1885), and edited the Olim of the parlement of Paris, the Assizes of Jerusalem, and the Coutumes de Beauvoisis of Philippe de Beaumanoir.
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  • He had been a member of several provincial academies before coming to Paris, where he purchased a position as advocate to the parlement.
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  • The states-general did not meet, and the remonstrances of the parlement were scarcely tolerated.
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  • He was accused of undermining the foundations of philosophy and religion, and the matter was brought before the parlement of Paris, and finally before Francis I.
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  • The Palais de Justice, which belongs to the reign of Louis XII., is of interest as the former seat of the parlement of Burgundy.
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  • The union of the duchy with the crown in 1477 deprived Dijon of the splendour of the ducal court; but to cbunterbalance this loss it was made the capital of the province and seat of a parlement.
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  • Councillor to the parlement of the latter town, and then to that of Rennes, he later became president of the parlement of Paris.
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  • Finally the king and council unanimously agreed to annul the proceeding of the parlement of Toulouse; Calas was declared to have been innocent, and every imputation of guilt was removed from the family.
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  • This he left about 1567, and somewhat later we find him at Rennes as a councillor of the parlement of Brittany.
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  • After the accession of Henry of Navarre to the throne of France, Vieta filled in 1589 the position of councillor of the parlement at Tours.
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  • Appointed president of the parlement of Bordeaux in 1630, he soon resigned to accept an embassy to Italy, where he was one of the signatories of the treaty of Cherasco and of the treaties with the duke of Savoy (1631-1632).
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  • He studied law, and at the outbreak of the Revolution was an advocate of the parlement of Bordeaux.
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  • The first office which he held was that of lieutenant-general in the bailliage of Montferrand; in 1507 he became first president of the parlement of Paris.
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  • ' Le Parlement russe (Paris, 1910), p. 21 2 Schiemann, Gesch.
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  • (Berlin, 1904); Pierre Chasles, Le Parlement russe p. 19 seq.
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  • From the point of view of purely judicial administration, Anjou was subject to the parlement of Paris; Angers was the seat of a presidial court, of which the jurisdiction comprised the senechaussees of Angers, Saumur, Beauge, Beaufort and the duchy of Richelieu; there were besides presidial courts at Château-Gontier and La Fleche.
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  • Luther's works found a good many readers in France, but were condemned (1521) by both the Sorbonne and the parlement of Paris.
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  • The parlement appointed a commission to discover and punish heretics; the preachers of Meaux fled to Strassburg, and Lefebvre's translation of the Bible was publicly burned.
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  • The parlements issued a series of edicts against the heretics, culminating in the very harsh general edict of Fontainebleau, sanctioned by the parlement of Paris in 1543.
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  • The Sorbonne also drew up a list of prohibited books, including those of Calvin, Luther and Melanchthon; and the parlement issued a decree against all printing of Protestant literature.
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  • While hundreds were imprisoned or burned, Protestants seemed steadily to increase in numbers, and finally only the expostulations of the parlement of Paris prevented the king from introducing the Inquisition in France in accordance with the wishes of the pope and the cardinal of Lorraine.
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  • Du Bourg and others ventured warmly to defend the Protestants in the parlement of Paris in the very presence of the king and of the cardinal of Lorraine.
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  • CLEMENT CHARLES FRANCOIS DE LAVERDY (1723-1793), French statesman, was a member of the parlement of Paris when the case against the Jesuits came before that body in August 1761.
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  • The poem, which extends to loot lines written in the irregular alliterative rhymed stanza, is a bird-allegory, of the type familiar in the Parlement of Foules.
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  • Six years afterwards, having attained his majority, he was made a counsellor in the Bordeaux parlement.
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  • In 1565 he married Frangoise de la Chassaigne, whose father was, like himself, a member of the Bordeaux parlement.
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  • On June r 1, 1762, Emile was condemned by the parlement of Paris, and two days previously Madame de Luxembourg and the prince de Conti gave the author information that he would be arrested if he did not fly.
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  • established there the parlement of Provence which existed till 1789.
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  • He imprisoned priests who refused to accept the bull Unigenitus, and he met the opposition of the parlement of Paris by exiling forty of its members.
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  • the king, and by his firm conduct led to the establishment of the principle that peers were only to be tried in full parliament before their own order (en pleyn parlement et devant les piers).
