He means, we're in no rush.
If it means that much to you, there is a way.
The theory of pricing means people who want items the most choose to buy those items instead of others they could buy.
I don't understand what that means, Father.
It means I can't kill you, as much as I'd like to!
You will soon find means of satisfying your needs.
I guess that means you now own a plaster skeleton!
Uncle Henry says 'Eureka' means 'I have found it.'
It means progress at an ever increasing pace is inevitable.
By some means, however, he learned to read; and after that he loved nothing so much as a good book.
When lunatics command our armies God evidently means these other madmen to be free.
Not only did it seem to him (as to all administrators) that he controlled the external actions of Moscow's inhabitants, but he also thought he controlled their mental attitude by means of his broadsheets and posters, written in a coarse tone which the people despise in their own class and do not understand from those in authority.
She means that respectfully, Toni said.
"I bet you don't know what that means," he said, glancing at her necklace.
It means I can trade you a good or service for an intermediate store of value known as money, and then trade that money to the person who actually has the goods I want.
I feel like you're using me – like it means nothing to you.
This means that non-military manufacturing interests in the United States no longer profit as in the past from war.
What was worse: he suddenly realized he might have the means to get into his underworld.
Wireless Internet was not available at the cabin and our computer had no means for a telephone hook-up.
You're a human mate, or were originally, which means I can't hurt you.
We just lacked these means to do it before.
That means a hard frost....
I didn't wave today, which means you saw him at the strip mall.
Or, it might, given it means more to you than it does to me.
Maybe that's what it means, maybe not.
Not if it means you lose her.
I determined to go into business at once, and not wait to acquire the usual capital, using such slender means as I had already got.
However, the Wizard went once more to his satchel--which seemed to contain a surprising variety of odds and ends--and brought out a spool of strong wire, by means of which they managed to fasten four of the wings to Jim's harness, two near his head and two near his tail.
The bone means something to us.
That's it, exactly; by means of the Magic Belt.
Owing to the rapidity of the French flight and the Russian pursuit and the consequent exhaustion of the horses, the chief means of approximately ascertaining the enemy's position--by cavalry scouting-- was not available.
Which means this could be your doing, Gabriel pointed out.
"I suppose this means it's inappropriate to fill Fred in on what happened at the Lucky Pup," Cynthia mused as they climbed the steps to Bird Song.
"It means, she doesn't eat," Dustin said, coming to her rescue.
I guess it means he hasn't told anyone about me.
The tumor is still growing, which means there is still a chance at cognitive deterioration.
Amah means a nurse.
By all means, you are free to go.
After you went up in a balloon, and escaped us, I got back to Kansas by means of a pair of magical silver shoes.
Dusty should have given you a means of contacting someone in an emergency, he said with disapproval.
But they knew now that there was a means of escape and so waited patiently until the path appeared for the second time.
It would kill him to do so but it means his life, Julie.
I want you to start learning what it means to be in charge of something.
"It means I accept you as my mate," he said.
Her first thought was that he was sending her to Death as a means of torturing her or at least, nailing home the point that he had won this round with Gabriel.
While Cynthia was proud of her son Randy's athletic achievements, she always saw those abilities as a means to an end—not an end in itself.
It means he combs his hair like he's still wearing his football helmet.
Both wished there was a simple means of communicating this information to the child.
You know what that means? she said.
You are a deity without a domain or source of power, which means you have nothing I could possibly want, Darkyn said.
"He's learning what it means to be a deity," she said.
Do you know what this means that there are here?
In three days, Darkyn may come on behalf of his mate to collect by any means necessary.
It means something to you, though, doesn't it?
Which means this could be your doing.
Which means, what happened between you and this Gabriel was more than a one night stand.
If I'm keeping you from your lover, by all means, you can go.
This is a good thing because it means that high degrees of utility (the economists' word for "happiness") can be achieved with a wide variety of goods.
Of course my instructors had had no experience in teaching any but normal pupils, and my only means of conversing with them was reading their lips.
One paper has Helen demonstrating problems in geometry by means of her playing blocks.
It is always: "Oh, Miss Sullivan, please come and tell us what Helen means," or "Miss Sullivan, won't you please explain this to Helen?
"The means are... the balance of power in Europe and the rights of the people," the abbe was saying.
The doctor, whether from lack of means or because he did not like to part from his young wife in the early days of their marriage, took her about with him wherever the hussar regiment went and his jealousy had become a standing joke among the hussar officers.
His face expressed the relief of relaxed strain felt by a man who means to rest after a ceremony.
He'll know he wasn't identified by any normal means but he won't have a clue how you do it or what capabilities you possess.
"That means something to you, doesn't it?" she asked, puzzled.
He means well, but there's no way he could let you go.
If that means we break the Code to save it, then so be it.
"I have other means of obtaining stuff," Gabriel said with some offense.
They exist simply because we have not had the means to solve them in the past.
"Go" means, "I want to go out."
Modern history replying to these questions says: you want to know what this movement means, what caused it, and what force produced these events?
To their disappointment there was within this mountain no regular flight of steps by means of which they could mount to the earth's surface.
It probably means things are working out with her mother and I shouldn't think selfish thoughts.
Willing herself not to cry, she pointed to her neck and said instead, "Do you know what this means?"
They should keep you anchored in time, too, since your world's time means nothing here.
To comprehend the real position we are forced to the conviction that the world of facts is the field in which, and that laws are the means by which, those higher standards of moral and aesthetical value are being realized; and such a union can again only become intelligible through the idea of a personal Deity, who in the creation and preservation of a world has voluntarily chosen certain forms and laws, through the natural operation of which the ends of His work are gained.
