' The " Great Synagogue " is semi-mythical.
There is a fine example in the synagogue at Great St Helens, London.
Each synagogue is served by a rabbi assisted by an officiating minister, and in each consistory is a grand rabbi.
Mahommedan Babylonia (Persia) was the home of the gaonate, the central authority of religious Judaism, whose power transcended that of the secular exilarchate, for it influenced the synagogue far and wide, while the exilarchate was local.
At the instance of an English nobleman he prepared an account of the religious customs of the Synagogue, Riti Ebraici (1637).
(3) Homiletic. Jellinek was probably the greatest synagogue orator of the 19th century.
Probably the recognition and appointment of elders was simply the transfer from the synagogue to the Church of a usage which was regarded as essential among Jews; and the Gentile churches naturally followed the example of the Jewish Christians.
The church, it was conceived, needed defence against the synagogue at all hazards, and the fear that the latter would influence and dominate the former was never absent from the minds of medieval ecclesiastics.
That eminent scholars both in the synagogue and in the church should have been induced to believe in its antiquity is owing to the fact that the Zohar embodies many older opinions and doctrines, and the undoubted antiquity of some of them has served as a lever in the minds of these scholars to raise the late speculations about the En Soph, the Sephiroth, &c., to the same age.
The Talmudic tradition (Baba Batlara 14b) that the men of the Great Synagogue " wrote " Ezekiel, may refer to editorial work by later scholars.'
Having been taught that there is no absolutely true religion, Mendelssohn's own descendants - a brilliant circle, of which the musician Felix was the most noted - left the Synagogue for the Church.
The chief rabbi, who is the ecclesiastical head of the United Synagogue, has also a certain amount of authority over the provincial and colonial Jewries, but this is nominal rather than real.
Such vicissitudes were the ordinary lot of the Jews for several centuries, and it was their own inner life - the pure life of the home, the idealism of the synagogue, and the belief in ultimate Messianic redemption - that saved them from utter demoralization and despair.
Herod's nominees were not the men to extend the prestige of the high-priesthood at the expense of these rabbis: even in Jerusalem the synagogue became of more importance than the Temple.
They are post-exilic in their whole tone and belong to a time when prophecy had ceased and the synagogue worship was fully established (lxxiv.
The line is traced through biblical teachers to Ezra, the first of the Sopherim or scribes, who handed on the charge to the "men of the Great Synagogue," a much-discussed term for a body or succession of teachers inaugurated by Ezra.
Just as in the synagogue there was a plurality of rulers called elders, so there was in every Christian church a plurality of elders.
These and similar statements favouring the doctrines of the New Testament made many Kabbalists of the highest position in the synagogue embrace the Christian faith and write elaborate books to win their Jewish brethren over to Christ.
Hebrew religious poetry was revived for synagogue hymnology, and, partly in imitation of Arabian models, a secular Hebrew poetry was developed in metre and rhyme.
is correct), at all events not earlier than 150 B.C., a south Galilaean synagogue made a collection of the various religious poems current among its members.
More and more it became identified with the synagogue, in which the Law was expounded: more and more it became a matter for the individual and his private life.
On the other hand, in a collection intended for synagogue use - and the second collection of psalms is as a whole far more suitable to a synagogue than to the Temple - where there would not be a large choir and orchestra of skilled musicians, it would obviously be desirable to state whether the psalm was to be sung to a Davidic, Asaphic or Korahite tone, or to give the name of a melody appropriate to it.
Homage was paid to him by the rabbinical heads of the colleges (each of whom was called Gaon, q.v.); rich gifts were presented; he visited the synagogue in state, where a costly canopy had been erected over his seat.
If to these causes be added a certain exclusiveness, which refused to meet a would-be convert more than half-way, we find no difficulty in accounting for the reluctance which the medieval and modern synagogue has felt on the subject.
Scourging (although it had been a well-known punishment of the synagogue) was at first forbidden.
From Italy we may turn to the country which so much influenced Italian politics, Austria, which had founded the system of " Court Jews " in 1518, had expelled the Jews from Vienna as late as 1670, when the synagogue of that city was converted into a church.
Many other details are given in the treatise Soferim, but these for the most part refer primarily to the synagogue service after the destruction of the Temple.
The synagogue collections, since they contained psalms which at this time were probably considered to be the work of David, were placed first, and the Temple collection added to them.
Visitors are shown the "Church of the Annunciation" with caves (including a fragment of a pillar hanging from the ceiling, and said to be miraculously supported) which are described as the scene of the annunciation, the "workshop of Joseph," the "synagogue," and a stone table, said to have been used by Christ.
It possesses two Protestant and four Roman Catholic churches, a synagogue, a mining school, a convent, a hospital, two orphanages, and barracks.
