MORDECAI BEN HILLEL, a German rabbi, who died as a martyr at Nuremberg in 1298.
The father of the controversy may be said to be the Jewish rabbi, Aben Ezra, who died A.D.
In later days the same function was performed by the Purim Rabbi, who often indulged in parodies of the ritual.
Each synagogue is served by a rabbi assisted by an officiating minister, and in each consistory is a grand rabbi.
In 1854 he was appointed rabbi at Cincinnati.
Yohai, a Rabbi of the 2nd century.
The place is usually the synagogue house, or that of the Rabbi, sometimes that of the widow.
This improvement was first proposed by Rabbi Samuel, rector of the Jewish school of Sora in Mesopotamia, and was finally accomplished in the year 360 of our era by Rabbi Hillel, who introduced that form of the year which the Jews at present follow, and which, they say, is to endure till the coming of the Messiah.
Their work may be said to culminate in the vocalized text which resulted from the labours of Rabbi Aaron ben Asher in the 10th century.
During his student career he made a special study of Hebrew and Greek; and in order to learn Hebrew more thoroughly, he for some time put himself under the instructions of Rabbi Ezra Edzardi at Hamburg.
The development of Talmudic Law (or Halakhah) was much indebted to this rabbi, whose influence in all branches.
1 The other writings of Rabbi Jonah, so far as extant, have appeared in an edition of the Arabic original accompanied by a French translation (Opuscules et traites d'Abou'l Walid, ed.
JOHANAN BEN ZACCAI, Palestinian rabbi, contemporary of the Apostles.
He mentions a rabbi from Lydda, a rabbi from Tiberias, and above all rabbi Ben Anina, who came to him by night secretly for fear of the Jews.
In making his selection of halakhoth, Rabbi used the earlier compilations, which are quoted as "words of Rabbi `Agiba" or of R.
Rabbenu, " our Rabbi teaches us "; on the critical questions connected with the titles and the present redaction (probably 5th century), see Jew.
MAIMONIDES, the common name of RABBI MOSES BEN
ABBA MARI (in full, Abba Mari ben Moses ben Joseph), French rabbi, was born at Lunel, near Montpellier, towards the end of the 13th century.
RABBI JONAH (ABULWALID MERWAN IBN JANAII, also R.
But Rabbi Jonah saw the true vocation of his life in the scientific investigation of te Hebrew language and in a rational biblical exegesis based upon sound linguistic knowledge.
RABA BEN JOSEPH BEN HAMA (c. 280-352), Babylonian rabbi or amora.
Though associated by name with a well-known 1st century Rabbi, it is hardly earlier than the 8th (Latin trans.
scholar, so called from the initials of his full name, RABBI SAMUEL BEN MEIR, was a leading member of the French school of Biblical exegesis.
In the Talmud the voice from heaven, called Bath Kol, attested Rabbi Hillel, as he walked in Jericho, to be worthy of the holy spirit's descent and in-dwelling.
Chinese character which had formerly the sound of po); in Mongolian, Ti%bet, Tobot; in Arabic, Tubbet; Istakhri (c. 590), Tobbat; Rabbi Benjamin (1165), Thibet; J.
His early education was cared for by his father and by the local rabbi, David Frankel.
JONATHAN EYBESCHUTZ (1690-1764), German rabbi, was from 1750 rabbi in Altona.
JOSEPH PERLES (1835-1894), Jewish rabbi, was born in Hungary in 1835, and died at Munich in 1894.
In the Roman camp the rabbi was courteously received, and Vespasian (whose future elevation to the imperial dignity Johanan, like Josephus, is said to have foretold) agreed to grant him any boon he desired.
But the Hebrew version of Rabbi Joel, made somewhat later, was translated in the 13th century into Latin by John of Capua, a converted Jew, in his Directorium vitae humanae (first published in 1480), and in that form became widely known.
ISAIAH HOROWITZ (c. 1 555 - c. 1630), Jewish rabbi and mystic, was born at Prague, and died at Safed, then the home of Jewish Kabbala.
The opposition, as might be expected, came from the side of the Jews, and was due partly to the controversial use which was made of the version by the S Christians, but chiefly to the fact that it was not suffi- ciently in agreement with the standard Hebrew text estab.- lished by Rabbi Aqiba and his school.
