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poverty

poverty

poverty Sentence Examples

  • Despite their poverty begging is practically unknown.

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  • Bringing an end to poverty, then, will also help bring an end to hunger.

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  • Poverty in sub-Saharan Africa is a contributing factor in any number of conflicts there.

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  • Even Maria had gone uptown for the parade and festivities, surely a thrill compared to the rural poverty of her homeland.

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  • In fact, the poverty of some limits the wealth of all.

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  • Poverty would be no more.

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  • To build a case for the end of poverty, we begin by discussing scarcity.

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  • Mostly sons of poor parents, they live in extreme poverty, supporting themselves chiefly by translating and by tutorial work.

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  • For the meaning of the word abyona (" caper-berry," not "desire" or "poverty"), see art.

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  • They then took the vows of poverty and chastity, and pledged themselves to go to the Holy Land as missionaries or for the purpose of tending the sick; or if this design should prove impracticable, to go to Rome and place themselves at the disposal of the pope for any purpose.

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  • I am also a historian with a full understanding of how poverty, disease, ignorance, famine, and war have dominated life on this planet.

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  • Such is the poverty of our nomenclature.

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  • Despite the prevailing poverty, it has also a real-school with good buildings, founded in 1865, and attended by about 300 pupils in 1900.

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  • That can best be understood by studying wealth and poverty in history.

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  • War, poverty, misery, and nearly one hundred million people dead came from what essentially was a single wrong turn.

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  • Cultivate poverty like a garden herb, like sage.

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  • The city had struggled through the drabness of poverty and job­lessness in an effort to raise itself from the ashes of long-dead industries.

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  • Owing to the poverty of the people, cheap Austrian goods find a readier sale than the more expensive and solid British manufactures.

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  • The village and exterior of the house looked run down and barely out of poverty, but the house's interior was immaculate.

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  • In its most basic form (which I'll discuss here for simplification's sake), it is a guarantee of a minimum income above the poverty line for every citizen.

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  • The shadows of poverty and meanness gather around us, "and lo! creation widens to our view."

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  • Give me the poverty that enjoys true wealth.

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  • Generally, while there is a relative poverty of zoological groups, there is a great wealth of species within the group. Of gammarids, there are as many as 300 species, and those living at great depths (33 o to 380 fathoms) tend to assume abyssal characters similar to those displayed by the deep-sea fauna of the ocean.

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  • (7) That the wages assessments group themselves round certain short periods, coincident in many instances with high prices, increase of poverty, and other causes of exceptional action.

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  • This has been a common situation throughout areas with high degrees of poverty and is certainly the case in Ethiopia.

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  • The bishop died, however, in great poverty, and it seems likely that his collection was dispersed immediately after his death.

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  • The presence and remarks of Willarski who continually deplored the ignorance and poverty of Russia and its backwardness compared with Europe only heightened Pierre's pleasure.

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  • GISBORNE, a seaport of New Zealand, in Cook county, provincial district of Auckland, on Poverty Bay of the east coast of North Island.

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  • As we have reasoned, when the Internet and related technologies help bring an end to poverty, the end of poverty will largely solve the problem of hunger.

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  • The steppe region, whose flora begins to appear east of the western ridge, is distinguished by the variety of its species, the dry and thorny character of its shrubs, and great poverty in trees.

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  • He had always opposed the American War, and on the accession of Lord Shelburne to power in 1782 was made bishop of Llandaff, being permitted to retain his other preferments on account of the poverty of the see.

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  • But it is nearly certain that long before Attila and his Huns swept down upon the Venetian plain the little islands of the lagoon already had a population of poor but hardy fisherfolk living in quasi-independence, thanks to their poverty and their inaccessible site.

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  • This linguistic poverty proves that the Australian tongue has no affinity to the Polynesian group of languages, where denary enumeration prevails: the nearest Polynesians, the Maoris, counting in thousands.

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  • Let's address that by looking at two phenomena: the changing definitions of poverty over time, and the effect of a large gap between the incomes of the rich and poor.

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  • He reached the hovel he shared with his mother beyond the edge of the city, where all those who lived in poverty were similarly exiled.

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  • Dr Natterer, the chemist of the " Pola " expeditions, has expressed the opinion that the poverty of the pelagic fauna is solely due to the want of circulation in the depths.

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  • Rights do not mean much, he reasoned, to those with an "empty stomach, shirtless back, roofless dwellings ... unemployment and poverty, no education or medical attention."

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  • The fact that an unprecedented number of earth's inhabitants today live in poverty is an indictment of governments, not a reflection of some underlying natural limit.

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  • The birds of Australia in their number and variety of species may be deemed some compensation for its poverty of mammals; yet it will not stand comparison in this respect with regions of Africa and South America in the same latitudes.

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  • A world without hunger, disease, ignorance, poverty, and war is not a perfect world.

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  • This enthusiastic love of poverty is certainly the keynote of St Francis's spirit; and so one of his disciples in an allegorical poem (translated into English as The Lady of Poverty by Montgomery Carmichael, 1901), and Giotto in one of the frescoes at Assisi, celebrated the "holy nuptials of Francis with Lady Poverty."

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  • Ask people in what way they hope the world will become better and you will certainly get replies about reducing poverty, disease, and hunger.

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  • The members took no vows and were free to leave when they chose; but so long as they remained they were bound to observe chastity, to practise personal poverty, putting all their money and earnings into the common fund, to obey the rules of the house and the commands of the rector, and to exercise themselves in self-denial, humility and piety.

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  • With calm courage he returned to his poverty and his favourite studies, and in 1725 published the first edition of the work that forms the basis of his renown, Principii d'una scienza nuova.

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  • For this end, disrepute and poverty are advantageous, in so far as they drive back the man upon himself, increasing his self-control and purifying his intellect from the dross of the external.

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  • This is no doubt accounted for by the extreme poverty which prevails among the lower classes, though beggars, on the other hand, are very few, the convictions being 8.95 per 100,000 against 258.15 per 100,000 for the province of Rome.

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  • His life at this period was a struggle against crushing poverty, but his scholarly ambition was never relaxed.

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  • In 1188 William secured a papal bull which declared that the Church of Scotland was directly subject only to the see of Rome, thus rejecting the claims to supremacy put forward by the English archbishop. This step was followed by the temporal independence of Scotland, which was one result of the continual poverty of Richard I.

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  • Think about that: Poverty in the United States is defined as higher than the average income of the planet.

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  • So isn't it just possible that it could end ignorance, disease, poverty, hunger, and war?

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  • Many of his numerous writings are collected in Poverty and Un-British Rule in India (Igor).

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  • This is a straight shot to economic poverty for any country desperate enough to try it.

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  • My relative definition of poverty is "the state of being unable to reliably purchase a bundle of goods that allow one to participate in the economic norms of one's society."

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  • An attack of the ague sent him home, and on recovery, having resolved to attend a high school and fit himself to become a teacher, he passed the next four years in a hard struggle with poverty and in an earnest effort to secure an education, studying for a short time in the Geauga Seminary atChester, Ohio.

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  • Many other pogroms have occurred, and the condition of the Jews has been reduced to one of abject poverty and despair.

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  • I reasoned that if I could show how poverty will end, then of course hunger would end as well—how many rich people do you hear about going hungry?

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  • This was the secret of his love of poverty as manifested in the following beautiful prayer which he addressed to our Lord: "Poverty was in the crib and like a faithful squire she kept herself armed in the great combat Thou didst wage for our redemption.

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  • The next three years he spent in the neighbourhood of Assisi in abject poverty and want, ministering to the lepers and the outcasts of society.

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  • (6,7) The Malsia-Lezhs, who occupy the Alessio highlands, and the Malsia Krues, who inhabit the region north of Kroia, live in a state of extreme poverty and pay no tribute; the Malsia Krues are much addicted to brigandage.

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  • I propose that peace will be maintained in the future by something I will call Mutually Assured Poverty, or MAP.

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  • His most ardent admirers, however, are constrained to admit that he was deficient in large-hearted benevolence; that he was destitute of any " enthusiasm of humanity "; and that so far as every sort of religious yearning or aspiration is concerned, his poverty was almost unique.

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  • The country requires a minimum wage because workers paid below the poverty line have an added cost on society.

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  • In this book, I maintain the future will be without ignorance, disease, hunger, poverty, and war, and I support those assertions with history, data, and reason.

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  • Confucius said, "If a state is governed by the principles of reason, poverty and misery are subjects of shame; if a state is not governed by the principles of reason, riches and honors are the subjects of shame."

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  • In 2009, in the United States of America, the poverty threshold for a single person under sixty-five was about $11,000 a year; the threshold for a family group of four, including two children, was about $22,000 a year.

