Achin sentence example

achin
  • Achin >>
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  • In 1 528 a French expedition sailed from Dieppe, penetrated as far as Achin in Sumatra, but returned without reaching the Malay Peninsula.
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  • In 1591, three years after the defeat of the Armada, Raymond and Lancaster rounded the Cape, and after cruising off Penang, decided to winter in Achin.
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  • During this period Achin developed a determined enmity to the Portuguese, and more than one attempt was made to drive the strangers from Malacca.
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  • long, running from Cape Negrais in the Arakan Yoma range of Burma, to Achin Head in Sumatra.
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  • The ships touched at Achin in Sumatra and at Java, returning with full ladings of pepper in 1603.
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  • The raja of Achin, in northern Sumatra, is said to have been converted as early as 1206, while the Bugis people in Celebes are supposed not to have become Mahommedans until 1495.
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  • They had attacked the Portuguese in Ceylon (1601), established friendly relations with Achin (1602), and defeated a powerful fleet off Banda (1602).
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  • The long and costly war with Achin (q.v.) began in 1873 and reached its climax in the military occupation of the country after 1905, when the native sultan surrendered and was deported.
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  • A guerrilla war was still carried on by his subjects, but their principal leader, the chief Panglima Polim, was captured in 1907; in1908-1910the condition of Achin under the military rule of General Swart was one of almost unbroken peace, and taxes were regularly paid.
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  • In order to appreciate the orography of the island the following sections of Sumatra should be discriminated one from another: (1) The valley of the Achin or Atjeh River.
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  • South of Achin and west of Lake Toba is the country of the Battas or Battaks.
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  • The government of Achin (q.v.) occupies the northern part of the island.
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  • There is a railway in the lower valley of the Achin River, connecting the capital, Kotaraja, and neighbourhood with Olehleh, a good, free port, with an active trade, carried on by numerous steamers, both Dutch and foreign.
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  • Edi on the north-east coast, with another harbour, is capital of a sultanate which formerly owed allegiance to the sultan of Achin, but has formed a political division of the government of Achin since 1889, when an armed expedition restored order.
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  • Copper has been worked in the Padang highlands (most largely in the district of Lake Singkara) and at Muki in Achin.
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  • Coal seams exist in the Malabuh valley (Achin), in the Sinamu valley, and on both sides of the Ombilin River; the Ombilin field was brought into especial notice by D.
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  • Perlak, formerly a tributary state of Achin and now a political division of the Achin government, has become one of the chief centres of the petroleum industry.
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  • A second railway in the district of Deli connects the inland plantations with the coast; and there is another, as already indicated, in the lower Achin valley.
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  • At this time the most powerful native state in the island was Achin (q.v.).
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  • In 1873 war was declared against Achin.
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  • In 1878 Benkulen was made a residency, and the civil administration of Achin and dependencies was entrusted to a governor.
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  • The war in Achin did not materially retard the development of Sumatra, and although the titular sultan of Achin continued a desultory guerrilla warfare against the Dutch in the mountainous woodlands of the interior, the almost inaccessible Pasei country, really active warfare has long ceased.
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  • All along the main coasts of the former sultanate of Achin military posts have been established and military roads constructed; even in Pedir, on the north coast, until 1899 the most actively turbulent centre of resistance of the sultan's party, and still later only pacified in parts, Dutch engineers were able to build a highway to connect the west with the east coast, and other works have been successfully carried out.
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  • tot Land-, &c., Kunde (1887); on the history of Palembang, west coast and the war in Achin, in Indisch militair Tijdschrift (1886-1889); Tijdschr.
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  • The long-continued and costly wars with the sultan of Achin have during a series of years been a source of trouble to Dutch ministries.
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  • The sultan of Achin opposed by force of arms the efforts of the Dutch to make their occupation effective, and has succeeded in maintaining a vigorous resistance, the Dutch colonial troops suffering severely from the effects of the insalubrious climate.
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  • At this time Job Charnock was the chief of the Bengal council, and, owing to an affray with the Mogul troops at Hugli on the 28th of October 1686, he embarked the company's goods and servants on board light vessels and dropped down the on the 31st of December 1600, and the first expedition of four ships under James Lancaster left Torbay towards the end of April 1601, and reached Achin in Sumatra on the 5th of June 16.02, returning with a cargo of spices.