The result of this decision was that the synagogue at Caesarea was insulted on a Sabbath and the Jews left the city taking their books of the Law with them.
The Ark of the Law, in the Jewish synagogue, is a chest or cupboard containing the scrolls of the Torah (Pentateuch), and is placed against or in the wall in the direction of Jerusalem.
Jews no longer attached to the Synagogue, such as the Herschels and Disraelis, attained to fame.
In 1870 was founded the United Synagogue, which is a metropolitan organization, and the same remark applies to the more recent Federation of Synagogues.
author of the epistle to the Hebrews; its use was foreign to the synagogue services on which, and not on those of the temple, the worship of the primitive Christians is well known to have been originally modelled; and its associations with heathen solemnities, and with the evil repute of those who were known as "thurificati," would still further militate against its employment.
The synagogue had become a firmly established institution, and the personal and social life of the masses had come under the control of communal law.
It possesses two Evangelical churches, a synagogue and some small manufactures.
It contains one Roman Catholic and four Protestant churches, a synagogue, a fine town-hall dating from the 16th century, and several schools.
The Hungarian Jews did not consider themselves fully emancipated until the Synagogue was " duly recognized as one of the legally acknowledged religions of the country."
Among the other prominent buildings are the theatre, the arsenal, the synagogue, the "Kaufhaus," the town-hall (Rathaus, 1771) and the observatory.
In 1675 was consecrated in Amsterdam the synagogue which is still the most noted Jewish edifice in Europe.
A more directly religious element, it is true, was introduced by the practice of attending the synagogue service; but it is to be The grammatical inflexions of the word "Sabbath" would show that it is a feminine form, properly shabbat-t for shabbat-t.
One of the former city gates (1615) remains, and there are a town hall, communal buildings (1863), court-house, weigh-house, synagogue and churches of various denominations, in one of which is the tomb of the naval hero of the 16th century, Lange, or Groote Pier (Long or Great Peter).
In Spain there has been of late a more liberal attitude towards the Jews, and there is a small congregation (without a public synagogue) in Madrid.
Within the Synagogue the reform movement began in 1825, and soon won many successes, the central conference of American rabbis and Union College (1875) at Cincinnati being the instruments of this progress.
He connects the Christian ministry, not with the worship of the Temple, in which were priests and sacrificial ritual, but with that of the synagogue, which was a local institution providing spiritual edification by the reading and exposition of Scripture.'
(1261) made conversion to the synagogue a capital crime.
There are four Evangelical churches, a Roman Catholic church, a synagogue, several schools, a natural science museum, containing a collection of Harz minerals, the Fenkner museum of antiquities and a number of small foundations.
It has a Protestant and a Roman Catholic (Gothic) church, a synagogue and a Progymnasium.
Already the Jews of the Dispersion had learned to supplement the Temple by the synagogue, and even the Jews of Jerusalem had not been free to spend their lives in the worship of the Temple.
But this certainly was not the leading point of view with the mass of the Rabbins; 1 and at any rate it is quite certain that the synagogue is a post-exilic institution, and therefore that the Sabbath in old Israel must have been entirely different from the Sabbath of the Scribes.
It has an Evangelical church, two Roman Catholic churches, a synagogue and an old convent, now used as a lunatic asylum, and also the remains of a castle built in the 14th century by the Teutonic Order.
prohibited interference with the synagogue worship ("Judaeorum sectarn nulla lege prohibitam satis constat "), and in 412 a special edict of protection was issued.
It forms one of the most decorative features of the synagogue, and of ten takes an architectural design, with columns, arches and a dome.
and V., that we find any number of psalms appropriate to such a ritual as that of the Temple, and it is difficult to resist the conviction that the earlier collections were made for use, not in the Temple at Jerusalem but in some synagogue or synagogues.
But it is to Spain that we must look for the best of the medieval poets of the synagogue, greatest among them being Ibn Gabirol and Halevi.
They declare their readiness to adapt the law of the synagogue to the law of the land, as for instance in the question of marriage and divorce.
They obtained in the synagogue from time immemorial, and were used by the Christian fathers in the interpretation of Scripture.
The Law and the Prophets being alone used in the services of the synagogue, there was no authorized version of the rest of the Canon.
There are also a Roman Catholic church (1882) and a synagogue.
The most interesting buildings are the old fortified château of the 16th century, with its Gothic chapel restored in 1880; the church of St Bartholomew, dating in its present form from 1538; the new town hall (1894); the Griines Tor, also built in 1538; and the handsome new synagogue.
As Hebrew became less familiar to the people, a system of translating the text of the Law into the Aramaic vernacular verse by verse, was adopted in the synagogue.
It has an Evangelical church with painted windows representing scenes in the life of Charlemagne, a Roman Catholic church and a synagogue.
