Yet it was Spencer who broke the silence first.
He turned the car toward the Spencer home.
Spencer colored and shook his head.
Spencer stopped and they all faced each other.
Spencer shoved his hands in his pockets and stared at the ground.
Spencer was nearly ten years older than her, but maybe she liked older men.
Herbert Spencer) hold that most gods are deified men, and most myths historical traditions which have been grotesquely distorted.
SPENCER PERCEVAL (1762-1812), prime minister of England from 1809 to 1812, second son of John, 2nd earl of Egmont, was born in Audley Square, London, on the 1st of November 1762.
1898), home secretary, and their son Sir Spencer Walpole, the well-known historian, published an excellent biography of Perceval in 1874.
See also P. Treherne, Spencer Perceval (1909).
His second wife had died during this year; in 1656 he married a third, who survived him, Margaret, daughter of Lord Spencer, niece of the earl of Southampton, and sister of the earl of Sunderland, who died at Newbury.
Spencer, "Mammalia of the Horn Expedition" (1896); "Wynyardia, a Fossil Marsupial from Tasmania," Proc. Zool.
Round the Australian Bight it continues parallel to the coast, until south of Spencer Gulf (the basal ledge still averaging 8000 ft.
From this a gently-sloping plateau extends to almost due north of Spencer Gulf, at which point its height has fallen almost to sealevel.
The same remark may be made of the rest of the sea-board; for, with the exception of Spencer Gulf, the Gulf of St Vincent and Port Phillip on the south, and Moreton Bay, Hervey Bay and Broad Sound on the east, the coast-line is singularly uniform.
The coastal belt of Australia is everywhere well watered, with the exception of the country around the Great Australian Bight and Spencer Gulf.
Another notable feature of the interior is the so-called lake area, a district stretching to the north of Spencer Gulf.
Tasmania and Victoria were separated by the foundering of Bass Strait, and at the same time the formation of the rift valley of Spencer Gulf, and Lake Torrens, isolated the South Australian highlands from the Eyre Peninsula and the Westralian plateau.
This exception was discovered by Messrs Spencer and Gillen among the Arunta of central Australia, some allied septs, and their nearest neighbours to the north, the Kaitish.
Spencer and F.
In 1840 he performed a feat of extraordinary personal daring, travelling all the way along the barren sea-coast of the Great Australian Bight, from Spencer Gulf to King George Sound.
Eyre also explored the interior north of the head of Spencer Gulf, where he was misled, however, by appearances to form an erroneous theory about the water-surfaces named Lake Torrens.
broad, believed to encircle a large portion of the inland country, with drainage at one end by a marsh into Spencer Gulf.
That line of more than 1800 m., having its southern extremity at the head of Spencer Gulf, its northern at Port Darwin, in Arnheim Land, passes Central Mount Stuart, in the middle of the continent, S.
Hobbes, Locke, Hume, Mill and Herbert Spencer are not systematic materialists, but show tendencies towards materialism.
A succinct account of the chief events of the period will be found in Sir Spencer Walpoles History of Twenty-Five Years (London, 1904).
If Lisa was involved with both Spencer and Mertz, maybe she was an informant for Spenser.
Better stop by and get Howard Spencer.
Why don't you get a wet cloth, Miss Spencer?
To his right, walked the woman he might marry – Connie Spencer.
He soon, however, turned his attention to metaphysics and psychology, and for the North American Review and later for the National he wrote philosophical essays on the lines of Mill, Darwin and Spencer.
During his stay at the Northamptonshire village of Holdenby or Holmby - where Sir Thomas Herbert complains the green was not well kept - Charles frequently rode over to Lord Vaux's place at Harrowden, or to Lord Spencer's at Althorp, for a game, and, according to one account, was actually playing on the latter green when Cornet Joyce came to Holmby to remove him to other quarters.
It next passed to the crown, and subsequently to the family of St John and to the earls Spencer.
Herbert Spencer finds that the modern individual has intuitions of duty which represent the inherited experience of what has been good for the race in the past.
Spencer's " instability of the homogeneous " is perhaps an attempt to perform the impossible (First Principles, chap. xix.).
in Herbert Spencer).
Another who " got the seed " and " grew the flower " was Herbert Spencer.
Alongside of this there are other elements in Spencer's composite system of " Naturalism and Agnosticism " (J.
John Fiske, however, an able interpreter of Spencer, reached what he called " Cosmic Theism.
Spencer goes much further in rejection of human knowledge: " The man of science more than any other truly knows that in its ultimate essence nothing can be known.
James Ward's masterly criticism of Herbert Spencer (Naturalism and Agnosticism) has been mentioned above.
- This family contains the single Australian species Clathrozoon wilsoni Spencer, in which a massive hydrorhiza Stage 4, seen in Plumularidae.
Spencer, " A new Family of Hydroidea (Clathrozoon), together with a description of the Structure of a new Species of Plumularia," Trans.
3 In his view of touch and taste, as the two fundamental and essential senses, he may remind one of Herbert Spencer's doctrine.
On the other hand, Spencer and E.
writings of Spencer embody the spirit of Descartes in the knowledge of our own day, and may be regarded as the Principes de la philosophic of the 19th century; while, whatever hesitation may not unfrequently be felt by less daring minds in following Haeckel in many of his speculations, his attempt to systematize the doctrine of evolution and to exhibit its influence as the central thought of modern biology, cannot fail to have a far-reaching influence on the progress of science.
A closer scrutiny of the writers of all ages who preceded Charles Darwin, and, in particular, the light thrown back from Darwin on the earlier writings of Herbert Spencer, have made plain that without Darwin the world by this time might have come to a.
ROBERT SPENCER SUNDERLAND, 2ND Earl Of (1640-1702), English politician, was the only son of Henry Spencer (1620-1643), who succeeded his father, William, as 3rd Baron Spencer of Wormleighton in 1636.
His descendant, Sir Robert Spencer, the 1st baron, was in 1603, "reputed to have by him the most money of any person in the kingdom."
His only surviving son was Charles Spencer, 3rd earl of Sunderland.
Spencer Leigh Hughes >>
Spencer, who claims him as justifying antiChristian agnosticism.
Spencer's grandiose cosmic formula in terms of mechanism.
239), between the whole of the kinship group, whether adult or not; and, moreover, nowhere are rites found which are intended to strengthen the union between a man and his totem by means of the blood bond, unless we include the aberrant totemism of the Arunta (Spencer and Gillen, Native Tribes of Central Australia, 167), who eat their totems in order to gain magical powers of increasing the stock of the totem animal.
After a marriage between the prince and Lady Diana Spencer, afterwards the wife of John, 4th duke of Bedford, had been frustrated by Walpole, Frederick was married in April 1736 to 1 Frederick was never actually created duke of Gloucester, and when he was raised to the peerage in 1736 it was as duke of Edinburgh only.
His Outlines of Cosmic Philosophy, while setting forth the Spencerian system, made psychological and sociological additions of original matter, in some respects anticipating Spencer's later conclusions.
Cornelia P. Spencer, First Steps in North Carolina History (6th ed., Raleigh, 1893), is a brief elementary book written for use in the public schools.
Reeve (London, 1888); Spencer Walpole, History of England (London, 1878-1886), and Life of Lord John Russell (London, 1889); A.
Baldwin Spencer, H.
There he would be in close connexion with his friend and patron Spencer Compton, 2nd earl of Northampton.
The effort was vain, though such men as Herbert Spencer, 1 He was one of the founders, with Mrs P. A.
Many of Mill's letters are published in Mrs Grote's life of her husband, in Duncan's Life of Herbert Spencer, in the Memories of Caroline Fox, and in Kingsley's letters.
Harrison, Tennyson, Ruskin, Mill (1899); John Watson, Comte, Mill and Spencer (1895); T.
Hume's empiricism, combined with a belief in biological evolution (derived from Herbert Spencer), was the chief feature in English thought during the third quarter of the 10th century.