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  • It ceased to appear at the end of July 1791.1 Success attended the Revolutions from its first to its last number, Camille was everywhere famous, and his poverty was relieved.

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  • Poverty excused bigamy on the part of a deserted wife.

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  • His method was to travel over the country on foot and barefooted, in extreme poverty, simplicity and austerity, preaching and instructing in highways and villages and towns, and in the castles of the nobility, controverting and discussing with the heretics.

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  • And the mechanisms that will bring that about are also the ones that will end poverty forever.

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  • This speaks to the fabulous wealth of this country and how our expectation of material possessions has risen so fast that we have redefined poverty to include what once were deemed luxury items.

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  • Further incursions made by the Danes in 998 and in 1015 under Canute probably resulted in the destruction of the priory, on the site of which a later house was founded in the 12th century as a cell of the Norman abbey of Lysa, and in the decayed condition of Wareham in 1086, when 203 houses were ruined or waste, the result of misfortune, poverty and fire.

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  • Brigand- age had always existed in the Neapolitan kingdom, largely me rand- owing to the poverty of the people; but the evil was now Wa:

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  • I won't base my reasoning for how the Internet and technology will end poverty on this idea alone.

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  • So far we have looked at poverty and how it is redefined as societies grow richer.

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  • Poverty will be redefined upward until, for all intents and purposes, poverty as we know it today no longer will exist.

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  • He then gave in his resignation as general, and returned to commerce; but his brewery was ruined, and after many vicissitudes of fortune he died in poverty in Paris on the 6th of February 1809.

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  • He immediately began to complain to Hyde, earl of Clarendon, of the poverty of the see, and based claims for a better benefice on a certain secret service, which he explained on the 20th of January 1661 to be the sole invention of the Eikon Basilike, The Pourtraicture of his sacred Majestic in his Solitudes and Sufferings put forth within a few hours after the execution of Charles I.

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  • On the arrival of Timoleon he was compelled to surrender and retire to Corinth (343), where he spent the rest of his days in poverty (Diodorus Siculus xvi.; Plutarch, Timoleon).

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  • In 1618, however, the burgesses received an incorporation charter; but after the civil wars the corporate body began to fail through poverty, and in the 18th century had ceased to exist.

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  • On the 6th of October 1769 the coast of New Zealand was sighted, and two days later Cook cast anchor in Poverty Bay, so named from the inhospitality and hostility of the natives.

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  • On the one side was the grinding poverty of the poor; on the other the abuses of the governors.

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  • via Raleigh, Greensboro and Salisbury, to Charlotte, was an extension of the Raleigh & Gaston, which had come into the hands of the state; it was chartered in 1849, the act being passed by the casting vote of the speaker, whose action was the cause of his failure to be re-elected to that, or to be elected to any other office afterwards, since the poverty of the state did not warrant such an expenditure.

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  • Mary Thy Mother stopped at the foot of the Cross, but poverty mounted it with Thee and clasped Thee in her embrace unto the end; and when Thou wast dying of thirst, as a watchful spouse she prepared for Thee the gall.

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  • Near the site of Gisborne Captain Cook landed in 1769, and gave Poverty Bay its name from his inability to obtain supplies owing to the hostility of the natives.

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  • His childhood was passed in dire poverty.

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  • All, however much or little preoccupied with worldly business, must fear God, from whom come good things and evil, life, death, poverty and riches.

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  • But Ortiz proved a friend and presented them to Paul III., who gave them leave to go to Palestine to preach the Gospel, bestowing upon them abundant alms. He likewise gave licence for those not yet priests to be ordained by any catholic bishop on the title of poverty.

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  • Poverty took the place of wealth, ...

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  • His early life was a struggle with poverty.

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  • Talking about poverty and injustice in calm measured tones seems almost complacent.

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  • Information about poverty has typically been gathered by quantitative rather than qualitative methods and is on a national level rather than local.

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  • millions in poverty and many more facing disappointment in retirement.

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  • mired in poverty.

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  • This is a really crucial moment in the global fight against poverty.

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  • Life is but momentary, whether you have the poverty of the poorest man in rags or the wealth of the richest living person.

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  • If trade worked for poor people instead of wealthy nations, millions of people would be lifted out of poverty.

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  • It brings spiritual poverty, obesity, social isolation, covert competition, satiation, heartlessness and periodic nervous breakdown.

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  • It remains our duty to do all we can to resolve conflict, confront oppression, reduce poverty and promote good governance.

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  • In the villages, land ownership is a key factor of poverty.

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  • parliamentarians in both countries to explore issues relating to trade, industry, research and poverty eradication.

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  • It is this passive resistance which accounts, for example, for the comparative paucity and poverty of distinctively Scottish literature since the Union.

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  • The Russian peasant, that is, the overwhelming mass of the population, still lives in deep poverty.

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  • Yes, we've lifted 1.8 million pensioners out of absolute poverty, but I am determined to do more.

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  • Credit Unions And The Poverty Challenge: extending outreach and enhancing sustainability.

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  • It was coal country, or had been, as much of the depressed countryside screamed of poverty.

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  • It made her angrier at Evelyn and Romas, knowing A'Ran and his sweet sisters had been forced out of their home into a life of poverty.

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  • Leo, his favourite and most intimate disciple, and that the Legenda 3 Soc. is what it claims to be - the handiwork of Leo and the two other most intimate companions of Francis, compiled in 1246; these are the most authentic and the only true accounts, Thomas of Celano's Lives being written precisely in opposition to them, in the interests of the majority of the order that favoured mitigations of the Rule especially in regard to poverty.

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  • The large numbers of emigrants, who are drawn chiefly from the rural classes, furnish another proof of poverty.

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  • Gomperz suggests that he was originally in good circumstances, but was reduced to poverty.

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  • After his admission into the Roman Catholic Church he had, rather to the dismay of his friends, entered the married state, and for a time had to struggle with poverty.

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  • From the 17th century until modern times this was notorious as a home of crime and poverty.

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  • His hopes of professional success were now scattered, and he was living in Paris in extreme poverty.

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  • They had returned to Venice where Ignatius and the others were ordained priests on the 24th of June 1537, after having renewed their vows of poverty and chastity to the legate Verallo.

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  • Richard had her put to public penance, but the people pitied her for her loveliness and womanly patience; her husband was dead, and now in poverty and disgrace she became a prisoner in London.

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  • Amnestied in 1755 he returned to France, but soon sank into dire poverty, being forced to earn a pittance for his wife and family as a day labourer.

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  • It strengthened the hands of church democracy; it formed an alliance with the pure souls who held up to the church the ideal of apostolic poverty; it united itself for a time even with mysticism in a common opposition to the supremacy of the church.

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  • It was not from poverty and apocalypticism that they hoped for a reformation of the Church.

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  • This, however, is not the whole of the past history of the muskox group; and in this connexion it may be mentioned that palaeontological discoveries are gradually making it evident that the poverty of America in species of horned ruminants is to a great extent a feature of the present day, and that in past times it possessed a considerable number of representatives of this group. One of the latest additions to the list is a large sheep-like animal from a cave in California, apparently representing a new generic type, which has been described by E.

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  • There has been no agricultural advance corresponding to that which has taken place in Orkney, mainly owing to the poverty and insufficiency of the soil.

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  • 1 During the twelve years that followed Morse was engaged in a painful struggle to perfect his invention and secure for it a proper presentation to the public. In poverty he pursued his new enterprise, making his own models, moulds and castings, denying himself the common necessaries of life.

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  • Rowntree, Poverty: a Study of Town Life (1901).

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  • His childhood and youth were passed in poverty, and his health was early impaired by hard manual labour.

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  • In November 1657 Henry himself was made lord-deputy; but before this time he had refused a gift of property worth £150o a year, basing his refusal on the grounds of the poverty of the country, a poverty which was not the least of his troubles.

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  • Desiring to see the clergy practise a holy poverty, he proposes the suppression of tithes and the seizure by the secular power of the greater part of the property of the church.

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  • If this is admitted the poverty of tropical sea-water in mineral nitrogen compounds is explained by the higher temperature, which accelerates the activity of denitrifying bacteria.

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  • He dissembled his resentment for a time, and lived for nearly two years in the French Vexin in great poverty.

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  • Throughout the city there is a marked absence of poverty and squalor.

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  • He gave amusing illustrations of the absurdity and poverty of the current pulpit oratory of his day, some of them being taken from the sermons of his own father.

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  • He was apparently overtaken by poverty, but was generously treated by Vespasian, who made him a present of 50o,000 sesterces.

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  • But this equality, which took no account of wealth or poverty, was felt to be unjust, and the assessment began to be made according to the resources of each family, "the strong bearing the weak, and the weak relieving the strong."