Precepts such as these could hardly fail to effect some modification of the reckless zeal of the Galileans in the pupils of the synagogue.
Where the mosque was erected, there was no room for church or synagogue.
40, though in Jewish tradition the latter passage was taken to refer to the Lulab, or a combination of twigs of willow and myrtle, with a palm branch, which, together with a citron, are held in the hand during processions in the synagogue?
Among the public buildings are the communal chambers, a Reformed church (1661), a Roman Catholic church and a synagogue.
Trinity church dates from 1617-1621, and there are also four Roman Catholic churches and a synagogue.
12), and when in the middle ages they marked out the Jew for persecution they were transferred to a small under-garment (the little talith), the proper talith being worn over the head in the synagogue.
The town contains three Roman Catholic churches, a Protestant church, a synagogue, a new town-hall and a gymnasium.
There are eleven Evangelical and five Roman Catholic churches (noticeable among the latter the Suitbertuskirche), a synagogue, and chapels of various other sects.
It has a medieval castle, several churches, a synagogue and various industries - iron-foundries, saw-mills, brick-works, and breweries; also an extensive trade in cereals and timber.
There are several churches, among them the Alexanderkirche, containing the tombs of the princes of Grubenhagen, and a synagogue.
In keeping with this denial of a Jewish nationality, Wise believed in national varieties of Judaism, and strove to harmonize the synagogue with local circumstances and sympathies.
A copy of the Orit or Mosaic law is kept in the holy of holies in every synagogue.
It is believed that after death the soul remains in a place of darkness till the third day, when the first sacrifice for the dead is offered; prayers are read in the synagogue for the repose of the departed, and for seven days a formal lament takes place every morning in his house.
It possesses a Roman Catholic and an Evangelical church, a synagogue, a progymnasium and a hospital.
A convalescent home, the Trompenberg, was established here in 1874, and there are a town hall, middle-class and technical schools, and various places of worship, including a synagogue.
The chief Jewish synagogue is in the same neighbourhood.
8), and the true fearers of God a little flock gathered together in private exercises of religion (perhaps the germ of the later synagogue) in the midst of a godless nation (iii.
On a marble block broken away at both ends, which in a second use was a lintel, we read AFS2PHEBP, which can only be o-vvayoxyl) `E/3paiow (synagogue of the Hebrews).
Jerome was not familiar enough with Hebrew to be able to dispense with such assistance, and he makes the synagogue responsible for the accuracy of his version: "Let him who would challenge aught in this translation," he says, "ask the Jews."
The Turks have a number of mosques; there are Greek churches and a Jewish synagogue; an old Venetian structure serves as a military hospital; and the prison is of substantial construction.
The unbelieving Jews are "a synagogue of Satan" (ii.
The lesser (niddah) involved exclusion from the synagogue for thirty days, and other penalties, and might be renewed if the offender remained impenitent.
The major excommunication (herem) excluded from the Temple as well as the synagogue and from all association with the faithful.
42 indicate that exclusion from the synagogue was a recognized penalty, and that it was probably inflicted on those who confessed Jesus as the Christ.
This is a graded procedure as in the Jewish synagogue and makes exclusion a last resort.
The tone of the passage when compared with the disciplinary methods of the synagogue indicates that its purpose was to introduce elements of reason and moral suasion in place of sterner methods.
Government Avenue contains, on the east side, the Houses of Parliament, government house, a modernized Dutch building, and the Jewish synagogue; on the west side are the Anglican cathedral and grammar schools, the public library, botanic gardens, the museum and South African college.
In November 1832 he went to Wiesbaden as rabbi of the synagogue, and became in 1835 one of the most 1 The words gige, gigen, geic appear suddenly in the M.
In 1863 Geiger became head of the synagogue of his native town, and in 1870 he removed to Berlin, where, in addition to his duties as chief rabbi, he took the principal charge of the newly established seminary for Jewish science.
That the "talk" on that occasion partook of the nature of the "exposition" (m, t7) of Scripture, which, undertaken by a priest, elder or other competent person, had become a regular part of the service of the Jewish synagogue, 1 may also with much probability be assumed.
The native city to the north of the Rue de la Kasbah includes the Jewish quarter and the synagogue.
Its religious edifices are five Roman Catholic and four Evangelical churches and a synagogue.
It contains four Protestant churches, among them the German church, with a handsome steeple, and the curious circular Lithuanian church, a Roman Catholic church, a Jewish synagogue and a classical school (Gymnasium).
16), and once in the local sense corresponding to the Jewish synagogue (Matt.
It has two Protestant and three Roman Catholic churches, and a synagogue.
The public buildings of interest are the Groote or Janskerk, the old Roman Catholic church, the synagogue, the town-hall, the exchange, the concerthall and a ruined castle.
