Lastly positivism teaches a corporate instead of an individual immortality; man should desire to live on as a beneficent influence in the race.
In France, again, positivism is not materialism, but rather the refusal to frame a metaphysical theory.
Naturally then the reaction to Kant was followed by a second reaction to Hume, partly under the name of " Positivism," which has attracted a number of adherents, such as C. Goring (1841-1879), author of an incomplete System der Kritischen Philosophie (1874-1875) and E.
Comte and Positivism (1865, ed.
Positivism, however, shelters itself behind the vague word " phenomena."
Lastly, in England we have not only an influence of positivism, but also, what is more important, the synthetic philosophy of Herbert Spencer.
Both passed through phases of faith, but while even Positivism did not cool George Eliot's innate religious fervour, with George Sand religion was a passing experience, no deeper than her republicanism and less lasting than her socialism, and she lived and died a gentle savage.
Later, in his movement towards Positivism, he strongly repudiates Kant's separation of phenomenon from noumenon, and affirms that our intellect is capable of grasping the whole reality.
In Kant's Analogien der Erfahrung (1876) he keenly criticized Kant's transcendentalism, and in his chief work Idealismus and Positivismus (3 vols., 1879-1884), he drew a clear contrast between Platonism, from which he derived transcendentalism, and positivism, of which he considered Protagoras the founder.
His chief works are: De la connaissance de Dieu, opposing Positivism (1855); La Logique (1856); Les Sources, conseils pour .la conduite de l'esprit (1861-1862); La Philosophie du credo (1861); Commentaire sur l'evangile de Saint Matthieu (1863); Jesus-Christ, lettres a M.
As Paul Janet truly remarked, positivism contains an unconscious metaphysics in rejecting final causes and an immaterial soul.
Mill, Auguste Comte and Positivism; J.
In his philosophy he was mainly concerned to defend Christianity against modern Positivism.
Richard Hooker, again with traces of Aquinas, uses the conception as a weapon against Puritanism, with its aggressive positivism of scriptural precept.
In 1852 Comte published the Catechism of Positivism.
See also the article Positivism.
Bridges' reply to Mill, The Unity of Comte's Life and Doctrines (1866); Herbert Spencer's essay on the Genesis of Science and pamphlet on The Classification of the Sciences; Huxley's " Scientific Aspects of Positivism," in his Lay Sermons; R.
A follower of the positive philosophy, but in conflict with Richard Congreve as to details, he led the Positivists who split off and founded Newton Hall in 1881, and he was president of the English Positivist Committee from 1880 to 1905; he was also editor and part author of the Positivist New Calendar of Great Men (1892), and wrote much on Comte and Positivism.
Comte tells us that man first gets over theology, then over metaphysics, and finally rests in positivism.
Locke, when Cartesianism had raised the problem of the contents of consciousness, and the spirit of Baconian positivism could not accept of anything that bore the ill-omened name of innate ideas, elaborated a theory of knowledge which is psychological in the sense that its problem is how the simple data with which the individual is in contact in sensation are worked up into a system.
POSITIVISM (derived from ponere, whence positus, that which is laid down, certain), a philosophical term, applied somewhat loosely to any system which confines itself to the data of experience and declines to recognize a priori or metaphysical speculations.
In its commonest acceptation, however, positivism is both narrower and wider than this.
The outcome of this positivism is the substitution for revealed religion of a religion of humanity - according to Huxley "Catholicism minus Christianity" - in which God is replaced by Humanity.
Positivism has, therefore, two distinct sides, the philosophical and the religious or mystical.
Out of their discussions developed the initial ideas of logical Positivism, or Logical empiricism.
logical positivism ' .
Although he rejects traditional metaphysics, he does not share either the program of logical positivism or that of ordinary language philosophy.
mystical positivism, the errors of both are combined together to form a potent ' grand narrative ' for our age.
His most obvious achievement was to have been a major force in bringing about the final demise of logical positivism.
In mystical positivism, the errors of both are combined together to form a potent ' grand narrative ' for our age.
On Hart's account of legal positivism, however, a private citizen may adopt this detached attitude toward legal rules.
The mid-1860s marks the beginning of the " second positivism " .
Many economists avoid this by adhering to a strict scientific positivism.
Gray goes back to the origins of our notion of modernity in early nineteenth-century positivism.
predominant paradigm, positivism, is based around scientific inquiry.
This is perhaps mainly due to the bold religious positivism with which he assumes that spiritual experience is real and that faith has not only a legitimate but even a paramount claim to provide the highest interpretation of the world.
The final stage, positivism, is the understanding of the universe not as composed of a multitude of individuals each with volition, but as an ordered organism governed by necessary laws (see further Comte).
Flint has dealt with the following antitheistic theories: atheism, materialism, positivism, secularism, pessimism, pantheism and (in a separate volume) agnosticism.
Philosophical positivism has had distinguished representatives in France, Germany and England, and in the wider sense indicated above may be regarded as one of the two or three chief influences on modern philosophical development.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.