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  • After 1565, when the power of Vijayanagar was broken at the battle of Talikot, a Mussulman coalition was at last formed, and the Portuguese were confronted by a line of hostile states stretching from Gujarat to Achin; but by this time they were strong enough to hold their own.
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  • ACHIN (Dutch Atjeh;, a Dutch government forming the northern extremity of the island of Sumatra, having an estimated area of 20,544 sq.
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  • The government is divided into three assistant-residencies - the east coast, the west coast and Great Achin.
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  • The chief ports are Olehleh, the port of Kotaraja or Achin (formerly Kraton, now the seat of the Dutch government), Segli on the N., Edi on the E., and Analabu or Melabuh on the W.
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  • from the sea, in the valley of the Achin river, which in its upper part, near Selimun, is 3 m.
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  • The population of Achin in 1898 was estimated at 535,432, of whom 328 were Europeans, 3933 Chinese, 30 Arabs, and 372 other foreign Asiatics.
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  • Achin literature, unlike the language, is entirely Malay; it includes poetry, a good deal of theology and several chronicles.
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  • Some of these as well as Asiatic writers mention Lambri, a state which must have nearly occupied the position of Achin.
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  • But the first voyager to visit Achin, by that name, was Alvaro Tellez, a captain of Tristan d'Acunha's fleet, in 1506.
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  • Yet before twenty years had passed Achin had not only gained independence, but had swallowed up all other states of northern Sumatra.
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  • The chief attraction of Achin to traders in the 17th century must have been gold.
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  • The great repute of Achin as a place of trade is shown by the fact that to this port the first Dutch (1599) and first English (1602) commercial ventures to the Indies were directed.
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  • Sir James Lancaster, the English commodore, carried letters from Queen Elizabeth to the king of Achin, and was well received by the prince then reigning, Alauddin Shah.
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  • The French made one great effort (1621) to establish relations with Achin, but nothing came of it.
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  • Still the foreign trade of Achin, though subject to interruptions, was important.
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  • Besides the Chinese merchants settled at Achin, others used to come annually with the junks, ten or twelve in number, which arrived in June.
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  • Hostilities with the Portuguese began from the time of the first independent king of Achin; and they had little remission till the power of Portugal fell with the loss of Malacca (1641).
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  • Not less than ten times before that event were armaments despatched from Achin to reduce Malacca, and more than once its garrison was hard pressed.
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  • The remaining history of Achin was one of rapid decay.
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  • After the restoration of Java to the Netherlands in 1816, a good deal of weight was attached by the neighbouring British colonies to the maintenance of influence in Achin; and in 1819 a treaty of friendship was concluded with the Calcutta government which excluded other European nationalities from fixed residence in Achin.
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  • When the British government, in 1824, made a treaty with the Netherlands, surrendering the remaining British settlements in Sumatra in exchange for certain posses sions on the continent of Asia, no reference was made in the articles to the Indian treaty of 1819; but an understanding was exchanged that it should be modified, while no proceedings hostile to Achin should be attempted by the Dutch.
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  • This reservation was formally abandoned by the British government in a convention signed at the Hague on the 2nd of November 1871; and in March 1873 the government of Batavia declared war upon Achin.
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  • Doubtless there was provocation, for the sultan of Achin had not kept to the understanding.
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  • A Dutch force landed at Achin in April 1873, and attacked the palace.
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  • The approach of the south-west monsoon precluded the immediate renewal of the attempt; but hostilities were resumed, and Achin fell in January 1874.
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  • On the way there they captured in the port of Achin a French privateer ready to cruise in the South China Sea.
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  • At this period the Portuguese power in the East was already beginning to wane; in the archipelago it was weakened by administrative corruption and by incessant war with native states, notably Bintang and Achin; bitter hostility was aroused by the attempts which the Portuguese made to establish a commercial monopoly and to force Christianity upon their native subjects and allies (see Portugal: History).
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  • The north of Sumatra is occupied by the Achinese (see Achin).
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