(Rabbi) Ishmael, is a useful source for old Haggadah (especially on the narrative portions of Exodus), and is interesting for its variant readings of the Canonical Massoretic text.
155), the crowd shouted, "This is the father of the Christians" 2; but the words were probably prompted by the Jews, who took a prominent part in the martyrdom, and who naturally viewed Polycarp in the light of a great Christian rabbi, and gave him the title which their own teachers bore.
By this time the collection of halakhic material had become very large and various, and after several attempts had been made to reduce it to uniformity, a code of oral tradition was finally drawn up in the and century by Judah ha-Nasi, called Rabbi par excellence.
Apart from these bitter provocations - the prohibition of the sign of the covenant and the desecration of the sacred place - the Jews had a leader who was recognized as Messiah by the rabbi Aqiba.
Serajevo is also the seat of the Jewish chief rabbi; and of the highest Moslem ecclesiastic, or reis-el-ulema, who with his council is nominated and paid by the government.
In November 1832 he went to Wiesbaden as rabbi of the synagogue, and became in 1835 one of the most 1 The words gige, gigen, geic appear suddenly in the M.
It was, therefore, during the reign of Antipas, and partly if not wholly within his territory, that the Gospel was first preached by the rabbi or prophet whom Christendom came to regard as the one true Christ, the Messiah of the Jews.
(Rabbi Resh Lakish).
In 1863 Geiger became head of the synagogue of his native town, and in 1870 he removed to Berlin, where, in addition to his duties as chief rabbi, he took the principal charge of the newly established seminary for Jewish science.
ISAIAH BERLIN (1725-1799), an eminent rabbi of Breslau; he was the author of acute notes on the Talmud which had their influence in advancing the critical study of that work.
AARON CHORIN (1766-1844), Hungarian rabbi and pioneer of religious reform.
ad loc.) The Apostle Paul, once a disciple of the famous Rabbi Gamaliel, uses in i Cor.
YAIR BACHARACH (1639-1702), German rabbi, was the author of Ilawwoth Yair (a collection of Responsa) and other works.
Rabbi - la's text of the Gospels " represents the Greek text as read in Antioch about A.D.
Rashi acted as rabbi and judge, but received no salary.
In 1848 he came to London, but passed on in 1849 to America, where he ministered as rabbi in Cleveland,Cincinnati, Milwaukee, Detroit and Newark, New Jersey.
135), and (according to another Talmudic account) also of Rabbi Eliezer and Rabbi Joshua, the immediate predecessors of Aqiba, his version may be assigned to the first half of the 2nd century.
Consequently an exaggerated emphasis is often laid upon single words; as, for example, in the school of Rabbi `Agiba, where even individual letters were forced to reveal their meaning.
The chief rabbi, who is the ecclesiastical head of the United Synagogue, has also a certain amount of authority over the provincial and colonial Jewries, but this is nominal rather than real.
Rabbi Enoch Altschul of Prague recorded his own escape on the 22nd of Tebet 1623 in a special roll or megillah, which was to be read by his family on that date with rejoicing similar to the general Purim.
(1) Jacob (1630-1695), rabbi (Hakham) of the Spanish Jews in London from 1680.
" Jealousy Offering") called upon the famous rabbi Solomon ben Adret of Barcelona to come to the aid of orthodoxy.
You best check with his Rabbi.
At Paris is the central consistory, controlled by the government and presided over by the supreme grand rabbi.
Later on, Jacob 3 I Hebrew vi, from the initial letters of Rabbi Shelomoh Yizbagi, a convenient method used by Jewish writers in referring to well-known authors.
The provincial Jewries, however, participate in the election of the chief rabbi.
The schochat or butcher must be a devout Jew and of high moral character, and be duly licensed by the chief rabbi.
Such violations of holy things as making mock of the Scriptures, or even reciting them as one would ordinary literature, was sacrilege in the eyes of the rabbi.
Two and a half miles to the east is Chufut-Kaleh (or Jews' city), formerly the chief seat of the Karaite Jews of the Crimea, situated on lofty and almost inaccessible cliffs; it is now deserted except by the rabbi.