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  • He accepted, and resigned his professorship. He went abroad with his pupil in February 1764; they remained only a few days at Paris and then settled at Toulouse, at that time the seat of a parlement, where they spent eighteen months in the best society of the place, afterwards making a tour in the south of France and passing two months at Geneva.
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  • At the age of twentyfive he became councillor at the parlement of Metz, and was commissioned in 1787 to draw up a list of remonstrances.
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  • The ordinary term "Jesuit" was given to the Society by its avowed opponents; it is first found in the writings of Calvin and in the registers of the Parlement of Paris as early as 1552.
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  • Losing his cause, he appealed to the parlement of Paris, and it, to decide the issue raised by Ricci, required the constitutions of the Jesuits to be produced in evidence, and affirmed the judgment of the courts below.
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  • In 1413 he joined the Burgundian faction, and was exiled by the parlement of Paris.
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  • BILLAUD - VARENNE, JACQUES Nicolas (1756-1819), French revolutionist, was the son of an avocat at the parlement of Paris.
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  • In 1785 he left the Oratorian college where he was prefect of studies, came to Paris, married and bought a position as avocat in the parlement.
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  • After studying theology, he devoted himself to law, and in 1788 was an avocat at the parlement of Metz.
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  • Protests against the lettres de cachet were made continually by the parlement of Paris and by the provincial parlements, and often also by the States-General.
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  • In Paris, in 1779, the Cour des Aides demanded their suppression, and in March 1788 the parlement of Paris made some exceedingly energetic remonstrances, which are important for the light they throw upon old French public law.
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  • The king had by a royal edict cumbered the queen-regent with a council and other restrictions, and it was necessary to get the parlement of Paris to overrule the edict and make the queen absolute regent, which was done with the greatest complaisance.
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  • The arrest of Broussel threw the people on the side of the parlement.
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  • So by his counsel the queen, while nominally in league with De Retz and the parliamentary Fronde, laboured to form a purely royal party, wearied by civil dissensions, who should act for her and her son's interest alone, under the leadership of Mathieu Mole, the famous premier president of the parlement of Paris.
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  • In order to promote a reconciliation with the parlement of Paris Mazarin had again retired from court, this time to Sedan, in.
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  • He entered the profession of the law, and became in succession advocate to the general council of Artois, procureur to the parlement of Douai, master of requests, then intendant of Metz (1768) and of Lille (1774).
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  • He owed his education to an uncle, Nicolas de Besze, counsellor of the Paris parlement, who placed him (1529) under Melchior Wolmar at Orleans, and later at Bourges.
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  • He practised first in his native town, and after his marriage with Jeanne d'Erdoy, the heiress of a noble family of Saint-Palais, at the bar of the parlement of Navarre.
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  • - Annuaire statistique de la Belgique (1905); Beltjens and Godenne, La Constitution beige (Brussels, 1880); La Belgique illustree (Brussels, 1878-1882); Les Pandectes beiges (Brussels, 1898); Annales du parlement beige for each year; Belgian Life in Town and Country," Our Neighbours " Series (London, 1904).
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  • ANTOINE PIERRE BERRYER (1790-1868), French advocate and parliamentary orator, was the son of an eminent advocate and counsellor to the parlement.
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  • He then became a counsellor of the parlement of Paris, and witnessed many of the incidents that marked the growing hostility between that body and Louis XVI.
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  • His views were those of a moderate reformer, who desired to renovate but not to end the institutions of the old monarchy; and his memoirs set forth in a favourable light the actions of that parlement, the existence of which was soon to be terminated amid the political storms of the close of the year 1789.
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  • These- L'Histoire du stathouderat (The Hague, 1748), L'Histoire du parlement d'Angleterre (London, 1748), Anecdotes historiques (Amsterdam, 3 vols., 1 753) - gained for him access to the salons of Mme.
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  • He was the son of a notary, and became an avocat at the parlement of Rouen.
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  • His father, an avocat au parlement, gave him an excellent education at the college Mazarin, and encouraged his taste for natural science; and he studied mathematics and astronomy with N.
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  • After the death of the king, the duke of Orleans went to the parlement, had the will annulled, and himself invested with absolute power.