Eimer and Herbert Spencer; variation by W.
Thus the prominent school of criticism which appraised Wagner in the 10th century by his approximation to Darwin and Herbert Spencer, appraises him in the aoth by his approximation to Bernard Shaw; with the absurd result that Gatterdammerung is ruled out as a reactionary failure.
Spencer, Ami Boue, A.
Spencer in his De legibus Hebraeorum saw in the Passover a practical protest against the Egyptian worship of Apis.
Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill >>
The British force consisted of 9000 men from Cork, under Sir Arthur Wellesley - at first in chief command; 5000 from Gibraltar, under General (Sir Brent) Spencer; and io,000 under Sir John Moore coming from Sweden; Wellesley and Moore being directed towards Portugal, and Spencer to Cadiz.
Wellesley began to land his troops, unopposed, near Figueira da Foz at the mouth of the Mondego; and the Spanish victory of Baylen having relieved Cadiz from danger, Spencer now joined him, and, without waiting for Moore the army, under 15,000 in all (which included some Portuguese)"with 18 guns, advanced towards Lisbon.
Wellington, on the 9th of April 1811, directed General Spencer to invest Almeida; he then set off himself to join Beresford before Badajoz, but after reconnoitring the fortress with his lieutenant he had at once to return north on the news that Massena was moving to relieve Almeida.
Spencer), as in the Araneae and Opiliones, and, on the other hand, may terminate in simplification and degeneration, as in the Acari.
Spencer and Darwin.
In spite, therefore, of the encyclopaedic tradition which has persisted from Aristotle through the Arab and medieval schools down to Herbert Spencer, it is forced upon us in our own day that in a pursuit so manysided as medicine, whether in its scientific or in its practical aspect, we have to submit more and more to that division of labour which has been a condition of advance in all other walks of life.
i, B) is found in the intestine of Chimaera and Callorhynchus, and has been almost fully described by Spencer (7).
Spencer " Gyrocotyle =Amphiptyches," Trans.
Mill and Herbert Spencer to support their derivation of all our experience from sensation.
Comte's classification of the sciences has been subjected to a vigorous criticism by Herbert Spencer.
Spencer's two chief points are these: (i) He denies that the principle of Criticism the development of the sciences is the principle of on Comte's decreasing generality; he asserts that there are as classifica= many examples of the advent of a science being tion.
Littre, by far the most eminent of the scientific followers of Comte, concedes a certain force to Spencer's objections, and makes certain secondary modifications in the hierarchy in consequence, while still cherishing his faith in the Comtist theory of the sciences.
Lewes asserts against Spencer that the arrangement in a series is necessary, on grounds similar to those which require that the various truths constituting a science should be systematically co-ordinated although in nature the phenomena are intermingled.
Comte et Herbert Spencer (Paris, 1894); J.
Watson, Comte, Mill and Spencer.
It is worth noting, however, that Herder in his provokingly tentative way of thinking comes now and again very near ideas made familiar to us by Spencer and Darwin.
With this may be compared a passage in the Ursprung der Sprache, where there is a curious adumbration of Spencer's idea that intelligence, as distinguished from instinct, arises from a growing complexity of action, or, to use Herder's words, from the substitution of a more for a less contracted sphere.
A new Crimes Act, courageously administered by Lord Spencer and Sir George Trevelyan, abolished exceptional crime in Ireland, but completed the breach between the British government and the Irish party in parliament.
The universal is, as Herbert Spencer remarked, a subjective idea, and the general forms, existing ante res, which play so prominent a part in Greek and medieval philosophy, do not in the least correspond to the homogeneous matter of the physical evolutionists.
Spencer Perceval >>
Apart from the Churches, men like Carlyle and Matthew Arnold - with whom he had much in common - influenced him; while Herbert Spencer in England and Comte in France afforded the antithesis needful to the dialectical development of his own views.
Sidgwick, Lectures on the Ethics of Green, Spencer and Martineau (1902); and J.
A universal geography (by Uchida Masao); a history of nations (by Mitsukuri Rinsho); a translation of Chamberss Encyclopaedia by the department of education; Japanese renderings of Herbert Spencer and of Guizot and Buckleall these made their appearance duringthe first fourteen years of the epoch.
HERBERT SPENCER (1820-1903), English philosopher, was born at Derby on the 27th of April 1820.
His father, William George Spencer, was a schoolmaster, and his parents' religious convictions familiarized him with the doctrines of the Methodists and Quakers.
He declined an offer from his uncle, the Rev. Thomas Spencer, to send him to Cambridge, and so was practically self-taught.
Herbert Spencer's significance in the history of English thought depends on his position as the philosopher of the great scientific movement of the second half of the 19th century, and on the friendship and admiration with which he was regarded by men like Darwin, G.
Spencer tries to express in a sweeping general formula the belief in progress which pervaded his age, and to erect it into the supreme law of the universe as a whole.
His labours coincided in time with the great development of biology under the stimulus of the Darwinian theory, and the sympathizers with the new views, feeling the need of a comprehensive survey of the world as a whole, very widely accepted Spencer's philosophy at its own valuation, both in England and, still more, in America.
Living at the commencement of an epoch of unparalleled scientific activity, Spencer could not possibly sum up and estimate its total production.
To the specialists in sciences which were advancing rapidly and in divergent directions to results which often reacted on and transformed their initial assumptions, Spencer has often appeared too much of a philosopher and defective in specialist knowledge.
Spencer claims, with some reason, that he was always an evolutionist.
This is at once connected with the nebular hypothesis, and subsequently deduced "from the ultimate law of the" persistence of force,"and finally supplemented by a counter-process of dissolution, all of which appears to Spencer only as" the addition of Von Baer's law to a number of ideas that were in harmony with it."It is clear, however, that Spencer's ideas as to the nature of evolution were already pretty definite when Darwin's Origin of Species (1859) revolutionized the subject of organic evolution by adding natural selection to the direct adaptation by use and disuse, and so suggesting an intelligible method of producing modifications in the forms of life.
Spencer welcomed the Darwinian theory, and enriched it with the phrase" survival of the fittest "; but he did not give up the (Lamarckian) belief in the hereditary transmission of the modifications of organisms by the exercise of function.
In the first part Spencer's argument rests on Mansel's Limits of Religious Thought and Hamilton's" philosophy of the conditioned "(and so ultimately on Kant), and tries to show that alike in scientific and religious thought the ultimate terms are" inconceivable "(not by him distinguished from" unimaginable ").
Hence both science and religion must come to recognize as the" most certain of all facts that the Power which the Universe manifests to us is utterly inscrutable."Thus to be buried side by side in the Unknowable constitutes their final reconciliation, as it is the refutation of irreligion which consists of" a lurking doubt whether the Incomprehensible is really incomprehensible."Such are the foundations of Spencer's metaphysic of the Unknowable, to which he resorts in all the fundamental difficulties which he subsequently encounters.
Spencer recognizes successively likenesses and unlikenesses among phenomena (the effects of the Unknowable), which are segregated into manifestations, vivid (object, nonego) or faint (subject, ego), and then into space and time, matter and motion and force, of which the last is symbolized for us by the experience of resistance, and is that out of which our ideas of matter and motion are built.
It appears, therefore, that Spencer ultimately describes the Knowable in terms of the mechanical conceptions of matter and motion, and that this must give a materialistic colouring to his philosophy.
To such a philosophy a consideration of the conditions, if any, under which progress can be conceived as ultimately real, seems a necessary preliminary, which Spencer omits.
of First Principles) Spencer in a way admits this, but introduces fresh difficulties as to its relation to" Evolution.."If the two processes go on together both are tendencies, and whether there is on the whole progress or not will depend on their relative strength; neither can be universal, nor the" law "of cosmic existence, unless its coexisting rival is regarded as essentially secondary.
Spencer appeals alternately to the" instability of the homogeneous "and the impossibility of complete equilibration to keep up the cosmic see-saw, but he can do so only by confining himself to a part of the universe.
