Fetalis sentence example
- Incompatibility between the Rh blood types of mother and child (mother Rh negative, baby Rh positive) can result in severe anemia in the baby (erythroblastosis fetalis).
- Alpha thalassemia major, sometimes called hemoglobin Barts or hydrops fetalis, is a fatal disease that results in severe anemia that begins even before birth.
- Reacting to the anemia, the fetal bone marrow may release immature RBCs, or erythroblasts, into the fetal peripheral circulation, causing erythroblastosis fetalis.
- Erythroblastosis fetalis overwhelms the removal system, and high levels of bilirubin accumulate, causing hyperbilirubinemia, a condition in which the baby becomes jaundiced.
- Other symptoms that may be present include high levels of insulin and low blood sugar, as well as a condition called hydrops fetalis.Advertisement
- Hydrops fetalis is characterized by an accumulation of fluids within the baby's body, giving it a swollen appearance.
- Hydrops fetalis and anemia can also contribute to heart problems.
- Erythroblastosis fetalis can be predicted before birth by determining the mother's blood type.
- In cases in which incompatibility is not identified before birth, the baby suffers recognizable characteristic symptoms such as anemia, hyperbilirubinemia, and hydrops fetalis.
- Complications are indicated by high levels of bilirubin in the amniotic fluid or baby's blood or if the ultrasound reveals hydrops fetalis.Advertisement
- In many cases of blood type incompatibility, the symptoms of erythroblastosis fetalis are prevented with careful monitoring and blood type screening.
- Extended hydrops fetalis can inhibit lung growth and contribute to heart failure.