SAMUEL HOLDHEIM (1806-1860), Jewish rabbi, a leader of reform in the German Synagogue, was born in Posen in 1806 and died in Berlin in 1860.
In 1836 he was appointed rabbi at Frankfort-on-the-Oder, in 1840 he was transferred to the rabbinate of Mecklenburg-Schwerin.
In 1846 he was chosen Rabbi of the new Berlin congregation and there exercised considerable influence on the course of Jewish reform.
There are remains of a Crusaders' church, and the tomb of the celebrated Maimonides is shown in the town, while Rabbi Agiba and Rabbi Meir lie buried outside.
At one time he was secretary to the Chief Rabbi; in 1853 he became tutor in the Rothschild family and enjoyed leisure to produce his commentaries and other works.
Superficially the language of apocalypses differs from that of rabbinic decisions, and where the seer takes a comprehensive view of the ages the rabbi legislates for particular cases.
HILLEL, Jewish rabbi, of Babylonian origin, lived at Jerusalem in the time of King Herod.
RABBI, a Hebrew word meaning "my master," "my teacher."
The master was addressed by his pupils with the word rabbi (" my teacher"), or rabbenu (" our teacher").
Jesus makes it a reproach against the scribes that they cause themselves to be entitled by the people rabbi (pa i 3(31, Matt.
7): and He Himself is saluted by the disciples of John as rabbi (John i.
As an honorary title of the scribes, with whose name it was constantly linked, "Rabbi" only came into use during the last decades of the second Temple.
This title, a higher distinction than that of rabbi, is in tradition borne only by the descendants of Gamaliel I., the last being Gamaliel III., the son of Jehuda I.
mentioned above, the redactor of the Mishnah, was honoured as the "Rabbi" xar' E oy v (" par excellence"), and in the tradition of the houses of learning, if it was necessary to speak of him or to cite his opinions and utterances, he was simply referred to as "Rabbi," without the mention of any name.
Not a rough prophet in the desert like John, not a leader striking for political freedom, not a pretender aiming at the petty throne of the Herods, not even a great rabbi, building on the patriotic foundation of the Pharisees who had secured the national life by a new devotion to the ancient law.
Each tana - or rabbi of the earlier period - had a spokesman, who repeated to large audiences the discourses of the tana.
SIMON BEN YOHAI (2nd century A.D.), a Galilean Rabbi, one of the most eminent disciples of Aqiba (q.v.).
This Rabbi bore a large part in the fixation of law, and his decisions are frequently quoted.
Bar Nor is it certain whether he himself at first made a personal claim to be the promised Messiah; but it was his recognition as such by the distinguished Rabbi Akiba, then the most influential Jew alive, which placed him in the command of the insurrection, with 200,000 men at his command.
The Rabbi IJayim Benveniste and other men of repute and learning shared the general delusion.
9, attributed to a second-century Rabbi, but post-Talmudic (ed.
There is no a priori reason why other legal enactments should not have been current when the compilation was first made; the Pentateuchal legislation is incomplete, and covers only a small part of the affairs of life in which legal decisions 1 For the sake of convenience Ben (" son ") and Rabbi are, as usual, abbreviated to b.
With Rabbi Aqiba (q.v.) and the synods of Jamnia (about 90 and 118 A.D.) a definite epoch in Judaism begins.
Judah, grandson of Gamaliel II., known as the Prince or Patriarch (nasi), as Rabbenu (" our teacher "), or simply as " Rabbi " par excellence, was the editor.
3 Of their teachers (who were called Rabbi and Rab respectively) several hundreds are known.
Rab and Shemuel (Samuel) " the astronomer " (died 254 A.D.) were pupils of " Rabbi " (i.e.
Spinoza received his first training under the senior rabbi, Saul Levi Morteira, and Manasseh ben Israel, a theological writer of some eminence whose works show considerable knowledge of philosophical authors.
Before 1223 their courts had received autonomy in civil and criminal jurisdiction; their chief rabbi was appointed by the king and entitled to use the royal arms on his seal.
Here lived Rabbi Judah ha k-I adosh, editor of the Mishnah; here was edited the Jerusalem Talmud, and here are the tombs of Rabbi Aqiba and Maimonides.