It is still used in the service of the synagogue, and the Mahommedans not only add it after reciting the first Sura of the Koran, but also when writing letters, &c., and repeat it three times, of ten with the word Qimtir, as a kind of talisman.
It lays down principles for the investigation of the Rabbinic exegesis (Midrash, q.v.) and of the prayer-book of the synagogue.
It has a Roman Catholic and an Evangelical church, a synagogue and an old castle dating from about 1300.
They continued faithful to the established synagogue and temple worship (cf.
In this case "the Synagogue of the Libertines" is the assembly of "the Freedmen" from Rome, descendants of the Jews enslaved by Pompey after his conquest of Judaea 63 B.C. If, however, we take Ac13EpTLvwv Kai Kvprivaiwv Kai AXE avbpLov closely together, the first name must denote the people of some city or district.
Among the public buildings are a town hall, court house, corn exchange, and churches of various denominations, as well as a synagogue.
Among other prominent buildings are the Oddfellows' temple (completed 1894), the public library, the art museum (1886), a Jewish synagogue (in Avondale), and the (Jewish) Plum Street temple (1866), Moorish in architecture.
(2nd ed., p. 269 ff.), the legend - for it is nothing better - grew, until finally, in the hands of Elias Levita (1538), and especially of Johannes Buxtorf (1665), it assumed the form that the " men of the Great Synagogue," - a body the real existence of which is itself very doubtful, but which is affirmed in the Talmud to have " written " (!) the books of Ezekiel, the Minor Prophets, Daniel and Esther - with Ezra as president, first collected the books of the Old Testament into a single volume, restored the text, where necessary, from the best MSS., and divided the collection into three parts, the Law, the Prophets and the " Writings " (the Hagiographa).
as they themselves explained it, the Roman Church between the synagogue and the Greek Church, as, Christ crucified between two thieves.
' Oesterley and Box, Religion and Worship of the Synagogue (London, 1907), p. 80; pp. 44-97 deal with Midrashic and other Jewish literature.
But the sermons or discourses of the homiletic Midrashim are classified according to the reading of the Pentateuch in the Synagogue, either the three year cycle, or else according to the sections of the Pentateuch and Prophetical books assigned to special and ordinary Sabbaths and festival days.
He built the opera-house in Renaissance style, the new museum and picture gallery, and a Byzantine synagogue.
Hirsch exercised a profound influence on the Synagogue and undoubtedly stemmed the tide of liberalism.
The other chief buildings are the Roman Catholic Schlosskirche, built in 1568 and altered to its present form in 1790, the Protestant church, the Jewish: synagogue with a conspicuous dome, and the theatre.
94 (1880), p. 90 (shows how the prayers of the Christian sacramentaries derive from the Jewish Synagogue); Goar, Rituale Graecorum; F.
There is also a large synagogue founded in 1581.
The place is usually the synagogue house, or that of the Rabbi, sometimes that of the widow.
There is also a synagogue, and the university chapel serves as an English church.
Similarly in the East, the Syriac version of the Old Testament is largely under the influence of the synagogue, and the homilies of Aphraates are a mine of Rabbinic lore.
The principal buildings include the Greek Orthodox cathedral, finished in 1864 after the model of the church of St Isaac at St Petersburg; the Armenian church, in a mixed Gothic and Renaissance style, consecrated in 1875; a handsome new Jesuit church, and a new synagogue in Moorish style, built in 1877.
The other principal buildings are the Roman Catholic church, the synagogue, the gymnasium founded in 1540, the agricultural school and the theatre.
The Megillah or Roll of Esther is read both at home and in the synagogue, and wherever, during the reading, the name of Haman is mentioned, it is accompanied with tramping the feet.
In Frankfort the women were allowed to open their lattice windows in the synagogue in honour of the deliverance brought about by Esther.
Execration of Haman, as the typical persecutor of the Jews, took various forms. In Germany wooden mallets were used in the synagogue to beat the benches when Haman's name was read out from the scroll of Esther, and during the festivities these mallets were sometimes used on the heads of the bystanders.
In Caucasus the women made a wooden block to represent Haman, which, on being discovered by the men on their return to the synagogue, was thrown into the fire.
It has two Roman Catholic and two Protestant churches, a synagogue and several schools.
There is also a Jewish synagogue.
The churches already mentioned belong to the national Lutheran Church; the most important of those belonging to other denominations are the Reformed church, founded in 1688, and rebuilt in 1731, the Catholic church of St Ansgarius, consecrated in 1842, and the Jewish synagogue in Krystalgade, which dates from 1853.
SAMUEL HOLDHEIM (1806-1860), Jewish rabbi, a leader of reform in the German Synagogue, was born in Posen in 1806 and died in Berlin in 1860.
