JOHANN AUGUST ERNESTI (1707-1781), German theologian and philologist, was born on the 4th of August 1707, at Tennstadt in Thuringia, of which place his father was pastor, besides being superintendent of the electoral dioceses of Thuringia, Salz and Sangerhausen.
Gesner was then rector, an office to which Ernesti succeeded in 1734.
It is perhaps as much from the impulse which Ernesti gave to sacred and profane criticism in Germany, as from the intrinsic excellence of his own works in either department, that he must derive his reputation as a philologist or theologian.
As an editor of the Greek classics, Ernesti hardly deserves to be named beside his Dutch contemporaries, Tiberius Hemsterhuis (1685-1766), L.
The higher criticism was not even attempted by Ernesti.
Johann Christian Gottlieb Ernesti >>
Ernesti wished to subject the Scripture to the same laws of exposition as are applied to other ancient books; Crusius held firmly to orthodox ecclesiastical tradition.
His academical colleagues were hostile; and Ernesti, under a show of friendship, secretly hindered his promotion.
Ernesti and J.
Ernesti's Homer (1759 f.) and Chr.
It was represented at Leipzig by Gesner's successor, Ernesti (d.
Among those who followed in Semler's path were Gruner Ernesti, J.
The philological lectures of Johann Friedrich Christ (1700-1756) and Johann August Ernesti (1707-1781) proved, however, more attractive than those on theology, and he attended the philosophical disputations presided over by his friend A.
The commentaries of Barnes, Clarke and Ernesti are practically superseded; but Heyne's Iliad (Leipzig, 1802) and Nitzsch's commentary on the Odyssey (books i.-xii., Hanover, 1826-1840) are still useful.
The following are the more important modern editions of Polybius Ernesti (3 vols., 1763-1764); Schweighauser (8 vols., 1793, and Oxford, 1823); Bekker (2 vols., 1844); L.
White-tailed wheatear [ernesti] (Oenanthe leucopyga ernesti) The most common wheatear along this road, absent from open areas.
It is chiefly in hermeneutics that Ernesti has any claim to eminence as a theologian.
The most thorough replies have been those of Lunemann (Pauli ad Philipp. epistola contra Baurium defensa, 1847); Ernesti (Studien and Kritiken, 1848, pp. 858-924, 18 5 1, pp. 591-632); B.
On the death of Johann Matthias Gesner at GÃƒ¶ttingen in 1761, the vacant chair was refused first by Ernesti and then by Ruhnken, who persuaded Miinchhausen, the Hanoverian minister and principal curator of the university, to bestow it on Heyne (1763).
White-tailed Wheatear [ernesti] (Oenanthe leucopyga ernesti) The most common wheatear along this road, absent from open areas.
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