We had to remove the uterus — but you still have your ovaries.
The embryos escape into the uterus through the "bell," a funnellike opening continuous with the uterus.
The upper, wide opening of the duct is attached by elastic, peritoneal lamellae to the hinder margin of the left lung; the middle portion of the duct is glandular and thick-walled, for the deposition of the albumen; it is connected by a short, constricted " isthmus " (where the shell-membrane is formed) with a dilated " uterus " in which the egg receives its calcareous shell and eventual pigmentation.
The uterus or womb is a pear-shaped, very thick-walled, muscular bag, lying in the pelvis between the bladder and rectum.
The worm inhabits the lung of the frog and toad, and is hermaphrodite (Schneider) or parthenogenetic (Leuckart); the embryos hatched from the eggs find their way through the lungs into the alimentary canal and thence to the exterior; in a few days they develop into a sexual larva, called a Rhabditiform larva, in which the sexes are distinct; the eggs remain within the uterus, and the young when hatched break through its walls and live free in the perivisceral cavity of the mother, devouring the organs of the body until only the outer cuticle is left; this eventually breaks and sets free the young, which are without teeth, and have therefore lost the typical Rhabditis form.
It'll be another two weeks before I'll feel comfortable imaging her uterus to see the fetus.
Soon after quitting the uterus it is joined by a long duct leading from a glandular sac, the spermatheca (Rf).
m The "bell" swallows the matured embryos and passes them on into the uterus, and thus out of the body via the oviduct, which opens at one end into the uterus and at the other on to the exterior at the posterior end of o.-- the body.
She had protested the morality of AI until she lost her uterus, finally giving in to surrogacy a few years ago.
What would be different this time was the fact that he couldn't deny the babies were his - that and the fact that this time she had no uterus to lose.
From the ovo-testis, which lies near the apex of the visceral coil, a common hermaphrodite duct ve proceeds, which receives the duct of the compact white albuminiparous gland, Ed, and then becomes much enlarged, the additional width being due to the development of glandular folds, which are regarded as forming a uterus u.
Just at the junction of the "bell" and the uterus there is a second small opening situated dorsally.
Examples of physiological hypertrophy are found in the ovaries, uterus and mammary glands, where there is an increased functional activity required at the period of gestation.
It may follow a diminished functional activity, as in the atrophying thymus gland' and in the muscle cells of the uterus after parturition.
A simple fibro-myomatous tumour growing in the wall of the uterus.
In operations for diseases of the pelvis, ovarian dropsy, cancer of the uterus, and other grave diseases of the region, success has been stupendous.
The egg gives rise in the uterus to a six-hooked embryo, which reaches the first host in a variety of ways.
The uterus (X in figure C) begins in all cases at the shell gland (c, d) and may exhibit a swelling (R S) for the retention of the spermatozoa..
sphere " takes place in the uterus.
The fertilized ova, provided with yolk and a shell, are next transferred to the "uterus" along which they travel to the exterior.
In the endoparasitic trematodes the uterus is the only passage by which fertilization can be effected, and in cases of cross and selfimpregnation this duct is physiologically a vagina.
(Xioo.) reproductive system; C, Cirrus; H, hooks on the ventral sucker; I, small piece of the intestine to show its connexion with the reproductive organs by the narrow duct that passes from it to the union of the vaginae; M, mouth; 0, ovary; S, oral sucker; SC, sucker; SH, shell-gland; T, Testis; U, uterus; V, vaginal pore; Y, yolkgland.
In these, the male organs ripen before the ova and spermatozoa may pass into the uterus before the external pore is formed (Looss).
Segmentation takes place during its passage down the uterus.
Its combined action on the bowel and the uterus is of especial value in chlorosis, of which amenorrhoea is an almost constant symptom.
The uterus is bicornuate.
Grew says that "when the attire or apices break or open, the globules or dust falls down on the seedcase or uterus, and touches it with a prolific virtue."
Localities at such altitudes not being, as a rule, suitable for larval life in the water, the young are retained in the uterus, until the completion of the metamorphosis.
maculosa, but as a rule only one fully develops in each uterus, the embryo being nourished on the yolk of the other eggs, which more or less dissolve to form a large mass of nutrient matter.
The embryo passes through three stages - (I) still enclosed within the egg and living on its own yolk; (2) free, within the vitelline mass, which is directly swallowed by the mouth; (3) there is no more vitelline mass, but the embryo is possessed of long external gills, which serve for an exchange of nutritive fluid through the maternal uterus, these gills functioning in the same way as the chorionic villi of the mammalian egg.
Embryos in the second stage, if artificially released from the uterus, are able to live in water, in the same way as similarly developed larvae of S.
These unfertilized eggs develop directly, often in the uterus.
The Fallopian tubes receive the ova and carry them to the uterus.
The small opening among the fimbriae by which the tube communicates with the peritoneal cavity is known as the ostium abdominale, and from this the lumen of the tube runs from four to four and a half inches, until it opens into the cavity of the uterus by an extremely small opening.
6) the Fallopian tube and ovary Parovarium Ligament Fallopian tube I Ovary of ovary Hydatid Fimbriated end of tube Round ligament Broad ligament are pulled out from the uterus; this, as has been explained, is not the position of the ovary in the living body, nor is it of the tube, the outer half of which lies folded on the front and inner surface of the ovary.
The upper half or body of the uterus is somewhat triangular with its base upward, and has an anterior surface which is moderately flat, and a posterior convex.
