ARISTIDE BRIAND (1862-), French statesman, was born at Nantes, of a bourgeois family.
From that time, Briand became one of the leaders of the French Socialist party.
From the beginning of his career in the chamber of deputies, Briand was occupied with the question of the separation of church and state.
He was the principal author of the law of separation, but, not content with preparing it, he wished to apply it as well, especially as the existing Rouvier ministry allowed disturbances to occur during the taking of inventories of church property, a clause of the law for which Briand was not responsible.
His SOn, Georges Charles Paul, born in 1855, was in his father's department from 1879 till 1885, deputy from 1885, five times president of the Budget Commission, minister of finance (1895-1898) and vice-president of the chamber (1898-1902), and again finance minister in the Briand Cabinet, 1909.
France and Italy, by accepting the assistance of Czechoslovak legions on the French and Italian fronts, had already practically acknowledged Czechoslovakia's claims (Briand, 1916).
Briand succeeded M.
When Briand reconstituted his Cabinet, in Dec. 1916, Ribot retained the portfolio of Finance.
On the fall of the Briand Ministry (March 17 1917) President Poincare again called upon M.
Briand, who prefers to crown the course with the award of a school diploma (1907).
During 1920 and 1921 it was Poincare's influence that was mainly dictating the aggressiveness of French feeling in international politics; and during the latter part of Briand's premiership, culminating in Briand's visit to the United States for the Washington Conference at the end of 1921, it was Poincare who was fomenting the criticism that French interests were being undermined.
1022, the proposal for an Anglo-French treaty of defence led to Briand's hasty return to Paris to answer interpellations with regard to his policy in the Chamber, and to his sudden resignation on Jan.
Briand, with a reconstructed cabinet.
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