Organic chemistry was especially developed by the publication of Gerhardt's Traite de chimie organique in 1853-1856, and of Kekule's Lehrbuch der organischen Chemie in 1861-1882.
Beilstein's Handbuch der organischen Chemie are invaluable works of reference.
Claus (Theoretische Betrachtungen and deren Anwendung zur Systematik der organischen Chemie) proposed his diagonal formula (III), and two years later, A.
Beilstein, Handbuch der organischen Chemie; M.
Jacobson, Lehrbuch der organischen Chemie; Richter-Anschutz, Organische Chemie (I I th ed., K 2 S04 K2 S04 (NH 4) 2 SO 4 =o% SO 4 = coo FIG.
Schmidt, Kurzes Lehrbuch der organischen Chemie; A.
Dennstedt, Die Entwickelung der organischen Elementaranalyse (1899).
He published a Lehrbuch der organischen Chemie in 1854, smaller textbooks of organic and inorganic chemistry in 1877-1883, and Zur Entwickelungsgeschichte der theoretischen Chemie in 1881.
In 1831 he published Grundriss der anorganischen Chemie, and in 1840 Grundriss der organischen Chemie, both of which went through many editions.
Many of Kekule's papers appeared in the Annalen der Chemie, of which he was editor, and he also published an important work, Lehrbuch der organischen Chemie, of which the first three volumes are dated 1861, 1866 and 1882, while of the fourth only one small section was issued in 1887.
Zeitg., 1888, p. 261; and Omeliansky, " Ueber den Einfluss der organischen Substanzen auf die Arbeit der nitrifizierenden Organismen," Cent.
Fittig has published two widely used text-books; he edited several editions of Wohler's Grundriss der organischen Chemie (1 1th ed., 1887)and wrote an Unorganische Chemie (1st ed., 1872; 3rd, 1882).
And it is hard to say whether Lamarck or Treviranus has the priority in propounding the main thesis of the doctrine of evolution; for though the first volume of Treviranus's Biologie appeared only in 1802, he says, in the preface to his later work, the Erscheinungen and Gesetze des organischen Lebens, dated 1831, that he wrote the first volume of the Biologie " nearly five-and-thirty years ago," or about 1796.
The pioneer in this field was August Kekule, who, in 1865 (Ann., 137, p. 129; see also his Lehrbuch der organischen Chemie), submitted his well-known formula for benzene, so founding the " benzene theory " and opening up a problem which, notwithstanding the immense amount of labour since bestowed upon it, still remains imperfectly solved.
Kopp. The following are his most important separate publications, many of which were translated into English and French almost as soon as they appeared: Anleitung zur Analyse der organischen Korper (1837); Die Chemie in ihrer Anwendung auf Agrikultur and Physiologic (1840); Die Thier-Chemie oder die organische Chemie in ihrer Anwendung auf Physiologie and Pathologie (1842); Handbuch der organischen Chemie mit Rficksicht auf Pharmazie (1843); Chemische Briefe (1844); Chemische Untersuchungen fiber das Fleisch and seine Zubereitung zum Nahrungsmittel (1847); Die Grundsdtze der Agrikultur-Chemie (1855); Ober Theorie and Praxis in der Landwirthschaft (1856); Naturwissenschaftliche Briefe fiber die moderne Landwirthschaft (1859).
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