According to Rabbi Johanan it derived its name from the allusion in v.
The Rabbi HILLEL, who in the 4th century made the remarkable declaration that Israel need not expect a Messiah, because the promise of a Messiah had already been fulfilled in the days of King Hezekiah (Babli, Sanhedrin, 99a), is probably Hillel, the son of Samuel ben Nahman, a well-known expounder of the scriptures.
some 200 synagogues; at the head of their organization is a chief Rabbi resident in London.
RABBAH BAR NAHMANI (c. 270-c. 330), a Babylonian rabbi or amora.
The Talmud owes much to this rabbi.
In religious and ritual matters it is under the jurisdiction of the chief rabbi, who is, to a certain extent, recognized throughout the empire.
The title "chief rabbi" is not found in the pre-expulsion records, though, before the Jews were banished in 1290, there was an official named "presbyter omnium Judaeorum Angliae."
The title "chief rabbi" has become well known through the eminence of recent occupants of the position such as Solomon Hirsch ell (1762-1842).
Dr Adler was elected chief rabbi in 1891.
Jerome relates that the Jew who taught him Hebrew communicated to him a teaching of the Rabbi Baraciba, that the inner man who rises up in us at the fourteenth year after puberty (i.e.
BENJAMIN OF TUDELA (in Navarre), a Jewish rabbi of the 12th century.
He occupies an important position in the history of the acceptance by medieval Jews of the Kabbala (q.v.); for, though he made no fresh contributions to the philosophy of mysticism, the fact that this famous rabbi was himself a mystic induced a favourable attitude in many who would other- 'wise have rejected mysticism as Maimonides did.
He was junior colleague of Dr John Duncan (Rabbi Duncan) till 1870, and then for thirty years sole professor.
But it is recorded that the Rabbi 'Agiba, who recognized him as Messiah, applied Num.
MICHAEL SACHS (1808-1864), German Rabbi.
He was appointed Rabbi in Prague in 1836, and in Berlin in 1844.
Immense labour has been spent in the critical analysis of the contents, but it is only since the work of Graf (1866) and Wellhausen (1878) that a satisfactory literary hypothesis has been found which explained 1 It is interesting to find that the Spanish Rabbi Isaac"(of Toledo, A.D.
Rabbi Solomon IzxAQ1 (son of Isaac), usually cited as Rashi from the initials of those words, was born at Troyes in 1040 and died in the same town in 1105.
MEIR OF ROTHENBURG (c. 1215-1293), German rabbi and poet, was born in Worms c. 1215.
In 1890 the Rabbinical Diploma was conferred on him by Lector Weiss of Vienna, but again he evidenced his self-denial by declining to stand for the post of associate Chief Rabbi in the same year.
Here Menasseh rose to eminence not only as a rabbi and an author, but also as a printer.
xxi; Aboth of Rabbi Nathan vii.).
Rabbi Tony Bayfield, Head of The Movement for Reform Judaism, said: " I am utterly appalled.
Dr. Jonathan Sacks is Chief Rabbi of the United Hebrew congregations of the Commonwealth.
The old rabbi was asked why God didn't just destroy all idols instead of merely telling people not to worship them.
incarnated in the form of rabbi Rosen.
The synagogue later apologized to Rabbi Carr for " unwarranted intrusion into aspects of her private life.
The rabbi had the same mannerisms and physical appearance as the priest from Deadwood.
The elders called the rabbi to dicuss what to do.
I might, instead, have become a really great rabbi!
A story is told by the rabbis: A heathen asked the rabbi: Why did God speak to Moses from the thorn bush?
It is named after a former rabbi who became the first Anglican Bishop in Jerusalem, Michael Solomon Alexander.
The cheating rabbi now cites a tenth century rabbi to show that characters on a page cannot appear by throwing ink at it.
Jackie Tabick, two years ahead of her on the course, became the first woman rabbi and Julia Neuberger duly became the second.
rabbi's wife, " What are all the sleeping bags for?
rabbi in a synagogue.
rabbinical school with the sole purpose of becoming a rabbi.
SAMUEL OF NEHARDEA, usually called MAR SAMUEL or YARHINAI (c. 1 65 - c. 257), Babylonian Rabbi, was born in Nahardea in Babylonia and died there c. 257.