This opening in a uterus which has never been pregnant is a narrow transverse slit, rarely a circular aperture, but in those uteri in which pregnancy has occurred the slit is much wider and its lips are thickened and gaping and often scarred.
On making a mesial vertical section of the uterus the cavity is seen as a mere slit which is bent about its middle to form an angle the opening of which is forward.
A normal uterus is therefore bent forward on itself, or anteflexed.
In addition to this, its long axis forms a marked angle with that of the vagina, so that the whole uterus is bent forward or anteverted.
As a rule, in adults the uterus is more or less on one side of the mesial plane of the body.
From each side of the uterus the peritoneum is reflected outward, as a two-layered sheet, to the side wall of the pelvis; this is the broad ligament, and between its layers lie several structures of importance.
The round ligament is a cord of unstriped muscle which runs from the lateral angle of its own side of the uterus forward to the internal abdominal ring, and so through the inguinal canal to the upper part of the labium majus.
Near the ovary the tubes are closed, but nearer the Fal lopian tube they open into another tube which is nearly at right angles to them, and which runs toward the uterus, though in the human subject is generally lost before reaching that organ.
Nearer the uterus than the ep08phoron a few scattered tubules are occasionally found which are looked upon as the homologue of the organ of Giraldbs in the male, and are known as the paroophoron.
The vagina is a dilatable muscular passage, lined with mucous membrane, which leads from the uterus to the external generative organs; its direction is, from the uterus, downward and forward, and its anterior and posterior walls are in contact, so that in a horizontal section it appears as a transverse slit.
Owing to the fact that the neck of the uterus enters the vagina from in front, the anterior wall of that tube is only about 21 in., while the posterior is 31.
The Uterus and Broad Ligament seen from behind (the broad ligament has been spread out).
As has been pointed out above, it is represented in the male by the fold at the opening of the uterus masculinus.
Its more pointed lower end iš attached to the uterus by the ligament of the ovary, while its anterior border has a short reflection of peritoneum, known as the mesovarium, running forward to the broad ligament of the uterus.
From this junction there proceeds an oviduct or " uterus " (paired or single) which before opening to the exterior expands to form a muscular protrusible pouch - the bursa copulatrix.
aboriri, to fail to be born, or perish), in obstetrics, the premature separation and expulsion of the contents of the pregnant uterus.
Malformations of the pelvis, accidental injuries and the diseases and displacements to which the uterus is liable, on the one hand; and, on the other, various morbid conditions of the ovum or placenta leading to the death of the foetus, are among the direct local causes.
Abortion resembles ordinary labour in its general phenomena, excepting that in the former hemorrhage often to a large extent forms one of the leading symptoms. The treatment embraces the means to be used by rest, astringents and sedatives, to prevent the occurrence when it merely threatens; or when, on the contrary, it is inevitable, to accomplish as speedily as possible the complete removal of the entire contents of the uterus.
In some it is very marked, for example in some viscera, the spleen, the bladder, the ureter, the uterus, the intestine, and especially in the heart.
The young (which, as in other marsupials, leave the uterus in an extremely small and imperfect condition) are placed in the pouch as soon as they are born; and to this they resort temporarily for shelter for some time after they are able to run, jump and feed upon the herbage which forms the nourishment of the parent.
The paired ovaries discharge their products into a median coelemic chamber with lateral branches (C), often called the uterus, from which the ripe ova are discharged by a median dorsal pore into the terminal region of the rectum (cloaca).
In some of the lower vertebrates quinine reduces the activity of the spinal cord, but in the human species it appears to stimulate the nervous mechanism of the uterus under certain conditions, and it is therefore included under the class of oxytocic or ecbolic drugs.
The important actions of ergot are on the blood-vessels and the uterus.
Ergot is the most powerful known stimulant of the pregnant uterus.
At least four of its constituents act directly on the muscular fibre of the uterus, whilst the cornutine acts through the nerves.
Of great practical importance is the fact that the cornutine causes rhythmic contractions such as naturally occur, whilst the sphacelinic acid produces a tonic contraction of the uterus, which is unnatural and highly inimical to the life of the foetus.
Perhaps the most valuable of all the medicinal applications of turpentine, and one which is rarely, if ever, mentioned in therapeutic textbooks - owing to the fact that gynaecology has been so extremely specialized - is in inoperable cancer of the uterus.
In other species which possess receptacula seminis it is probable that fertilization is effected once only in early life before any ova pass into the uterus.
The Australasian species come nearest to laying eggs, inasmuch as the eggs are large, full of yolk, and enclosed in a shell; but development normally takes place in the uterus, though abnormally, incompletely developed eggs are extruded.
The uterus always contains several young, which are usually at different stages of development and are born at different times of the year.
In most of the African species, however, the embryos of the uterus are almost of the same age and are born at a definite season.
Each oviduct, after a short course, becomes dilated into the uterus.
Spermatozoa are not found in the uterus and oviducts, and it appears probable, as we have said, that they reach the ovary directly by boring through the skin and traversing the body cavity.
The embryos in the uterus are all nearly of the same age, except for a month or two before birth, when two broods overlap.
The following species are aberrant in respect of these characters: Peripatus (Opisthopatus) cinctipes, Purcell (Cape Colony and Natal), presents a few Australasian features; there is a small receptaculum seminis on each oviduct, some of the legs are provided with welldeveloped coxal organs, the feet have one anterior, one posterior and one dorsal papilla, and the successive difference in the ages of the embryos in the uterus, though nothing like that found in the neotropical species, is slightly greater than that found in other investigated African species.
