count palatine of the Rhine and duke of upper Bavaria, had been purchased by betrothing them to two of Rudolph's daughters; so that Ottakar II.
Ottakar refused to appear or to restore the provinces of Austria, Styria, Carinthia and Carniola which he had seized.
Ottakar was then invested with Bohemia by Rudolph, and his son Wenceslaus was betrothed to a daughter of the German king, who made a triumphal entry into Vienna.
On the 26th of August 1278 the rival armies met on the banks of the river March near Diirnkrut, and Ottakar was defeated and killed.
With Ottakar II.
Ottakar I >>
It has an imposing Benedictine abbey, once a castle, but converted into a religious house in 1322, when Ottakar I.
The town was probably founded in the 13th century by Ottakar II.
Valiant and enterprising as both these princes were (Stephen successfully resisted the aggressions of the brilliant " golden King," Ottakar II.
Leopold increased the territories of the Babenbergs by acquiring Styria in 1192 under the will of his kinsman Duke Ottakar IV.
King Ottakar I.
(crowned king of Poland in 1300) had inherited from his father, Ottakar II.
OTTAKAR II., Or Premysl Ottakar Ii.
During his father's lifetime he ruled Moravia, but when in 1248 some discontented Bohemian nobles acknowledged him as their sovereign, trouble arose between him and his father, and for a short time Ottakar was imprisoned.
Both before and after he became king of Bohemia in succession to his father in September 1253 Ottakar was involved in a dispute with Bela IV., king of Hungary, over the possession of Styria, which duchy had formerly been united with Austria.
But Ottakar was not the successful candidate.
Placing Ottakar under the ban of the empire, Rudolph besieged Vienna and compelled Ottakar in November 1276 to sign a treaty by which he gave up Austria and the neighbouring duchies, retaining for himself only Bohemia and Moravia.
Ottakar was a founder of towns and a friend of law and order, while he assisted trade and welcomed German immigrants.
In 1265 it was taken by Ottakar II.
In 1200 an attack made by Philip on Brunswic was beaten off, the city of Worms was taken, and subsequently the aid of Ottakar I., king of Bohemia, was won for Otto.
Henry I of Lower Bavaria spent most of his time in quarrels with his brother, with Ottakar II.
At once the rulers of Brabant, of Limburg and of Flanders, with the archbishops of Cologne and Trier, were in arms. In the east of Germany Ottakar I.
The efforts of the pope helped to rekindle the expiring flames of war, and for a year or two success completely deserted Philip. He lost the support of Ottakar of Bohemia and ofHer~ann I., landgrave of Thuringia; he was driven from North Germany into Swabia and Ottos triumph seemed assured.
Deserted by Ottakar and even by Adolph of Cologne and his own brother Henry, count palatine of the Rhine, Otto was forced to take refuge in Brunswick, his last line of defence, and was only saved by Philips murder, which occurred at Bamberg in June 1208.
For some time before this event the most powerful prince in Germany had been Ottakar II., king of Bohemia, who by marriage and conquest had obtained large territories outside his native kingdom, including the duchy of Austria and other possessions of the extinct family of Babenberg.
Having himself cherished some hopes of receiving the German crown Ottakar refused to do homage to the new sovereign; after a time war broke out between them, and in August 1278 in a battle at Dtirnkrut on the March Ottakar was defeated and slain, his lands, save Bohemia, passing into the possession of the victor.
Four years after the fall of Ottakar he obtained from the princes a tardy and reluctant assent to the granting of Austria, Styria and Carniola to his own sons, Rudolph and Albert.
made a treaty with Ottakar IV., duke of Styria, an arrangement which brought Styria and upper Austria to the Babenbergs in 1192, and in 1229 Duke Leopold II.
Weary of struggle and disorder, and despairing of any help from the central authority, the estates of Austria met at Triibensee in 1251, and chose Ottakar, son of Wenceslaus I., king of Bohemia, as their duke.
This step was favoured by the pope, and Ottakar, eagerly accepting the offer, strengthened his position by marrying Margaret, a sister of Duke Frederick II., and in return for his investiture promised his assistance to William of Holland.
Styria appears at this time to have shared the fortunes of Austria, but it was claimed by Bela IV., king of Hungary, who conquered the land, and made a treaty with Ottakar in 1254 which confirmed him in its possession.
The Hungarian rule was soon resented by the Styrians, and Ottakar, who had become king of Bohemia in 1253, took advantage of this resentment, and interfered in the affairs of the duchy.
A war with Hungary was the result, but on this occasion victory rested with Ottakar, and by a treaty made with Bela, in March 1261, he was recognized as duke of Styria.
In 1273 Rudolph, count of Habsburg, became German king, and his attention soon turned to Ottakar, whose power menaced the occupant of the German throne.
Ottakar was summoned twice before the diet, the imperial court declared against him, and in July 1275 he was placed under the ban.
War was the result, and in November 1276 Ottakar submitted to Rudolph, and renounced the duchies of Austria, Styria and Carinthia.
and was made a royal city by Ottakar II.
In 1197 Pfemysl Ottakar became undisputed ruler of Bohemia, and he was crowned as king in the following year.
Wenceslas's son, Pfemysl Ottakar II., who under the sovereignty of his father ruled Moravia, became for a time the chief leader of the malcontents.
Pfemysl Ottakar II.
These extensions of his dominions involved Pfemysl Ottakar II.
After this victory Ottakar's power rose to its greatest height.
His contemporaries called Ottakar " the man of gold " because of his great wealth, or " the man of iron " because of his military power.
From political rather than racial causes Ottakar favoured the immigration of Germans into his dominions.
It is very probable that the German crown had previously been offered to Ottakar, but that he had refused it.
As Rudolph immediately claimed as vacant fiefs of the Empire most of the lands held by Ottakar, war was inevitable.
Ottakar was deserted by many of his new subjects, and even by part of the Bohemian nobility.
In 1278 Ottakar invaded the Austrian duchies, now under the rule of Rudolph, but was defeated and killed at the battle of Durnkrut on the Marchfeld.
Ottakar's son, Wenceslas II., was only seven years of age at the death of his father, and Otto of Brandenburg, a nephew of Ottakar, for a time governed Bohemia as guardian of _ the young sovereign.
It was soon strongly fortified, though it was captured by the king of Bohemia, Ottakar II., in 1271.
King Ottakar II.
On the slope of the Hradcany hill are the ancient towers named Mikulka, Daliborka, the white tower and the black tower, which formed part of the fortified works erected by Ottakar II.
The lady was duly baptized and remained a Christian; but the adversaries of Stephen, especially Ottakar II.
of Bohemia, affected to believe that Stephen was too great a friend of the Kumanians to be a true Catholic. Ottakar endeavoured, with the aid of the Magyar malcontents, to conquer the western provinces of Hungary, but after some successes was utterly routed by Stephen in 1271 near Mosony, and by the peace of Pressburg, the same year, relinquished all his conquests.
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To win the approbation of the pope Rudolph renounced all imperial rights in Rome, the papal territory and Sicily, and promised to lead a new crusade; and Pope Gregory X., in spite of Ottakar's protests, not only recognized Rudolph himself, but persuaded Alphonso X.
must be restored, and that Ottakar of Bohemia must answer to the diet for not recognizing the new king.
Ottakar, however, raised questions about the execution of the treaty, made an alliance with some Polish chiefs and procured the support of several German princes, including his [former ally, Henry of lower Bavaria.
In 1269 Ottakar inherited the duchy of Carinthia on the death of Duke Ulrich III., and, his power having now become very great, he began to aspire to the German throne.
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