Streptococcus produce the enzyme hyaluronidase which hydrolyses hyaluronic acid, a polysaccharide component responsible for binding cells together.
This is the reason why some subcutaneous injections and drugs in creams or ointments include a small amount of the enzyme hyaluronidase.
MPS IX, a condition first described in 1996, is caused by a deficiency of the enzyme hyaluronidase.
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