The problem wasn't Dulce or his father.
To discover and define those laws is the problem of history.
"It's a big problem," he said.
I had hoped that you would resolve your problem, but it seems to have no end.
The problem is that the poor don't have enough money to afford the food.
Maybe his problem was a girlfriend.
Neither of them lawyers had a problem with me either.
She had created this problem and now it was hers to face alone.
This was Howie's problem, not ours.
"You've always had this problem," he said, standing.
To me, that's problem number one.
What's the problem with this jury business?
She does have a problem with my keeping secrets from Julie.
He decided to move on to problem number two and find out something about the tiny bone he'd discovered.
Of course, a stream running through, or an island in the pond, would make the problem much more complicated.
The father had some health problem, if I remember.
If I suggest her leaving a problem in arithmetic until the next day, she answers, "I think it will make my mind stronger to do it now."
A bright idea, however, shot into my mind, and the problem was solved.
The only problem is that it all doesn't fit into your preconceived plans.
From the day when Pierre, after leaving the Rostovs' with Natasha's grateful look fresh in his mind, had gazed at the comet that seemed to be fixed in the sky and felt that something new was appearing on his own horizon--from that day the problem of the vanity and uselessness of all earthly things, that had incessantly tormented him, no longer presented itself.
"You got a problem with me?" she demanded.
When we consider the costs of all the wrong decisions ever made—a calculation I don't even know how to approach—we will think of it as a diminishing problem receding into the past.
However, even if this problem were solved perfectly, it doesn't really end ignorance.
To understand this problem, consider our relationship with knowledge over the centuries.
"Dusty, we're going to have another problem soon," Jule said for Dustin's ears only.
"Whether you like her or not isn't the problem," I said.
"No problem," I answered.
Suddenly your adversary's checker disappears beneath the board, and the problem is to place yours nearest to where his will appear again.
The problem is they'll know what I did sooner or later and when I resurface, they'll be on me like John Dillinger at the movie.
This problem seemed to the ancients insoluble.
I want to be able to focus on solving this problem, not worrying about what might be said or done to you.
I want to know what the problem is.
Search engines have done a fabulous job tackling this problem, even given the vast, vast, amounts of information added to the Internet every day.
By adopting smaller and smaller elements of motion we only approach a solution of the problem, but never reach it.
You know what a problem that can be.
Brandon may have considered his problem "stupid" at the ranch, but it obviously wasn't behind him.
We don't usually have a problem tracking him, but this changed about two weeks ago.
"We've got a problem," he said as we gathered around our conference table, a cold cup of coffee in each of our hands.
But in a real sense, it also makes the problem that much easier to solve in the future.
Whatever the problem was, it remained in his mind alone.
I didn't mention his blossoming love life, but expressed concern over his serious problem of nightmares.
Howie's temporary absence eliminated the problem, at least for now; no trips back to a crime scene resulted in no tips to convey.
Problem is, it's a big state.
While her romance session failed to reveal his problem, it did wonders for her confidence.
Howie, I really feel for you but you've had this problem of not knowing about your past for a long time and you've managed to live with it.
The problem is the further I go into the past, the less accuracy I can attain.
Helene was faced by a new problem--how to preserve her intimacy with both without offending either.
Once we get the problem off our "to-do list" and stick it onto the computer's, we largely will be done.
A problem arises because of the strong correlation between standard of living and energy consumption.
First, I would contend that the size of this problem is substantially smaller than many people would guess.
Is that a problem, dear?
Is that a problem, dear?
Alex continued to be preoccupied with his problem - whatever it was.
She sat awhile, wondering what the meaning of it all having happened before could be, and without solving this problem, or at all regretting not having done so, she again passed in fancy to the time when she was with him and he was looking at her with a lover's eyes.
Whatever his problem, she needed to get involved.
I also see the pace of problem solving—and change in general—accelerating at an astonishing rate.
As we have reasoned, when the Internet and related technologies help bring an end to poverty, the end of poverty will largely solve the problem of hunger.
Disregarding the officers' orders, the soldiers stood leaning against their stretchers and gazing intently, as if trying to comprehend the difficult problem of what was taking place before them.
The business of Martha's bones took a back seat to her present whereabouts and the touchy problem of Mr. Fitzgerald.
But there was the little problem of the pack of cigarettes Martha clearly described as being with the bones in the Lucky Pup Mine.
This seemed to satisfy the official, who was obviously embarrassed over the entire debacle and infinitely relieved that at least half their problem was solved without any accusatory newspaper headlines.
So the problem must be that we have stretched the planet past its ability to feed its inhabitants, right?
The problem is not that the world doesn't have enough food.
But the problem, of course, was that food prices went up, the people went hungry, and riots ensued.
The problem is her abductor is the revered local police chief!
Yet another problem surfaced later the same day.
One more problem you don't need.
The presence of the problem of man's free will, though unexpressed, is felt at every step of history.
He paced up and down his room, now turning his thoughts on a difficult problem and frowning, now suddenly shrugging his shoulders and wincing, and now smiling happily.
"No problem," Howie said.
This debate business was no problem when I didn't have an opponent.
I didn't know it was creating a problem.
Whose problem will it be?
While I hadn't formulated in my mind how to tackle the problem, I resolved to attack it one on one and keep animosity at bay.
While it was feasible, Quinn's equipment was cumbersome and there were the ever present problem of absolute quiet, not to mention the security issue.
The problem isn't your staying her; it's this whole clandestine meeting.
"No problem, Mister," an old man said.
One arrested his nasal problem on the sleeve of his hoodie.
I hate to think of him worrying himself if there's some problem we could help him with.
"There is no doubt in my mind," Dean continued, "that underage drinking is a major problem here in Ouray.
If you have a problem, see the sheriff.
He writes how in Europe when there is a problem, people turn to the government to solve it, but in America, they form what he calls "voluntary associations"—what we might term charities and nonprofits.
To me, this makes the problem of hunger that much sadder in the present—to realize that the planet has enough food, just not enough generosity.
This is exactly the kind of problem geneticists can sink their teeth into, so to speak, to make the protein in this grain digestible.
The problem for us was always that it is easier to get a car running than it is to fix the brakes.
Disease is a problem of technology; thus, its solution will be technological.
Scarcity, or what we term scarcity, is a technological problem as well. 4.