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  • HENRI SAUVAL (1623-1676), French historian, son of an advocate in the Parlement, was born in Paris, and baptized on the 5th of March 1623.
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  • 1527), son of a bailli of Bourg Saint-Andeol, became councillor at the parlement of Toulouse and afterwards at the Grand Council, chancellor of the kingdom of Naples, Maitre des Requetes, and, finally, first president of the Chambre des Comptes of Paris (1506).
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  • Impatient of all restraint upon his personal rule, he was continually in violent dispute with the parlement of Paris, and made "justice" another name for arbitrary government; yet he dreamed of a unification of the local customary laws (coutumes) of France.
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  • It was the capital of a separate county which in 1227 was united to the duchy of Burgundy; it then became the first seat of the Burgundian parlement or jours generaux and a ducal residence.
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  • In 1658 he was nominated an advocate to the parlement of Paris, and for nine years followed the legal profession.
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  • Duputy, president of the parlement of Bordeaux, with whom Vergniaud became acquainted, conceived the greatest admiration and affection for him and appointed him his secretary.
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  • The parlement of Paris was a strongly Gallican body, and had many grievances to avenge on Louis XV.
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  • Two years later the Paris parlement had its chance.
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  • now proposed that the French Jesuits should be placed under some special organization, less obnoxious to his parlement.
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  • His father, a president of the parlement of Paris, who came of the family of the famous president noticed below, was guillotined during the Terror, and Count Mole's early days were spent in Switzerland and in England with his mother, a relative of Lamoignon-Malesherbes.
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  • He became an influential advocate in the parlement, becoming prominent in opposition to the ministers Calonne and Lomenie de Brienne.
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  • The dead king had endeavoured by his will to control the administration even after his death by a carefully selected council of regency, in which the duke of Orleans should have only the nominal presidency; but with the help of the parlement of Paris the arrangement was at once set aside, and the duke was declared regent with full traditional powers.
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  • PARLEMENT (see Parliament), in O.
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  • Finally, when the Parlement of Paris had become a permanent court of justice, having the supreme authority in cases brought before it, and especially in appeals against the sentences of the baillis and seneschals, it retained this name, which was also given to the other supreme courts of the same nature which were created after its model in the provinces.
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  • Under the reign of St Louis (which was also the period at which the name parlement began to be applied to these judicial sessions) the aspect of affairs changed.
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  • The judicial competence of the Parlement developed and became more clearly defined; the system of appeals came into existence, and appeals against the judgments of the baillis and seneschals were brought before it; cases concerning the royal towns, the bonnes villes, were also decided by it.
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  • Again, in the old registers of the Parlement at this period, the first Olin books, we see the names of the same councillors recurring from session to session.
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  • Next came the series of ordinances regulating the tenure of the Parlement, those of 1278, 1291, 1296 and 1308, and the institution was regularized.
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  • Not only were the persons who were to constitute each Parlement named in advance, but those who were not placed on this list, even though vassals or prelates, were excluded from judging cases.
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  • The royal baillis had to attend the Parlement, in order to answer for their judgments, and at an early date was fixed the order of the different bailliages, in which the cases coming from them were heard.
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  • Before the middle of the 14th century the personnel of the Parlement, both presidents and councillors, became fixed de facto if not de jure.
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  • At the same time the Parlement had become permanent; the number of the sessions had diminished, but their length had increased.
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  • In the course of the 14th century it became the rule for the Parlement to sit from Martinmas (Nov.
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  • The Parlement had also become fixed at Paris, and, by a development which goes back to fairly early times, the presidents and councillors, instead of being merely the king's advisers, had acquired certain powers, though these were conferred by the monarch; they were, in fact, true magistrates.
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  • In the 14th century, however, we still find the Parlement referring delicate affairs to the king; but in the 15th century it had acquired a jurisdiction independent in principle.
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  • The Parlement was at the same time the court of peers (tour des pairs).
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  • of the Parlement; they were the hereditary councillors, taking the oath as official magistrates, and, if they wished, sitting and having a deliberative function in the Parlement.
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  • In suits brought against them personally or involving the rights of their peerage they had the right of being judged by the Parlement, the other peers being present, or having been duly summoned.
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  • While maintaining its unity, the Parlement had been subdivided into several chambres or sections.
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  • In the first place there was the Grand Chambre, which represented the primitive Parlement.
