Whilst the masculine term brahmana (nom.
At a later period, when the Atharvan gained admission to the Vedic canon, a special connexion with the Brahman priest was sometimes claimed, though with scant success, for this fourth collection of hymns and spells, and the comparatively late and unimportant Gopatha-brahmana attached to it.
For while the younger school, the Vajasaneyins, have made a clear severance between the sacred texts or mantras and the exegetic discussions thereon - as collected in the Vajasaneyi-samhita and the Satapatha-Brahmana (trans.
2 They do not, however, obtain full recognition in Sanskrit literature until the Brahmana period (7th or 8th century B.C.).
In the Brahmana period they were distinguished as " deva " and " yama," the fourteen lucky asterisms being probably associated with the waxing, the fourteen unlucky with the waning moon.'
13, where the fable from the Satapatha-Brahmana is given.
This may be taken either in a refined sense, as if Aditi were the " infinite " region from which the solar deities rise,' or we may hold with the Taittirya-Brahmana' that Aditi was a female who, being desirous of offspring, cooked a brahmandana offering for the Sadhyas.
I) Indra is said to " have been guilty of that most hideous crime, the killing of a Brahmana."'2 Once, though uninvited, Indra drank some soma that had been prepared for another being.
If this invention is a late priestly one, the person who introduced it into the Satapatha-Brahmana must have reverted to the intellectual condition of Bushmen.
The Aryan versions of this sensible legend will be found in Satapatha-Brahmana.'
2 On the whole subject, Dr Muir's Ancient Sanskrit Texts, with translations, Ludwig's translation of the Rig Veda, the version of the Satapatha-Brahmana already referred to, and the translation of the Aitareva-Brahmana by Haug, are the sources most open to English readers.
The tortoise from which all things sprang, in a myth of the Satapatha-Brahmana, reminds us of the Iroquois turtle.
The Greek and Mangaian myth of the marriage of Heaven and Earth and its dissolution is found in the Aitareya-Brahmana (Haug's trans.
Our Bear was a bear, according to Charlevoix and Lafitau, among the North-American Indians; the Eskimo, ' Black Yajur-Veda and Satapatha-Brahmana; Muir, i.
The Satapatha-Brahmana (Sacred Books of the East, xii.
2 Tenth Book of Rig Veda and " Brahmana " of Yajur-Veda; Muller, Selected Essays, i.
Ioo; Aitareya brahmana, ii.