Autopsies are not done unless required by law, and when they are done, a rabbi usually oversees them.
Reform Jews may receive a piece of torn black ribbon from the rabbi, which is then pinned to their clothing.
The rabbi will then recite Psalm 91 again, as well as the El Maleh Rachamim.
Helping teens understand to make better decisions regarding money is something Rabbi Shmuley Boteach talks about frequently on Oprah Radio.
Although the couple married on their first date, they eventually hosted a large family wedding with Reverend Eric and Sarah's father, a Rabbi, presiding.
Running With Scissors includes "Saga Begins", a retelling of Star Wars: Episode I to the tune of Don McLean's "American Pie" and "Pretty Fly for a Rabbi", a parody of "Pretty Fly for a White Guy" from The Offspring.
Rabbinical Service Centers of America - Another online lesson site, your child will be guided through her training by a rabbi who will then travel to your synagogue to take part in the service.
At most services, it is delivered by the rabbi.
9,925 Sa.11entjoch (Martell Glen to Rabbi), snow.
Rabbi Jonah >>
(I) Aboth db Rabbi Nathan, an expansion of IV.
A careful analysis of the Milhamoth is given in Rabbi Isidore Weil's Philosophic religieuse de Levi-Ben-Gerson (Paris, 1868).
It has been variously ascribed to the patriarch Abraham and to the illustrious rabbi `Agiba; its essential elements, however, may be of the 3rd or 4th century A.D., and it is apparently earlier than the 9th (see L.
those of preacher, teacher of Jews and Christians, reader of prayers, interpreter, writer, proof-reader, bookseller, broker, merchant, rabbi, musician, matchmaker and manufacturer of amulets."
The famous Rabbi Maimonides (A.D.
A few fragments and numerous quotations in his principal book form our only knowledge of the Kitab al-Tashwir (" Book of Refutation") a controversial work in four parts, in which Rabbi Jonah successfully repelled the attacks of the opponents of his first treatise.
The grammatical work of Rabbi Jonah extended, moreover, to the domain of rhetoric and biblical hermeneutics, and his lexicon contains many exegetical excursuses.
After the fall of Jerusalem the new system of biblical exegesis founded by Rabbi Hillel reached its climax at Jamnia under the famous Rabbi Aqiba (d.
Aquila was a Jewish proselyte of Pontus, and since he was a disciple of Rabbi Aqiba (d.
5, § 4) testifies that the belief in the immediate appearance of the Messianic king gave the chief impulse to the war that ended in the destruction of the Jewish state; after the fall of the temple the last apocalypses (Baruch, 4 Ezra) still loudly proclaim the near victory of the God-sent king; and Bar Cochebas, the leader of the revolt against Hadrian, was actually greeted as the Messiah by Rabbi Aqiba (cf.
In the Talmud (Sanhedrin 100 b) Rabbi Joseph says that it is forbidden to read (i.e.
Otherwise all Tannaites (see Tanna), the scholars of the Mishnah period, were distinguished by the title of "rabbi."
I might, instead, have become a really great rabbi !
However, many Jewish immigrants from Europe refused to accept the authority of the chief rabbi.
The most famous Jewish rabbi Hillel said, What is hateful to yourself do not to someone else.
My rabbi friend said that is the Jewish understanding of suffering.
He writes: The strategic head of the staged anti-Semitic actions was Albert Norden, a rabbi 's son.
In all innocence, she asked the rabbi 's wife, What are all the sleeping bags for?
In 1952 I came to Rhode Island., U.S.A., where I worked as an assistant rabbi in a synagogue.
My Education After my " Bar Mitzvah " I was sent to a higher rabbinical school with the sole purpose of becoming a rabbi.
Rabbi Goldstein first addressed the crowd about the incompatibility of the aspiration for Jewish statehood with Judaic teachings.
But then a beloved rabbi dies, and his passing brings his wayward daughter back.
She is the youngest of three girls and has two older sisters - Laura, also an actress, and Jody Speyer, a rabbi.
Kosher wine simply means the wine is signed off by a Jewish Rabbi or by "rabbinical authorities".
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.