Sweetheart, this problem is of my making.
The problem was how they were both reacting to the situation.
The problem is, you neither asked nor listened.
We don't want you leaving here with a problem on your mind.
If you have a problem with that, take it up with the man with the gun.
When confronted with any thorny societal problem, I apply the same basic thought process I used on the five topics of this book.
Maybe that was the problem.
If Alex liked being in control, and she liked him being in control, then there was no problem.
All that time and he was unable to solve his financial problem.
Maybe he was trying to protect her, but more likely he was simply trying to conceal the problem.
What is the problem?
Is there a problem?
Or was Brandon the one with the problem?
Was this his problem?
Even Rachel and Julia insisted that she was the one with the problem.
It wasn't his problem.
He wasn't the problem.
It was plain that the Indian girl knew she had created a problem.
If it doesn't work, it's my problem.
That created another problem.
But as time progressed, his obvious reluctance to propose marriage presented a far more difficult problem.
His pronouncement lightened the what-to-say-or-what-not-to-say problem.
There was murmured sound downstairs and Betsy asked from outside the door if there was a problem.
Quinn worked on increasing the precision of time and location but it remained about the same; anything longer than a couple of days was a problem.
Is it a problem?
Prying it loose and getting it to you might be a problem.
He surprised me in a later conversation by mentioning he was taking steps to remedy the problem.
We all agreed Howie's nightmares were a serious problem.
Maybe I was picking up Quinn's problem.
So what's the problem?
Finding a place to do our song and dance is the problem.
We were concerned that his death might be a conduit to revealing the problem.
There were people in the lobby, ahead of me but I blurted out my question like a third grader with a bladder problem.
To her surprise, she opened the door with no problem.
We both have a mutual problem.
We have a pest problem.
The gateway between realms is cracked, and I have a slight Watcher infestation problem.
Mrs. Lincoln, the Deans' cat, strolled into the room and rubbed the young girl's leg as if to ask what was the problem.
I can't tell you to break or keep promises, but I can sense you want to talk about this problem.
I want to stop down and see Jake Weller about Martha's bony little problem.
Is money going to be a problem?
The audience included the Dawkinses, still in residence after an airplane mechanical problem delayed them yet another day.
But the election was only one problem of many.
She once thought the problem was him, because he was of human origin.
So, I'm assuming he isn't the looming problem.
The only problem seemed to be that they were somehow trapped on the mortal plane.
The problem will work itself out.
He was able to tackle this kind of problem, unlike the strange tension between him and his mate.
He mastered that with no problem.
Pushing that part of the issue aside, she focused on the real problem.
"No problem," she said.
Meanwhile, another problem surfaced.
As if it were no particular problem, he said they had lost vital signs in flight a couple times.
She might as well forget about that problem.
Nightmares weren't his only problem, though.
He never had a problem with it before, She defended.
In fact, getting him aroused wasn't the problem now.
He knows the problem.
Maybe she was the one with the communication problem.
As one problem worked itself out, another always seemed to take its place.
That was the problem with communicating this way.
I've been quite a problem to you, haven't I?
Thank goodness someone finally settled the name problem.
I'll never have that problem, Fate said with a shrug.
Maybe the problem is you.
Danger isn't the problem.
If anything, his anger melted into the contemplation of a man who had a new problem he intended to solve.
Then what's the problem?
Got a problem with that, too?
His problem, not mine.
It becomes your problem if he doesn't believe you.
It'd never been a problem when it was just him.
"The solution to our problem," Kris answered.
Hoping they.d fix his Rhyn problem for him, he entered the castle and headed straight to the office of his personal secretary.
Jetr was stacking a new problem on a pile of other problems he couldn't deal with.
He intended for the problem to right itself in his absence, once she adjusted.
He could think of one solution to his problem, and his jaw clenched.
I don't have an easy answer to your problem, if that's what you want.
Nishani wasn't the only problem; he was, too.
Is that a problem?
That woman has a definite problem.
Fred asked the question like a learned professor, speculating on a universal problem of time, space and the creation of the universe.
The woman has a serious problem.
Then he added, "If you ever have a problem, I want you to know you can come to us."
"No problem," he answered in a friendly voice.
"No problem at all," Cynthia answered.
Dean was just as glad to spend the day problem free.
What seems to be the problem?
But that's not the problem.
If you have a problem, just wait a little while and ask Annie yourself.
But Gladys' friend is another problem.
You got a problem with that?
They called in CBI when they heard about the cut rope and smelled a major problem.
The big problem would be hoping no one remembered seeing you.
"What's the problem, Effie?" he asked.
"What's the problem?" he asked.
Janet, with an out-of-character burst of loquaciousness asked, Miz Dean, I got a little problem.
Certainly. Martha's never a problem.
Martha won't be no problem.
"So now it's our problem," Dean muttered, and then speculated, "I wonder what Janet did to get sixty days."
The doctor thinks there's a good chance he may even get over the speech problem in time.
Cynthia, in her infinite wisdom, arranged a generous monetary scale of chores-for-bucks that seemed to take care of the problem.
I'd had a problem myself all along, not seeing Edith as being on the brink of suicide.
Perhaps we should endeavor to approach our problem together.
Her biggest problem now would be explaining things to her boyfriend, who was probably still nursing his wounds.
By the time he arrived home, the most pressing problem seemed to be explaining his bizarre behavior; She must think I'm a lunatic.
Well, no problem here.
That's what I came down to tell you, but we'll save it for another time, let's get back to your problem.
No, it's not really a problem, and I'd much rather hear your story.
Sure thing, no problem.
I guess I could say it's a medical problem.
I don't have a problem with it.
The problem with that is, if I can get to you easily, so can all the other wolves.
No, that wasn't the only problem.
In the next stall the goat was laying on her side, straining... could be a problem there.
Do you have a coyote problem?
A pile of burned matches on the stove pad suggested a problem.
Was that part of her problem?
Alex isn't the problem between you and Lori, and he wasn't the problem between you and me.
About this problem of having children.
I didn't expect him to get so far, and he may not pass at all. In any case, I have a much larger problem. I interfered when I shouldn't have, she said.
"If you have any problem keeping up, you have to tell me," he said.
The underworld will still exist. It just won't be my problem anymore.
When there is a problem at work, he keeps it to himself or minimize it.