In the last resort, therefore, Spencer fails to deduce philosophically not only the necessity of progress, but also its compatibility with the evolution-dissolution oscillation, and even the general possibility of conceiving the world as a process.
His universal process of Evolution seems to give Spencer a criterion of" higher "and" lower " progression "and" degeneration,"independent of the accidents of actual history, and unattainable by strictly Darwinian methods.
And though Spencer's general position - that it is absurd to suppose that organisms after being modified by their life should give birth to offspring showing no traces of such modifications - seems the more philosophic, yet it does not dispose of the facts which go to show that most of the evidence for the direct transmission of adaptations is illusory, and that beings are organised to minimize the effects of life on the reproductive tissues, so that the transmission of the effects of use and disuse, if it occurs, must be both difficult and rare - far more so than is convenient for Spencer's psychology.
In his Principles of Psychology Spencer advocates the genetic explanation of the phenomena of the adult human mind by reference to its infant and animal ancestry.
To the theory of knowledge Spencer contributes a "transfigured realism," to mediate between realism and idealism, and the doctrine that "necessary truths," acquired in experience and congenitally transmitted, are a priori to the individual, though a posteriori to the race, to mediate between empiricism and apriorism.
In the Principles of Sociology Spencer's most influential ideas have been that of the social organism, of the origination of religion out of the worship of ancestral ghosts, of the natural antagonism between nutrition and reproduction, industrialism and warfare.
Politically, Spencer is an individualist of an extreme laissez faire type, and it is in his political attitude that the consequences of his pre-Darwinian conception of Evolution are most manifest.
In the Principles of Ethics Spencer, though relying mainly on the objective order of nature and the intrinsic consequences of actions for the guidance of conduct, conceives the ethical end in a manner intermediate between the hedonist and the evolutionist.
In this reasoning Spencer appears to have overlooked the possibility of an expansion of the ethical environment.
Spencer, however, considers that he can not only anticipate such a state of complete adjustment, but even lay down the rules obtaining in it, which will constitute the code of "Absolute Ethics" and the standard for discerning the "least wrong" actions of relative ethics.
Hence Spencer concludes that the sense of duty is transitory and must diminish as moralization increases.
In the preface to the last part of his Ethics (1893) Spencer regrets that "the Doctrine of Evolution has not furnished guidance to the extent he had hoped," but his contributions to ethics are not unlikely to be the most permanently valuable part of his philosophy.
After completing his system (1896) Spencer continued to revise it, and brought out new editions of the Biology (1898-1899) and First Principles (1900).
John Charles Spencer, 3rd earl Spencer >>
Francke and Philipp Spencer, with Paul Gerhardt and his cousin Johann.
The church of All Saints (1905) commemorates Spencer Perceval, prime minister, who was assassinated in the House of Commons in 1812.
Till drumlins, notably abundant on the lowland about Boston and the highland near Spencer; morainic hills, extending, e.g.
Spencer Phips (acting) .
Spencer, Constitutional Conflict in Provincial Massachusetts (Columbus, 0., 1905); and the annual Public Documents of Massachusetts, embracing the reports of all state officers and institutions.
Arthur Smith Woodward sums up the question in Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, closing with this sentence: "If we accept the confirmatory evidence afforded by Mr Spencer Moore, we can hardly refuse to believe that this ground-sloth was kept and fed by an early race of men."
In 1874 he became professor of philosophy, and translated several works of Herbert Spencer and of Schopenhauer into French.
Spencer, Phases of Royal Government in New York, 1691-1719 (Columbus, 1905).
He was the author of The Religious Aspects of Philosophy (1885); California (1886, in the American Commonwealth Series) The Feud of Oakfield Creek (1887, a novel); The Spirit of Modern Philosophy (1892); The Conception of God (1895); Studies of Good and Evil (1898); The World and the Individual (2 vols., 1900-1, Gifford Lectures at the university of Aberdeen); The Conception of Immortality (1900); Outlines of Psychology (1903); Herbert Spencer: An Estimate and Review (1904); The Philosophy of Loyalty (1908); Race Questions, Provincialism and Other American Problems (1908);' William James and Other Essays on the Philosophy of Life (1911); Bross Lectures on the Sources of Religious Insight (1912); The Problem of Christianity (2 vols., 1913, lectures before Manchester College, Oxford); War and Insurance (1914); The Hope of the Great Community (1916, war addresses) and the posthumously published Lectures on Modern Idealism (1919).
As to (a), it is obvious that atheism from the standpoint of the Christian is a very different conception as compared with atheism as understood by a Deist, a Positivist, a follower of Euhemerus or Herbert Spencer, or a Buddhist.
Romanes), in which the writer endeavours to establish the weakness of the proofs for the existence of God, and to substitute for theism Spencer's physical explanation of the universe, and yet admits how unsatisfying to himself the new position is.
Hoffmann and to a great extent Herbert Spencer.
Comte, Spencer, Bagehot, Durkheim and Giddings, for example, refer to it, if at all, only briefly and incidentally; they conceive society as an organism, or at all events as a growing whole, no one part or force being the cause of all others, and all interacting; society is not the product of any agreement or of force alone, but of a vast variety of interests, desires and needs.
States which have, by treaty or otherwise, parted with some portion of their sovereignty and formed new political units: what Herbert Spencer calls "compound political heads," or, to use Austin's expression, "composite states."
Masaryk, who, as a counterpoise to German speculation and the intellectualism of Herbart, emphasized the critical study of English philosophy, notably Hume, Spencer and Mill, and the French Comte; at the same time he fully appreciated the value of Kant in epistemology.
2nd ed., Berlin, 1897); John Spencer, De legibus Hebraeorum ritual-thus (Tubingae, 1732); Art.
Apus australiensis (Spencer and Hall, 1896) may rank as the largest of the Entomostraca, reaching in the male, from front of shield to end of telson, a length of 70 mm., in the female of 64 mm.
Cruikshank was already experimenting with a process of electro-plating, and in 1837 Mr Spencer in England, and in 1838 Professor M.
ai Dr John Spencer, pres.
Lists of phenomena from the contemplation of which the savage was led to believe in animism have been given by Dr Tylor, Herbert Spencer, Mr Andrew Lang and others; an animated controversy arose between the former as to the priority of their respective lists.
Two animistic theories of the origin of religion have been put forward, the one, often termed the "ghost theory," mainly associated with the name of Herbert Spencer, but also maintained by Grant Allen, refers the beginning of religion to the cult of dead human beings; the other, put forward by Dr E.
162; Spencer, Principles of Sociology; Mind (1877), 141, 415 et seq.
Spencer, Contemp. Review, 41, P. 519; " Goldwin Smith'S Historical Works," By C. E.
A more serious defect was his practice of violently assailing philosophers, economists and men of science, of whom he knew almost nothing, and whom he perversely misunderstood: men such as Adam Smith, Comte, Mill, Spencer, Darwin and all who followed them.
Lastly, in England we have not only an influence of positivism, but also, what is more important, the synthetic philosophy of Herbert Spencer.
Spencer sets himself to find the laws of all phenomena.
Now, Spencer has clearly, though unconsciously, changed the meaning of the term " phenomenon " from subjective affection of consciousness to any fact of nature, in regarding all this evolution, cosmic, organic, mental, social and ethical, as an evolution of phenomena.
But in that case what will become of Spencer's theory of evolution?
The truth is that his theory of evolution can be carried through the whole process without a break, only by giving the synthetic philosophy a materialistic interpretation, and by adhering consistently to [[[Metaphysical Idealism]] Spencer's own materialistic definition of evolution; otherwise there will be a break at least between life and mind.
As an exponent of universal evolution Haeckel is more consistent than Spencer.
Huxley (1825-1895) developed views very like those of Spencer, and similarly materialistic without being materialism, because inconsistent.