The uterus appears to contain embryos of different ages.
Ova minute, with little food-yolk; embryos in the uterus at very different stages of development.
Embryos in the uterus of very different ages, and probably born all the year round.
Ova large, with much yolk and thick membrane, like those of Australasian species; embryos with slit-like blastopore and of very different ages in the same uterus, probably born all the year round.
They also increase the number of leucocytes in the blood, and the more irritating of them increase the flow of blood to the pelvic organs, and may thus stimulate the uterus, or in large doses cause abortion.
She had blamed him at first for giving them permission to remove her uterus, but it was a life and death decision - one that wasn't easy for him.
We had to remove the uterus â€” but you still have your ovaries.
AB - A case is reported of endometrial adenocarcinoma of the uterus in an 85-year-old patient with an unusual spreading pattern.
antevert the uterus is rarely performed.
arcuate uterus is associated with a slightly better but still impaired pregnancy outcome with term delivery rates of ~65% .
artificial insemination can be used to place sperm directly in the cervix or uterus.
cavity of the uterus.
A " subtotal hysterectomy " removes the uterus leaving the cervix in place.
cervix into the uterus then up the egg tube (fallopian tube) to meet the egg.
contractions of the uterus - stopping labor or preventing the expulsion of the placenta.
Oxytocin A hormone, produced by the pituitary gland, which stimulates contraction of the uterus.
eggs from the ovaries to the uterus.
Each month the ectopic endometriosis responds to the female hormones in a similar way to the uterus lining.
fertilized by sperm, travel down to and implant in the uterus.
If the egg was not fertilized, progesterone encourages the uterus to shed the lining, and the result is menstruation flow.
fetal heart abnormalities were observed in all cases in which the uterus ruptured during labor.
At about two months of pregnancy, the uterus in a female fetus begins to form.
Large submucosal uterine fibroids may increase the size of the uterus ' cavity.
fibroids tumors may be connected to the uterus by the means of a long stalk or a stem-like base.
fibroids in the uterus.
Blood contaminated by bowel contents or amniotic fluid from a ruptured uterus should not normally be used.
In premature foals from a normal uterus, it is tempting to give " physiological " doses of steroids.
gestation process of being carried in the uterus from conception to birth.
hypertonic, hyperkinetic uterus.
implanted in the uterus of the woman who donated the egg.
However, if a major perforation was detected, then the surgeon would perform an abdominal incision to repair the uterus.
No reputable historian would accept the idea that educating a woman sucks all the blood from her uterus, or that masturbation causes insanity.
lining of the uterus remains thin.
oestrogenls respond to the female hormone estrogen, just like the lining of the uterus does each month.
orifice of the uterus at a moment of extreme excitement.
According to Maharishi Ayurveda, conception takes place due to healthy sperm, healthy ovum, and a healthy uterus.
palpaterogress of labor can be monitored by palpating the lower part of the uterus to detect the descent of the fetal head.
pelvis on either side of the uterus.
perforation of the uterus (puncture the wall of the uterus ).
This may happen if you have a small or unusual shaped uterus, a fibroid or low-lying placenta.
The early scans had shown two separate placentas - one each side of the uterus.
prolapse of the uterus and vagina becomes more common as women get older and is not often seen before the menopause.
prolapsed uterus and ovarian cyst.
prolonged sitting and the fat form of the mother caused the fetus (in the uterus) to be unable to move itself.
ruptures of the uterus, liver and spleen.
If untreated, it can spread through the uterus to the fallopian tubes causing salpingitis.
septate uterus is not an infertility factor in itself.
The diagnostic value of vaginal smears in carcinoma of the uterus.
If the egg is not fertilized by sperm, it dies and the egg and uterus lining are shed as a period.
subtotal hysterectomy " removes the uterus leaving the cervix in place.
testise hormones have effects on the ovaries, uterus, and on the testes in man.
test tubeing the test-tube method to overcome infertility one or more eggs are inserted into the woman's uterus.
thickening of the lining of the uterus.
In a healthy pregnancy, fetal cells called trophoblasts do this by ' invading ' the uterus, while communicating with maternal immune cells.
The fallopian tubes carry eggs from the ovaries to the uterus.
Alternatively, adrenaline stimulates the uterus, stalling further cervical dilatation (1997 ).
A type of surgery to remove only the fibroids without removing the uterus is called a myomectomy.
Thus more blood enters the uterus via the arteries than can be carried away by the veins.
They may reduce prior to delivery causing the uterus to contract.
Some women, even if the woman no longer has a uterus.
The deep breathing during exercise brings more oxygen to the blood, which relaxes the uterus.
Answer The term tilted womb is sometimes used to describe a retroverted uterus.
A late effect is the compression of the gravid uterus.
RESULTS: There were 17 cases of ruptured uterus.
The enlarged uterus also puts more pressure on the veins.
The pregnant uterus can press on the venous drainage from the legs and so increase the risk of a DVT.
uterus contracts, it cuts off the oxygen supply to your placenta.
uterus wall by a fine nylon thread, which makes it less likely to be expelled by the body.
uterus during pregnancy.
A hysterectomy is an operation to remove a woman's uterus (womb ).
This contrast to the situation in mammals, where the developing fetus receives a continuous external supply of nutrients from the mother's uterus.
Didelphia, the alternative name of the group was given in allusion to the circumstance that the uterus has two separate openings; while other features are the inclusion of the openings of the alimentary canal and the urino-genital sinus in a common sphincter muscle, and the position of the scrotum in advance of the penis.