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  • The second solution is that every sensation has its specific affective quality, though by reason of the poverty of language many of these have no name.

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  • This choice of a university career was dictated more by the natural desire of his father to see his son enter his own profession, and by the poverty of his family, than by his own preference.

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  • In strong contrast to the poverty of Brazil in the larger mammals is the astonishing profusion of insect life in every part of the country.

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  • cases of extreme poverty, a money grant towards maintenance.

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  • lived in voluntary poverty on a few pence a day.

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  • The chief titles are poverty, i.e.

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  • He proceeded as far as Aix-la-Chapelle, where he fell sick of a fever, and suffered so much from weakness and poverty, that he made his way on foot to Amsterdam, and came back to Norway.

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  • He spent the next two years in extreme poverty, and published his Introduction to Natural and Popular Law.

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  • In the period of national poverty and depression that followed this event, a puritanical spirit came into vogue which was little in sympathy with Holberg's dramatic or satiric genius.

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  • Through the liberality of his friends, his last days were freed from the pressure of poverty, and he was enabled to place his illegitimate son in a position which soon brought him wealth, and to leave a competency.

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  • The most serious drain on the population is caused by emigration, due partly to the grinding poverty of the mass of the peasants, partly to the resentment of the subject races against the process of " Magyarization " to which they have long been subjected by the government.

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  • Owing to the improvidence of the Hungarian landowners and the poverty of the peasants the soil of the country is also gradually passing into their hands.3 The Gipsies, according to the special census of 1893, numbered 2 74,94 0.

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  • For various reasons, however, poverty and personal inclination among others, he did not take a prominent part in the military operations of this period.

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  • with the aid of which he conceals the poverty of his knowledge and ideas."

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  • In architecture of the Norman and Gothic periods London must be considered rich, though its richness is poverty 1 1as- when its losses, particularly during the great fire of 1666, tical are recalled.

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  • In the second of these passages the disciples are exhorted to choose a life of voluntary poverty; the nearest parallel is the ideal set before the rich young man at Mark x.

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  • 3, 6, poverty of spirit and spiritual hunger, while woes are denounced against the rich and the full (vi.

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  • But its architectural poverty and small size show that the resources of Assyria were at a low ebb.

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  • There was perpetual rioting and anarchy, and interference in the affairs of the government by the working men, while at the same time poverty and unemployment increased owing to the timidity of capital and the disorders, until at last in 1382 a reaction set in, and order was restored by the gild companies.

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  • The brethren were aided in old age, sickness and poverty, often also in cases of loss by robbery, shipwreck and conflagration; for example, any member of the gild of St Catherine, Aldersgate, was to be assisted if he "fall into poverty or be injured through age, or through fire or water, thieves or sickness."

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  • His latter days were spent in poverty; he had to sell his books to get bread.

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  • Frederick retorted by announcing his intention of reducing "the clergy, especially the highest, to a state of apostolic poverty," and by ordaining the severest punishments for those priests who should obey the papal sentence.

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  • He settled at Madrid in 1626, and died there on the 28th of July 1631 in such poverty that his funeral expenses were defrayed by charity.

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  • The Peruvian navy was practically annihilated in the war with Chile, and the poverty of the country prevented for many years the adoption of any measure for its rebuilding.

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  • It is a collection of personal memoirs of little historical importance, and marked by puerility and poverty of style.

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  • In his fight with poverty he was put to strange shifts, becoming cellarman at a tavern and clerk to a lawyer, reciting and singing at a small theatre, and compiling a collection of common songs.

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  • That he was such he denied more than once (Lemire, Le Cardinal Manning et son action sociale, Paris, 1893, p. 210), nor was he ever a Socialist in principle; but he favoured some of the methods of Socialism, because they alone seemed to him practically to meet the case of that pressing poverty which appealed to his heart.

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  • Fertilization is effected by insects, especially by bees, which are directed in their search by the colour and fragrance of the flowers; but some pollen must also be transported by the wind to the female flowers, especially in arctic species which, in spite of the poverty of insect life, set abundant fruit.

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  • She survived her husband, her son-in-law, and eight out of her twelve children, and she passed the last miserable years of her life in poverty, solitude and ill-health.

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  • Two years later he was re-elected by both academies; he died in poverty on the 12th of June 1820.

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  • Not many words are needed to convey a tolerably adequate estimate of the character and work of the "pale thin man in mean attire," who in sickness and poverty thus completed the forty-sixth year of a busy life at the stake.

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  • New Guinea shares in the poverty in mammals of the Australian sub-region.

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  • They are, through poverty of material, unclassed languages, merely outstanding phenomena.

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  • Art was limited most of all by poverty F in technical appliances.

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  • It was at this time (1170) that a rich merchant of Lyons, Peter Waldo, sold his goods and gave them to the poor; then he went forth as a preacher of voluntary poverty.

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  • Like St Francis, Waldo adopted a life of poverty that he might be free to preach, but with this difference that the Waldenses preached the doctrine of Christ while the Franciscans preached the person of Christ, Waldo reformed teaching while Francis kindled love; hence the one awakened antagonisms which the other escaped.

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  • Pope Alexander III., who had approved of the poverty of the Waldensians, prohibited them from preaching without the permission of the bishops (1179).

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  • The Vaudois, who had undergone all these vicissitudes, were naturally reduced to poverty, and their ministers were partially maintained by a subsidy from England, which was granted by Queen Anne.

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  • Owing, however, to its poverty in that form of nitrogenous compound called gluten, so abundant in wheat, barley-flour cannot be baked into vesiculated bread; still it is a highlynutritious substance, the salts it contains having a high proportion of phosphoric acid.

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  • This Rule was widely adopted by the canons regular, who also began to bind themselves by the vows of poverty, obedience and chastity.

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  • During the tenure of his appointment with Count Morzin he married the daughter of a Viennese hairdresser named Keller, who had befriended him in his days of poverty, but the marriage turned out ill and he was shortly afterwards separated from his wife, though he continued to support her until her death in 1 Boo.

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  • Lavish expenditure during the progress of the council of Constance reduced Rudolph to poverty, and on the death in 1422 of his brother Albert III., who succeeded him in 1419, this branch of the Ascanian family became extinct.

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  • On the Tibetan plateau, on the other hand, most of the ranges are distinguished by their rounded outlines and soft consistency, and their striking poverty in hard rock, which in the best cases only crops out near the summits.

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  • But with this idea he fused another, namely, that it is the task of the monk to imitate the humility and poverty of Jesus; and his order thus became a mendicant order.

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  • For Francis this was not enough: he put " holy poverty " in place of renunciation of private property, and allowed neither monk nor monastery to have any possessions whatever; for only thus is the following of Jesus complete.

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  • So mighty was the impression made by the poverty of the Minorites, that the Dominicans promptly followed their example and likewise became mendicant.

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  • Failing to receive aid from Pozzo di Borgo, his mother's uncle, Louis Blanc studied law in Paris, living in poverty, and became a contributor to various journals.

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  • In this and certain other transactions Claudius seems to have acted from avaricious motives, - a result of his early poverty.

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  • De la Gardie was treated with relative leniency, but he "received permission to retire to his estates for the rest of his life" and died there in comparative poverty, a mere shadow of his former magnificent self.

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  • In a very lengthy speech, which had to be interrupted for half an hour while he recovered his voice, he ended by describing it as a "war budget" against poverty, which he hoped, in the result, would become "as remote to the people of this country as the wolves which once infested its forests."

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  • This parochial machinery enabled him to make a singularly successful experiment in dealing with the problem of poverty.

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  • He entered the university of Upsala in 1867, but was compelled by poverty to interrupt his studies, which were resumed in 1870.

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  • This Society may be defined, in its original conception and well-avowed object, as a body of highly trained religious men of various degrees, bound by the three personal vows of poverty, chastity and obedience, together with, in some cases, a special vow to the pope's service, with the object of labouring for the spiritual good of themselves and their neighbours.

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  • The novice is classified according as his destination is the priesthood or lay brotherhood, while a third class of "indifferents" receives such as are reserved for further inquiry before a decision of this kind a strict retreat, practically in solitary confinement, during which he receives from a director, yet relying on Thine infinite kindness and mercy and impelled by the desire of serving Thee, before the Most Holy Virgin Mary and all Thy heavenly host, I, N., vow to Thy divine Majesty Poverty, Chastity and Perpetual Obedience to the Society of Jesus, and promise that I will enter the same Society to live in it perpetually, understanding all things according to the Constitutions of the Society.