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  • Even after the offices of the Parlement had become legally saleable the councillors could only pass from the other chambers into the Grand Chambre by order of seniority.
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  • The Chambres des enquetes and des requetes originated at the time when it became customary to draw up lists for each session of the Parlement.
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  • The enqueteurs or auditeurs of the Parlement had at first been an auxiliary staff of clerks to whom were entrusted the inquests ordered by the Parlement.
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  • But later, when the institution of the appeal was fully developed, and the procedure before the various jurisdictions became a highly technical matter, above all when it admitted written evidence, the documents connected with other inquests also came before the Parlement.
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  • In order to judge these new appeals the Parlement had above all to study written documents, the inquests which had been made and written down under the jurisdiction of the, court of first instance.
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  • Later the reporters (rapporteurs) were admitted to judge these questions together with a certain number of members of the Parlement, and from 1 3 16 onwards these two kinds of member formed together a chambre des enquetes.
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  • At the beginning of the 1 4 th century a certain number of those who were to hold the session of the Parlement were set apart to receive and judge the petitions (requetes) on judicial questions which had been presented to the king and not yet dealt with.
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  • The Chambre des regales had not supreme jurisdiction, but appeals from its decisions could be made to the Parlement proper.
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  • The Parlement had also a criminal chamber, that of La Tournelle, which was not legally created until the 26th century, but was active long before then.
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  • Originally there was only one Parlement, that of Paris, as was indeed logical, considering that the Parlement was simply a continuation of the curia regis, which, like the king, could only be one.
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  • Or else it might be a province forming part of feudal France, which before the annexation had had a superior jurisdiction from which the Crown had endeavoured to institute an appeal to the Parlement of Paris, but for which after the annexation it was no longer necessary to maintain this appeal, so that the province might now be given a supreme court, a parlement.
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  • Sometimes an intermediate regime was set up between the annexation of the province and the creation of its provincial parlement, under which delegates from the Parlement of Paris went and held assizes there.
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  • From 1762 to 1771 there was even a parlement for the principality of Dombes.
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  • Or he could come in person to hold the parlement, and have the law registered in his presence in a lit de justice.
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  • But, principally in the 18th century, the parlements maintained that only a voluntary registration, by the consent of the parlement, was valid.
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  • See La Roche-Flavin, Treize livres des parlements de France (1617); Felix Aubert, Histoire du parlement de Paris, des origines a Francois I.
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  • Langlois, Textes relatifs a l'histoire du parlement depuis les origines jusqu'en 1314 (1888); Guilhiermoz, Enquetes et proces (1892); Glasson, Le Parlement de Paris, son role politique depuis le regne de Charles VII.
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  • He was sentenced to death by the parlement, and beheaded in Paris on the 26th of June 1574.
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  • He published a series of ordinances organizing the royal household and affecting the financial administration, the "parlement" and the royal forests.
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  • His father was an advocate at the parlement of Grenoble, and his mother was a woman of high birth, superior ability and noble character.
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  • He was brought up to the law, and at the age of twenty-two made himself favourably known by a discourse pronounced before the local parlement on the division of political powers.
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  • In 1540 Odet was appointed councillor at the parlement of Paris and in 1542 at the grand council.
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  • In 1615 he was commissioned by Mathieu Mole, first president of the parlement of Paris, to draw up an inventory of the documents which constituted what at that time was known as the Tresor des chartes.
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  • accepted it, and cited Edward to appear before his parlement to answer the complaints of the counts, he was challenging England to renewed war.
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  • A pupil of the great jurist Jacques Cujas at Bourges, he was an advocate at Dijon in 1569 and became councillor and then president of the parlement of Burgundy.
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  • In Paris he gained reputation as an avocat at the parlement, and was a deputy to the states-general in 1789.
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  • His impassioned yet reasoned eloquence gave him an influence which was increased by his articles in the Parlement in which he opposed violent measures against the unauthorized congregations.
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  • This indeed was forced upon him, for Cop's address was more than the conservative party could bear, and Cop, being summoned to appear before the parlement of Paris, found it necessary, as he failed to secure the support either of the king, or of the university, to make his escape to Basel.
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  • (4) To deal with disputes arising out of the edict a chamber was established in the parlement of Paris (le chambre de l'edit).
