It was said to have been founded by Megarians and Argives under Byzas about 6S7 B.C., but the original settlement having been destroyed in the reign of Darius Hystaspes by the satrap Otanes, it was recolonized by the Spartan Pausanias, who wrested it from the Medes after the battle of Plataea (479 B.C.) - a circumstance which led several ancient chroniclers to ascribe its foundation to him.
The worship of Cybele was characteristic of Thrace, whither it spread from Asia Minor at a very early period, and it deserves notice that Hypsipyle and Myrina (the name of one of the chief towns) are Amazon names, which are always connected with Asiatic Cybele-worship. Coming down to a better authenticated period, we find that Lemnos was conquered by Otanes, one of the generals of Darius FIG.
those of the house of Otanes in Cappadocia, of Hydarnes in Armenia, Pharnabazus in Phrygia, Demaratus in Teuthrania, Themistocles in Magnesia and Lampsacus.
In its early history it shared the fortunes of Byzantium, was taken by the satrap Otanes, vacillated long between the Lacedaemonian and the Athenian interests, and was at last bequeathed to the Romans by Attalus III.
When Otanes was twelve years old, his parents wished to send him to a distant city to study in a famous school that was there.
"Well, boy, what have you got?" asked one of the robbers, as he pulled Otanes from his horse.
"It is in my hat, underneath the lining," answered Otanes.
Forty pieces, in my hat, said Otanes.
At length the chief of the band called to Otanes and said, "Young fellow, have you anything worth taking?"
Otanes answered, I have already told two of your men that I have forty pieces of gold in my hat.
"If I had answered your questions differently, I should have told a lie," said Otanes; "and none but cowards tell lies"
Otanes, in time, became one of the famous men of his country.
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