6 Histoire naturelle, tom.
1 Considerations philosophiques sur la gradation naturelle des formes de l'etre; ou les essais de la nature qui apprend d faire l'homme (1768).
The success of Edwards's very respectable work seems to have provoked competition, and in 1765, at the instigation of Buffon, the younger d'Aubenton began the publication known as the Planches enlumineez d'histoire naturelle, which appearing in forty-two parts was not completed till 1780, when the plates' it contained reached the number of 1008 - all coloured, as its title intimates, and nearly all representing birds.
His Histoire naturelle, generale et particuliere, was begun in 1749, and in 1770 he brought out, with the assistance of Guenau de Montbeillard, 3 the first volume of his great Histoire naturelle des oiseaux.
It was reserved for Georges Cuvier, who in 1798 published at Paris his Tableau elementaire de l'histoire naturelle des ani-.
i s the Histoire naturelle d'une pantie d'oiseaux nouveaux et cares de l'Amerique et des Indes, a folio volume 2 published in 1801 by Le Vaillant.
The first volume of a Histoire naturelle des perroquets, a companion work by the same author, appeared in the same year, and is truly a monograph, since the parrots constitute a family of birds so naturally severed from all others that there has rarely been anything else confounded with them.
Between 1803 and 1806 Le Vaillant also published in just the same style two volumes with the title of Histoire naturelle des oiseaux de Paradis et des rolliers, suivie de celle des toucans et des barbus, an assemblage of forms, which, miscellaneous as it is,.was surpassed in incongruity by a fourth work on the same scale, the Histoire naturelle des promerops et des guepiers, des couroucous et des touracos, for herein are found jays, waxwings, the cock-of-the-rock (Rupicola), and what not besides.
His colleague, Vieillot, brought out in 1805 a Histoire naturelle des plus beaux chanteurs de la Zone Torride with figures by Langlois of tropical finches, grosbeaks, buntings and other hard-billed birds; and in 1807 two volumes of a Histoire' naturelle des oiseaux de l'Amenique septentrionale, without, however, paying much attention to the limits commonly assigned by geographers to' that part of the world.
published a Histoire naturelle des tangaras, des manakins esmarest.
Temminck, whose father's aid to Le Vaillant has already been noticed, brought out at Paris a Histoire naturelle des pigeons illustrated by Madame Knip, who had drawn the plates for Desmarest's volume.3 Since we have begun by considering these large illustrated works in which the text is made subservient to the coloured plates, it may be convenient to continue our notice of such others of similar character as it may be expedient to mention here, though thereby we shall be led somewhat far afield.
A Century of Birds from the Himalaya Mountains was followed by The Temminck subsequently reproduced, with many additions, the text of this volume in his Histoire naturelle des pigeons et des gallinacees, published at Amsterdam in 1813-1815, in 3 vols.
4to, 1825-1829); Risso's Histoire naturelle ...
Blanchard published some Recherches sur les caracteres osteo- logiques des oiseaux appliquees a la classification naturelle de ces animaux, strongly urging the superiority of such characters over those drawn from the bill or feet, which, he remarks, though they may have sometimes given correct notions, have mostly led to mistakes, and, if observations of habits and food have sometimes afforded happy results, they have often been deceptive; so that, should more be wanted than to draw up a mere inventory of creation or trace the distinctive outline of each species, zoology without anatomy would remain a barren study.
He died on the 18th of January 1878 in Paris, where from 1837 he had been professor of physics at the Musee d'Histoire Naturelle.
His Son, Alexandre Edmond Becquerel (1820-1891), was born in Paris on the 24th of March 1820, and was in turn his pupil, assistant and successor at the Musee d'Histoire Naturelle; he was also appointed professor at the short-lived Agronomic Institute at Versailles in 1849, and in 1853 received the chair of physics at the Conservatoire des Arts et Métiers.
Antoine Henri Becquerel (1852-1908), son of the lastnamed, who succeeded to his chair at the Musee d'Histoire Naturelle in 1892, was born in Paris on the 15th of December 1852, studied at the Ecole Polytechnique, where he was appointed a professor in 1895, and in 1875 entered the department des posts et chaussees, of which in 1894 he became chef.
More 1 Brongniart's Essai d'une classification naturelle des reptiles was not published in full till 1803.
(Not specially dealt with.) Mll°e" The classification given by Henri Milne-Edwards i Elementaire d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, 1855) is as follows: - Branch I.
Berthelot, Histoire naturelle des ties Canaries (Paris, 1839); Paul Broca, Revue d'anthropologie, iv.
He also wrote Histoire naturelle des mammiferes (1853, &c.); Zoologie medicale (1859, with P. J.
The Musee Rath contains pictures and sculptures; the Musee Fol, antiquities of various dates; the Musee des Arts Decoratifs, inter alia, a fine collection of prints; the Musee Industriel, industrial objects and models; the Musee Archeologique, prehistoric and archaeological remains; the Musee d'Histoire Naturelle, scientific collections; and the Musee Epigraphique, a considerable number of inscriptions.
In the Systeme social (1 773), the Politique naturelle (1773-1774) and the Morale universelle (1776) Holbach attempts to rear a system of morality in place of the one he had so fiercely attacked, but these later writings had not a tithe of the popularity and influence of his earlier work.
Dujardin, Histoire naturelle des zoophytes (1841); T.
This conclusion he worked out in his earliest philosophical work, the Histoire naturelle de l'dme, which appeared about 1745.
Pictet, Histoire naturelle des insectes Neuropteres-Perlides (Geneve, 1871-1872); A.
His next post was that of repetiteur at the Ecole Polytechnique, where in 1846 he was appointed professor, and in 1850 he succeeded Gay-Lussac in the chair of chemistry at the Museum d'Histoire Naturelle, of which he was director, in succession to M.