We have here, in this sceptical idealism, the source of the characteristically English form of idealism still to be read in the writings of Mill and Spencer, and still the starting-point of more recent works, such as Pearson's Grammar of Science and James's Principles of Psychology.
Berkeley and Hume produced the English idealism of Mill and Spencer, with their successors, and occasioned the German idealism of Kant.
It also became the basis of the philosophies of Huxley and of Spencer on their phenomenalistic side.
It is true that Spencer's " transfigured realism" contains much that was not dreamt of by Hume.
Hamilton's views both on the absolute and on perception affected Mansel and Spencer.
It is realism - but inconsequent and inadequate realism, something like that of Spencer; according, indeed, more knowledge of the distinction between Nature as condition of sensations and God as condition of Nature; but very like in holding that all we know of natural forces is our perceptions.
We know more, however, about a body, such as a bell, than either Spencer or Hodgson allows.
He holds that space, time, matter, motion, force, are all full of the insoluble contradictions supposed by Spencer; and that all our beliefs, in Nature and in God, stand on the same footing of approximations.
Such is the modern " Acatalepsia," which arises from denying the evidence of the senses, and from citing the transfigured realism of Spencer instead of the original realism of Aristotle, about whom Balfour speaks as follows: " It would be difficult, perhaps impossible, to sum up our debts to Aristotle.
It reverted to the Crown in 15Jo, and had various owners until the close of the 18th century, when it came to Sir Thomas Spencer Wilson, whose descendants retain it.
In the same year Yorke joined Spencer Perceval's government as first lord of the admiralty; he retired from public life in 1818, and died in 1834.
The machinery of expression having thus been indicated, the connexion of the physical actions and the psychical state was made the subject of speculation by Herbert Spencer (Psychology, 1855) These speculations were reduced to a system by Darwin (Expression of Emotions, 1872), who formulated and illustrated the following as fundamental physiognomical principles: (1) Certain complex acts are of direct or indirect service, under certain conditions of the mind, in order to relieve or gratify certain sensations or desires; and whenever the same states of mind are induced the same sets of actions tend to be performed, even when they have ceased to be of use.
Lieutenant Spencer, though seriously wounded, continued to con the ship and got her clear.
Cecil Spencer) to light a million-candle flare.
A settlement was established here in 1730 and was named New Liverpool; about 1732 the name was changed to New Town; in 1739 the town was incorporated, was made the county-seat and was renamed, this time in honour of Spencer Compton, Earl of Wilmington (c. 16 731 743).
Spencer, has versified the tale of Llewelyn, king of Wales, leaving Gelert and the baby prince at home, returning to find Gelert stained with,the blood of a wolf, and killing the hound because he thought his child was slain.
Spencer, 1904); A.
Edward Spencer Beesly >>
A distinction is drawn in Deuteronomy between the ordinary annual tithe, which may not have been a full tenth, and the "whole" or "full tithe," paid once in three 1 For other instances see Spencer, De legibus hebraeorum, lib.
of the present village of Gentryville, in Spencer county, Indiana.
Spencer county was still a wilderness, and the boy grew up in pioneer surroundings, living in a rude log-cabin, enduring many hardships and knowing only the primitive manners, conversation and ambitions of sparsely settled backwoods communities.
Coleman, Pigs of Great Britain (1877);; Sanders Spencer, Pigs: Breeds and Management (1905); G.
At a banquet to Lord Spencer he accused the Irish members of having "exhibited a boundless sympathy for criminals and murderers."
(London, 1891); The Times, June 4, 1869; Spencer Walpole, History of England (London, 1890).
...1661-1662Herbert Jeffreys, Lieutenant Governor..1677-1678Sir Henry Chicheley, Deputy Governor.1678-1680Thomas, Lord Culpeper, Governor.1680-1683Nicholas Spencer, President of the Council.1683-1684Francis, Lord Howard of Effingham, Lieu tenant Governor.
But though Mr Asquith and Sir Edward Grey adhered to the Liberal League, Sir Henry CampbellBannerman retained the loyalty of the majority of the Liberal party, and Lord Spencer threw his weight on the same side; and in a speech at the Liberal League dinner on the 31st of July Lord Rosebery had to admit that their principles had not yet prevailed, and that, until they did, a reconciliation between the two wings of the party would be impossible.
Early in 1905 this impression gained such strength and such polite references were made to one another in public by Lord Rosebery and Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, that his assumption of office in a Liberal ministry, possibly presided over by Earl Spencer, was confidently anticipated.
But these forecasts were ultimately upset, not only by Lord Spencer's illness and his removal.
Herbert Spencer from 1852 onwards maintained the principle of evolution and laid special stress on the moulding forces of the environment which called into being primarily new functions and secondarily new structures.
Spencer, First Principles (1867), p. 398.
EDWARD SPENCER BEESLY (1831-), English historian and positivist, son of the Rev. James Beesly, was born at Feckenham, Worcestershire, on the 23rd of January 1831.
In September 1756 he was recalled to England and was succeeded as governor by Spencer Phips.
(1845), an experienced soldier and governor of Chelsea hospital; Spencer Lyttelton, C.B.
Mr. Spencer Smith died, but the rest reached Hut Point on March 18 1916.
to the development of the post-Kantian psychological logic. Another movement helped also; the exponents of naturalistic evolution were prepared with Spencer to explain the so-called a priori in knowledge as in truth a posteriori, if not to the individual at any rate to the race.
It has been chiefly indebted to writers, who were not, or were not primarily, logicians, to Avenarius, for example, for the law of the economy of thought, to Wundt, whose system, and therewith his logic,' is a pendant to his psychology, for the volitional character of judgment, to Herbert Spencer and others.
As professor of Constitutional Law in the university of Naples he published several important works on legal subjects, and translated Spencer's Principles of Sociology.
' Spencer and Gillen, N.
C. Spencer, " Mineral Resources of the Encampment Copper Region, Wyoming," pp. 163-169, U.S. Geol.
Herbert Spencer, again, before the decline in question set in, put forward the hypothesis that "the ability to maintain individual life and the ability to multiply vary inversely"; in other words, the strain upon the nervous system involved in the struggle for life under the conditions of modern civilization, by reacting on the reproductive powers, tends towards comparative sterility.
The most famous of the systematic exponents of evolutional utilitarianism is, of course, Herbert Spencer, in whose Data of Ethics (1819) the facts of morality are viewed in relation with his vast conception of the total process of cosmic evolution.
The sentiment of obligation Spencer regards as essentially transitory; when a man reaches a condition of perfect adjustment, he will always do what is right without any sense of being obliged to it.
For the rest, Spencer's doctrine is valuable more as stimulating to thought by its originality and width of view than as offering direct solutions of ethical problems. Following up the same line of thought, Leslie Stephen with less brilliance but more attention to scientific method has worked out in his Science of Ethics (1882) the conception of morality as a function of the social organism: while Professor S.
See Diderot's Prospectus (Muvres, iii.) and d'Alembert's Discours (Ouvres,i.) The scheme should be compared with later attempts of the same nature by Ampere, Cournot, Comte and Herbert Spencer.
His whole conception of Prima Philosophia should be compared with such a modern work as the First Principles of Herbert Spencer.
Thomas Hyde (1636-1703) studied the religion of the ancient Persians; John Spencer (1630-1693) analysed the laws of the Hebrews; and Lord Herbert of Cherbury (De Religione Gentilium, 1645) endeavoured to trace all religions back to five " truly Catholic truths " of primitive faith, the first being the existence of God.
Herbert Spencer derived all religion from the worship of the dead (Principles of Sociology, i.), like Grant Allen, and Lippert in Germany.
the, arungquiltha of Central Australia; and here, we may note, we come nearest to a conception of magic as something other than religion, the trafficker in arungquiltha being socially suspect, nay, liable to persecution, and even death (as amongst the Arunta tribe, see Spencer and Gillen, Native Tribes of C. Australia, 536), at the hands of his fellows.
