Jdms sentence example

jdms
  • Dermatomyositis in children and adolescents is called juvenile dermatomyositis (abbreviated JDMS or simply JD) because it is different from the adult form of the disorder in several respects.
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  • Although fever is one of the most common symptoms of JDMS, the disease cannot be transmitted from one child to another.
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  • It is estimated that 3,000 to 5,000 children in the United States have JDMS as of the early 2000s.
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  • The precise causes of JDMS are not yet fully understood.
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  • In 2002 a group of researchers at Northwestern University reported that susceptibility to JDMS is related to a genetic marker known as DQA1*0501.
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  • Stunted or slowed growth: The child may grow more slowly than normal during an acute attack of JDMS because some of the medications used to treat the disease slow down the growth of bones.
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  • Sore or swollen joints: About half of all children diagnosed with JDMS have sore or swollen joints, caused by the inflammation of the muscles around the joints.
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  • In children with JDMS, vasculitic ulcers usually appear either in the skin rash or in the digestive tract.
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  • Calcinosis: Calcinosis is a condition in which small lumps of calcium compounds develop beneath the skin or in the muscles of children with JDMS.
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  • About 50 percent of children with JDMS develop an abnormal heart rhythm.
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  • The skin rash associated with JDMS is often mistaken for eczema.
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  • While about 50 percent of children diagnosed with JDMS have an acute onset of symptoms, the other 50 percent have what is called a subacute onset, which means that the symptoms are milder and come on more slowly.
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  • Between 60 percent and 80 percent of children with JDMS have elevated levels of ANA.
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  • In this test, the doctor removes a small piece of muscle tissue and has it examined under a microscope to see whether the muscle fibers and nearby blood vessels have undergone certain changes that indicate JDMS.
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  • Another drug that is used to treat JDMS is methotrexate, an immunosuppressive drug that may be taken as pills or given as an injection.
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  • Exercise and physical therapy are an important part of treatment for JDMS because they help to prevent contractures, keep the child's joints flexible, and strengthen muscles.
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  • Because JDMS usually requires two years or even longer of drug treatments, exercise programs, limitations on some activities, and special attention to diet, children often become angry, depressed, or self-pitying.
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  • Children diagnosed with JDMS must eat a regular balanced diet with generous amounts of protein and calcium.
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  • Most children with JDMS have active symptoms for about two years, although some may be able to do without medications after the first year and others may need drug treatment and physical therapy for many years.
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  • Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs)-A group of medications given to treat severe cases of arthritis, JDMS, and other diseases that affect the joints.
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  • The characteristic skin rash of JDMS is sometimes called a heliotrope rash because of its reddish-purple color.
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  • Although JDMS is rarely fatal, it can lead to medical emergencies if the child develops vasculitic ulcers.
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  • If the child with JDMS has siblings, the parents must balance the needs of the affected child with the needs of healthy siblings.
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  • With regard to education, most children with JDMS can continue to attend their regular school although they may need special transportation.
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