The vast majority of the mammalia are provided with an organ in the uterus, by which, before the birth of their young, a vascular connexion is maintained between the embryo and the parent animal.
In other species of Helix a second duct (as large in Helix aspersa as the chief one) is given off from the spermathecal duct, and in the natural state is closely adherent to the wall of the uterus.
- A, reproductive system of Amphilina foliacea: a, glandular pit; b, opening of uterus; b', uterus (black); c, yolk-gland and its duct; d, ovary; e, e', opening and duct of vagina; f, spermotheca; g, male genital opening (gonopore); h, penis; i, vas def erens; j, testes; k, shell-gland.
The chief difference between the reproductive organs of the two classes is the presence in Cestodes of a separate vagina and uterus, each of which opens in some families to the exterior by an independent pore.
The vagina of Cestodes is undoubtedly comparable with the so-called " uterus " of Trematodes, but the nature of the Cestode uterus is not so clear.
It has been compared with the canal of Laurer of Trematodes (the vitello-intestinal duct of the ectoparasitic flukes), but if we take the more primitive Cestodes, and especially Aniphilina, into consideration we find that they possess, in addition to the uterus, an anterior vagina (usually present in Cestodes) and a posterior one.
A, a segment of Bothriocephalus latus, showing the generative organs from the ventral surface; ex., excretory vessels; c., cirrus; c.p., cirrus pouch; v.d., vas deferens; v.o., vaginal opening; v., vagina; sh.g., shell-gland; od., oviduct; ov., ovary; y.g., yolk-gland; y.d., its duct; ut., uterus; u.o., uterine opening; the testes are not visible from this side; X 23 (from Sommer and Landois).
In this group, the accessory gonopore is the opening of the "vagina," in contradistinction to the median and atrial opening of the uterus which is a "birth-pore."
B, anterior portion more highly magnified (from Marshall and Hurst, after Sommer); cs, cirrus sac; d, ductus ejaculatorius; f, female aperture; o, ovary; od, oviduct; p, penis; s, shell-gland; t, anterior testis; u, uterus; va, vp, vasa deferentia; us, vesicula seminalis; y, yolk-gland; yd, its duct.
The interior of the body of the uterus shows a comparatively small triangular cavity (see fig.
The uterus is two-horned, with the cornua opening separately into the vagina or uniting to form a corpus uteri.
The uterus may be double, each division opening by a separate os uteri into a common vagina, as in Leporsdae, Sciuridae, and Hydrochoerus, or two-horned, as in most species.
It may here be stated that the non-striped muscular tissue of the bladder, the uterus and the spleen is also stimulated, as well as that of the iris (see below).
" single uterus," - in allusion to the fusion of at least the basal portions of this organ, and in contradistinction to their duality in the Didelphia, or Marsupialia), Cuvier's name for the group which includes all the orders of mammals (See MAMMALIA) except the Marsupialia and Monotremata; other titles for this group being Placentalia and Eutheria.
The accessory generative glands are the two vesiculae seminales, with the median third vesicle, or uterus masculinus, lying between them, the single bilobed prostate, and a pair of globular Cowper's glands.
Women beaten during pregnancy can suffer life-threatening ruptures of the uterus, liver and spleen.
It seems that malformed uterus and especially septate uterus is not an infertility factor in itself.
These hormones have effects on the ovaries, uterus, and on the testes in man.
When using the test-tube method to overcome infertility one or more eggs are inserted into the woman 's uterus.
This prevents the thickening of the lining of the uterus.
Alternatively, adrenaline stimulates the uterus, stalling further cervical dilatation (1997).
When your uterus contracts, it cuts off the oxygen supply to your placenta.
Syphilis can also be acquired in the uterus during pregnancy.
A hysterectomy is an operation to remove a woman 's uterus (womb).
This contrast to the situation in mammals, where the developing fetus receives a continuous external supply of nutrients from the mother 's uterus.
Breastfeeding can help to shrink a mother's uterus faster.
A Caesarean birth involves cutting open your uterus and removing your baby through your stomach.
IVF (in vitro fertilizaton)-The father's sperm and the mother's egg are retrieved and placed together before placing the fertilized egg back into the mother's uterus.
IUI (intrauterine insemination)-Basically, the father's sperm is injected into the uterus of the mother at a specific time.
Breastfeeding your baby will shrink your uterus back to its original size in a shorter amount of time than if you didn't breastfeed.
They are typically used with a spermicide, and they should be fitted after the uterus has reached its pre-pregnancy size.
IUDs-These also have no affect on breastfeeding, and they should be fitted once the uterus has reached its pre-pregnancy size.
If the uterus then accepts the implantation of the eggs then they will grow together as twins.
Larger uterus later in pregnancy leading to weight and size issues.
IVF is any process of removing human eggs from the mother's womb and fertilizing them with sperm from the father before transferring them to the uterus for normal development.
She may have been dripping from her uterus as she evacuated, and this would appear as if the blood came from her stool.
Once fertilized, the eggs continue their journey to the uterus where they will implant themselves at regular intervals in the uterine wall.
By the end of the fourth week, it is usually possible for a veterinarian to feel the pea sized embryos by palpating the uterus.
He will palpate the uterus in order to determine whether or not your cat is carrying kittens.
Saponins, the active ingredient, increase blood flow, and it is thought that increased blood flow to the uterus may spark contractions.
In addition, pregnant women should not use turmeric as it can stimulate the uterus.
Sometimes females die trying to deliver that last litter from an overworked uterus.