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  • The parlement of Paris shared this dislike, and succeeded in reducing the number of Protestant members of the chambre de l'edit from six to one.
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  • Then cajoled and threatened by Henry, the parlement registered the edict on the 25th of February 1 599.
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  • After similar trouble it was also registered by the provincial parlements, the last to take this step being the parlement of Rouen, which delayed the registration until 1609.
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  • Lods, L'Edit de Nantes devant le parlement de Paris (1899); and the Bulletin historique et litteraire of the Societe de l'Histoire du Protestantisme Fran9ais.
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  • MARIE JEAN HERAULT DE SECHELLES (1759-1794), French politician, was born at Paris on the 10th of September 1759, of a noble family connected with those of Contades and Polignac. He made his debut as a lawyer at the Chatelet, and delivered some very successful speeches; later he was avocat general to the parlement of Paris.
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  • method were due to those lawyers of the south and of Normandy who had been nurtured on Roman law in the universities of Bologna or Montpellier, had practised chicanery in the provincial courts, had gradually thrust themselves into the great arena of politics, and were now leading the king and filling his parlement.
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  • by interfering in the affairs of Sicily and Aragon, his fathers inheritance; after which, on the pretext of a quarrel between French and English sailors, he set up his customary procedure: a citation of the king of England before the parlement of Paris, and in case of default a decree of forfeiture; the whole followed by executionthat is to say by the unimportant war of 1295.
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  • The uniform justice exercised by the parlement spread gradually over the whole kingdom by means of cas royaux (royal suits), and at the same time the royal coinage became obligatory.
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  • had taken reprisals against him in 1336 by making his parlement declare the forfeiture of Edwards lands and castles in Guienne; but the Hundred Years War, at first-simply a feudal quarrel between vassal and suzerain, soon became a great national conflict, in consequence of what was occurring in Flanders.
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  • Amid this reign of terror and of revolt the university, the only moral and intellectual force, taking the place of the impotent The Or- states-general and of a parlement carefully restricted to donnance the judiciary sphere, vainly tried to re-establish a firm Cabo- monarchical system by means of the Ordonnance Cabochienne.
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  • Thus in 1428 the English occupied all eastern and northern France, as far as the Loire; while the two most important civil powers of the time, the parlement and the university of Paris, had acknowledged the English king.
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  • The parlement of Paris saw its monopoly Monamh.
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  • encroached upon by the court of Toulouse in 1443, kalcenand by the parlement of Grenoble rn 1453.
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  • like the parlement, witnessed the institution and growth of privileged provincial universities.
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  • and financial administration modelled on the French parlement and exchequer.
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  • These latter prudently made conces- Th M~4 sions: reducing the taille, sacrificing some of Louis XI.s Wr creatures to the rancour of the parlement, and restoring i.#&c. a certain number of offices or lands to the hostile princes (chief of whom was the duke of Orleans), and even consenting to a convocation of the states-general at Tours (1484).
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  • The struggle against it was no longer maintained by the university and the parlement alone, but also by the kir~g, whose authority it menaced.
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  • Henry II., a fanatic, went still further in his edict of Chteaubriant(155f), a code of veritable persecution, and in the coup d@at carried out in the parlement against Antoine du Bourg and his colleagues (1559).
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  • The parlement cut short these bargainings by condemning all ultramontane pretensions and Spanish intrigues.
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  • The parlement of Paris declared against Mayenne, who was simply the mouth- Abjurabon piece of Spain, and Brissac, the governor, surrendered of flenry the capital to the king.
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  • Marie de being a minor, Marie de Medici induced the parlement Medici.
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  • In vain Condb tried to play with the parlement of Paris the same game as with the states-general, in a sort of anticipation of the Fronde.
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  • Villeroy demurred; and the parlement, having illegally assumed a political role, broke with Cond and effected a reconciliation with the court.
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  • The parlement still kept up the same extra-judicial pretensions; but beyond its judicial functions it acted merely as a kind of towncrier to the monarchy, charged with making known the kings edicts.
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  • A storm burst forth in the parlement against Mazarin as the patron of these expedients, the occasion for this being the edict of redemption by which the government renewed for Reb~iiioa nine years the Paulette which had now expired, parlement.