To appreciate the consecrating effect of religion on primitive life we have only to look to the churinga-worship of the Central Australians (as described by Spencer and Gillen in The Native Tribes of Central Australia and The Northern Tribes of Central Australia).
to the Science of Religion (1873); Hibbert Lectures (1878); Gifford Lectures (4 vols., 1889-93); Spencer, Principles of Sociology, i.
In substantials the theory of Schopenhauer may be compared with a more prosaic statement of Herbert Spencer (modernizing Hume).
In this adjustment the lowest stage is taken by 'reflex action and instinct, where Spencer the change of the organs is purely automatic. As the external complexity increases, this automatic regularity fails; there is only an incipient excitation of the nerves.
It is when the excitation is partial only, when it does not inevitably and immediately appear as action, that we have the appearance of intellect in the gap. The chief and fundamental difference between Schopenhauer and Spencer lies in the refusal of the latter to give this "adjustment" or "automatic action" the name of will.
Will, according to Mr Spencer, is only another aspect of what is reason, memory or feeling - the difference lying in the fact that as will the nascent excitation (ideal motion) is conceived as passing into complete or full motion.
These are English philosophy in the writings of Herbert Spencer, French realism in the practice and the preaching of Zola, Norwegian drama mainly through Ibsen, and Danish criticism in the essays and monographs of Georg Brandes.
Another is said to have existed at Wimbledon House, the seat of Earl Spencer, which was probably laid out by Brown in the 18th century.
Sir Thomas Spencer Wells >>
Dupin, and Jean Le Clerc (Clericus), of the orientalists John Lightfoot, John Spencer and Humphrey Prideaux, of John Mill, the collator of New Testament readings, and John Fell, furnished new materials for controversy; and the scope of Spinoza's Tractatus theologico-politicus had naturally been much more fully apprehended than ever his Ethica could be.
Always himself on the unpopular side and an able but thoroughly fair critic of the majority, he habitually under-estimated his own worth; he was not only an anti-slavery leader when abolition was not popular even in New England, and a radical and rationalist when it was impossible for him to stay conveniently in the Unitarian Church, but he was the first president of the National Free Religious Association (1867) and an early and ardent disciple of Darwin and Spencer.
Herbert Spencer's formula that life is "the continuous adjustment of internal relations to external relations" was the result of a profound and subtle analysis, but omits the fundamental consideration that we know life only as a quality of and in association with living matter.
Instability, again, which lies at the root of Spencer's definition "continuous adjustment of internal relations to external relations" is displayed by living matter in very varying degrees from the apparent absolute quiescence of frozen seeds to the activity of the central nervous system, whilst there is a similar range amongst inorganic substances.
Richter, Zur Darwinischen Lehre (1865); Herbert Spencer, Principles of Biology; Max Verworm, General Physiology (English trans.
CHARLES SPENCER SUNDERLAND, 3RD Earl Of (c. 1674-1722), English statesman, was the second son of the 2nd earl, but on the death of his elder brother Henry in Paris in September 1688 he became heir to the peerage.
Robert Spencer Sunderland >>
In view of the failing health of the duke of Portland he told his colleague, Spencer Perceval, chancellor of the exchequer, that a new prime minister must be found, that he must be in the House of Commons, that the choice lay between them, adding that he might not be prepared to serve as subordinate.
This is the case with Herbert Spencer's doctrine of the Unknowable, which he advances as the result of epistemological considerations in the philosophical prolegomena to his system.
Spencer Jackson, and Index.
In assuming this attitude Professor Weismann decidedly differed from Herbert Spencer, who some years ago mentioned that he had evidence "enough to prove the fact of a previous sire asserting his influence on a subsequent progeny."
Spencer to have had in its ambulacra an inner as well as an outer series of plates.
It was an odd commentary on parliamentary government that a Liberal ministry should be in power, and that Irish members should be in prison; and early in 1882 Gladstone determined to liberate the prisoners on terms. The new policyrepresented by what was known as the Kilmainham Treatyled to the resignation of the viceroy, Lord Cowper, and of Forster, and the appointnient of Lord Spencer and Lord Frederick Cavendish as their successors.
On the 6th of May 1882 Lord Spencer made his entry into Dublin, and on the evening of the same day Lord Frederick, unwisely allowed to walk home alone with Burke, the undersecretary to the Irish government, was murdered with his companion in Phoenix Park.
Spencer Walpole deals with the period from 1815 to 1880, and Herbert Paul with the years 1846-1895.
Spencer, Local Government in Wisconsin (Madison, 1888).
4 In his Principles of Sociology Herbert Spencer collected, from the accounts we have of various savage tribes in widely separated 3 Confucianism ought perhaps to be named as one.
Spencer himself (p. 284) admits that " probably the practice arises in more ways than one," and proceeds to supplement the theory already given by another - that adopted by E.
2 Spencer, Prin.
In February 1806 he became lord privy seal in the ministry of Fox and Grenville, but resigned early in 1807 when the government proposed to throw open commissions in the army and navy to Roman Catholics and Protestant dissenters; in 1812 he joined the cabinet of Spencer Perceval as lord president of the council, becoming home secretary when the ministry was reconstructed by the earl of Liverpool in the following June.
C. Lewis, Essays on the Administrations of Great Britain (London, 1864); Spencer Walpole, History of England (London, 1878-1886).
Savage, who has found his guides in Darwin and Spencer.
Sir William Hamilton's " philosophy of the unconditioned," and, Herbert Spencer's doctrine of the infinite " unknowable "); if it is argued that knowledge of a thing arises only from the recognition of its differences from other things (i.e.
It was in Herbert Spencer, the triumphant " buccinator novi temporis," that the advocates of evolutionary ethics found.
Spencer looked to ideas derived from the biological sciences to provide a solution of all the enigmas of morality, as of most other departments of life; and he conceived it " to be the business of moral science to deduce from the laws of life and the conditions of existence what kinds of action necessarily tend to produce happiness and what kinds to produce unhappiness."
It is clear, therefore, that any moral science which is to be of value must wait until the " laws of life " and " conditions of existence " have been satisfactorily determined, presumably by biology and the allied sciences; and there are few more melancholy instances of failure in philosophy than the paucity of the actual results attained by Spencer in his lifetime in his application of the socalled laws of evolution to human conduct - a failure recognized by Spencer himself.
Yet the implications of this latter conclusion Spencer never fully thought out.
The fact is that any close philosophical analysis of Spencer's system of ethics can only result in the discovery of a multitude of mutually conflicting and for the most part logically untenable theories.
Yet such a view would be totally at variance with much that Spencer says (especially in his treatment of justice) concerning the trustworthiness and inevitable character of men's constant appeal to the intuitions of their moral consciousness.
Again, the argument that " conduct is good or bad according as its total effects are pleasurable or painful," and that ultimately " pleasure-giving acts are life-sustaining acts," seems to involve Spencer in a multitude of unverified assumptions and contradictory theories.
Spencer is involved in effect in most of the confusions and contradictions of hedonistic psychology.
It is hardly necessary to say that Spencer does not tell us how to bring the two ethical systems into correlation.
In fact, no acceptable scientific criterion emerges, and the outcome of Spencer's attempt to ascertain the laws of life and the conditions of existence is either a restatement of the dictates of the moral consciousness in vague and cumbrous quasi-scientific phraseology, or the substitution of the meaningless test of " survivability " as a standard of perfection for the usual and intelligible standards of " good " and " right."
It would be true on the whole to assert that evolutionary systems of ethics such as those of Herbert Spencer, Sir Leslie Stephen or Professor S.
Watson, Hedonistic Theories from Aristippus to Spencer (1895); L.
Sidgwick, Ethics of Green, Spencer, Martineau (1902); D.
Green, Mr Herbert Spencer and J.
Lord Cowper and Forster at once resigned, and were succeeded by Lord Spencer and Lord Frederick Cavendish, who entered Dublin on the 6th of May.