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  • in place of the General of the Society of Jesus and his successors holding the place of God), Perpetual Poverty, Chastity and Obedience; and according to it a peculiar care in the education of boys according to the form of life contained in the Apostolic Letters of the Society of Jesus and in its Constitutions."

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  • concerning poverty should be changed; (2) that he will not directly nor indirectly procure election or promotion for himself to any prelacy or dignity in the Society; (3) that he will not accept or consent to his election to any dignity or prelacy outside the Society unless forced thereunto by obedience; (4) that if he knows of others doing these things he will denounce them to the superiors; (5) that if elected to a bishopric he will never refuse to hear such advice as the general may deign to send him and will follow it if he judges it is better than his own opinion.

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  • The general's object may probably have been to accentuate the harshness with which the fathers had been treated, and so to increase public sympathy, 1 but the actual result of his policy was blame for the cruelty with which he enhanced their misfortunes, for the poverty of Corsica made even a bare subsistence scarcely procurable for them there.

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  • For the great festival of Tezcatlipoca, the handsomest and noblest of the captives of the year had been chosen as the incarnate representative of the god, and paraded the streets for public adoration dressed in an embroidered mantle with feathers and garlands on his head and a retinue like a king; for the last month they married him to four girls representing four goddesses; on the last day wives and pages escorted him to the little temple of Tlacochcalco, where he mounted the stairs, breaking an earthenware flute against each step; this was a symbolic farewell to the joys of the world, for as he reached the top he was seized by the priests, his heart torn out and held up to the sun, his head spitted on the tzompantli, and his body eaten as sacred food, the people drawing from his fate the moral lesson that riches and pleasure may turn into poverty and sorrow.

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  • On both sides in Mexico there was an element consisting of honest doctrinaires; but rival military leaders exploited the struggles in their own interest, sometimes taking each side successively; and the instability was intensified by the extreme poverty of the peasantry, which made the soldiery reluctant to return to civil life, by the absence of a regular middle class, and by the concentration of wealth in a few hands, so that a revolutionary chief was generally sure both of money and of men.

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  • " ...poverty...

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  • While eulogizing poverty and philosophy, he attacked the gods, musicians, geometricians, astrologers, and the wealthy, and denied the efficacy of prayer.

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  • The whole arrangements and character of the building bespeak the rich and powerful feudal lord, not the humble father of a body of hard-working brethren, bound by vows to a life of poverty and self-denying toil.

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  • In A Copper Cylinder (1888), Describes A Singular Race Whose Cardinal Doctrine Is That Poverty Is Honourable And Wealth The Reverse.

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  • the mayor received a sword of state and an annuity of X20, in recognition of the services rendered by the inhabitants at Malpus Bridge against O'Reilly; the still greater honour of having a university with the same privileges as that of Oxford remained a mere paper distinction, owing to the poverty of the town and the unsettled state of the country; and an attempt made by the corporation in modern times to resuscitate their rights proved unsuccessful.

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  • Wellington had from the first seen that, whatever number of men Napoleon might send against him, it was impossible, owing to the poverty of the country, that any great mass of troops could long be held together, and that the French, used to "making war support war," would fare worse in such conditions than his own troops with their organized supply service.

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  • Dee and Kelly lived for some years in Poland and Bohemia in alternate wealth and poverty, according to the credulity or scepticism of those before whom they exhibited.

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  • In November 1604 he returned to Mortlake, where he died in December 1608, at the age of eighty-one, in the greatest poverty.

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  • They despised riches not less than pleasure; neither poverty nor wealth was observable among them; at initiation every one gave his property into the common stock; every member in receipt of wages handed them over to the funds of the society.

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  • engaged in a remarkably bitter controversy with the pope as to the practical interpretation of the idea of evangelical poverty.

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  • That the mines were invaded by the sea is still evident; and by Strabo's time the inhabitants of the island were noted for their poverty.

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  • These are they who, enlarging day by day their sumptuous edifices, encircling them with lofty walls, lay up in them their incalculable treasures, imprudently transgressing the bounds of poverty and violating the very fundamental rules of their profession."

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  • the monks appear to have again suffered from poverty, partly no doubt owing to the invasion of the Scots, but partly also through their own "misconduct and extravagance."

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  • Apparently no vows were taken, but obedience, personal poverty, chastity, self-denial, and the other monastic virtues were strongly enforced, and a monk was not free to abandon the monastic life.

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  • Strict personal poverty was enforced, and all were encouraged to approach confession and communion frequently.

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  • The monasteries are of three kinds: cenobia proper, wherein full monastic common life, with personal poverty, is observed; others called idiorrhythmic, wherein the monks are allowed the use of their private means and lead a generally mitigated and free kind of monastic life; and the lauras, wherein the life is semi-eremitical.

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  • But the members of these orders were not less monks than knights, their statutes embodied the rules of the cloister, and they were bound by the ecclesiastical vows of celibacy, poverty and obedience.

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  • Late in the 15th century, in spite of the somewhat greater liberty of that age, we find Stephen Scrope writing nakedly to a familiar correspondent "for very need [of poverty], I was fain to sell a little daughter I have for much less than I should have done by possibility," i.e.

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  • as his feudal superior, returned at once to Scotland; but owing to the poverty of the kingdom it was found impossible to raise the ransom.

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  • Tzibos took advantage of the extreme poverty of the Lazi to create a Roman monopoly by which he became a middleman for all the trade both export and import.

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  • The age of admission is six; and the course is for six years, 7-13 being the legal age limits; the fee, from which poverty exempts, is almost nominal.

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  • Considerable progress was made during the last two decades of the 19th century, however, notwithstanding misgovernment and the extreme poverty of the people.

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  • speaks of Gabii, Labici and Bovillae as places that had fallen into abject poverty, while Horace refers to Gabii and Fidenae as mere " deserted villages," and Strabo as " once fortified towns, but now villages, belonging to private individuals."

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  • Women of all classes were admitted; and, though there was no rule of poverty, many wealthy women devoted their riches to the common cause.

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  • At the end of the 18th century the trade was still important, but it began to decline after the invention of machinery, probably owing to the poverty of the manufacturers.

    0
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  • Nor could it ever have been doubted that war, disease, poverty the last two often the consequences of vice - are causes which keep population down.

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  • Again, it is surely plain enough that the apprehension by individuals of the evils of poverty, or a sense of duty to their possible offspring, may retard the increase of population, and has in all civilized communities operated to a certain extent in that way.

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  • He subsequently returned to Rome, where he died in great poverty on the 12th of August 1484.

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  • The extreme poverty of the great body of the people and the high price doubtless explain this.

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  • While he was thus irregularly educating himself, his family was sinking into hopeless poverty.

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  • His life, during the thirty years which followed, was one hard struggle with poverty.

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  • The affronts which his poverty emboldened stupid and low-minded men to offer to him would have broken a mean spirit into sycophancy, but made him rude even to ferocity.

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  • This man had, after many vicissitudes of fortune, sunk at last into abject and hopeless poverty.

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  • At the head of the establishment Johnson had placed an old lady named Williams, whose chief recommendations were her blindness and her poverty.

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  • Macaulay, it must be noted, exaggerated persistently the poverty of Johnson's pedigree, the squalor of his early married life, the grotesqueness of his entourage in Fleet Street, the decline and fall from complete virtue of Mrs Thrale, the novelty and success of the Dictionary, the complete failure of the Shakespeare and the political tracts.

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  • The continual poverty which hindered the successful prosecution of the war against the Hussites, and which at times placer Sigismund in the undignified position of having to force himsel, as an unwelcome guest upon princes and cities, had, however, one good result.

    0
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  • Germany was a poor country, but the poverty was to a great extent the result of political ~e~aJ causes.

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  • During the years in which the soil is allowed to lie fallow, the grass and weeds which spring up serve as pasture for cattle, but the poverty of the pasture is such that at least two hectares are required for the maintenance of every animal.

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  • This poverty is due to the lack of rain, which, though attaining an annual average of 29 in.

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  • The poverty of the Sicilian population is accentuated by the unequal distribution of wealth among the different classes of society.

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  • In the last stages of the war the issue was determined by the poverty of Athens and Persian gold.

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  • Arrested by order of the National Convention in 1793, he was acquitted, but was reduced to poverty by the confiscation of his possessions.

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  • In Nubia, owing to the poverty of the country and its scanty population, the proportion of monuments surviving is infinitely greater than in Egypt.

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  • Whether they all sprang from one common I stock of picture-writing we shall perhaps never know, nor can we as yet trace the influence which one great system may have had on another, owing to the poverty of documents from most of the countries concerned.

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  • That the artists were conscious of their poverty of thought is shown by some precise imitations of the style of early monuments.

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  • He was reared in extreme poverty; but the story of his having been a swineherd in his youth appears to be open to question.

