Basilides sentence example

basilides
  • BASILIDES, one of the most conspicuous exponents of Gnosticism, was living at Alexandria probably as early as the first decades of the 2nd century.
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  • Basilides wrote an exegetical work in twenty-four books on "his" gospel, but which this was is not known.
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  • 24 §§ 3-7) gives a sketch of Basilides' school of thought, perhaps derived from Justin's Syntagma.
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  • Whether this last account, or that given by Irenaeus and in the Syntagma of Hippolytus, represents the original system of Basilides, has been the subject of a long controversy.
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  • A comparison of the surviving fragments of Basilides, moreover, with the outline of his system in Irenaeus-Hippolytus (Syntagma) shows that the account given by the Fathers of the Church is also in the highest degree untrustworthy.
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  • If we assume, as we must needs do, that the opinions which Basilides promulgates as the teaching of the "barbari" (Acta Archelai c. 55) were in fact his own, the fragments prove him to have been a decided dualist, and his teaching an interesting further development of oriental (Iranian) dualism.
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  • Thus Basilides assumed the existence of two principles, not derivable from each other: Light and Darkness.
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  • The fundamental dualism of Basilides is confirmed also by one or two other passages.
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  • In the parable of the rich man and Lazarus, Basilides saw the proof of naturam sine radice et sine loco rebus supervenientem (Acta Archelai).
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  • 12 § 83, &c., Basilides taught that even those who have not sinned in act, even Jesus himself, possess a sinful nature.
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  • Clemens accuses Basilides of a deification of the Devil (Oast etv Ten) 8c&f30Xov), and regards as his two dogmas that of the Devil and that of the transmigration of souls (Strom.
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  • 20 § 112), the followers of Basilides spoke of 7rvd,uaT& Tcva irpocrurrt pEva T?7 Ao'yujj 1,tvra KaT& Tcva T&paXov Kai aiyxvvev dpXucriv: that is to say, here also is assumed an original confusion and intermingling.
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  • Epiphanius too tells us that the teaching of Basilides had its beginning in the question as to the origin of evil (Haer.
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  • It is therefore only with caution that we can use them to supplement our knowledge of the true Basilides.
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  • Finally, in the system of Basilides, the (seven ?) powers from whom this world originates are accepted as the lowest emanations of the supreme God.
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  • When, then, Basilides identified the highest angel of the seven, the creator of the worlds, with the God of the Jews, this is a development of the idea which did not occur until late, possibly first in the specifically Christian circles of the Gnostics.
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  • We may note in this connexion that the system of Basilides ascribes the many battles and quarrels in the world to the privileged position given to his people by the God of the Jews.2 It is at this point that the idea of salvation is introduced into the system.
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  • 2 Whether the myth of the creation of the first man by the angels, which recurs in many Gnostic systems, found a place also in the system of Basilides, cannot be determined with any certainty.
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  • possible certainly to determine how Basilides conceived the relation of this Saviour to Jesus of Nazareth.
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  • Basilides himself (Strom.
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  • According to the account given by Irenaeus, the Saviour is said to have appeared only as a phantasm; according to the Excerpta ex Theodoto, 1 7, the Diakonos descended upon Jesus at His baptism in the form of a dove, for which reason the followers of Basilides celebrated the day of the baptism of Jesus, the day of the brtOaveia as a high festival (Clemens, Strom.
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  • The various attempts at combination probably point to the fact that the purely mythical figure of a god-saviour (Heros) was connected first by Basilides with Jesus of Nazareth.
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  • As to what the conception of Basilides was of the completion of the process of redemption, the available sources tell us next to nothing.
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  • This agrees with the beginning of the speculation of Basilides.
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  • Among the later followers of Basilides, actual magic played a determining part.
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  • In accordance with this, Christ also, in the opinion of these followers of Basilides, was in the possession of a mystic name (Caulacau= ip Jes.
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  • Whether Basilides himself had already given this magic tendency to Gnosticism cannot be decided.
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  • Basilides, then, represents that form of Gnosticism that is closest to Persian dualism in its final form.
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  • So far as we can see, on the other hand, Basilides appears actually to represent a further development of Iranian dualism, which later produced the religious system of Mani.
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  • See also Kruger, article "Basilides," in Herzog-Hauck, Realencyklopeidie, ed.
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  • Used by the followers of Basilides and other Gnostics.
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  • Justinian, yielding for the moment, removed him from office, and appointed a certain Basilides in his place.
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  • According to the Gnostic Basilides, the world was created by angels.
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  • The list recognized four Gospels, Acts, thirteen epistles of Paul, two epistles of John, Jude, Apocalypse of John and (as the text stands) of Peter; there is no mention of Hebrews or (apparently) of 3 John or Epistles of Peter, where it is possible - we cannot say more - that the silence as to t Peter is accidental; the Shepherd of Hermas on account of its date is admitted to private, but not public, reading; various writings associated with Marcion, Valentinus, Basilides and Montanus are condemned.
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  • Not a few Christian prophets a y e known to us by name: as Agabus, Judas, and Silas in Jerusalem; Barnabas, Simon Niger, &c., in Antioch; in Asia Minor, the daughters of Philip, Quadratus, Ammia, Polycarp, Melito, Montanus, Maximilla and Priscilla; in Rome, Hermas; among the followers of Basilides, Barkabbas and Barkoph; in the community of Apelles, Philumene, &c. Lucian tells us that the impostor Peregrinus Proteus, in the time of Antoninus Pius, figured as a prophet in the Christian churches of Syria.
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  • It must be added that the dependence of Basilides and Valentinus on Zeno and Plato is beyond dispute.
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  • But were the oldest Neoplatonists really acquainted with the speculations of Philo, or Justin, or Valentinus, or Basilides?
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  • See Gnosticism, Basilides, &c.
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  • The true Basilides, perhaps also Satornil, Marcion and a part of his disciples, Bardesanes and others, were frankly dualists.
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  • A system of emanations of this kind, in its purest form, is set forth in the expositions coming from the school of Basilides, which are handed down by Irenaeus, while the propositions which are set forth in the Philosophumena of Hippolytus as being doctrines of Basilides represent a still closer approach to a monistic philosophy.
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  • A quite different position from those mentioned above is taken by Basilides (q.v.).
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  • Basilides >>
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  • ' Pseudo-Tertullian says of Basilides, " Martyria negat esse facienda."
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  • The Syrian Gnostic Basilides held (according to Irenaeus i.
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  • Amongst these were Valentinus, Bardesanes, Basilides, Tatian and their followers.
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  • The Philosophumena, therefore, cannot be taken into account in describing the teaching of Basilides (see also H.
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  • Entirely consistent with this is the information given by the Acta Archelai that Basilides, before he came to Alexandria, had appeared publicly among the Persians (fuit praedicator aped Persas); and the allusion to his have appealed to prophets with oriental names, Barkabbas and Barkoph (Agrippa in Eusebius Hist.
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  • Accounts of the teaching of Basilides are to be found in all the more complete works on Gnosticism (see bibliography to the article GNOSTICISM).
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  • Gnostic gospels of Andrew, Apelles, Barnabas, Bartholomew, Basilides, Cerinthus and some seventeen others.
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  • This distinction agrees with that made by the gnostic Basilides no less strikingly than the Manichaean criticism of the Old Testament does with that propounded by the Marcionites (see the Acta Archelai, in which Mani is made to utter the antitheses of Marcion).
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