Parking wasn't a problem if you didn't mind paying the price of a good country dinner, but Dean didn't have time to hunt down a bargain so he reluctantly pulled into the closest lot.
He was a problem?
While the pair was a definite annoyance to the Parkside police, the two were seldom a serious problem...
For Dean's part, that was no problem.
"No problem," Hunter responded to Dean's apology.
Yes, money was a problem and she hadn't any idea how to tackle the matter.
He briefly explained the situation to Winston, who had no problem detouring for the short time it would take to question the youth.
"No problem," she answered, neither stopping her typing nor looking up.
"That's the problem with you young people," Fred muttered, remaining in his chair and picking up his notebook.
It was my big mouth mentioning Byrne in front of Baratto that caused most of this problem but God knows what an open investigation would unfairly do to Cynthia Byrne.
Fred dismissed the problem with a wave of his hand.
Money is no problem.
If you're still having a problem I'll have to dial-a-stud.
Yeah, I thought that might be a problem but it's not like I don't know how to drive.
I made it out to Gruber's place with no problem, hardly.
"I've got this problem," she said as she pulled in her open sleeping bag, and turning, re-zippered the tent flap behind her.
"And I had to make sure Byrne wasn't going to be a problem," he added.
Perhaps that was the problem.
She might get over the phobia about adoption – if that was actually the problem.
They found the problem about a mile down the creek.
Of course, it helped that the rain had stopped, but the main problem had been the obstruction.
We had planned to do it next Monday, but with this latest problem...
It wasn't as if he hadn't given her time to correct the problem.
Alex might not be the only one with a problem.
If that was the problem, she'd best address it – as soon as possible.
Surely if they had a wild dog problem again, they would have seen or heard them by now.
I doubt that Alex views it as a problem.
No. The problem is that I've spent so much time with the babies that I hurt Alex.
He had no problem with that.
Alex had strictly forbidden her to ride alone there after the wild dog problem.
The area where the goats had been provided good grazing, but he was concerned about the wild dog problem she had experienced in the past.
Long before the ultrasound, she was certain that her problem was pregnancy.
Here, sit down and tell me what the problem is.
Was that the problem?
There was no point getting into it, so she focused on the immediate problem.
Josh and Lori somehow managed to keep their marriage together, but Carmen was having less luck with her problem.
Rather than feel grateful, she felt shame that she'd caused them all such a problem and hadn't been able to take care of herself.
He'd meant what he said about finding out what her problem was, only he suspected he now knew.
Would solve your problem of being mated to me.
If Gerald was his problem, he gave no indication when they were together.
It certainly helped to have Jenny watch the children, but even that created a problem.
Alex was momentarily taken by surprise, but appeared to have no problem maintaining his erect status in the saddle.
I guess that could get to be a problem with a spouse.
The biggest problem was some hypothermia.
The problem is that he is making poor choices.
The problem was; he didn't take the business seriously.
He would tell her about his problem in his own timeframe – and maybe that would be when he felt she was less of a burden.
The issue of a phone had virtually disappeared, but in its place was a fashion problem.
The problem was that she hadn't been able to reach him, but she didn't want to start out nagging at him.
We have a problem and I thought you would like to help solve it.
What is this problem you speak of?
You would do best to take care of your own problem now.
Did he suspect her problem?
But time off work wasn't going to solve her problem.
Mr. O'Hara had solved the problem without going to the police.
She had charged the phone last night, so that couldn't be the problem.
It wasn't Clara's problem and she could hardly leave it to her to handle.
Violence was no answer to a problem, but he had been inviting this for the last year.
Pinning her down to a date is going to be a problem, though.
After all, every married couple started out with some kind of problem.
I keep telling myself that's my problem.
I'm not a model, like your women, but I don't have a problem getting a date, if I want to.
Your problem to solve, not mine.
The only problem: Neither was Jonny.
Vico raised the problem to a higher plane, by tracing the origin of law in the human mind and explaining the historical changes of the one by those of the other.
She wrote a la diable, starting with some central thesis to set forth or some problem to investigate, but with no predetermined plot or plan of action.
Other elements of the problem there are none, except mere numbers and angles, which do not depend upon the fundamental measurements of space, time and mass.
The problem has been how to accomplish this work with the minimum of labour consistent with the desired accuracy.
If the errors of the rectangular co-ordinates of these lines are known, the problem of determining the co-ordinates of any star-image on the plate becomes reduced to the comparatively simple one of interpolating the co-ordinates of the star relative to the sides of the 5 mm.
The purpose of his paper was to show that there is no problem if the axis is moved to the left.
The ancient geometry, as we know it, is a wonderful monument of ingenuity - a series of tours de force, in which each problem to all appearance stands alone, and, if solved, is solved by methods and principles peculiar to itself.
Each problem was something unique; the elements of transition from one to another were wanting; and the next step which mathematics had to make was to find some method of reducing, for instance, all curves to a common notation.
When that was found, the solution of one problem would immediately entail the solution of all others which belonged to the same series as itself.
The problem of the curves is solved by their reduction to a problem of straight lines; and the locus of any point is determined by its distance from two given straight lines - the axes of co-ordinates.
In another question connected with this, the problem of drawing tangents to any curve, Descartes was drawn into a controversy with Pierre (de) Fermat (1601-1663), Gilles Persone de Roberval (1602-1675), and Girard Desargues (1593-1661).
It dashes at once into the middle of the subjects with the examination of a problem which had baffled the ancients, and seems as if it were tossed at the heads of the French geometers as a challenge.
problem for intelligence is so to enunciate every element, and so to repeat the connexion that we may finally grasp all the links of the chain in one.
The disturbing conditions of will, life and organic forces are eliminated from the problem; he starts with the clear and distinct idea of extension, figured and moved, and thence by mathematical laws he gives a hypothetical explanation of all things.
Such explanation of physical phenomena is the main problem of Descartes, and it goes on encroaching upon territories once supposed proper to the mind.
Caesar had projected remedial measures, but (as in so many cases) had never been able to carry them out, and it was not until the time of Claudius that the problem was approached.
In connexion with the problem of universals, he held that the diversity of individuals depends on the quantitative division of matter (materia signata), and in this way he attracted the criticism of the Scotists, who pointed out that this very matter is individual and determinate, and, therefore, itself requires explanation.