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  • Owing to the general condition of poverty which prevailed after the French evacuation in the second decade of the 19th century, attention was turned to the means of industry offered by the unreclaimed heath-lands in the eastern provinces, and in 1818 the Society of Charity (Maatschappij van Weldadigkeid) was formed with Count van den Bosch at its head.

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  • Drente took part in the revolt of the Netherlands, and being a district covered by waste heath and moor was, on account of its poverty and sparse population, not admitted into the union as a separate province, and it had no voice in the assembly of the states-general.

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  • The large importation of coal, minerals and metals, and goods made from them is likewise caused by the natural poverty of the country in these respects.

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  • After a struggling youth of great poverty, he published, in 1807-1809, a translation of Ossian; in 181 4 a volume of lyrical poems; and in 1817 he attracted considerable attention by his descriptive poem of The Tour in Jutland.

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  • Bredahl gave up literature in despair to become a peasant farmer, and died in poverty.

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  • Though hard pressed by poverty, he applied himself to study in the schools of Shemaiah and Abtalion (Sameas and Pollion in Josephus).

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  • WILLIAM LYON MACKENZIE (1795-1861), Canadian politician, his father died before he was a month old, and the family were left in poverty.

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  • Carlyle, accustomed to his father's household, was less frightened by the prospect of poverty.

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  • Through long years of poverty and obscurity Carlyle showed unsurpassed fidelity to his vocation and superiority to the lower temptations which have ruined so many literary careers.

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  • His old age was spent in obscure poverty, his friends and associates having nearly all passed away before him.

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  • Poor, distracted, threatened on occasion by the Celts on her flank and rear, anglicized Scotland preferred her poverty with independence, to the prosperity and peace which England would have given, if unresisted, but never could impose by war.

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  • He was in deep poverty, the Estates were chary of supplies, plotters in Scotland had been offering to Cecil to kidnap the king (1598), and his relations both with the English government and with his own subdued but struggling preachers were bitterly unfriendly.

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  • The great poverty of the people has been a serious obstacle to the development of a larger commerce.

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  • Botta died at Paris in August 1837, in comparative poverty, but in the enjoyment of an extensive and well-earned reputation.

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  • In 1451 he was sent to Germany and the Netherlands to check ecclesiastical abuses and bring back the monastic life to the original rule of poverty, chastity and obedience - a mission which he discharged with welltempered firmness.

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  • In 1830 he was rector of the university; and in his speech at the tricentenary of the Augsburg Confession in that year he charged the Catholic Church with regarding the virtues of the pagan world as brilliant vices, and giving the crown of perfection to poverty, continence and obedience.

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  • The friars met her with lighted candles, and at the foot of the altar Francis shore off her hair, received her vows of poverty, chastity and obedience, and invested her with the Franciscan habit, 1212.

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  • Young Luther entered his name on the matriculation book in letters which can still be read "Martinus Ludher ex Mansfelt," a free student, no longer embarrassed by great poverty.

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  • There is a certain poverty and decadence of art, a certain simplicity of civilization and a decline in the shape and decoration of pottery which seems to exhibit signs of derivation from skin prototypes elsewhere associated with desert peoples.

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  • For twentytwo years he held his office and was to all intents and purposes governor of Syria, Phoenicia and Samaria - " A good man " (Josephus calls him) " and a man of mind, who rescued the people of the Jews from poverty and weakness, and set them on the way to comparative splendour " (Ant.

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  • But the Adamsites suffered from disease and poverty, and lost heart in a couple of years: returning to America, they sold their property to a German community, the Tempelgemeinde, a Unitarian sect led by Messrs Hoffmann and Hardegg who established themselves in Jaffa in 1868.

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  • In dire poverty he fled, in 1779, to Halle, where in spite of the opposition of the senate and the theologians, he obtained through the interest of the Prussian minister, von Zedlitz, permission to lecture on subjects other than theology.

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  • His command of money enabled him to take advantage of the poverty of his neighbours, and in this way he secured Vogtland and the county of Mansfeld.

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  • (to) That over-assessment is not, as alleged, a general or wide spread source of poverty and indebtedness in India, and that it cannot fairly be regarded as a contributory cause of famine.

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  • Manure is copiously applied to the more valuable crops whenever manure is available, its use being limited by poverty and not by ignorance.

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  • Hamann, however, was quite unfitted for business, and when left in London, gave himself up entirely to his fancies, and was quickly reduced to a state of extreme poverty and want.

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  • 322 (April 934) he was dethroned and blinded, and died in poverty seven years later.

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  • Logic has to consider the things we know, the minds by which we know them from sense, memory and experience to inference, and the sciences which systematize and extend our knowledge of things; and having considered these facts, the logician must make such a science of inference as will explain the power and the poverty of human knowledge.

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  • His university career, first at Ingolstadt (1585-1586), then at Altdorf near Nuremberg (1597-1598), was cut short by his poverty, from which he suffered all his life, and which was the main cause of his wanderings.

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  • the hope of new deposits of unheard-of richness thousands would flock on unfounded rumours to new and perhaps distant localities, where many might perish from disease and starvation, the rest returning in poverty and rags.

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  • Lack of water rather than poverty of soil renders most of the plains region fit for grazing only.

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  • The territory as a whole has been very imperfectly examined by geologists, and no opinion can at present be hazarded as to the mineral wealth or poverty of the company's property.

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  • Again, in Oporto there is an area which combines every possible sanitary defect - dense overcrowding, great poverty, no light, no air, no drainage, no scavenging, water brought in buckets.

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  • It is not easy to see how Washington survived the year 1775; the colonial poverty, the exasperating annoyances, the outspoken criticism of those who demanded active operations, the personal and party dissensions in Congress, the selfishness or stupidity which cropped out again and again among some of the most patriotic of his coadjutors were enough to have broken down most men.

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  • 1857), in tales of somewhat artless form, has depicted the hardships which poverty too often entails upon the Finn in his country life.

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  • In these labours as well as in other directions the church was sadly hampered by poverty.

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  • From the diary of his friend John Worthington we learn that Cudworth was nearly compelled, through poverty, to leave the university, but in 1654 he was elected master of Christ's College, whereupon he married.

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  • Iron, which occurs rarely, and almost exclusively for ornaments, in a few tombs at Enkomi, suddenly superseded bronze for tools and weapons, and its introduction was accompanied, as in the Aegean, by economic, and probably by political changes, which broke up the high civilization of the Mycenaean colonies, and reduced them to poverty, 1 Myres, Journ.

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  • He was, however, no longer alone; Diaz, Eugene Tourneux, Rousseau, and other men of note supported him by their confidence and friendship, and he had by his side the brave Catherine Lemaire, his second wife, a woman who bore poverty with dignity and gave courage to her husband through the cruel trials in which he penetrated by a terrible personal experience the bitter secrets of the very poor.

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  • His family was ruined, however, by a lawsuit while he was still young, and Hebert came to Paris, where in his struggle against poverty he endured great hardships; the accusations of theft directed against him later by Camille Desmoulins were, however, without foundation.

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  • A sorrowful supplication, in which the speakers deplore, not the fall of Jerusalem, but their own state of galling dependence and hopeless poverty.

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  • Despite the general productiveness of the soil, however, the social condition of Friesland has remained in a backward state and poverty is rife in many districts.

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  • Every one recognizes now that the poverty and sparse population of Sweden unfitted her for such a tremendous destiny.

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  • he continued to lead a disordered, wandering life, and died in poverty.

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  • This unfavourable state of affairs is due to the poverty, ignorance and insanitary habits of the lower classes.

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  • Like Brazil, Chile has been careful to preserve her foreign credit, and though an average indebtedness of about Do per capita may seem large for a nation with so much absolute poverty among its people, the government is finding no difficulty in negotiating new loans, the mineral resources of the country and the conservative instincts of the people being considered satisfactory guarantees.

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  • Mme d'Aubigne returned to France, and from sheer poverty unwillingly yielded her daughter to her sister-in-law, Mme de Villette, who made the child very happy, but converted or pretended to convert her to Protestantism.

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  • The misfortunes and poverty of the people have hindered their material development to a large extent, but another obstacle is to be found in their racial and social composition.

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  • He wrote a chronicle of the monastery and several biographies - the life of Gerhard Groot, of Florentius Radewyn, of a Flemish lady St Louise, of Groot's original disciples; a number of tracts on the monastic life - The Monk's Alphabet, The Discipline of Cloisters, A Dialogue of Novices, The Life of the Good Monk, The Monk's Epitaph, Sermons to Novices, Sermons to Monks, The Solitary Life, On Silence, On Poverty, Humility and Patience; two tracts for young people - A Manual of Doctrine for the Young, and A Manual for Children; and books for edification - On True Compunction, The Garden of Roses, The Valley of Lilies, The Consolation of the Poor and the Sick, The Faithful Dispenser, The Soul's Soliloquy, The Hospital of the Poor.