After five years old, the uterus begins to loose its elasticity and the pelvic bones have a difficult time dilating.
After this age, the uterus begins to lose its elasticity, and pregnancies can present greater chances for complication.
At approximately two months gestation, you've probably missed the window for your vet to be able to palpate, or feel, the pups in the uterus.
The cardiac form of parvo is usually transmitted to unborn pups via the uterus of an infected mother.
Also refers to an abnormal fold of tissue down that center of the uterus that can cause infertility.
Oxytocin secretion is also nature's way of causing a woman's uterus to contract after birth to control postpartum bleeding and assist in uterine involution.
Besides the benefits of the contracting uterus, the process of producing milk burns calories, which helps the mother to lose excess weight gained during pregnancy.
The placenta is attached to the wall of the uterus and leads to the unborn baby via the umbilical cord.
Hereditary links have been shown in cancers of the breast, colon, ovaries, and uterus.
Cancer of the kidneys, ovaries, uterus, pancreas, bladder, rectum, and the leukemias and lymphomas are among the 12 major cancers affecting Americans of all ages.
In adolescent females, a pelvic exam may be conducted to detect cancers of the ovaries, uterus, cervix, and vagina.
Then the internal pelvic organs such as the uterus and ovaries are palpated (touched while applying gentle pressure) to detect abnormal masses.
Hormone therapy is standard treatment for cancers that are hormone-dependent and grow faster in the presence of specific hormones, such as cancer of the prostate, breast, and uterus.
With the initiation of labor, the muscular wall of the uterus begins to contract causing the cervix to open (dilatation) and thin out (efface).
The uterine contractions get stronger, and the infant passes along the vagina helped by contractions of the uterus and the mother's pushing.
During pregnancy, it is attached to the wall of the uterus and served to exchange needed nourishment from the mother to the fetus and simultaneously to remove waste products from the fetus.
Generally, there is a rise in the uterus due to a contraction and a gush of blood as the placenta is expelled.
A cesarean section, also called a c-section, is a surgical procedure in which an incision is made through a woman's abdomen and uterus to deliver her baby.
The procedure is often used in women who have had a previous c-section, but if the incision on the uterus is not vertical, the woman can try a vaginal birth after cesarean (VBAC).
There are three signs that labor may be starting: rhythmical contractions of the uterus; leaking of the bag of waters (amniotic sac); and bloody show.
Unfortunately, the body considers the uterus to be a non-essential organ.
Cervix-A small, cylindrical structure about an inch or so long and less than an inch around that makes up the lower part and neck of the uterus.
The cervix separates the body and cavity of the uterus from the vagina.
Gestation-The period from conception to birth, during which the developing fetus is carried in the uterus.
Because fifth disease can pose problems for an unborn fetus exposed to the disease through the mother, testing for the disease may be conducted while a fetus is still in the uterus.
There are tests and treatments, however, that can be performed on the fetus while still in the uterus that can reduce the risk of anemia or other complications.
Oxytocin-A hormone that stimulates the uterus to contract during child birth and the breasts to release milk.
The connective tissue in the intestines, arteries, uterus, and other hollow organs may be unusually weak, leading to organ or blood vessel rupture.
During and after pregnancy, there is an increased risk of the uterus rupturing and of arterial bleeding.
There are three ways identical twins can exist in the uterus: dichorionic-diamniotic twins; monochorionic-diamniotic twins; monochorionic-monoamniotic twins.
The division of the fertilized egg in this case occurs nine to 13 days past fertilization or near the time of implantation in the uterus.
However, once the number of babies reaches three, overexpansion of a woman's uterus begins to cause difficulties.
The implantation of several embryos and placentas in the endometrium of the uterus results in a competition for space and inevitably some implant in an area without good circulation.
During a pregnancy, it is essential that the uterus be well perfused to sustain the fetus with nutrients and oxygen.
If a multiple pregnancy occurred spontaneously, the obstetrician would suspect a problem with the dates because the uterus would grow faster than usual.
The villi establish a physical connection with the wall of the uterus and eventually develop into the placenta.
Contraction-A tightening of the uterus during pregnancy.
The main role of these hormones is to cause thickening of the lining of the uterus (endometrium).
Amniocentesis-A procedure performed at 16-18 weeks of pregnancy in which a needle is inserted through a woman's abdomen into her uterus to draw out a small sample of the amniotic fluid from around the baby for analysis.
These ovarian hormones encourage the growth of the endometrium, which is the tissue that lines the uterus.
If pregnancy does not occur, the endometrium breaks down and the uterus sheds the extra tissue during the next menstrual period.
There may be structural abnormalities in the uterus, cervix, or vagina that prevent the shed tissue from leaving the body.
One way to determine whether a teenager's ovaries and uterus are functioning is a progesterone challenge test.
If her ovaries are producing estrogen and her uterus is responding normally, she should have a menstrual period within a few days of the progesterone dose.
This challenge indicates that the ovaries and uterus are functioning normally, and the cause of the amenorrhea is probably in the brain.
Endometrium-The mucosal layer lining the inner cavity of the uterus.
Ultrasound can locate a uterus behind the bladder and can determine if there is a cervix or uterine canal.
The condom is a barrier that prevents sperm from entering a woman's uterus.
It collects semen before, during, and after ejaculation, keeping semen from entering the uterus, thus protecting against pregnancy.
Babies up to about eight months of age are usually protected from contracting measles, due to immune cells they receive from their mothers in the uterus.
Extrauterine-Occurring outside the uterus.