The indifference of the Jews to the desolate conditions of their sanctuary opens up a problem of some difficulty.
Orr, Problem of the O.T.
3 But the history of the Levites in the early post-exilic stage and onwards is a separate problem, and the work of criticism has not advanced sufficiently for a proper estimate of the various vicissitudes.
But the problem of fitting these into the history of Israel still remains The assumption that the earlier sources for the pre-monarchical history, as incorporated by late compilers, are necessarily trustworthy confuses the inquiry (on Gen.
With these variations is involved the problem of the early history of the Israelites.
Petavel, The Problem of Immortality (Eng.
By this time much had thus been done to obtain an acquaintance with the eastern parts of the Australian continent, although the problem of what could become of the large rivers flowing north-west and south-west into the interior was still unsolved.
139° gaining a practical solution of the problem of the destination of the westward-flowing rivers, Sir Thomas Mitchell, in 1833, led an expedition northward to the upper branches of the Darling; the party met with a sad disaster in the death of Richard Cunningham, brother of the eminent botanist, who was murdered by the blacks near the Bogan river.
At the beginning of 1860, when the excitement of the gold discoveries was wearing off, five of the states had received from the home government the boon of responsible government, and were in a position to work out the problem of their position without external interference; it was not, however, until 1890 that Western Australia was placed in a similar position.
Descartes had left untouched, or nearly `so, the difficult problem of the relation between the universal element or thought and the particular desires or inclinations.
The great problem was to found a stable government, an authority to keep order.
The application of "common sense" to the problem of substance supplied a more satisfactory analytic for him than the scepticism of Hume which reached him through a study of Kant.
To write an account of symphonic instrumentation in any detail would be like attempting a history of emotional expression; and all that we can do here is to point out that the problem which was, so to speak, shelved by the polyphonic device of the continuo, was for a long time solved only by methods which, in any hands but those of the greatest masters, were very inartistic conventions.
He understood their problem and it helped galvanize him to volunteer to help them.
The derrick crane introduces a problem for which many solutions have been sought, that of preventing the load from being lifted or lowered when the jib is pivoted up or down to alter the radius.
The solution of this problem was attempted by J.
Four years later Varley patented his artificial cable, which was the first near approach to a successful solution of the duplex problem on the principle now adopted.
The only new problem introduced is the simultaneous transmission of two messages in the same direction; this is sometimes ruplex called " diplex transmission."
The solution of this tele- problem was attempted by Dr J.
The only other suggested solution of the problem of isolation in connexion with wireless telegraph stations was given by Anders Bull (Electrician, 1901, 46, p. 573).
A problem of great importance in connexion with electric wave telegraphy is that of limiting the radiation to certain directions.
Another closely connected problem is that of locating or ascertaining the direction of the sending station.
Other inventors had professed to find a solution of the problem by the use of looped receiving antennae or antennae inclined in various directions.
Marconi, however, gave in 1906 the first really practical solution of the problem by the use of bent transmitting and receiving antennae.
Braun also gave an interesting solution of the problem of directive telegraphy.'
The term " telephony " was first used by Philipp Reis of Friedrichsdorf, in a lecture delivered before the Physical Society of Frankfort in 1861.1 But, although this lecture and Reis's subsequent work received considerable notice, little progress was made until the subject was taken up between 1874 and 1876 by Alexander Graham Bell, a native of Edinburgh, then resident in Boston, Mass., U.S.A. Bell, like Reis, employed electricity for the reproduction of sounds; but he attacked the problem in a totally different manner.
The problem, however, of constructing a deep-sea cable satisfactorily, with suitable inductance coils inserted at short distances apart, is a difficult one, and one which it cannot be said has been solved.
first caused no difficulty; the rank and file of the nd were mostly disbanded, but a number of the officers tee: 1 taken into the Italian army; the third offered a more)Us problem.
It can never quite confine attention to the problem of the being of God.
It may help us if we rapidly review at this point the leading types of philosophy in their application to the theistic problem.
It is a problem for empiricism; given a world where nothing but phenomenal sequences exist, to account for moral ideals.
The problem has altered its form.
Free will had not yet been formulated as a problem.
Free will is shaping itself towards discussion in Aristotle's Ethics, but is hardly yet a formulated problem.
From this theological entanglement the problem of free will did not escape for long centuries.
The problem of the origin of the world was the first to engage man's speculative activity.
Nor was this line of inquiry pursued simply as a step in the more practical problem of man's final destiny.
At first, as in the case of the child, the problem of the genesis of things was conceived anthropomorphically: the question " How did the world arise?"
As long as the problem was conceived in this simple manner there was, of course, no room for the idea of a necessary self-conditioned evolution.
The problem of the genesis of mind is practically solved by identifying the soul, 1 This is brought out by F.
In Spinoza's pantheistic theory of the world, which regards thought and extension as but two sides of one substance, the problem of becoming is submerged in that of being.
Yet by his very mode of solving the problem he is led on to consider the nature of the world-process.
Like Schelling, Hegel conceives the problem of existence as one of becoming.
As Ludwig Noire observes, Schopenhauer has no feeling for the problem of the origin of organic beings.
In the Origin of Species, and in his other numerous and important contributions to the solution of the problem of biological evolution, Darwin confined himself to the discussion of the causes which have brought about the present condition of living matter, assuming such matter to have once come into existence.
Haeckel 5 dealt with the whole problem of evolution.
Those who were unwilling to accept evolution, without better grounds than such as are offered by Lamarck, and who therefore preferred to suspend their judgment on the question, found in the principle of selective breeding, pursued in all its applications with marvellous knowledge and skill by Darwin, a valid explanation of the occurrence of varieties and races; and they saw clearly that, if the explanation would apply to species, it would not only solve the problem of their evolution, but that it would account for the facts of teleology, as well as for those of morphology; and for the persistence of some forms of life unchanged through long epochs of time, while others undergo comparatively rapid metamorphosis.
Mrs Stowe passed eighteen years in Cincinnati under conditions which constantly thrust the problem of human slavery upon her attention.
Naturally he felt that the prevalence of Christianity was incompatible with his ideal of Roman prosperity, and therefore that the policy of the Flavian emperors was the only logical solution of an important problem.
The question of the distribution of this stored energy to the separate protoplasts of the plant can be seen to be the same problem as the distribution of the food.