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  • The treaty of Breda with Holland (21st of July 1667) removed the danger, but not the ignominy, and Charles showed the real baseness of his character when he joined in the popular outcry against Clarendon, the upright and devoted adherent of his father and himself during twenty-five years of misfortune, and drove him into poverty and exile in his old age, recalling ominously Charles I.'s betrayal of Strafford.

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  • But he was hampered by poverty and the jealousy of the other European Powers, and, after showing once more his unrivalled mastery over masses of men at the brief Gefle diet (22nd of January-24th of February 1792), he fell a victim to a widespread aristocratic conspiracy.

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  • Members reduced to poverty by adventures on the sea, increased price of goods, borrowing and pledging, or any other misfortune, are to be assisted "out of the common money, according to his situation, if he could not do without."

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  • The last years of his life were spent in comparative poverty and isolation, as even the Esterhazy-Forchtenstein estates were unequal to the burden of supporting his fabulous extravagance and had to be placed in the hands of curators.

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  • The poverty and natural strength of the country, combined with the ferocious habits of the natives, seem to have equally repelled the friendly visits of inquisitive strangers and the hostile incursions of invading armies.

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  • There are some fine stalactites near this pit, and others in the Fairy Grotto and in Pensico Avenue; but, considering the magnitude of Mammoth Cave, its poverty of stalactitic ornamentation is remarkable.

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  • The beautiful character which rose superior to weakness, poverty and slave's estate is also presented to us in the Discourses of his disciple Arrian as a model of religious resignation, of forbearance and love towards our brethren, that is, towards all men, since God is our common father.

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  • expenditure was unproductive, corruption was rife in the public services, and the poverty of the overtaxed peasant and artisan classes gave rise to sporadic outbreaks of violence.

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  • Speaking generally, the cancioneiros form monotonous reading owing to their poverty of ideas and conventionality of metrical forms and expression, but here and there men of talent who were poets by profession and better acquainted with Provencal literature endeavoured to lend their work variety by the use of difficult processes like the lexaprem and by introducing new forms like the pastorela and the descort.

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  • The import trade of Bolivia is restricted by the poverty of the people.

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  • It will suffice to recall the Buddha's education in a secluded palace, his encounter successively with a decrepit old man, with a man in mortal disease and poverty, with a dead body, and, lastly, with a religious recluse radiant with peace and dignity, and his consequent abandonment of his princely state for the ascetic life in the jungle.

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  • It is, however, in the ugly palace of Prince Henry of Prussia, which was given for the purpose in the days of Prussian poverty and distress, that the university is still housed, and although some internal rearrangement has been effected, no substantial alterations have been made to meet the ever-increasing demand for lecture-room accommodation.

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  • But these and similar anecdotes must be received with caution, and it should be remembered that what was a competence in his day would have been considered poverty by the Romans of later times.

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  • His form of religious sentiment was not evangelical or mystical, any more than it was ascetic or ceremonial or dogmatic. As regards one of the accepted doctrines of his own church, the excellence of the celibate life, of poverty, and of elaborate obedience to a rule, he no doubt was a strong dissident; but the evidence that, as a Christian, he was unorthodox, that he was even a heretical or latitudinarian thinker in regard to those doctrines which the various Christian churches have in common, is not merely weak, it is practically nonexistent.

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  • He dwells with delight on the unselfish patriotism of the old heroes of the republic. In those times children obeyed their parents, the gods were still sincerely worshipped, poverty was no disgrace, sceptical philosophies and foreign fashions in religion and in daily life were unknown.

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  • of Russia, retired to Vienna, where he died in extreme poverty and misery on the 31st of January 1828.

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  • (q.v.), Occam inveighs against the pope's opinions and decisions on the value of the life of poverty.

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  • The Compendium errorum selects four papal constitutions which involved a declaration against evangelical poverty, and insists that they are full of heresy.

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  • Occam was a sincere Franciscan, and believed with his master that salvation was won through rigid imitation of Jesus in His poverty and obedience, and up to his days it had always been possible for Franciscans to follow the rules of their founder within his order.'

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  • John XXII., however, condemned the doctrine and excommunicated its supporters, some of whom were so convinced of the necessity of evangelical poverty for a truly Christian life that they denounced the pope when he refused them leave to practise it as Antichrist.

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  • Rene's captivity, and the poverty of the Angevin resources due to his ransom, enabled Alphonso of Aragon, who had been first adopted and then repudiated by Jeanne II., to make some headway in the kingdom of Naples, especially as he was already in possession of the island of Sicily.

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  • Bertinoro much improved the status of the Jews in the Holy Land; before his migration thither the Jews of Palestine were in a miserable condition of poverty and persecution.

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  • For seven years she lived at Saint-Michel-enBarrois, educating her son with the help of Sir John Fortescue, who wrote at this time: "We be all in great poverty, but yet the queen sustaineth us in meat and drink.

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  • Margaret lived for six years at different places in Bar and Anjou, in poverty and dependent for a pension on Louis, who made her surrender in return her claims to her father's inheritance.

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  • Then came a few years of terrible poverty; but at the beginning of 1862 he obtained a clerkship, at the modest salary of a pound a week, in the house of Hachette the publisher.

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  • The paucity of permanent residents and the poverty of the local treasury seem to make such a solution an impossible one.

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  • Long afterwards, when Confucius was complimented on his acquaintance with many arts, he accounted for it on the ground of the poverty of his youth, which obliged him to acquire a knowledge of matters belonging to a mean condition.

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  • Mencius says that he undertook such mean offices because of his poverty, and distinguished himself by the efficiency with which he discharged them, without any attempt to become rich.

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  • Celestine attempted to rule in extreme monastic poverty and humility; not so Boniface, who ardently asserted the lordship of the papacy over all the kingdoms of the world.

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  • He died on the 11th of March, 1721-1722, as he had lived, in great poverty, in the midst of his books, with his pen in his hand.

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  • Excommunicated on the 21st of March 1324, Louis retorted by appealing for a second time to a general council, which was held on the 22nd of May 1324, and accused John of being an enemy to the peace and the law, stigmatizing him as a heretic on the ground that he opposed the principle of evangelical poverty as professed by the strict Franciscans.

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  • The minister general, Michael of Cesena, though opposed to the exaggerations of the Spirituals, joined with them in protesting against the condemnation of the fundamental principle of evangelical poverty, and the agitation gradually gained ground.

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  • Treatises on poverty appeared on every side; the party of Occam clamoured with increasing imperiousness for the condemnation of John by a general council; and the Spirituals, confounded in the persecution with the Beghards and with Fraticelli of every description, maintained themselves in the south of France in spite of the reign of terror instituted in that region by the Inquisition.

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  • This lady, after many romantic adventures disguised in male attire, married a man called O'Gallagher and died in poverty on the continent.

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  • There was this in common among the Cathari, Waldenses, Albigenses and other heretical bodies that overran so many parts of Western Europe in the second half of the 12th century and the beginning of the 13th, that they all inveighed against the wealth of the clergy, and preached the practice of austere poverty and a return to the simple life of Christ and the Apostles.

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  • But a few words are necessary on the central idea from which the Mendicants received their name - the idea of poverty.

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  • But his idea certainly was that his friars should not only practise the utmost personal poverty and simplicity in their life, but that they should have the minimum of possessions - no lands, no funded property, no fixed sources of income.

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  • In spite, however, of all mitigations the Franciscans have nearly always presented to the world an object lesson in evangelical poverty by the poorness and simplicity of their lives and surroundings.

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  • Whatever the causes may have been, the fact remains, that now there is a great dearth of talent and great poverty in output.

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  • As in Chile, the indifference of the ruling class to the welfare of the common people is a primary cause of their ignorance and poverty, to which must be added the apathy, if not opposition, of the Church.

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  • Although his actual poverty has been recently denied, he cannot have been affluent.

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  • He came of a musical family, and was himself a talented amateur, and an acquaintance with Balakirev and Dargomijsky led him to more serious study of composition, so that in 1857 he left the army and devoted himself to music, though this step entailed his earning his living as a government clerk and a prolonged period of poverty.

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  • Owing to ill-health he applied for leave to reside at Wickham, and in 1712 he removed to London on the plea of poverty, intending to pursue a literary career.

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  • By the 18th century the burghers had sunk to the level of "stadtische Bauern," or peasants with municipal privileges, and poverty and misery were widely spread.