At Belfast in the preceding June Lord Spencer, who afterwards became a Home Ruler, had announced that the secret conspirators would " not terrify the English nation."
Parnell had now gained the bulk of the Liberal party, including Lord Spencer (in spite of all that he had said and done) and Sir G.
A few days later, on the 8th of March 1889, Parnell was entertained at dinner by the Eighty Club, Lords Spencer and Rosebery being present; and he was well received on English platforms when he chose to appear.
- For the older views, see Spencer, De leg.
While we need not believe with Euemerus and with Herbert Spencer that the god of Greece or the god of the Hottentots was once a man, we cannot deny that the myths of both these gods have passed through and been coloured by the imaginations of men who practised the worship of real ancestors.
The system of Herbert Spencer, as explained in Principles of Sociology, has many points in common with that of Max Muller.
Spencer attempts to account for the state of mind (the foundation of myths) in which man personifies and animates all phenomena.
But, while language is the chief cause of misconceptions with Max Muller, with Spencer it is only one of several forces all working to the same result.
Here, of course, we have to ask Spencer, with Max Muller, why words in early languages " imply vitality."
So far Spencer seems at one with the philological school of mythologists, but he warns us that the misconstructions of language in his system are " different in kind, and the erroneous course of thought is opposite in direction."
According to Spencer (and his premises, at least, are correct), the names of human beings in an early state of society are derived from incidents of the moment, and often refer to the period of the day or the nature of the weather.
Spencer's argument is that, given a story about real people so named, in process of time and forgetfulness the anecdote which was once current about a man named Storm and a woman named Sunshine will be transferred to the meteorological phenomena of sun and tempest.
As Spencer thinks ancestor-worship the first form of religion, and as he holds that persons with such names as sun, moon and the like became worshipped as ancestors, his theory results in the belief that nature-worship and the myths about natural phenomena - dawn, wind, sky, night and the rest - are a kind of transmuted worship of ancestors and transmuted myths about real men and women.
Spencer explains these by the theory that the remembered ancestor of a stock had, as savages often have, an animal name, as Bear, Wolf, Coyote, or what not.
But men in Spencer's Mythopoeic age had much longer memories.
Tylor, which closely resembles Herbert Spencer's " ghost theory."
While the All-Father belief is common in the tribes of southeastern Australia, the tribes round Lake Eyre, the Arunta (as known to Messrs Spencer and Gillen), and the other central and northern tribes, are credited with no germs of belief in what is called a supreme, and may truly be styled a superior being.
Meanwhile, among some of the Arunta of the centre, among the Dieri and Urabunna tribes near Lake Eyre and their congeners, and among the tribes north by east of the Arunta, no such belief has been discovered by Messrs Spencer and Gillen, from whom the tribes kept no secrets, or by Mr Siebert, a missionary among the now all but extinct Dieri.
The baser Greek myths of the wanderings, amours and adventures of the gods, myths ignored by Homer, are parallel to the adventures of the Alcheringa people, and the fable of the mutilation of Osiris and the search for the lost organ by Isis, actually occurs among the Alcheringa tales of Messrs Spencer and Gillen.
The Arunta of Messrs Spencer and Gillen may have possessed and deposed the Altjira superior being of the Arunta known to Mr Strehlow, like the Atnatu of the adjacent Kaitish, or the All-Father of the neighbouring Luritja; or these beings may be more recent divergences of doctrine, departures from pure Alcheringaism with no AllFather.
Spencer and Gillen do not tell us that they have a colloquial knowledge of any Australian language.
Similarly Mill, Spencer and physical scientists generally view the universe from the positivist standpoint.
According to Herbert Spencer, the life of the individual in the perfect society is identical with that of the state: in other words, the first object of him who would live well must be to take his part in promoting the well-being of his fellows individually and collectively.
The self-love theory of Hobbes, with its subtle perversions of the motives of ordinary humanity, led to a reaction which culminated in the utilitarianism of Bentham and the two Mills; but their theory, though superior to the extravagant egoism of Hobbes, had this main defect, according to Herbert Spencer, that it conceived the world as an aggregate of units, and was so far individualistic. Sir Leslie Stephen in his Science of Ethics insisted that the unit is the social organism, and therefore that the aim of moralists is not the "greatest happiness of the greatest number," but rather the "health of the organism."
See works of Comte, Spencer, Stephen, and text-books of ethics (cf.
His grandfather was that Spencer Cowper who, after being tried for his life on a charge of murder, lived to be a judge of the court of common pleas, while his elder brother became lord chancellor and Earl Cowper, a title which became extinct in 1905.
The greater part of the art treasures and curios were sold in 1886, and the great library collected by Charles Spencer, earl of Sunderland, the son-in-law of the first duke of Marlborough, in 1881.
Other institutions of higher learning, not under the control of the state, are: the University of Nashville (non-sect., 1785); Washington and Tusculum College (non-sect., 1794), at Greenville; Maryville College (Presbyterian, 1819), at Maryville; Cumberland University (Presbyterian, 1842), at Lebanon; Burritt College (non-sect., 1848), at Spencer; Hiwassee College (non-sect., 1849), at Sweetwater; Bethel College (Presbyterian 1850), at McKenzie; Carson and Newman College (Baptist, 1851), at Jefferson City; Walden University (Methodist, 1866), at Nashville; Fisk University (Congregational, 1866), at Nashville; University of Chattanooga (Methodist, 1867), at Chattanooga; University of the South (Protestant Episcopal, 1868), at Sewanee; King College (Presbyterian, 1869), at Bristol; Christian Brothers College (Roman Catholic, 1871), at Memphis; Knoxville College (United Presbyterian, 1875), at Knoxville; Milligan College (Christian, 1882), at Milligan; South-western Presbyterian College (1885), at Clarkville; and Lincoln Memorial University (non-sect., 1895), at Cumberland Gap.
To his right, walked the woman he might marry â€“ Connie Spencer.
Marks & Spencer had a penny bazaar on the west side of Kilburn High Road from 1907 (fn.
chokean>Nearly choking on my Marks & Spencer's kebabs, the familiar face of Ailsa drifted onto the screen.
chunky knits Head to Toast and Marks & Spencer for a great selection of cozy knits.
If I was being very cowardly I'd go to Marks & Spencer's and buy something for pudding.
Tim Register with Janie Spencer Tim Register and Janie Spencer have co-created a pair of stunning aluminum crutches.
For Hofstadter, Spencer was an " ultra-conservative " for whom the poor were so much unfit detritus.
So the Chinese sages, as far back as 4,000 years ago, pre-empted Spencer Brown's equally erudite and elegant theory.
It features a small, red escallop from the Spencer coat of arms.
Spencer Prior is due to play a part in City's opening reserve team fixture of the new season.
Marks and Spencer and Waitrose, for example, sell only free-range eggs.
Stroll into their Marks & Spencer Simply Food with wet hands and you risk serious frostbite.
Spencer, for example, was an excellent slide guitar player.
Mr C had a wonderfull mains rechargeable camping lantern which he had bought from Marks & Spencer some time ago.
There's a chap in a kilt, but he's also wearing light brown loafers and Marks and Spencer socks.
Thus, Parry is ' saying the Spencer thing but in very metaphysical terms ' .
now multinational companies like Tesco and Marks & Spencer stay open late and on Sundays.
Rock in superb form took a young pheasant that was nicely pointed and flushed by Spencer.
During the more than ten years that Stuart Spencer has taught playwriting, he has struggled to find an effective handbook for his courses.
Winston Spencer Castle Road, NW1 Camden planning is so ramshackle these days. They probably think they can get away with anything.
rebuffed bid for ailing high-street retailer Marks & Spencer, earlier this year, was well publicized.
The present Earl Spencer was to deliver an astonishing rebuke to the royal family at Diana's funeral.
Thanks to Vince for the corrections on Unforgiven - I'll never mistake a shotgun with a Spencer repeating rifle again.