The problem is a very difficult one and cannot be regarded as definitely settled, but it is difficult to understand why all this additional complexity in the division of the nucleus should be necessary if the final result is only a quantitative separation of the chromatin.
The problem, then, which plantdistribution presents is twofold: it has first to map out the earths surface into regions or areas of vegetation, and secondly to trace the causes which have brought them about and led to their restriction and to their mutual relations.
The fitting of the oekumene to the sphere was the second theoretical problem.
His argument as to the narrowness of the sea between West Africa and East Asia, from the occurrence of elephants at both extremities, is difficult to understand, although it shows that he looked on the distribution of animals as a problem of geography.
The distribution of living organisms is a complex problem, a function of many factors, several of which are yet but little known.
Tiedemann, 2 the Heidelberg anatomist, who has been generally ignored, although he surpassed many a recent zoogeographer by the wide view he took of the problem; in fact he was the first to connect distribution with environmental or bionomic factors; e.g.
In 1826 the idea occurred to him of attacking this problem by means of pendulum experiments at the top and bottom of a deep mine.
Riccati's name is best known in connexion with his problem called Riccati's equation, published in the Ada Eruditorum, September 1724.
Antisthenes adopted this principle in its most literal sense, and proceeded to explain "knowledge" in the narrowest terms of practical action and decision, excluding from the conception everything except the problem of individual will realizing itself in the sphere of ordinary existence.
In logic Antisthenes was troubled by the problem of the One and the Many.
Peake, Problem of Suffering in the Old Testament, 1904).
These two religions anticipated the discussion of the problem of faith and reason in the Christian church.
Orr, Problem of the O.T., 1906).
In 1747 he applied his new calculus to the problem of vibrating chords, the solution of which, as well as the theory of the oscillation of the air and the propagation of sound, had been given but incompletely by the geometricians who preceded him.
In 1749 he furnished a method of applying his principles to the motion of any body of a given figure; and in 1754 he solved the problem of the precession of the equinoxes, determined its quantity and explained the phenomenon of the nutation of the earth's axis.
Whatever be the true explanation of this problem, it is certain (1) that Peisistratus was regarded as a leading soldier, and (2) that his position was strengthened by the prestige of his family.
So far he is in general agreement with Anaximander, but he differs from him in the solution of the problem, disliking, as a poet and a mystic, the primary matter which satisfied the patient researcher, and demanding a more vivid and picturesque element.
To understand the problem of the Raskolniki it is necessary to bear two things in mind: the fundamental principle of Eastern Orthodoxy as distinct from Western Catholicism, and the practical identification in Russia of the National Church with the National State.
With the suppression and absorption of the independent principalities the problem was only half solved.
The problem of obtaining a firm footing on the Baltic coast, on which Ivan the Terrible had squandered his resources to no purpose, was now solved satisfactorily.
The problem of the early railway builders in the United States was to conquer the wilderness, to build an empire, and at the same time to bind the East to the West and the North to the South.
Twenty years of experience and observation had revealed the defects of the earlier legislation, and had concentrated public attention more intelligently than ever before upon the problem of strengthening the weak spots.
Closely allied to the question of safety is the problem of preventing jolting at curves; and to obtain easy running it is necessary not merely to adjust the levels of the rails in respect to one another, but to tail off one curve into the next in such a :nanner as to avoid any approach to abrupt lateral changes of direction.
Even that is not the whole of the problem.
- The demand of the present day is for engines of larger power both for passenger and goods service, and the problem is to design such engines within the limitations fixed by the 4 ft.
The nature of this problem is illustrated by the numerical example in § g.
In 1887 a committee reported that the coupler question was the " knottiest mechanical problem that had ever been presented to the railroad," and over 4000 attempted solutions were on record in the United States Patent Office.
but the great majority of couplings remain non-automatic. It may be pointed out that the general employment of side buffers in Europe greatly complicates the problem of designing a satisfactory automatic coupling, while to do away with them and substitute the combined buffer-coupling, such as is used in the United States, would entail enormous difficulties in carrying on the traffic during the transition stage.
With our present knowledge the problem of the original form of sacrifice, if there be a single primary form, is insoluble.
How far totemism, or belief in deified animal ancestors, existed in prehistoric Israel, as evidenced by the tribal names Simeon (hyena, wolf), Caleb (dog), IIamor (ass), Rahel (ewe) and Leah (wild cow), as well as by the laws respecting clean and unclean animals, is too intricate and speculative a problem to be discussed here.
Further discoveries like Sellin's find at Ta`annek may elucidate the problem.
This problem of religion was solved by Amos and by the prophets who succeeded him through a more exalted conception of Yahweh and His sphere of working, which tended to detach Him from His limited realm as a national deity.
It probably arose from the fact that the calamities from which Israel had suffered both before and during the exile had drawn the reflective minds of the race to the contemplation of the problem of suffering.
xxii., xlii.-xliii., lxxiii., lxxvii., other phases of the problem are presented.
To this is united the noble ideal of the suffering servant, which serves both as a contribution to the great problem of suffering as purifying and vicarious and as the interpretation to the mind of the nation itself of that nation's true function in the future, a lesson which the actual future showed that Israel was slow to receive.
Peake's Problem of Suffering in the 0.T., are suggestive.
In The Idea of God as affected by Modern Knowledge (1885) Fiske discusses the theistic problem, and declares that the mind of man, as developed, becomes an illuminating indication of the mind of God, which as a great immanent cause includes and controls both physical and moral forces.
The subject has a special interest for Italy, which is devastated by malaria, and Italian science has contributed materially to the solution of the problem.
So far, however, only half the problem, and from the practical point of view the less important half, had been solved.
The problem is one of great practical importance, especially to the trative British Empire.
The problem, therefore, is eminently one for the statesman and administrator.
Sir Patrick Manson has suggested that the problem of stamping out malaria may be assisted by the discovery of some at present unknown factors.
The problem of the profitable treatment of the sulphide ores has been practically solved here.
The bill presented by his Cabinet on this subject, vas open to much criticism, having been designed to conciliate conflicting political interests rather than to solve the actual problem.
In foreign affairs he succeeded in achieving as satisfactory a solution of the Adriatic problem as was possible under the circumstances.
(July 1909, " Simeon and Levi: the Problem of the Old Testament "); and Swete's Cambridge Bib.
