Carbocyclic sentence example
- Carbocyclic rings will next be treated, benzene and its allies in some detail; and finally the heterocyclic nuclei.
- In classifying closed chain compounds, the first step consists in dividing them into: (1) carbocyclic, in which the ring is composed solely of carbon atoms - these are also known as homocyclic or isocyclic on account of the identity of the members of the ring - and (2) heterocyclic, in which different elements go to make up the ring.
- Two distinct types of hydrocarbons exist: (1) those consisting of an open chain of carbon atoms - named the " aliphatic series " (i.XEicAap, oil or fat), and (2) those consisting of a closed chain - the " carbocyclic series."
- Two primary divisions of carbocyclic compounds may be conveniently made: (I) those in which the carbon atoms are completely saturated - these are known by the generic term polymethylenes, their general formula being (CH 2), t: it will be noticed that they are isomeric with ethylene and its homologues; they differ, however, from this series in not containing a double linkage, but have a ringed structure; and (2) those containing fewer hydrogen atoms than suffice to saturate the carbon valencies - these are known as the aromatic compounds proper, or as benzene compounds, from the predominant part which benzene plays in their constitution.