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  • The barons expressed their wish for a peace with France, and when summoned to produce their feudal contingents pleaded poverty, and raised a rather shallow theory to the effect that their services could not be asked for wars beyond seasagainst which there were conclusive precedents in the reigns of Henry I.

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  • Churchmen, small and great, as he held, had been corrupted, because they had fallen away from the early Christian idea of apostolic poverty.

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  • There had hardly ever been a period when food had been so dear, when wages had been so low, when poverty had been so widespread, and the condition of the lower orders so depraved and so hopeless, as in the early years of the queens reign.

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  • The people were apparently Bud et sinking into deeper poverty and misery year after year.

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  • His measures were supported by Disraeli, who understood that Protection must bend to the menacing poverty of the time, though unprepared for total abolition of the corn tax and strongly of opinion that it was not for Peel to abolish it.

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  • Early left in poverty by the death of his father, he received from a charitable friar a good general education, and afterwards the means of studying law.

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  • It is probable that the name was given to the followers of Wycliffe because they resembled those offshoots from the great Franciscan movement which had disowned the pope's authority and set before themselves the ideal of Evangelical poverty.

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  • The main practical thought with Wycliffe was that the church, if true to her divine mission, must aid men to live that life of evangelical poverty by which they could be separate from the world and imitate Christ, and if the church ceased to be true to her mission she ceased to be a church.

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  • He was famous not only for his interest in schemes for the alleviation of poverty in Moscow, but also as the founder of new churches and monasteries.

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  • For as for poverty, painful toil, disrepute, and such evils as men dread most, these, he argued, were positively useful as means of progress in spiritual freedom and virtue.

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  • We have, however, to distinguish in the case of the gospel between (1) absolute commands and (2) " counsels," which latter recommend, without positively ordering the monastic life of poverty, celibacy and obedience as the best method of effectively turning the will from earthly to heavenly things.

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  • It was probably from Marseilles that he wrote his first letter - presumably to Lerinsbegging the community there to receive his kinsman, the son of a widow of Cologne, who had been reduced to poverty by the barbarian invasions.

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  • The cumulative effect of these acts was practically to annihilate the woollen manufacture in Ireland and to reduce whole districts and towns, in which thousands of persons were directly or indirectly supported by the industry, to the last verge of poverty.

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  • Poverty has been the real cause of all these disturbances, which were often aggravated by the existence of factions profoundly indicative of barbarism.

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  • In 1590 the pretender left England and returned to France, where he fell into poverty.

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  • The subjects are: (1) Years past no;longer ours; (2) Man a sojourner on earth; (3) Advantage of frequent contemplation of eternity; (4) Preparation for judgment by such contemplation; (5) The good man not desirous of talking; (6) Abstinence, and its distinction from the prohibition to take life; (7) Selfexamination and self-reproof inconsistent with inaction; (8) Future reward and punishment; (9) Prying into futurity hastens calamity; (ro) Wealth with covetousness more wretched than poverty with contentment.

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  • The preponderating consideration everywhere was direct material advantage; there was disproportion everywhere between the means employed and the poverty of the results, a contradiction between the interests of the sovereigns and those of their subjects, which were associated by force and not naturally blended.

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  • evinced very great activity in restoring order and very great poverty of invention in his methods.

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  • Richelieu went so far as to make poverty systematic and use famine as a means of government.

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  • for Richelieus policy increased poverty, neglected re its, the toiling and suffering peasants, deserted the cause of the worker1 in order to favor the privileged classes, and left idle and useless that bourgeoisie whose intellectual activity, spirit of discipline, and civil and political culture would have yielded solid support to a monarchy all the stronger for being limited.

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  • As the country districts could yield nothing more, it became necessary to demand money from the Parisians and from the citizens of the various towns, and to search out and furbish up old disused edictsedicts as to measures and scales of pricesat the very moment when the luxury and corruption of the parvenus was insulting the poverty and suffering of the people, and exasperating all those officials who took their functions seriously.

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  • councils, and even from the humblest municipal offices; they were deprived of the charge of their hospitals, their academies, their colleges and their schools, and were left to ignorance and poverty; while the intolerance of the clergy united with chicanery of procedure to invade their places of worship, insult their adherents, and put a stop to the practice of their ritual.

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  • Thenceforward poverty, disorders, and consequently murmurs increased.

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  • Half the people in the kingdom were dying of hunger, while the court was insulting poverty by its luxury and waste; and from 1750 onwards political ferment was everywhere manifest.

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  • Thus the terrible prevalence of poverty and want; the successive famines; the mistakes of the government; the scandals of the Parc aux Cerfs; and the parlesnents ~

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  • Tuscany was governed by a series of foreign regents and was a prey to adventurers from Lorraine and elsewhere; although the administration was not wholly inefficient and introduced some useful reforms, the people were ground by taxes to pay for the apanage of Francis in Vienna and for Austrian wars, and reduced to a state of great poverty.

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  • There is probably some truth in the assertion of Salvian that many of the subjects of the empire preferred poverty among the barbarians to the tyranny of the imperial tax collectors.

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  • The regular clergy were fashionable and attracted the money of the pious rich, until their wealth stood in scandalous contrast with the poverty of the secular clergy.

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  • Reduced to poverty by these splendid editorial speculations, Cicognara contrived to alienate the imperial favour by his political opinions.

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  • he was emphatically a modern gentleman, of scrupulous courtesy, sportive gaiety, acquainted with what was going on in the world, taking a real interest in it, giving and getting information, very neatly dressed, with a shrewd common sense always alive about him, in a modern room with modern furniture, plain, it is true, but with no marks of poverty about it - in a word, with all the ease, the gracefulness, the polish of a modern gentleman of good birth, considerable accomplishments, and a very various information."

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  • The members live in community, and each pays his own expenses, having the usufruct of his private means - a startling innovation on the monastic vow of poverty.

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  • The number of those who perished, excluding Constantinople, was 20,000 to 25,000.1 Many were forced to embrace Islam, and numbers were reduced to poverty.

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  • It is also tolerably certain that, if for no other reasons besides the Judaism, obscurity, and poverty of the early converts to Christianity, the works of art seen in their meeting-houses cannot at first have been numerous.

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  • He considers, then, that by a judicious comparison of larval forms with these two easily determinable stages the poverty of existing information on the subject may be gradually, if laboriously, diminished.

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  • All had to live in absolute poverty, chastity and idleness.

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  • Several controversialists, including Gotti, Krohn and Stockmann, have mentioned among the innumerable sects that have sprung from Anabaptism a group of individuals whose open-air preaching and rigorous practice of poverty gained them the name of Apostolici.

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  • The schools are not free, as small fees are charged; but these are not enforced where parents can reasonably plead poverty.

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  • It should not be forgotten, however, that an Arctic flora is mainly distinguishable from a temperate one by its poverty and dwarfed vegetation, its deciduous leaves and small fruits, rather than by the occurrence of any characteristic genera or families.

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  • He is said to have fallen into great poverty in his old age, and to have been supported by the historian Clodius Licinus.

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  • Considering the great age of Damascus, its comparative poverty in antiquities is remarkable.

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  • He strongly condemned the metayer system, then widely prevalent in France, as "perpetuating poverty and excluding instruction" - as, in fact, the ruin of the country.

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  • Lacking the diplomatic and military qualities of his father, his difficulties were augmented by the poverty of the country, and the evils which Frederick had suppressed quickly returned.

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  • Handicapped by poverty, John had to face attacks from two quarters.

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  • Although he brought a certain degree of order into the finances, his poverty and the constant inroads of external enemies prevented him from seriously improving the condition of the country.

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  • The general poverty, however, made the estates reluctant to support a standing army, and after the peace of Oliva in 1660, it was reduced to about 3 500 men.

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  • The last years of his university studies were much disturbed by poverty.

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  • He died in great poverty in 1714, leaving behind him a great and deserved reputation for treachery.

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  • He died in 1534, leaving a daughter and two sons in great poverty.

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  • For fifteen sun-cycles, Anshan women had borne no male children, and drought and dwindling supplies of the ore that made his dhjan wealthy and respected had driven his planet into abject poverty.

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  • He died in abject poverty in 1961 at the age of 57 years.

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  • Poverty can affect anyone, regardless of age, race, gender or social background. 

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  • Savings and shares raising the program income is advocated within both the financial sustainability paradigm and poverty alleviation paradigms.

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  • abolish child poverty may not be enough.

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  • His line is that relative poverty doesn't matter, only absolute poverty does.

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  • Civil society organizations effectively promoting the activism of UK citizens for poverty eradication.

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  • structural adjustment has also been a central cause of the lack of any progress in the campaign against poverty.

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  • advocacy campaigns in support of poverty reduction.