His other principal works are: - Traite ele'mentaire de mneralogie, avec des applications aux arts (2 vols., Paris, 1807); Histoire naturelle des crustace's fossiles (Paris, 1822); Classification et caracteres mineralogiques des roches homogenes et hete'rogenes (Paris, 1827); the Tableau des terrains qui component l'ecorce du globe, ou Essai sur la structure de la partie connue de la Jerre (Paris, 1829); and the Traite des arts ceramiques (1844).
See also Histoire naturelle des Iles Canaries, by P. Barker-Webb and S.
Bonafous, however (Histoire naturelle du mais), quotes authorities (Bock, 1532, Ruel and Fuchs) as believing that it came from Asia, and maize was said by Santa Rosa de Viterbo to have been brought by the Arabs into Spain in the 13th century.
Sclater, The Fauna of South Africa (4 vols., 1900 1901); Le Valliant, Histoire naturelle des oiseaux d'Afrique (6 vols., Paris, 1805-1808); F.
Desfontaines at the Musee d'Histoire Naturelle, and two years later succeeded him as professor, a position which he continued to hold until his death in Paris on the 8th of February 1876.
His systematic work is represented by a large number of papers and monographs, many of which relate to the flora of New Caledonia; and by his Enumeration des genres de plantes cultivees au Musee d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris (1843), which is an interesting landmark in the history of classification in that it forms the starting-point of the system, modified successively by A.
His "Recherches sur l'accroissement et la reproduction des vegetaux," published in the Memoires du museum d'histoire naturelle for 1821, procured him in that year the French Academy's prize for experimental physiology.
Milne-Edwards' classical Histoire naturelle des crustaces (1834-1840).
"Le principe de 1'inegalite naturelle et essentielle dans les destinees humaines conduit inevitablement au fanatisme revolutionnaire ou au fanatisme religieux."
Authorities.-As regards the scientific aspects of the country, almost everything of value in previous books and papers is included in the magnificent work (1882 et seq.), in 28 4to vols., by Alfred Grandidier, entitled Histoire naturelle, physique, et politique de Madagascar.
Jardin, Essai sur l'histoire naturelle de l'archipel de Mendana (Paris, 1860); Clavel, Les Marquisiens (Paris, 1885); Dordillon, Grammaire et dictionnaire de la langue des Res Marquises (Paris, 1904).
chap. iv., he develops a hypothesis which he terms " evolution naturelle "; and which, making allowance for his peculiar views of the nature of generation, bears no small resemblance to what is understood by " evolution " at the present day: " Si la volonte divine a cree par un seul Acte l'Universalite des titres, d'ou venoient ces plantes et ces animaux dont Moyse nous decrit la Production au troisieme et au cinquieme jour du renouvellement de notre monde ?
" Abuserois-je de la liberte de conjectures si je disois, que les Plantes et les Animaux qui existentujourd'hui sont parvenus par une sorte d'evolution naturelle des Etres organises qui peuplaient ce premier Monde, sorti immediatement des Mains du Createur ?
La religion chretienne veut que nous le croyons ainsi, et la raison naturelle nous persuade entierement cette verite; car si nous considerons la toute puissance de Dieu, nous devons juger que tout ce qu'il a fait a eu des le commencement toute la perfection qu'il devoit avoir.
Grandidier's magnificent Histoire physique, naturelle et politique de Madagascar, vol.
In 1767 there was issued at Paris a book entitled L'Histoire naturelle eclaircie dans une de ses parties principales, l'ornithologie.
Vieillot's was afterwards more fully expounded in the series of articles which he contributed between 1816 and 1819 to the second edition of the Nouveau dictionnaire d'histoire naturelle containing much valuable information.
In the following year .another set of hints - of a kind so different that probably no one then living would have thought it possible that they should ever be brought in correlation with those of Nitzsch - are contained in a memoir on Fishes contributed to the tenth volume of the Annales du Museum d'histoire naturelle of Paris by Etienne Geoffroy St-Hilaire in 1807.1 Here we have it stated as a general truth (p. too) that young birds have the ' sternum formed of five separate pieces - one in the middle, being its keel, and two " annexes " on each side to which the ribs are .articulated - all, however, finally uniting to form the single " breast-bone."
His Son, Alexandre Edmond Becquerel (1820-1891), was born in Paris on the 24th of March 1820, and was in turn his pupil, assistant and successor at the Musee d'Histoire Naturelle; he was also appointed professor at the short-lived Agronomic Institute at Versailles in 1849, and in 1853 received the chair of physics at the Conservatoire des Arts et MÃ©tiers.
Nouveau dictionnaire d'histoire naturelle, xxiv., cited in Latreille's Familles naturelles du regne animal.
(Not specially dealt with.) MllÃ‚°e" The classification given by Henri Milne-Edwards i Elementaire d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, 1855) is as follows: - Branch I.
of the Histoire naturelle des poissons, and more especially by Mr J.
Du Pont's most important works, besides those mentioned above, were his De l'origine et des progres d'une science nouvelle (London and Paris, 1767); Physiocratie, ou constitution naturelle du gouvernement le plus avantageux au genre humain (Paris, 1768); and his Observations sur les effets de la liberte du commerce des grains (1760).
In the judgment of the present writer, Parmenides, while he denied the real existence of plurality, recognized its apparent existence, and consequently, however little value he might attach to opinion, was bound to take account of it: " pour celui mÃ©me qui nie Fexistence reelle de la nature," says Renouvier, " it reste encore a faire une histoire naturelle de l'apparence et de l'illusion."
However, if you're interested in enjoying the sun au naturelle, there are numerous places you can go in America and around the world.
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