A hierarchy is simply a way of organizing things that goes from high to low. It can be used to refer to a wide number of systems, organizations, and even physical objects that represent such a structure, often called a "hierarchical structure."
One of the most exciting techniques used by narrative writers is the careful weaving of a central element, called a motif, throughout a story. This can be an object, a sound, an expression, a setting, or a sentiment. Keep reading for several motif examples in literature.