The problem cannot be approached from modern preconceptions because there was much associated with the worship of Yahweh which only gradually came to be recognized as repugnant, and there was much in earlier ages and in other lands which reflects an elevated and even complex religious philosophy.
At this stage a new problem becomes urgent.
In that same year the Amsterdam community was faced by a serious problem in connexion with Spinoza.
Mysticism differs, therefore, from ordinary pantheism in that its inmost motive is religious; but, whereas religion is ordinarily occupied with a practical problem and develops its theory in an ethical reference, mysticism displays a predominatingly speculative bent, starting from the divine nature rather than from man and his surroundings, taking the symbolism of religious feeling as literally or metaphysically true, and straining after the present realization of an ineffable union.
Whereas Plato's main problem had been the organization of the perfect state, and Aristotle's intellect had ranged with fresh interest over all departments of the knowable, political speculation had become a mockery with the extinction of free political life, and knowledge as such had lost its freshness for the Greeks of the Roman Empire.
In the discussion of this problem we find the names of Baron A.
The main problem is whether the account of David's rule has been exaggerated, or whether the attempt has been made to throw back to the time of the first king of all Israel later political conditions.
Though too weak and good-natured to cope with the problem which confronted him, Agis was characterized by a sincerity of purpose and a blend of youthful modesty with royal dignity, which render him perhaps the most attractive figure in the whole of Spartan history.
Again, with the accession of large territories, the Order became a governing aristocracy; the original care for the sick, and even the later crusading zeal of the period of conquest, gave way, when conquests were gained and administration was needed, to the problem, half military, half political, of governing a frontier state.
Still no explanation of this singular fact was forthcoming, and it was reserved for the young chemist from FrancheComte to solve a problem which had baffled the greatest chemists and physicists of the time.
Biot - who loved and admired him as a son - publicly announced that his enterprise was chimerical and the problem insoluble; Dumas evidently thought so too, for he advised Pasteur not to spend more of his time on such a subject.
The general type of problem is to find two, three or four numbers such that different expressions involving them in the first and second, and sometimes the third, degree are squares, cubes, partly squares and partly cubes, &c. E.g.
would give negative, surd or imaginary values; Diophantus then traces how each element of the equation has arisen, and formulates the auxiliary problem of determining how the assumptions must be corrected so as to lead to an equation (in place of the "impossible" one) which can be solved rationally.
Sometimes his x has to do duty twice, for different unknowns, in one problem.
Kepler's Problem, namely, that of finding the co-ordinates of a planet at a given time, which is equivalent - given the mean anomaly - to that of determining the true anomaly, was solved approximately by Kepler, and more completely by Wallis, Newton and others.
For the mathematics of Kepler's problem see E.
This has taken the form of inoculating the soil with the particular organism required by the particular kind of leguminous crop. To this end the endeavour has been made to produce preparations which shall contain in portable form the organisms required by the several plants, and though, as yet, it can hardly be claimed that they have been generally successful, the work done justifies hopes that the problem will eventually be solved in a practical direction.
We shall best illustrate the character and method of economic reasoning by examples, and for that purpose let us take first of An all a purely historical problem, namely, the effect on of the wage-earners of the wages clauses of the Statute of Apprenticeship (1563).
Without having recourse to any elaborate process of economic reasoning, by confining out attention to one simple question, namely, what happened, we can establish conclusions of the greatest interest to economic historians and, further, define the problem we have to investigate.
A correct sense of proportion and the faculty of seizing upon the dominant factors in an historical problem are the result partly of the possession of certain natural gifts in which many individuals and some nations are conspicuously wanting, partly of general knowledge of the working of the economic and political institutions of the period we are studying, partly of what takes the place of practical experience in relation to modern problems, namely, detailed acquaintance with different kinds of original sources and the historical imagination by which we can realize the life and the ideals of past generations.
But at this stage in historical investigation it is generally the want of evidence of a sufficiently complete and continuous character, rather than difficulties of method, which forces us to leave the problem unsolved.
For there is all the difference in the world between using a body of general theory as an indication of the factors to be considered in the study of a special problem, and undertaking special studies with a view to testing the general theory.
The problem of the causes of the torsion of the Gastropod body has been much discussed.
He could not have been what he was unless two generations before him had laboured at the problem of finding an intellectual expression and a philosophic basis for Christianity (Justin, Tatian, Athenagoras, Pantaenus, Clement).
Origen thus solved, after his own fashion, a problem which his predecessor Clement had not even ventured to grapple with.
On the other hand, in dealing with the problem of bringing his heterodox system into conformity with the regula fidei he evinced a high degree of technical skill.
He solved the problem in characteristic fashion.
But the chief problem centred in the constitution.
In the Gnostic basis itself it is not difficult to recognize the general features of the religion of ancient Babylonia, and thus we are brought nearer a solution of the problem as to the origin of Gnosticism in general.
" Erastianism, as a by-word, is used to denote the doctrine of the supremacy of the state in ecclesiastical causes; but the problem of the relations between church and state is one on which Erastus nowhere enters.
The affinities of the Hymenoptera afford another problem of much difficulty.
The absence of preparations came to be felt more strongly with the rapid growth of the submarine menace, for the depth and number of the entrances made it a serious problem to establish adequate defences.
Moreover, as Professor Burmeister states in his preface, Nitzsch by no means regarded the natural sequence of groups as the highest problem of the systematist, but rather their correct limitation.
He was the first to state clearly that the motions of the heavenly bodies must be regarded as a mechanical problem, and he approached in a remarkable manner the discovery of universal gravitation.
The rivalries of the mainland cities were continued at closer quarters inside the narrow circuit of the lagoons, and there was, moreover, the initial schism between the indigenous fisher population and the town-bred refugees, and these facts constitute the first of the problems which now affronted the growing community: the internal problem of fusion and development.
The second problem of prime importance was the external problem of independence.
To take the problem of independence first.
Turning to the other problem, that of internal fusion and consolidation, we find that in 466, fourteen years after the fall of Aquileia, the population of the twelve lagoon townships met at Grado for the election of one tribune from each island for the better government of the separate communities, and above all to put an end to rivalries which had already begun to play a disintegrating part.