Start a healthy we're going to worse quot says spencer.
Few long-term contracts with lee spencer 's on poor new.
spencer quot for.
Cheers john spencer What a breath of fresh air!
Of the deal application is an on Jimmy spencer 's.
If Shabba can emulate Mr Spencer then I think we have a real starlet on our hands.
The revelations come as Spencer's trusted employe prepares to stand trial for allegedly stealing an entire floor of Kensington Palace following her death.
Keith Spencer questioned whether the wall of No 5 was able to support the steelwork.
Inferior hypothalamic gray added six more lee spencer's story not even tony.
torchh the appearance of Jon Spencer on the Monday, Sunday was calling for a holder of the flickering pop flashlight.
Marks & Spencer Marks & Spencer, one of the UK's leading retailers, has achieved a notable turnaround in recent times.
Spencer as much as Mill, then, advocates indirect utilitarianism by featuring robust moral rights.
Whether Spencer actually envisioned his liberal utilitarianism this way is unclear.
Charities, &c. - The state charitable and penal institutions consist of the West Virginia Hospital for the Insane at Weston, the Second Hospital for the Insane at Spencer, three miners' hospitals - one at Welch, one at McKendree and one at Fairmont; the West Virginia Asylum for Incurables at Huntington, Schools for the Deaf and Blind at Romney, the West Virginia Penitentiary at Moundsville, the West Virginia Reform School at Grafton and the West Virginia Industrial Home for Girls near Salem.
He married in 1790 and had six sons and six daughters; one of the latter married Spencer Horatio Walpole (d.
Along the shores of Encounter Bay and St Vincent and Spencer Gulfs, the precipitation ranges from 10 to 20 in., the yearly rainfall at Adelaide is a little less than 21 in., while the head of Spencer Gulf is within the 5 to 1 0 in.
Messrs Spencer and Gillen appear to think that such rudimentary idea of an All-Father as has, it is thought, been detected among the blackfellows is an exotic growth fostered by contact with missionaries.
463), Professor Spencer (Nature, xxxi.
" He rejected all that is anthropomorphic in theism, but gave a positive not negative interpretation to Spencer's scientific generalizations, and broke away from pantheism - perhaps also from naturalism - when, like Tennyson, he pleaded for human immortality as the climax of evolutionary progress.
- Two sets of writers have been considered: - first, the greater philosophers, who have incidentally furthered theism (Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, the Stoics, Descartes, Locke, Kant, Hegel, Mill, Lotze), or opposed it (Epicurus, Spinoza, Hume, Kant, Hegel, Mill, Spencer); and, secondly, the deliberate champions of theism - Cicero (especially in the De Natura Deorum), Philo, Raymond of Sabunde (in a sense), Wolff, Butler (in a sense), Paley, and a host of English and German 18th-century authors, who chiefly handle the Design argument; then recent writers like R.
Von Baer thus prepared the way for Herbert Spencer's generalization of the law of organic evolution as the law of all evolution.
This barony had been bestowed in 1603 upon Sir Robert Spencer (d.
1627), the only son of Sir John Spencer (d.
The fortunes of the family were founded by Sir John Spencer (d.
He did much, by the thoroughness of his learning and the lucidity of his style, to spread a knowledge of Darwin and Spencer in America.
His references to his friends were always generous, and he was always ready to assist those whose work needed help. For example, he desired to guarantee the cost of the first books of Bain and Herbert Spencer.
"WINSTON LEONARD SPENCER CHURCHILL (1874-), English statesman (see 6.347).
containing reprints of Green's criticism of Hume, Spencer, Lewes; vol.
'Morgan, Sketches of Celebrated Canadians (Quebec, 1862); Rose's Cyclopaedia of Canadian Biography Annual Register, 1836-1837; Sir Spencer Walpole, History of England (5 vols., London, 1878-1886), vol.
In the edition of his First Principles, published in 1900, Spencer adds a" postscript "which shows some consciousness of the contradiction involved in his knowledge of the Unknowable, and finally contends that his account of the Knowable in part ii.
From it Spencer proceeds to deduce the indestructibility of matter and energy, the equivalence and transformation of forces, the necessity of a rhythm, of Evolution (i.e.
Hudson's Introduction to the Philosophy of Herbert Spencer (up to 1895); and for a useful summary of his chief doctrines by Spencer himself, his preface to Collins's Epitome of the Synthetic Philosophy.
The beautiful duchess of Devonshire (Georgiana Spencer) is said to have won at least one vote for Fox by kissing a shoemaker who had a romantic idea of what constituted a desirable bribe.
Spencer widens the empirical theory of the origin of knowledge by his brilliant hypothesis of inherited organized tendencies, which has influenced all later psychology and epistemology, and tends to a kind of compromise between Hume and Kant.
In 1733 Charles inherited the dukedom of Marlborough and he then transferred the Sunderland estates to his brother John, father of the 1st Earl Spencer (see Marlborough, Earls And Dukes Of).
He was early familiar with the works of Matthew Arnold, Charles Darwin and Herbert Spencer; he preached his Bible Studies sermons in 1878, when the higher criticism was wholly unknown to most evangelical ministers or known only to be dreaded; and his sermons on Evolution and Religion in 1885, when many of the ministry were denouncing evolution as atheistic. He was stricken with apoplexy while still active in the ministry, and died at Brooklyn on the 8th of March 1887, in the seventy-fourth year of his age.
The attitude itself is as old as Scepticism; but the expressions "agnostic" and "agnosticism" were applied by Huxley to sum up his deductions from those contemporary developments of metaphysics with which the names of Hamilton ("the Unconditioned") and Herbert Spencer ("the Unknowable") were associated; and it is important, therefore, to fix precisely his own intellectual standpoint in the matter.
In the first place it is never clear whether Spencer regards the fact that a particular course of conduct is accompanied by a feeling of pleasure as a test of its life-preserving and life-sustaining character, or whether he wishes us to use as our criterion of what is pleasant in conduct the fact that the conduct in question seems conducive to the continued existence of man's organic life.
On the whole, then (though degeneracy, as well as progress, is a force in human evolution), we are not tempted to believe in so strange a combination of forgetfulness with long memory, nor so excessive a degeneration from common sense into a belief in the personality of phenomena, as are required no less by Spencer's system than by that of Max Muller.
There is a large body of myths about the Alcheringa folk, or Mura-Mura (see Spencer and Gillen, Native Tribes of Central Australia, Native Tribes of Northern Australia, and Howitt, Native Tribes of SouthEastern Australia), and the myths of their wanderings, prodigies and institution of rites and magic are represented in the dances of the mysteries.
William, Earl Cowper, Spencer Cowper, Lord Chancellor (d.
Green 's recently rebuffed bid for ailing high-street retailer Marks & Spencer, earlier this year, was well publicized.
The present Earl Spencer was to deliver an astonishing rebuke to the royal family at Diana 's funeral.
Social Darwinist Herbert Spencer, friend of American robber baron businessmen was one of nine members of the X Club along side T.H.Huxley.
Whilst the Spencer family were busily shredding documents, Burrell went to see the queen.
Start a healthy we 're going to worse quot says spencer.
Offer for the in last year 's spencer quot for.
Sorry to say that it is a mistake to think that there is only one SPENCER family.
Cheers john spencer What a breath of fresh air !
Of the deal application is an on jimmy spencer 's.
The revelations come as Spencer 's trusted employe prepares to stand trial for allegedly stealing an entire floor of Kensington Palace following her death.
Inferior hypothalamic gray added six more lee spencer 's story not even tony.
With the appearance of Jon Spencer on the Monday, Sunday was calling for a holder of the flickering pop flashlight.
Marks & Spencer Marks & Spencer, one of the UK 's leading retailers, has achieved a notable turnaround in recent times.
Spencer Fitz-Gibbon National Executive It is interesting to note the Liberal Democrats efforts to woo disenchanted Tory voters.