The office is, however, closely analogous to, and perhaps founded on, a similar office in the Jewish synagogue organization among the officials of which were the zekenim, or elders, sometimes identified with the archisynagogues.
(2) The view adopted by the majority of English scholars is, while refusing to accept the connexion between the presbyters and the seven, to regard the office as distinctly primitive and say that it was taken over by the earliest Christian community at Jerusalem from the Jewish synagogue.
If the Church at Jerusalem had any officials, it is highly probable that those officials bore the name and took over the functions of the elders of the synagogue.
This element in synagogue worship was taken over with others into the Christian divine service, additions being made to it from the writings of the apostles and evangelists.
It has two Roman Catholic churches, a synagogue and manufactures of damask and velvet.
In the middle of the ruins are the scattered remains of a synagogue of richly ornamental style built of black basalt.
The foundations of a fine synagogue, measuring 75 ft.
A conspicuous building has been erected close to the water, from the fragments of the Tell Hum synagogue.
Among newer ecclesiastical buildings must be mentioned the handsome Roman Catholic church in Deutz, completed in 1896, and a large synagogue, in the new town west of the Ring, finished in 1899.
includes many Jews, the Karaite sect having here their principal synagogue.
Of its numerous ecclesiastical buildings three are of interest - the synagogue of the Karaite Jews; one of the mosques, which has fourteen cupolas and is built (1552) after the plan of St Sophia in Constantinople; and the Greek Catholic cathedral (1898).
After this he went with them to Capernaum, preached in the synagogue, and healed Peter's wife's mother.
i), which probably denotes some sort of connexion with the Jewish synagogue, though it is difficult to say exactly what it was.
In it are the business and industrial quarters; the palace of justice; the academy of science, with picture-galleries, a library and a collection of antiquities; the theatre; the Franz Josef University, founded in 1874 to teach theology, law and philosophy; the synagogue; and the only Protestant church existing in the country at the beginning of the 10th century.
In the quarter are five Coptic churches, a Greek convent and two churches, and a synagogue.
It has a palace standing in extensive grounds, a gymnasium, a normal seminary, a library, a synagogue, and three churches, one of which has the appropriate inscription, Religionis non structurae exemplum.
The ideal of separation descended from the Great Synagogue (Assembly) of the time of Ezra to the Synagogue of the IIasidaeans (Assidaeons), who allied themselves with Judas Maccabaeus when his followers decided to suspend the law of the Sabbath, in order that the true Jews might preserve themselves from annihilation and survive to keep the Law as a whole.
He also contributed to the history of the Synagogue liturgy, and enjoys with Geiger (q.v.) and Zunz (q.v.) the honour of reviving interest in the medieval Hebrew hymnology and secular verse.
Besides several modern churches, Budapest possesses a beautiful synagogue, in the Moorish style, erected in 1861, and another, in the Moorish-Byzantine style, built in 1872, while in 1901 the construction of a much larger synagogue was begun.
He began to teach in the synagogue; they were astonished at His teaching, for he spoke with authority.
The controversy was renewed when a man with a withered hand appeared in the synagogue on the Sabbath, and the rabbis watched to see whether Jesus would heal him.
Jesus leaves Capernaurn, never again, it would seem, to appear in its synagogue.
It is the seat of the public offices for the district, possesses an Evangelical and a Roman Catholic church, a synagogue, and a gymnasium established in the old Jesuit college, and has manufactures of machinery, woollens, tiles, brandy and beer.
The old synagogue, an unassuming building erected in the r rth century and restored in the 13th, is completely modernized.
There are also a Roman Catholic church and a synagogue.
Later the familiar polity of the synagogue was loosely followed.
It has Roman Catholic and Protestant churches, a synagogue, a cloth hall, a higher-burgher school, an art and music school, and a Roman Catholic seminary.
He was followed by the Sopherim, " scribes " (or the Men of the great Synagogue), to the Maccabaean age, and these again by the " Pairs " (zugoth, Gr.
In the Hebrew Bible Lamentations is placed among the Cetubim or Hagiographa, usually as the middle book of the five Megilloth or Ferial Rolls (Canticles, Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, Esther) according to the order of the days on which they are read in the Synagogue, Lamentations being read on the 9th of Ab (6th of August), when the destruction of the Temple is commemorated (Mass.
The idea that Lamentations was originally appended to Jeremiah in the Hebrew Canon, as it is in the old versions, and was afterwards separated from it and added to the other Megilloth for the liturgical convenience of the Synagogue, rests on the fact that Josephus (Ap. i.
The philosopher's grandfather appears to have been the recognized head of the Jewish community in Amsterdam in 1628, and his father, Michael Espinoza, was repeatedly warden of the synagogue between 1630 and 1650.