East of the Rocky Mountains (Washington, 1891), and his Report on the Mound Explorations of the Bureau of Ethnology in the 12th Report (1894) of that Bureau, supplementing his earlier bulletins, Problem of the Ohio Mounds and the Circular, Square and Octagonal Earthworks of Ohio (1889); and W.
The problem is difficult, and no satisfactory answer has been given.
The controversy between nominalists and realists arose from a passage in Boethius' translation of Porphyry's Introduction to the Categories of Aristotle, which propounded the problem of genera and species, (1) as to whether they subsist in themselves or only in the mind; (2) whether, if subsistent, they are corporeal or incorporeal; and (3) whether separated from sensible things or placed in them.
In the cotton belt of the United States it would be possible to put a still greater acreage under this crop, but the tendency is rather towards what is known as " diversified " or mixed farming than to making cotton the sole important crop. Cotton, however, is in increasing demand, and the problem for the American cotton planter is to obtain a better yield of cotton from the same area, - by " better yield " meaning an increase not only in quantity but also in quality of lint.
On the problem of evil and sin it is impossible here to enter; but this must be insisted on, that the miracles of Jesus at least express divine benevolence just under those conditions in which the course of nature obscures it, and are therefore, proper elements in a revelation of grace, of which nature cannot give any evidence.
Thus mind and matter are to Geulincx only the "occasional" causes of each other's changes, while Malebranche, facing further the epistemological problem, maintains that mind cannot even know matter, which is merely the "occasion" of knowledge.
Foreign policy was largely determined by Hughes, financial by Mellon, and the problem of unemployment was thrown upon Hoover.
They refused to permit the vital problem of limitation of armaments to be side-tracked, and surprised the conference by proposing a ten-year naval holiday and a drastic scrapping of tonnage by the three chief naval Powers.
Yet one must remember, in justice to Alexius, the gravity of the problem by which he was confronted; nor was the conduct of the crusaders themselves such that he could readily make them his brethren in arms.
It remained to determine the future government of Jerusalem; and here the eternal problem of the relations of Church and State emerged.
Yet the high court, which decided all problems of descent, would naturally intervene if a problem of descent arose, as it frequently did, in the kingdom; and thus the barons had the right of deciding between different claimants, and also of formally "approving" each new successor to the throne.
In other spheres the immunities and exemptions of the Church offered a far more serious problem, and especially in the sphere of finance.
The new essays in this volume were mostly critical, but one of them, in which perhaps his guessing talent is seen at its best, "The Divisions of the Irish Family," is an elaborate discussion of a problem which has long puzzled both Celtic scholars and jurists; and in another, "On the Classificatory System of Relationship," he propounded a new explanation of a series of facts which, he thought, might throw light upon the early history of society, at the same time putting to the test of those facts the theories he had set forth in Primitive Marriage.
The problem of finding a radius vector satisfying this condition is one which can be solved only by successive approximations, or tentatively.
The coordinates thus found will in the case of a body moving around the sun be heliocentric. The reduction to the earth's centre is a problem of pure geometry.
To form a conception of this problem it is to be noted that since the position of the body in space can be computed from the six elements of the orbit at any time we may ideally conceive the coordinates of the body to be algebraically expressed as functions of the six elements and of the time.
The problem of determining an orbit may be regarded as coeval with Hipparchus, who, it is supposed, found the moving positions of the apogee and perigee of the moon's orbit.
This was the problem that faced Ignatius, and in his endeavour to effect a needed reformation in the individual and in society his work and the success that crowned it place him among the moral heroes of humanity.
Another civic improvement was the plan that a permanent committee of citizens should be engaged in the solving of the housing problem, and that the chamber of commerce, cooperating with the state, should employ a director in charge of the Americanization programme in which the public schools and corporations cooperate.
Underlying all of these issues was of course the great moral and political problem as to whether slavery was to be confined to the south-eastern section of the country or be permitted to spread to the Pacific. The two questions not growing out of the Mexican War were in regard to the abolition of the slave trade in the District of Columbia, and the passage of a new fugitive slave law.
At the same time, however, there were many who, opposed to the Paracelsian edefinition of chemistry, still labored at the problem of the alchemists, while others gave much attention to the chemical industries.
The problem could obviously be completely solved only when the composition of the air, and the parts played by its components, had been determined.
As a complete fusion between dramatic and musical movement, its very crudities point to its immense advance towards the solution of the problem, propounded chaotically at the beginning of the i 7th century by Monteverde, and solved in a simple form by Gluck.
In Wagner's harmonic style we encounter the entire problem of modern musical texture.
A similar problem confronted the Antigonid dynasty in the cities of Greece itself, for to maintain a predominant influence in Greece was a ground-principle of their policy.
The problem then resolves itself in the solution of a spherical triangle.
The unfortunate Niger expedition of 1841 was directed to similar ends; and it has been more and more felt by all who were interested in the subject that here lies the radical solution of the great problem.
Experience in South Africa had shown him that underlying the difficulties of the situation there was the wider problem of imperial unity.
The problem of inland waterways has always been a most important one in northern, eastern and southern Louisiana, where there are systems of improved bayous, lakes and canals which, with the levees, make this region something like Holland, on a greater scale.
It encountered many difficulties, and until the definite proof of the stegomyia hypothesis of yellowfever inoculation made by the United States army surgeons in Cuba in 1900, the greatest problem seemed insoluble.
For the history of the Cuban international problem consult Jose Ignacio Rodriguez, Idea de la anexion de la isla de Cuba a los Estados Unidos de America (Havana, 1900), and J.
On the domestic reform problem there is an enormous literature, from which may be selected (see general histories above and works cited under § Administration of this bibliography): M.
This problem of "the one and the many" has been discussed continuously by the philosophers.
Under the general heading "Analysis" occur the subheadings "Foundations of Analysis," with the topics theory of functions of real variables, series and other infinite processes, principles and elements of the differential and of the integral calculus, definite integrals, and calculus of variations; "Theory of Functions of Complex Variables," with the topics functions of one variable and of several variables; "Algebraic Functions and their Integrals," with the topics algebraic functions of one and of several variables, elliptic functions and single theta functions, Abelian integrals; "Other Special Functions," with the topics Euler's, Legendre's, Bessel's and automorphic functions; "Differential Equations," with the topics existence theorems, methods of solution, general theory; "Differential Forms and Differential Invariants," with the topics differential forms, including Pfaffians, transformation of differential forms, including tangential (or contact) transformations, differential invariants; "Analytical Methods connected with Physical Subjects," with the topics harmonic analysis, Fourier's series, the differential equations of applied mathematics, Dirichlet's problem; "Difference Equations and Functional Equations," with the topics recurring series, solution of equations of finite differences and functional equations.
