In return for a tribute of money (jizyah) and food for the troops of occupation (~laribat-al-tadm), the Christian inhabitants of Egypt were to be excused military service, and to be left free in the thservance of their religion and the administration of their affairs.
The researches of Wellhausen and Becker have made it clear that the difference which is marked in later Islam between a poll-tax (jizyah) and a land-tax (k/zarifj) did not at first exist: the papyri of the 1st century know only of the jizyah, which, however, is not a poll-tax but a land-tax (in the main).
He will break the cross, kill swine, and abolish jizyah.
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