His inward break with Jewish orthodoxy dated, no doubt, further back - from his acquaintance with the philosophical theologians and commentators of the middle ages; but these new interests combined to estrange him still further from the traditions of the synagogue.
The jealousy of the heads of the synagogue was easily roused.
Anxious to retain so promising an adherent, and probably desirous at the same time to avoid public scandal, the chiefs of the community offered him a yearly pension of r000 florins if he would outwardly conform and appear now and then in the synagogue.
It contains a fine Gothic Evangelical church, a Roman Catholic church, a synagogue and several schools, and has a town-hall, dating from the 15th century, and a Roland column.
Passing over to Amsterdam, he was received into the synagogue, having his name changed from Gabriel to Uriel.
He came into conflict with the authorities of the synagogue and was excommunicated.
It has four Protestant churches, a Roman Catholic church and a synagogue.
Clothed in a visionary body, in the likeness of a man of thirty years old, the Son made his appearance in the fifteenth year of Tiberius, and preached in the synagogue at Capernaum.
The most interesting buildings are the ruins of a fortress, perhaps Herodian, south of the town, and an ancient synagogue on the sea-coast.
There are 26 other churches and io mission rooms belonging to the Church of England, besides 2 Roman Catholic churches, a synagogue and 84 Nonconformist chapels (31 Welsh and 53 English) and zo mission rooms, but all are modern buildings.
There are also various charitable and educational institutions, Protestant and Roman Catholic churches and a synagogue.
The main Jewish synagogue, a fine building in oriental style, erected in 1866, stands in a commanding position in the Oranienburger-strasse and is remarkable for its stained glass.
Other public buildings include a synagogue and a Hindu temple.
It contains a Jewish synagogue, which was regarded in the 16th century as the first in Europe, and is the seat of an Armenian and of a Greek Catholic bishop; the former has authority over the Armenians throughout the whole country.
When the Christians in the eastern part of the empire destroyed a Jewish synagogue and a church belonging to the Valentinians, Theodosius gave orders for the offenders to make reparation.
To imagine it current in pre-Pauline Judaism is to misconceive the spirit of the synagogue.
high and the magnificent synagogue.
A Greek church and a Jewish synagogue have also been opened.
UNITED SYNAGOGUE, an organization of London Jews, founded, with the sanction of an act of parliament, in 1870.
The president of the United Synagogue in 1910 was Lord Rothschild.
Besides providing the worship of some twenty congregations, the United Synagogue directs and supports educational and charitable work.
i.) was influenced by that of the Jewish synagogue, but the theory that the Church adopted the Old Testament ritual is of quite late growth.
The synagogue is one of the oldest in Europe, and the adjoining cemetery - part of which has unfortunately been destroyed in the course of the modern sanitary improvement of this part of Prague - has great historical interest.
It possesses three Evangelical churches, a Roman Catholic church, a synagogue, a gymnasium, a modern school, a museum and a theatre.
He was the first to arrange a complete liturgy for the synagogue, and his Prayer-Book (Siddur Rab Amram) was the foundation of most of the extant rites in use among the Jews.
It has five Evangelical churches, a Roman Catholic church, an Old Catholic church, a synagogue, a gymnasium, realgymnasium, and a technical school with special classes for machine-building.
He was a supporter of the principles of Abraham Geiger, and while still in`Germany advocated the introduction of prayers in the vernacular, the exclusion of nationalistic hopes from the synagogue service, and other ritual modifications.
The only noteworthy buildings are the town hall (1730-1733), the West church, which consists of a part of the former castle of Harlingen, the Roman Catholic church, the Jewish synagogue and the schools of navigation and of design.
Besides several churches and a synagogue, there are a town hall (1836), a hospital, an orphan asylum, the "palace" of the board of marine, a meteorological observatory, a zoological station and a lighthouse.
There are also a synagogue and chapels of various sects.
Some beautiful renderings of Kalir's poems may be found in the volumes of Davis & Adler's edition of the German Festival Prayers entitled Service of the Synagogue.
Giitersloh has two Evangelical churches, a Roman Catholic church, a synagogue, a school and other educational establishments.
He was regarded as the father of the scribes and the founder of the Great Synagogue.
Among the principal buildings are the ancient castle, formerly the residence of the counts of Hanau; the church of St John, dating from the 17th century, with a handsome tower; the old church of St Mary, containing the burial vault of the counts of Hanau; the church in the new town, built by the Walloons in the beginning of the 17th century in the form of two intersecting circles; the Roman Catholic church, the synagogue, the theatre, the barracks, the arsenal and the hospital.
He took the conservative side against the Reform agitation, and so strongly opposed the introduction of the organ into the Synagogue that he retired from the Rabbinate rather than acquiesce.