A cesarean section (also referred to as c-section) is the birth of a fetus accomplished by performing a surgical incision through the maternal abdomen and uterus.
The skin incision for a c-section is either transverse (Pfannenstiel) or vertical and does not indicate the type of incision made into the uterus.
It was believed that the resulting scar weakened the uterus wall and was at risk of rupture in subsequent deliveries.
The force of the contractions can be measured with an intrauterine pressure catheter (IUPC), which is a catheter that can be placed through the cervix into the uterus to measure uterine pressure during labor.
Two major locations of uterine incisions are the lower uterine segment and the upper segment of the body of the uterus (classical incision).
The most common lower uterine segment incision is a transverse incision because the lower segment is the thinnest part of the pregnant uterus and involves less blood loss.
Once the uterus is opened, the amniotic sac is ruptured and the baby is delivered.
The placenta is removed from the mother and her uterus is closed with suture.
Immediate postpartal care after a c-section is similar to post-operative care with the exception of palpating the fundus (top of the uterus) for firmness.
Complications occur in less than 10 percent of cases, but these complications can include an infection of the incision, urinary tract, or tissue lining the uterus (endometritis).
The prognosis for a successful vaginal birth after a cesarean (VBAC) may be at least 75 percent, especially when the c-section involved a low transverse incision in the uterus, and there were no complications during or after delivery.
Cervical cerclage-A procedure in which the cervix of the uterus is sewn closed, it is used in cases when the cervix starts to dilate too early in a pregnancy to allow the birth of a healthy baby.
Placental abruption-An abnormal separation of the placenta from the uterus before the birth of the baby, with subsequent heavy uterine bleeding.
Throughout most of pregnancy the developing fetus is completely free to move around within the uterus.
The fetus is upside down in the uterus, and the head will dilate the cervix (or vaginal opening) and lead the way during the birth process.
In a complete breech, the buttocks lead the way out of the uterus, and the legs are folded in front of the body.
The mother is given medication to relax the uterus, minimize discomfort, and prevent premature contractions.
It can only be tried if there is one fetus in the uterus, if the placenta is not lying in front of the fetus, and if the umbilical cord does not appear to be wrapped around the fetus at any point.
Maternal age is also a factor (adolescent mothers are prone to have undersize babies), as is uterine constraint (which occurs when the uterus is too small for the baby).
In some procedures the fetus is partially removed from the uterus.
In other procedures the entire uterus is removed from the mother's body cavity through her abdomen.
The fetus must be moved away from the placenta, the disk-shaped organ within the uterus that provides the blood supply to the fetus.
The surgeon may knead and push on the uterus to move or flip the fetus.
Opening the uterus is the riskiest component of prenatal surgery.
Following the procedure the fetus is replaced in the uterus and the incision is stitched.
Prior to the final stitch the amniotic fluid is re-injected into the uterus.
The uterus is repositioned in the mother's body cavity and her abdominal wall is closed.
An incision the size of a small fist is made in the uterus.
For urinary tract obstructions a needle may be used to insert a catheter through the mother's abdomen and uterus and into the fetal bladder where it drains the urine into the amniotic fluid.
Small surgical openings are made in the uterus, and a tiny fiber optic fetoscope is inserted to guide the operation.
A needle-like instrument enters the uterus through a small incision in the mother's abdomen.
Hypoplastic left heart syndrome is treated by passing a needle, guided by ultrasound, through the mother's abdominal wall, into the uterus and the fetal heart.
Guided by ultrasound a needle is inserted through the mother's abdomen and uterus and into the tumor.
Subsequent children of a mother who has undergone fetal surgery usually are delivered by cesarean section because of scarring of the uterus.
Ex utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT)-A cesarean section in which the infant is removed from the uterus but the umbilical cord is not cut until after surgery for a congenital defect that blocks the air passage.
Fetoscope-A fiber optic instrument for viewing the fetus inside the uterus.
Often, early in a pregnancy, if the condition of the baby and/or the mother's uterus are not compatible with sustaining life, the pregnancy stops, and the contents of the uterus are expelled.
Intrauterine devices (IUDs): These devices are inserted into the uterus, where they stay from one to ten years.
An IUD prevents the fertilized egg from implanting in the lining of the uterus and may have other effects as well.
The sperm cannot reach the egg, and the egg cannot travel to the uterus.
Intra-uterine: The IUD is inserted into the uterus.
It collects semen before, during, and after ejaculation, keeping semen from entering the uterus through the cervix and thus protecting against pregnancy.
The IUD can also injure the uterus by poking into or through the uterine wall.
IUD: The device is a foreign object that stays inside the uterus, and the uterus tries to get it out.
Fallopian tubes-The pair of narrow tubes leading from a woman's ovaries to the uterus.
Implantation-The process in which the fertilized egg embeds itself in the wall of the uterus.
In teenage girls, internal sexual changes include maturation of the uterus, vagina, and other parts of the reproductive system.
During each prenatal visit, the healthcare provider uses a tape measure to record the uterine fundal height (measured from the top of the pubic area to the top of the uterus in centimeters).
As the pregnancy continues and the baby grows, the uterus stretches upward in the direction of the mother's head.
Doppler flow studies of the uterine artery provide information regarding the blood flow to the uterus.
The benefit of bed rest is that it results in increased blood flow to the uterus.
Uteroplacental insufficiency-Designates the lack of blood flow from the uterus to the placenta, resulting in decreased nourishment and oxygen to the fetus.
Intrauterine-Situated or occuring in the uterus.