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  • The parlement, although expressly exempted, associated itself with their protest by the decree of union of May 13, 1648, and deliberations in a body upon the reform of the state.
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  • of England, and the insurrection of Masaniello at Naples made the moment a critical one for monarchies; but immediately after the victory at Lens she attempted a coup detat, arresting the leaders, and among them Broussel, a popular member of the parlement (August 26, 1648).
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  • Civil war now began against the rebellious coalition of great nobles, lawyers of the parlement, populace, and mercenaries The just set free from the Thirty Years War.
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  • Its first and shortest phase was the Fronde of the Parlement.
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  • At a period when all the world was a little mad, the parlement The had imagined a loyalist revolt, and, though it raised Fronde an armed protest, this was not against the king but of the against Mazarin and the persons to whom he had Parlenient.
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  • But the parlement soon became disgusted with its alliesthe princes and nobles, who bad only drawn their swords in order to beg more effectively with arms in their hands; and the Parisian mob, whose fanaticism had been aroused by Paul de Gondi, a warlike ecclesiastic, a Catiline in a cassock, who preached the gospel at the daggers point.
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  • When a suggestion was made to the parlement to receive an envoy from Spain, the members had no hesitation in making terms with the court by the peace of Rueil (March 11, 1649), which ended the first Fronde.
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  • Fronde The victor of Lens and Charenton imagined that every of the one was under an obligation to him, and laid claim to a dictatorship so insupportable that Anne of Austria and Mazarin assured by Gondi of the concurrence of the parlement and peoplehad him arrested.
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  • Then came the final collapse: Cond having taken refuge in Spain for seven years, Gaston of Orleans being in exile, Retz in prison, and the parlement reduced to its judiciary functions only, the field was left open for Mazarin, who, four months after the king, re-entered in triumph that Paris which had driven him forth with jeers and mockery (February 1653).
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  • The parlement, which had confused political power with judiciary administration, was given to understand, in the session of April 13, 1655, at Vincennes, that the era of political manifestations was over; and the money expended by Gourville, Mazarins agent, restored the members of the parlement to docility.
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  • In Colbert the great codification of laws, made under the direction and the of his uncle Pussort, he set aside the parlement of adm#nls- Paris, and justice continued to be ill-administered t~at!on.
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  • From 1743 to 1774 came the personal rule of Louis XV., when all the different powers were in conflictthe bishops and parlement quarrelling, the government fighting against the clergy and the magistracy, and public opinion in declared opposition to the state.
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  • This collective administration, designed to cripple the action of the regent, encountered a twofold opposition from the nobles and the parlement; but on the 2nd of September 1715 the emancipated parlement set aside the will in favor of the duke of Orleans, who thus together with the title of regent had all the real power.
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  • He therefore reinstituted the parlement in its ancient right of remonstrance (suspended since the declarations of 1667 and 1673), and handed over ministerial power to the nobility, replacing the secretaries of state by six councils composed in part of great nobles, on the advice of the famous duc de Saint-Simon.
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  • After the chancellor DAguesseau and the duc de Noailles had been replaced by DArgenson alone, and after the lit de justice of the 26th of August 1718 had deprived the parlement, hostile to Law, of the authority left to it, the bank became royal and the Company of the West universal.
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  • The retractation imposed upon Cardinal de Noailles, and his replacement in the archbishopric of Paris by Vintimille, an unequivocal Molinist, excited among the populace a very violent agitation against the court of Rome and the Jesuits, the prelude to a united Fronde of the Sorbonne and the parlement.
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  • Followir~g on an edict registered by the lit de justice, which forbade any remonstrance in political matters, the parlement had resigned, and had been imitated by the provincial parlements; whereupon Maupeou, an energetic chancellor, suppressed the parlements and substituted superior councils of magistrates appointed by the king (1771).
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  • The Choiseul party, which had gradually been reconstituted, under the influence of the queen, the princes, parlement, the prebendaries, and the trade corporations, worked adroitly to eliminate this reformer of lucrative abuses.
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  • Before resorting to this extremity, Brienne preferred to lay before the parlement his two edicts regarding a stamp duty and the territorial subsidy; to be met by the same refusal, and the same reference to the statesgeneral.
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  • The exile of the parlement to Troyes, the arrest of various members, and the curt declaration of the kings absolute authority (November 9, 2787) were unsuccessful in breaking down its resistance.