Its public buildings comprise two Roman Catholic and three Protestant churches, a Jewish synagogue, a seminary, high grade schools and a theatre.
Of its religious edifices (twelve Roman Catholic, one Old Catholic, six Protestant churches, and a synagogue) the minster, dating from the 10th century, with fine pictures, relics and wall frescoes, is alone especially remarkable.
At Irbid, above Tiberias, is another synagogue of rather different character.
16 (where Shechem is an error); Oesterley and Box, Religion and Worship of the Synagogue, pp. 340 seq.; M.
Dampier, in Church and Synagogue (1909), p. 78.
A small edifice on the east of the synagogue is called the "Rashi Chapel," and the "Rashi Chair," raised on three steps in the niche, is one of the objects of the pious admiration of pilgrims. At Worms Rashi worked under Jacob ben Yaqar, and at Mainz under Isaac ben Judah, perhaps combining at the same time the functions of teacher and student.
He was in no sense a philosopher, but he exemplified in his person and in his works the stored up wisdom of the Synagogue.
19), and the existence of the synagogue at Ptolemais when the book was written, are viewed as the witness of tradition to the fact of some great deliverance.
They further celebrated their deliverance at Ptolemais, where they built a synagogue, and they reached their various abodes to find themselves not only reinstated in their possessions, but raised in the esteem of the Egyptians.
It is built partly on an island and partly on the left bank of the Oder; and owing to the fortified enceinte having been pushed farther afield, new quarters have been opened up. Among its most important buildings are the cathedral, in the Gothic, and a castle (now used as a courthouse), in the Renaissance style, two other Roman Catholic and three Protestant churches, a new town-hall, a synagogue, a military hospital, two classical schools (Gymnasien) and several libraries.
In 1867 he became minister of the Borough Synagogue, London.
He moved to the new West End Synagogue in 1878, and remained the minister of that congregation until his death.
Singer did much to reunite Conservatives and Liberals in the community, and he himself preached at the Reform Synagogue in Manchester.
The only buildings of note are the Roman Catholic and Orthodox churches, Franciscan and Capuchin monasteries, synagogue, gymnasium, modern school, hospital, chamber of commerce, and law-courts.
Outside the synagogue a crowd of more than 1000 gathered in the rain behind police barricades along both sides of Fifth Avenue.
He is regularly in demand as a synagogue cantor.
dedication of a memorial plaque in the deceased's synagogue.
established under the auspices of the United Synagogue.
The synagogue later apologized to Rabbi Carr for " unwarranted intrusion into aspects of her private life.
Old Testament in the form we now have it, was the work of Ezra and the Great Synagogue.
places of worship on the Sabbath, for Stephen would attend the African synagogue.
Anyone attending an orthodox synagogue today will see that the men are all wearing prayer shawls.
rabbi in a synagogue.
ruler of the synagogue of this name.
Jairus, the synagogue ruler, in our story was very up-front.
Early synagogue The only known example of a medieval synagogue in Britain has been found underneath a shop in Guildford.
She had created a light design of a floor plan of a former synagogue in Berlin that had been destroyed during the war.
He was the priest entering the synagogue of the wicked to whip them in his rage.
synagogue built there in 1869.
synagogue ruler, in our story was very up-front.
synagogue of Satan " (Rev.
I set up Jackson's Row [a reform synagogue] football team with friends with whom I still often play and meet socially.
There was here a synagogue (Matt.
On the one hand, the weekly celebration of the resurrection on the Lord's day could not have arisen except in a circle that already knew the week as a sacred division of time; and, moreover, the manner in which the Lord's day was observed was directly influenced by the synagogue service.
The most interesting buildings are the old fortified chÃ¢teau of the 16th century, with its Gothic chapel restored in 1880; the church of St Bartholomew, dating in its present form from 1538; the new town hall (1894); the Griines Tor, also built in 1538; and the handsome new synagogue.
It was now necessary to go farther, and the rabbis proclaimed a principle which was as influential with the synagogue as "Give unto Caesar that which is Caesar's " became with the Church.
The anti-social tendency of these councils expressed itself in the infliction of the badge, in the compulsory domicile of Jews within ghettos, and in the erection of formidable barriers against all intercourse between church and synagogue.
Mahommedan B abylonia (Persia) was the home of the gaonate (see Gaon), the central authority of religious Judaism, whose power transcended that of the secular exilarchate, for it influenced the synagogue far and wide, while the exilarchate was local.
In the 2nd century B.C., about the time when the synagogue took shape, there were established schools presided over by eminent sages, in which along with instruction in the law much was said concerning the general conduct of life (see Pirke Aboth).