Only the embryos unaffected by the disease are transferred back into the uterus.
The sensor on the tocodynanometer must be placed on that part of the uterus that can be palpated easily.
An internal monitor may also be used to determine the actual strength of the contraction as well as the resting tone of the uterus.
The IUPC also provides an accurate measurement of the resting tone of the uterus.
It is important that the uterus relax between contractions in order for the baby to receive oxygen.
If the uterus is not relaxing or if the resting tone is rising, this can be an indication of a placental abruption (the tearing away of the placenta from the wall of the uterus).
Amniocentesis is a procedure that involves inserting a thin needle into the uterus, into the amniotic sac, and withdrawing a small amount of amniotic fluid.
Embryonic-Early stages of life in the uterus.
During the sampling procedure, the obstetrician inserts a very fine needle through the woman's abdomen into the uterus and amniotic sac and withdraws approximately one ounce of amniotic fluid for testing.
Endometritis-Inflammation of the endometrium or mucous membrane of the uterus.
Bone x rays can reveal bone age, and pelvic ultrasound may show an enlarged uterus and rule out ovarian or adrenal tumors.
The parts of the body involved in the menstrual cycle include the uterus and cervix, the ovaries, fallopian tubes, the brain and pituitary gland, and the vagina.
In the first half of the menstrual cycle, estrogen levels rise, causing the lining of the uterus to grow and thicken.
The two small, grape-shaped organs inside the abdomen on either side of the uterus, known as the ovaries, are filled with hundreds of thousands of eggs and are the organs that allow pregnancy to occur.
When the egg is released it travels through one of the two fallopian tubes and down towards the uterus.
Estrogen and progesterone levels then drop, triggering the uterine lining to gently fall away from the wall of the uterus, and to be shed through the vagina.
Menstruation-The periodic discharge from the vagina of blood and tissues from a nonpregnant uterus.
In addition, a pregnant woman carrying a child with Edwards' syndrome may have an unusually large uterus during pregnancy, due to the presence of extra amniotic fluid (polyhydramnios).
Then the fertilized egg must travel to the woman's uterus (womb), where it lodges in the uterus lining and develops into a fetus.
Endometriosis-A condition in which the tissue that normally lines the uterus (endometrium) grows in other areas of the body, causing pain, irregular bleeding, and frequently, infertility.
They frequently occur in the uterus and are generally left alone unless growing rapidly or causing other problems.
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)-Any infection of the lower female reproductive tract (vagina and cervix) that spreads to the upper female reproductive tract (uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries).
The problem starts very early in the uterus with a narrowed pulmonary valve and a hole between the ventricles.
It is also found in body fluids, including semen, saliva, urine, feces, breast milk, blood, and secretions of the cervix (the narrow, lower section of the uterus).
CMV is also able to cross the placenta (the organ that provides oxygen and nutrients to the unborn baby in the uterus).
Babies can be born infected with CMV, either becoming infected in the uterus (congenital infection) or during birth (from infected cervical secretions).
About 0.1 percent of all newborn babies have serious damage from CMV infection occurring while they were developing in the uterus.
The egg makes its way into a fallopian tube, a structure that guides the egg away from the ovary toward the uterus.
The group of diving cells begins to move along the fallopian tube toward the uterus.
About sixty hours after fertilization, approximately sixteen cells have formed to what is called a morula, still enclosed by the zona pellucida; three days after fertilization, the morula enters the uterus.
Perinatal infections include bacterial or viral illnesses that can be passed from a mother to her baby either while the baby is still in the uterus or during the delivery process.
The infection affects the reproductive tract and causes pelvic inflammatory disease, infertility, and ectopic pregnancy (when the fertilized egg implants somewhere other than in the uterus).
Infants can become infected with CMV while still in the uterus if the mother becomes infected or develops a recurrence of the infection during pregnancy.
Both infections can cause premature birth, and the bacteria can be transferred to the infant in the uterus or during delivery.
Rubella (German measles): Infants exposed to rubella virus in the uterus are at high risk for severe birth defects, including heart defects, blindness, and deafness.
Ectopic pregnancy-A pregnancy that develops outside of the mother's uterus, such as in the fallopian tube.
The physician will do a complete physical exam and take a complete prenatal and birth history of the child, including position in the uterus.
Congenital immunodeficiency is caused by genetic defects that generally occur while the fetus is developing in the uterus.
The ductus arteriosus should be present and open before birth while the fetus is developing in the uterus.
Although many teens do not suffer from dysmenorrhea because their uterus is still growing, they may get it several years after their first period begins.
Prostaglandins are natural substances made by cells in the inner lining of the uterus and other parts of the body.
Those made in the uterus make the uterine muscles contract and help the uterus to shed the lining that has built up during the menstrual cycle.
This could be due to the stretching of the opening of the uterus or the fact that birth improves the uterine blood supply and muscle activity.
It differs from primary dysmenorrheal in that the pain is caused by an abnormality or disease of the uterus, tubes, or ovaries.
Adenomyosis-Uterine thickening caused when endometrial tissue, which normally lines the uterus, extends outward into the fibrous and muscular tissue of the uterus.
The mother reclines with a slight pelvic tilt to prevent compression of the large blood vessels by the pregnant uterus.
Fundal height-Measured by a tape measure from the top of the symphysis pubis, over the arch of the growing uterus, to the top of the fundus.
If little surfactant is found in an amniotic fluid sample taken by placing a needle in the uterus (amniocentesis), there is a definite risk of RDS.