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  • The recalled parlement seemed at the pinnacle of power.
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  • The name of Barere de Vieuzac, by which he continued to call himself long after the renunciation of feudal rights on the famous 4th of August, was assumed from a small fief belonging to his father, a lawyer at Vieuzac. He began to practise as an advocate at the parlement of Toulouse in 1770, and soon earned a considerable reputation as an orator; while his brilliant and flowing style as a writer of essays led to his election as a member of the Academy of Floral Games of Toulouse in 1788.
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  • At the expiry of the one year's truce which followed the treaty of Peronne, the king accused Charles of treason, cited him to appear before the parlement, and seized some of the towns on the Somme (1471).
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  • The English power in Guienne was weakened by the disastrous Spanish expedition of the Black Prince, whom Charles summoned before the parlement of Paris in January 1369 to answer the charges preferred against him by his subjects, thus expressly repudiating the English supremacy in Guienne.
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  • 1541), the real founder of the family, was himself advocate-general at the parlement of Paris, and in a celebrated address delivered before the court in 1537, against the emperor Charles V., claimed for Francis I.
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  • 1797), known as Bourdon De L'OIsE, French revolutionist, was procureur at the parlement of Paris.
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  • guardsmancharacters members of Parlement or Royal Governors may order guardsmen to one location each week to make an arrest.
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  • rubber stampf the States General, the Parlement of Paris was urged to rubber-stamp legislation.
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  • For some time he held a position in the papal court at Rome, but about 1 534 he returned to France, and becoming an advocate, his marriage, in 1537, procured for him the post of counsellor to the parlement of Paris.
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  • Destined by his father for the law, at the completion of his legal studies he was admitted an advocate of the parlement of Paris in 1785.
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  • Declared guilty, after torture, he was sentenced to have his tongue cut out, to be beheaded and the body to be burned, a sentence which was confirmed by the parlement of Paris and the bigoted king Louis XV.
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  • In 1825 the reactionary parlement once more brought back the middle ages, by decreeing the death penalty for public profanation, the execution to be preceded by the amende honorable before the church doors.
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  • Being all condemned to the rack in order to extort confession, they appealed to the parlement; but this body, being as weak as the subordinate magistrates, sentenced the father to the torture, ordinary and extraordinary, to be broken alive upon the wheel, and then to be burnt to ashes; which decree was carried into execution on the 9th of March 1762.
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  • From the point of view of purely judicial administration, Anjou was subject to the parlement of Paris; Angers was the seat of a presidial court, of which the jurisdiction comprised the senechaussees of Angers, Saumur, Beauge, Beaufort and the duchy of Richelieu; there were besides presidial courts at Château-Gontier and La Fleche.
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  • After the death of Francis I., his successor, Henry II., set himself even more strenuously to .extirpate heresy; a special branch of the parlement of Paris - the so-called Chambre ardente - for the trial of heresy cases party was established, and the fierce edict of Chateaubriand (June 1551) explicitly adopted many of the expedients of the papal inquisition.
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  • In the case of organized bodies lettres de cachet were issued for the purpose of enjoining members to assemble or to accomplish some definite act; the provincial estates were convoked in this manner, and it was by a lettre de cachet (called lettre de jussion) that the king ordered a parlement to register a law in the teeth of its own remonstrances.
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  • The news was false, but Charles, furious at such apparent duplicity, took Louis prisoner, only releasing him, three days later, on the king signing a treaty which granted Flanders freedom from interference from the parlement of Paris, and agreeing to accompany Charles to the siege of his own ally, Liege.
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  • There were, under the ancien regime, three classes of dukes in France: (1) dukes who were peers (see Peerage) and had a seat in the parlement of Paris; (2) hereditary dukes who were not peers; (3) "brevet" dukes, created for life only.
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  • So far back as Basil Valentine and Paracelsus, antimonial preparations were in great vogue as medicinal agents, and came to be so much abused that a pro hibition was placed upon their employment by the Paris parlement in 1566.
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  • By this royal reform they completely isolated the monarchy, in the presumptuous pride of omnipotence, upon the ruins of the Church and the aristocracy, despite both the university and the parlement of Paris.
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  • In place of the States General, the Parlement of Paris was urged to rubber-stamp legislation.
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