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  • The poverty of some is enhanced by the great affluence of others.

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  • aged partnership has been working to highlight the problems of fuel poverty and isolation.

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  • The charity is working to combat poverty, reduce isolation, defeat ageism and promote quality in care.

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  • The push by supermarkets in Britain to drive down prices and the development of multinational agribusiness has pushed many British farmers in to poverty.

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  • alleviate poverty in Glasgow's East End at the time.

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  • Indian urban poverty: where are the levers for its effective alleviation?

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  • alleviation measures over the next few years affect the wellbeing of Young Lives index children living in poverty?

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  • Here aid policies aimed at poverty alleviation could be an obvious answer.

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  • alleviation of rural poverty: The Grameen bank in Bangladesh.

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  • This reflects the eminently political nature of EU budgetary allocations at the expense of a true poverty focus.

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  • ambitious target to halve child poverty by 2010.

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  • They have failed to respond to the immense new challenge of world poverty and racial antagonism.

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  • cage aquaculture Research on cage aquaculture and poverty alleviation in Vietnam.

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  • arrived immigrants that would purchase the group health insurance small texas child poverty health insurance problems.

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  • Make Poverty History is the largest ever coalition assembled in the UK to fight against global poverty.

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  • bountiful harvest is the first step out of poverty for farmers.

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  • Mobile phones are no " silver bullet " against poverty.

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  • They vowed perpetual chastity and poverty, believing the poor were the Lord's favorites.

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  • child poverty.

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  • Here, fair trade is more than a consumer choice it is becoming a way to make poverty history.

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  • coalition assembled in the UK to fight against global poverty.

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  • colonyformer colonies have to pay off massive debts to the Western banks, which keeps them stuck in terrible poverty.

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  • It is not always easy to locate individuals who are experiencing fuel poverty because of their cold, damp living conditions.

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  • Do we mean that if biodiversity were properly conserved, poverty would go away?

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  • crosscutting issues such as gender, culture, environment and poverty are of central concern.

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  • crusade against world poverty - who can say no to that?

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  • At a time when links are being made between poverty, disempowerment and terrorism this erosion of the democratic contract is downright dangerous.

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  • The reality is that they are condemned to a lifetime of poverty overshadowed by an inescapable burden of unpayable debt.

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  • The State Standard is the most commonly accepted definition of poverty.

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  • On paper, linking debt relief to completion of national Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs) seemed democratic.

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  • deprivation index An index used to categorize areas by poverty.

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  • desertification control, poverty alleviation and energy efficiency.

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  • Poverty is the most environmentally destructive force on the planet.

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  • Both have a history of debt and poverty for which the countries ' dictators and western creditors share the blame.

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  • We affirm the God-given dignity of every person, so we are moved to action by poverty and oppression and famine and disease.

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  • disadvantaged by poverty or disability.

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  • disappointed with the lack of action to plug " massive poverty gaps " in the benefits safety net.

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  • disbursed over the 1999-2002 period, with a strong stress on poverty alleviation projects.

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  • disfigured by poverty can neither be just nor stable.

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  • double-digit rates for the UN Millenium Targets for poverty relief to be met.

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  • ecosystem degradation have deepened poverty and insecurity.

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  • egalitarian society where nobody is either extremely wealthy or in abject poverty.

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  • eliminate poverty, not just reduce it.

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  • These include: " A slight change of priorities could virtually eliminate poverty.

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  • But Emma dreams of escaping the poverty of the east end.

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  • Help us not to lose hope when overwhelmed by the enormity of poverty, hunger and oppression in your world.

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  • enslaved by poverty, ignorance or conformity.

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  • eradicate fuel poverty in the UK in 10 to 15 years.

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  • Today it is a sprawling sink estate characterized by acute poverty and deprivation.

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  • Four hundred years ago: enormous poverty, low life expectancy, very few people in school, terrible ill health.

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  • The old schools must have become extinct in the poverty of the breaking up of the Empire.

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  • extreme poverty.

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  • fainthearted feel that only fear of poverty will drive men to work for the nation.

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  • fight against poverty.

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  • fighting poverty through national reforms.

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  • The F4F research focus is on the interaction of agriculture and consumption: eating habits, food poverty and sustainable food chains.

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  • forefront in the design and delivery of effective solutions to fuel poverty.

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  • forego sending their girls to school, perpetuating the grinding cycle of illiteracy and poverty.

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  • foremost to improve the standard of living of 100's of Indigenous families who live in often extreme poverty.

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  • fuel poverty.

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  • Years of poverty without hope had worn deep furrows into the brows of the beggars who approached us on the street.

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  • Reducing the gender gap in health and education can significantly reduce personal and household poverty and generate national economic growth, says the report.

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  • gender gap in health and education can significantly reduce personal and household poverty and generate national economic growth, says the report.

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  • Do such areas exhibit features of socially mobile neighborhoods or do they show signs of drifting toward poverty ghetto conditions?

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  • halve world poverty by 2015.

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  • halvewould also be " extremely challenging " to hit the next stage - a halving of child poverty by 2010.

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  • hamper global efforts to reduce poverty.

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  • harness the expertise of UK professionals to address the challenge of global poverty.

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  • harsh reality of poverty in Britain today.

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  • Not only do they seem to be disproportionately concentrated among low-income groups, but female headship itself is seen to exacerbate poverty.

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  • The Make poverty history coalition called for three things: Trade Justice.

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  • homeless people escape the poverty of living on the streets.

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  • Children are more likely than adults to live in poverty and more than 2.5 million live in workless households.

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  • In Scotland, 58% of pensioner households live in fuel poverty.

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  • On the other hand Macdonald frequently mentions poverty and material immiseration as important elements of the context of suicide.

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  • Poverty is a vicious circle, which is virtually impossible to get out of.

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  • Our key aims are to help our customers become financially independent and help reduce child poverty.

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  • ending indexation of salary related pensions will lead to poverty in old age.

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  • indicators of poverty.

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  • indignity of unemployment, or the humiliation of poverty pay.

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  • indignityho failed to win a living income, were trapped into lives with all the deep indignities of dirt poverty.

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  • Conquest of Poverty We can commend Malthus for his sober methodological individualism.

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  • Methodological innovations have been added to the officially ' legitimate ' repertoire of poverty assessment tools, yet the diagnosis still looks faulty.

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  • inroads into the poverty caused by low income.

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  • huge inroads toward tackling global poverty have already been achieved.

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  • Fuel poverty can only be cured if households live in adequately insulated dwellings that can both retain heat and be heated at modest cost.

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  • insurgence of many refugees from Somalia, poverty is on the increase.

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  • Poverty and poor health often interrelated can affect men and women alike.

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  • jobless households contain children, the majority living in poverty.

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  • lace curtains of Britain ' s political poverty.

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  • He encouraged the laity to follow monastic practices such as fasting and meditation on the Gospels and lived himself in poverty.

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  • landlocked nation live below the poverty line.

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  • live in poverty.

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  • living in poverty were older people.

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  • I would urge anyone who feels strongly about world poverty to join the Trade Justice Movement MP lobby marathon.

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  • marginal for agriculture is one of many factors driving people into poverty.

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  • A former marine has taken to living in a garden shed for 33 days in his attempt to ' Make Poverty History ' .

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  • But in Lesotho, a kilowatt of electricity and additional hot water could transform lives now marooned by poverty, team members said.

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  • They point up the poverty of false metaphysics to rid us of the temptation of doing metaphysics this way.

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  • pensioner poverty is to do what we are trying to do.

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  • pensioner households live in fuel poverty.

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  • permeated by a radical love of poverty, a radical love of Jesus Christ.

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  • persistence of poverty from teenhood to early thirties.

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  • Many local philanthropists tried to tackle the poverty problem by donating money or giving away land for the poor.

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  • phony plansgeorgetown target and comparison the federal poverty be able to.

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  • pleaded poverty yet lived surrounded by stolen wealth?

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  • We work with the rural poor, using their own skills and knowledge to develop sustainable solutions to poverty.

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  • Affordable warmth strategies in general can provide a focus for local action to eradicate fuel poverty.

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  • International development policy has often seemed more a form of welfare for UK companies than a way of alleviating poverty.

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  • You believe you can tackle poverty in Ethiopia in 15 years?

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  • The Bretton Woods Institutions should also aim at providing an extra 50 billion pounds a year to halve poverty.

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  • Early history These risks existed from the earliest times, when the usual method of relieving poverty was by charity.

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  • History shows that open markets can play an important role in lifting millions of people out of abject poverty.

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  • With only the money that Engels could raise, the Marx family lived in extreme poverty.

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  • We go to the heart of the causes of global poverty.

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