It is believed that either pressure on the SCM muscle due to position of the head in the uterus causes the muscle to become fibrous and shorten or that the blood supply to the muscle is disturbed and the muscle becomes scarred.
It is strongly recommended that the other female hormone, progesterone, be taken by women who have an intact uterus as well, because doing so prevents overgrowth of uterine lining and uterine cancer.
Physicians also use antenatal tests to determine various characteristics of the fetus, such as gestational age, size, and position in the uterus, or to verify the presence of multiple fetuses.
During amniocentesis, a doctor inserts a thin needle through a woman's abdomen and into the uterus.
This sample is obtained by inserting a needle through the abdomen into the uterus and withdrawing fluid.
The internal structures of the reproductive tract, including the ovaries, uterus, and fallopian tubes, are normal.
With this method, a needle is inserted through the mother's abdomen and uterus and into the baby's abdomen.
Passive immunity is relatively short lived and is acquired by transferring antibodies from mother to child in the uterus or by inoculation with serum that contains antibodies from immune persons or animals.
During the second and third semester, avoid doing exercises that require you lay flat on your back, as this can cut off circulation to the uterus.
An ectopic pregnancy is one in which the fertilized egg is implanted outside the uterus.
A tubal pregnancy, also called an ectopic pregnancy, happens when a woman's egg implants in her fallopian tube instead of her uterus.
The fallopian tubes connect the ovaries to the uterus.
Each month during a normal menstrual cycle, an egg is released from one of the ovaries, travels down the fallopian tube on that side, and enters the uterus.
If the egg is fertilized by a man's sperm, it will implant in the uterus and begin to grow into a baby.
The uterus is designed to enlarge as the baby grows.
An ultrasound will reveal that the uterus is empty and help the doctor discover the location of the pregnancy in the fallopian tube.
The ultrasound may need to be done by inserting the ultrasound probe into the vagina, because that gives the best view of the uterus and fallopian tubes.
You will experience what appears to be a heavy period as the uterus expels its contents.
However, if heavy bleeding continues or an infection is indicated, a physician may recommend a D&C to remove any tissue from the uterus that it does not naturally expel.
At week 3, your baby is only a small cluster of cells implanting into the uterus.
Meanwhile, your uterus is getting ready to nourish a baby.
The lining of your uterus, called the endometrium, is becoming thicker.
Additionally, more blood is flowing to your uterus, and the angle of your cervix changes to make it easier for sperm to enter and fertilize your egg.
When your uterus gets infected, your body temperature goes up, putting the baby at risk.
Additionally, your uterus will not contract as effectively when its infected, resulting in a longer labor pattern and more painful contractions without any benefit for you or your baby.
After spending approximately nine months in the cocoon of their mother's uterus, this new environment is shocking.
While the baby is still inside the mother's uterus, oxygen and nutrients are transferred from the mother's blood to the baby's through the placenta.
After the baby is born, the placenta separates from the wall of the uterus and is expelled.
Implantation bleeding is light spotting probably caused when the fetus implants into the uterus a few days after fertilization, though no one is exactly sure what causes it.
This is a very serious condition when the fetus implants into the fallopian tubes or ovaries rather than the uterus.
During this time, your fetus changes from a tiny lump of cells implanting into your uterus to an identifiably human baby that is three inches long and weighs about half an ounce.
Terbutaline is used to relax the uterus.
A tubal ligation involves cutting the fallopian tubes, which carry eggs from the ovaries to the uterus.
In a normal pregnancy, the egg is fertilized by a man's sperm and then implants in the woman's uterus, where it develops into a baby.
Tubal ligation prevents pregnancy in two ways: it prevents sperm from reaching an egg and it prevents eggs from reaching the uterus.
At that time, the uterus is still enlarged and the fallopian tubes are easy to reach through a small incision just under the navel.
Then, he/she uses it to push small metallic coils through the uterus and up into the fallopian tubes.
The cervix is the entrance to your uterus and the exit for your baby.
After the baby is born and the cord is cut, the placenta gradually detaches from the uterus and is expelled from your body.
When an egg is fertilized, it travels through the fallopian tubes where it implants into the uterus.
In an ectopic pregnancy the fertilized egg implants into a place other than the uterus.
The most common place for an egg to implant other than the uterus is the fallopian tubes.
Since there is no room for the fetus to grow other than in the uterus, organ damage can occur.
Without hormones, a normal, healthy woman will release an egg once a month, and her uterus will build up a thick, blood-rich lining to receive the egg in case it gets fertilized by a man's sperm.
Plan B stops an egg from attaching to the uterus.
An IUD is a small metal or plastic device that is inserted into the uterus.
IUDs disrupt the normal environment of the uterus, so that it's difficult for a sperm to fertilize an egg.
They may also prevent fertilized eggs from implanting in the uterus.
Women who have never been pregnant appear to have a higher chance that the device will be expelled from the uterus.
An IUD fits inside your uterus and won't get in the way of having sex.
With most devices, a small string does protrude from the cervix (the opening to the uterus) but it can't be seen from outside.
Progestin is synthetic form of progesterone, a natural hormone that helps prepare a woman's uterus for pregnancy.
They stop ovulation and cause changes in the uterus so that if an egg is released, it's difficult for a sperm to fertilize it.
A tubal pregnancy, also known as an ectopic pregnancy, is one where the baby is implanted outside of the uterus--most commonly in the fallopian tubes.
Tubal pregnancies are caused in instances where something blocks the fertilized egg from implanting in the uterus.
An ultrasound may be done to check for implantation in the uterus.