The new synagogue was built by Rosengarten between 1857 and 1859, and to the same architect is due the sepulchral chapel built for the Hamburg merchant prince Johann Heinrich, Freiherr von Schroder (1784-1883), in the churchyard of the Petrikirche.
and possibly xxxiii., is a collection of psalms in the shape which it assumed in a Judaean synagogue in the earlier days of the Maccabaean victories.
The Great Synagogue of the Jews is in St James' Place, Aldgate.
On this latter road, beyond Decimo, two milestones, one of Tiberius, the other of Maxentius, each bearing the number 11, have been found; and farther on, at Capocotta, traces of ancient buildings, and an important sepulchral inscription of a Jewish ruler of a synagogue have come to light.
in the synagogue) the book of ben Sira, and further that "if our masters had not hidden the book (i.e.
How fully in correspondence with such an environment the work would be, as apologia for the Church against the Synagogue's attempts to influence Roman policy to its harm, must be clear to all familiar with the strength of Judaism in " Asia " (cf.
For the quotation which follows, see Oesterley and Box, The Religion and Worship of the Synagogue (London, 1907).
Protesters also dedicated a new synagogue in southern Gaza, in a move apparently aimed at showing their resolve to defeat the pullout plan.
In 1952 I came to Rhode Island., U.S.A., where I worked as an assistant rabbi in a synagogue.
He may be the same person as the ruler of the synagogue of this name.
I really enjoyed, as a non-Jew) the synagogue service and Shabbat meal not knowing quite what to expect.
They would worship together in the Jewish synagogue of the place, at any rate.
As later immigration patterns developed, a beautiful Victorian synagogue was built in the house by Jewish families.
In the basement of a poorly attended West End synagogue three elderly Jewish women frequent the Friendship Club.
In September 1996, Palestinians destroyed the synagogue at Joseph 's tomb in Nablus.
In the back, where once the garden stood, is a small synagogue built there in 1869.
In Jewish synagogue worship, women had little or no part to play.
Approximately 30% of British Jewish adults do not have synagogue membership.
Does the inscription mention Jews, synagogues, synagogue leaders, rabbis, etc.
A project of researching the development of Anglo- Jewish synagogue music is being set up.
They are the " synagogue of Satan " (Rev.
I set up Jackson 's Row [a Reform synagogue] football team with friends with whom I still often play and meet socially.
If your wedding is set to occur at a nearby church, synagogue, or temple, you'll need to inquire about availability well in advance of your preferred date.
Religious Center: Couples who originally married in a civil service, or who married in one faith and converted to another, may want to hold a religious renewal in a church, synagogue or mosque.
If you already have a strong social network of good friends, a relationship, maybe a church, mosque or synagogue where you feel welcome, you're well on your way to healthy mental and spiritual aging.
A chevra kadisha, which ensures that the body if treated with respect according to Jewish customs, is usually associated with a synagogue or cemetery.
Once the body arrives at the synagogue, the chevra kadisha begin preparing the body by carefully washing it from head to toe.
Depending on the traditions of the deceased's synagogue, Torah readings and other prayers often take place during the taharah.
Some people may make or purchase their tachrichim in advance of their death, otherwise it is usually obtained through the synagogue or chevra kadisha.
The funeral rites are traditionally held at the synagogue or funeral home.
Members of the synagogue and other supporters visit the mourner at his home during this period and provide meals so the immediate family does not have to provide for themselves.
Consider attending a church, synagogue, or temple.
The so-called "traditional" ways of meeting people through family and friends or by going to a church or synagogue may not have worked for them.
Sometimes, they will also have to lead part of the weekly synagogue service, lead the congregation through several prayers, and read the entire Torah section for the week.
Rabbinical Service Centers of America - Another online lesson site, your child will be guided through her training by a rabbi who will then travel to your synagogue to take part in the service.
If online learning is not for you, then the best place to start looking for lessons is at your synagogue.
It is commonly celebrated at the Shabbat service on the Sabbath following the bat mitzvah's birthday, although this may be modified according to the availability of your local synagogue for the ceremony.
Different families or synagogue congregations may use different spellings, and individuals celebrating the holiday can choose any form of the word that they prefer.
Still to be mentioned are the Grosse Metzig, containing the Hohenlohe museum, the theatre, the town hall, and the so-called Aubette, with the conservatorium of music. A new synagogue was completed in 1898, and the viceregal palace was entirely rebuilt in 1872-1874.
It looks at the traditional indicators of antisemitism: incidents on the streets, synagogue desecrations, and other hate crimes.
But it is completely unlike the popular picture of an old orthodox synagogue which ladies segregated behind an iron grid.
Then, in 1896, a Hebrew fragment of the book was found in the " Genizah " of the ancient synagogue at Cairo.
But, if you continue to feel down, talk to a caring adult--mom/dad if you can, but if not, a school counselor, older sibling, or a pastor/rabbi if you attend church or synagogue.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.