The problem was to bring them together before the British fleet could be concentrated to meet them.
These discrepancies however are chiefly of interest in their bearing upon the problem of the Pentateuch, and really throw little light upon the origin of the two feasts connected together under the name of the Passover, to which the present remarks must be mainly confined.
In his Practica geometriae plain traces of the use of the Roman agrimensores are met with; in his Liber abaci old Egyptian problems reveal their origin by the reappearance of the very numbers in which the problem is given, though one cannot guess through what channel they came to Leonardo's knowledge.
Among the contents of this book we simply mention a trigonometrical chapter, in which the words sinus versus arcus occur, the approximate extraction of cube roots shown more at large than in the Liber abaci, and a very curious problem, which nobody would search for in a geometrical work, viz.
This problem evidently suggested the first question, viz.
We observe, however, that this kind of problem was not new.
Leonardo's method, therefore, when the difference was a fixed condition of the problem, was necessarily very different from the Arabian, and, in all probability, was his own discovery.
In the Letter to Magister Theodore indeterminate problems are chiefly worked, and Leonardo hints at his being able to solve by a general method any problem of this kind not exceeding the first degree.
21 1919, deals with the problem of mean sea-level; Svenska Hydrog.
The revived use of the stole is the most curious problem involved; for this, originally due to a confusion of this vestment with the ' There is no mention of mitre, gloves, dalmatic, tunicle, sandals and caligae, which were presumably discontinued.
Difficulties in the supply of labour in the East may hinder the further development of the rubber-planting industry, especially at a period when a reduction in the cost of production may be the chief problem.
It may therefore be said that caoutchouc has been already artificially or synthetically prepared, and the possibility of producing synthetic rubber cheaply on a commercial scale remains the only problem.
Heathens felt in the religion of Israel an escape from their growing scepticism, and a solution to the problem of life.
As the theological doctrine of the Logos which bulks so largely in the writings of the apologists of the 2nd century came to the front, the trinitarian problem became acute.
Thus they did not teach a dual personality, nor the old Antiochene view that Christ's divine exaltation was due to his sinless virtue; they were less concerned with old disputes than with the problem as the Chalcedon decision had left it - the relation of Christ's one personality to his two natures.
Further we find x=aX+a'Y+a"Z, y=bX z= cX+c'Y+ c"Z, and the problem is to express the nine coefficients in terms of three independent quantities.
The great variety of views amongst competent critics is significant of the difficulty of the problem, which can hardly be regarded as yet solved; this divergence of opinion perhaps points to the impossibility of maintaining the unity of chs.
(4) Yet, because the doom so often tarries, there arises the problem of the suffering of the innocent and the upright.
This is the great problem of Israel, finding its supreme expression for all time in the book of Job.
In that book the solution of the problem of innocent suffering lies hidden from the sufferer, even to the end, for he is not admitted with the reader to the secret of the prologue; it is the practical solution of faithfulness resting on faith which is offered to us.
His solution of the celebrated problem of the "centre of oscillation" formed in itself an important event in the history of mechanics.
They decided each problem on its merits, looking more to the spirit than to the letter, and often showing a practical sagacity worthy of Johnson himself.
Further, it is increasingly felt that ethical judgments do not depend on reason alone, but involve every element in our character; and that the real problem of practical morality is to establish a harmonious balance between the intelligence and the feelings - to make a man's "I think this is right" correspond with his "I feel that it is so."
The nature of this element is a problem which has been provisionally, but not conclusively, solved by many psychologists; the method is necessarily experimental, and all experiments on feeling are peculiarly difficult.
No less close affinities exist between our Acts and the Acts of Thomas, Andrew and Philip. In the case of the Acts of Thomas the problem is complicated, sometimes the Acts of Peter seem dependent on the Acts of Thomas, and sometimes the converse.
By considering only the particles of air found in a right line, he reduced the problem of the propagation of sound to the solution of the same partial differential equations that include the motions of vibrating strings, and demonstrated the insufficiency of the methods employed by both his great contemporaries in dealing with the latter subject.
The prize was again awarded to Lagrange; and he earned the same distinction with essays on the problem of three bodies in 1772, on the secular equation of the moon in 1774, and in 1778 on the theory of cometary perturbations.
Its scope may be briefly described as the reduction of the theory of mechanics to certain general formulae, from the simple development of which should be derived the equations necessary for the solution of each separate problem.
without astonishment," even to himself, regard being had to the great generality of the differential equations, he reached a result so wide as to include, as a particular case, the solution of the planetary problem recently obtained by him.
His determination 2 of maximum and minimum values for the slowly varying planetary eccentricities was the earliest attempt to deal with the problem.
The most remarkable part of the book is the eschatological picture with which it closes; and the way in which the plague of locusts appears to be taken as foreshadowing the final judgment - the great day or assize of Yahweh, in which Israel's enemies are destroyed - is so unique as greatly to complicate the exegetical problem.
The interesting problem of the future is - are we to regard this classification as fixed or as merely transitory?
This is the juridical aspect of the problem.
Lastly, there is the moral aspect of the problem.
An attempt was made in 184 B.C. to get round it by an embankment thrown out into the sea: but it was probably not until early in the imperial period that a cutting in the rocks at the foot of the promontory (Pisco Montano) finally solved the problem.
Neither was Natal faced with the Cape problem of a large half-caste population.
William of Conches, a pupil of Bernard's, devoting himself to psychological and physiological questions, was of less importance for the specific logico-metaphysical problem.
Abelard's discussion of the problem (which it is right to say is on the whole incidental rather than systematic) is thus marked by an eclecticism which was perhaps the source at once of its strength and its weakness.
Some of these, it may be said, are simply the old Scholastic problem in a different garb; but the extended horizon of which Haureau speaks is amply proved by mere reference to the treatises of Albert and St Thomas.
But the difficulties which embarrassed a former age in trying to conceive the mode in which the universal exists in the individual reappear in the systems of the present period as the problem of the principium individuationis.
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