Marks and Spencer has a really vast selection of men's pants in an assortment of styles, materials and cuts.
We've all been there, and we've all bought something stupid along the way from such stores as The Sharper Image, San Francisco, or Spencer Gifts.
For the novelty movie/TV buff, Spencer's Gifts may be your answer.
Stretch Spencer One Piece: If you need a slipcover with a little more give and take, try one of the stretch versions, such as the Spencer.
Stretch Spencer Wing Chairs: Memory stretch fabric provides ultimate protection for your wing chair.
Spencer Kimball and Peter Mattis originally conceptualized GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program) for a semester project at the University of California, Berkeley in 1995.
There are boxes that are puzzles that the teen has to solve to get the cash out available at stores like Spencer's.
Fortunately, he lost that part to Jesse Spencer.
Hawk has three children: Riley, Spencer and Keegan.
She appeared with Kate Hudson and fellow child star Spencer Breslin in 2004's Raising Helen.
Montag's fiancée (and manager), Spencer Pratt, who is heard rapping on the single, said that version of the song was never supposed to be released.
"Spencer and I were just messing around in the studio and that wasn't the first single I wanted."
The song, which featured fiancé Spencer Pratt rapping, was well-received by listeners, but Montag insisted it was not the authorized version for airplay.
Montag's relationship with boyfriend (now fiancé) Spencer Pratt caused a rift between Conrad and Montag, who were once roommates.
Me and Spencer were just on the phone this weekend talking about what's next…we'll see what the next single is.
The Hills stars Heidi Montag and Spencer Pratt are working on a video game.
Directed and videotaped by boyfriend (ex-fiancé)/manager Spencer Pratt, the music video was a huge disaster.
It looks like Heidi Montag and Spencer Pratt are playing the law of averages - by immersing themselves in so many projects, they're bound to find success with one of them.
Montag and Pratt are moving in to video games, with Pratt telling Usmagazine.com, "We're definitely developing the Heidi and Spencer video game.
Leave it to Ryan Seacrest to get former man-couple Brody Jenner and Spencer Pratt to hook up once again…strictly bromantic of course.
Spencer wants to be included in the bunch and apparently had been calling Brody for some time, begging to get back together.
Maybe Spencer should have never dumped his only client in his so-called management company.
You know what they say about hindsight Spencer.
No one can really say why someone like Brody Jenner who, although a little smarmy with the ladies, seems like a pretty okay guy, would ever be friends with a guy like Spencer.
Yeah yeah, Heidi and Spencer hate Lauren and everyone else.
Of course, there's always Spencer there to unabashedly self promote and stir up trouble with his stomach turning grin and childish comments.
Heidi with Spencer and Lauren playing hostess at the after party of her fashion show that wrapped earlier that evening.
Amazingly, Spencer must have let Heidi out of his sight for a split second and rumor has it that L.C. and Heidi were off in their own corner having an intense, but seemingly friendly conversation.
Though the world has had enough of these two publicity mongers, it must be said that it's true, Heidi and Spencer are not married.
Rumor has it that when asked if she would take her man "for better or for worse"-not sure there is a better when it comes to Spencer, but anyway - she enthusiastically said "I do."
When it came Spencer's turn to take Heidi as his "…lawfully wedded wife" his reply was "I don't".
Spencer claims that he didn't say "I do" because he wants to give Heidi the wedding of her dreams.
With Spencer's track record of being an honest and forthcoming kind of guy, that's easy to believe.
Here's what happened: Spencer and Cameron Huston were at the same bar.
Huston (he claims, at the urging of Hills producers) sends Spencer over a bunch of fruity "girly" drinks and text messages Heidi claiming that Spencer was hitting on some girl.
Oh, wait, Spencer doesn't work and just leeches off his pretend-wife, so Huston couldn't even get his hospital bills paid if he did that.
The Hills stars Heidi Montag and Spencer Pratt, who were recently married, are currently in Mexico.
Interestingly, Heidi Montag and Spencer Pratt are both on the roster as contestants for this show.
All of this, negotiated by her ever loving husband Spencer.
Knowing Heidi and Spencer, who seem to love staging everything about their lives, Heidi probably had nothing more than a little tummy ache or maybe she finally just got sick of herself and Spencer…kind of like the rest of the world.
The question is, who's the bigger drama queen, her or Spencer?
At least we can all be thankful that it isn't the bane of everybody's reality show existence, Heidi and Spencer, getting a new show.
It seems that The Hills stars Heidi Montag and Spencer Pratt will take any opportunity available to them to generate publicity, even when it makes them look like fools.
Spencer Pratt, who has always made outrageous claims about himself and his new wife, is firing back at Cooper.
The best part about the final season of The Hills, which begins airing on April 27, 2010 is that we will no longer be subject to Spencer and Heidi's ridiculousness they call a life.
Spencer Shay is Carly's older brother and guardian.
They live together, with Spencer as the caregiver, since their father is on active duty with the U.S. Navy.
Spencer dropped out of law school to pursue his dream of becoming a sculptor, but has yet to explain this to his father.
From this list, you can also see that the only two actors to ever win back-to-back Best Actor awards are Spencer Tracy and Tom Hanks.
Spencer Tracy and Laurence Olivier share the title of "most Best Actor nominations," with nine each.
She starred in the film with Sidney Poitier, her niece Katharine Houghton, and her longtime companion Spencer Tracy.
On the first day of filming, she presented Fonda with Spencer Tracy's "lucky hat," and Fonda ended up wearing it in the film.
Check boutiques and mall stores like Spencer's to see what you can dig up.
Spencer, Elizabeth DuPont, et al. The Anxiety Cure for Kids: A Guide for Parents.
The microwave was actually invented by a man named Dr. Percy Spencer.
Dr. Spencer was a self-taught engineer with no high school education who worked for a company called Raytheon.
In 1946, Dr. Spencer was assigned to work on a research project.
What Dr. Spencer would invent, however, is something we cannot live without today: the microwave.
While working on the radar research project, Dr. Spencer was required to test out a new type of vacuum tube called a magnetron.
While testing this piece of equipment, Dr. Spencer noticed that a chocolate bar in his pocket had melted.
Spencer placed the popcorn kernels in the path of the magnetron and, sure enough, the popcorn kernels began to pop.
With the successful cooking of two foods and the melting of his candy bar, Dr. Spencer began to think of how other foods could be cooked using this type of energy.
More companies found additional uses for the microwave technology, but it always came back to what Dr. Spencer originally said the product was for, the rapid cooking of food products.
Instead of the traditional white elephant gift exchange, tell guests they have a $5-$10 limit to purchase something a little racy, such as what you might find at Spencer's.
According to Wired Magazine contributing editor Spencer Reiss said that MySpace is the biggest mall, nightclub and 7-Eleven parking lot ever created and the most disruptive force to hit pop culture since MTV.
Even the great movie romances, such as Spencer Tracy and Katherine Hepburn, are examples of older men dating younger women.
In 1969, John Spencer published Limbo of the Lost where he discussed this area of ocean, but he widened the area of mystery both West and North.
During his tenure on the show, his primary love interest was the vivacious and attractive nurse Bobbie Spencer, played by actress Jackie Zeman.
Many interactions between the hot doctor and nurse Bobbie Spencer.
For GH, couple fans may include Luke and Laura (Spencer), Liason (Jason Morgan and Elizabeth Webber), Jarly (Jason Morgan and Carly Corinthos), J&B (Jasper Jax and Brenda Barrett) etc. There are also pairing haters.
GH actress Genie Francis (best known for her role as Laura Spencer) also served a turn as Diana Colville.
The return of fan favorite Robin Scorpio to General Hospital after several years away along with the recasting of Lucky Spencer (Jonathon Jackson's Lucky 'perished in a fire' and returned first as Jacob Young and later as Greg Vaughn).
Anthony Geary joined the cast of General Hospital in 1978 as a minor villain who 'raped' fan favorite Laura Spencer.