In light Kundt's name is widely known for his inquiries in anomalous dispersion, not only in liquids and vapours, but even in metals, which he obtained in very thin films by means of a laborious process of electrolytic deposition upon platinized glass.
Many years before you came here this Land was united under one Ruler, as it is now, and the Ruler's name was always 'Oz,' which means in our language 'Great and Good'; or, if the Ruler happened to be a woman, her name was always 'Ozma.'
I think that is the case with polio and smallpox, which means they weren't eliminated because they were easy, but because they were awful.
You'd better scramble and get a chair even if it means elbowing little Timmy out of the way.
This pan's nanite coating means to clean it, you just wipe it with a nanite rag that doesn't stain.
That means your $40,000 salary will have the purchasing power of a $4,000,000 salary today.
That's certainly good for you; more C2000s means more profit.
All this together means that our economic fates are more intertwined than ever.
The fact that small nations can adopt standard treaties, laws, currencies, and international practices of larger countries means that a small economic unit can be viable.
Even in autocratic regimes, truth has a way of seeping in—which means today's dwindling crop of dictators has a serious problem.
All of this means examples of atrocities by the government or by the mob are increasingly likely to be documented and publicized.
In the end, this means more peace.
I do not think the importance of YouTube lies in its role as a communication method nor as a fundamentally new means of distribution of media.
Mass communication means we no longer read a number like "a million dead"—we actually see them, see pictures of them.
All teachers of the deaf know what this means, and only they can at all appreciate the peculiar difficulties with which I had to contend.
Mr. Gilman read all the papers to me by means of the manual alphabet.
I could not follow with my eyes the geometrical figures drawn on the blackboard, and my only means of getting a clear idea of them was to make them on a cushion with straight and curved wires, which had bent and pointed ends.
Here in Dr. Bell's laboratory, or in the fields on the shore of the great Bras d'Or, I have spent many delightful hours listening to what he had to tell me about his experiments, and helping him fly kites by means of which he expects to discover the laws that shall govern the future air-ship.
Se agapo is Greek, and it means I love thee.
J'ai une bonne petite soeur is French, and it means I have a good little sister.
On the whole, if they cannot be taught articulation, the manual alphabet seems the best and most convenient means of communication.
When Miss Keller puts her work in typewritten form, she cannot refer to it again unless some one reads it to her by means of the manual alphabet.
Miss Keller reads by means of embossed print or the various kinds of braille.
She means everything so thoroughly that her very quotations, her echoes from what she has read, are in truth original.
His plan was to teach Laura by means of raised types.
She taught it to Laura, and from that time on the manual alphabet was the means of communicating with her.
She understood in a flash and ran downstairs to tell her mother, by means of emphatic signs, that there was some candy in a trunk for her.
"Mother," accompanied by an inquiring look, means, "Were is mother?"
She has felt dead squirrels and rabbits and other wild animals, and is anxious to see a "walk-squirrel," which interpreted, means, I think, a "live squirrel."
If you had called these sensations respectively BLACK and WHITE, he would have adopted them as readily; but he would mean by BLACK and WHITE the same things that he means by SWEET and SOUR.
When she came to the line, "There's freedom at thy gates, and rest," she exclaimed: "It means America!
When told that Jesus walked on the sea to meet His disciples, she said, decidedly, "It does not mean WALKED, it means SWAM."
True, single words do suggest and express ideas; the child may say simply "mamma" when he means "Where is mamma?" but he learns the expression of the ideas that relate to mamma--he learns language--by hearing complete sentences.
The manual alphabet was not the only means of presenting words to Helen Keller's fingers.
Books supplemented, perhaps equaled in importance the manual alphabet, as a means of teaching language.
In the very nature of things, articulation is an unsatisfactory means of education; while the use of the manual alphabet quickens and invigorates mental activity, since through it the deaf child is brought into close contact with the English language, and the highest and most abstract ideas may be conveyed to the mind readily and accurately.
The ability to read the lips helps Miss Keller in getting corrections of her pronunciation from Miss Sullivan and others, just as it was the means of her learning to speak at all, but it is rather an accomplishment than a necessity.
When I was a little older I felt the need of some means of communication with those around me, and I began to make simple signs which my parents and friends readily understood; but it often happened that I was unable to express my thoughts intelligibly, and at such times I would give way to my angry feelings utterly....
As this business was to be entered into without the usual capital, it may not be easy to conjecture where those means, that will still be indispensable to every such undertaking, were to be obtained.
This did not appear the worst, nor by any means a despicable alternative.
They are but improved means to an unimproved end, an end which it was already but too easy to arrive at; as railroads lead to Boston or New York.
To co-operate in the highest as well as the lowest sense, means to get our living together.
"Ah, my love," answered Anna Mikhaylovna, "God grant you never know what it is to be left a widow without means and with a son you love to distraction!
Everybody seems to imagine that being taken prisoner means being Napoleon's guest.
His means increased rapidly; serfs from neighboring estates came to beg him to buy them, and long after his death the memory of his administration was devoutly preserved among the serfs.
This conception is the one handle by means of which the material of history, as at present expounded, can be dealt with, and anyone who breaks that handle off, as Buckle did, without finding some other method of treating historical material, merely deprives himself of the one possible way of dealing with it.
I chastise myself for taking an undue risk, when other means are available.
Rhyn knows you're here, which means he'll be checking up on you.
They made no sounds at all, either in flying or trying to speak, and they conversed mainly by means of quick signals made with their wooden fingers or lips.
That means that as you get more of them, you value each new one less.
He worked to apply a means test, pared the rolls back, then died; the rolls swelled again, and his successor again tried to bring them in line, but it was hard.
It means we have plenty of room for improvement.
By this means, we largely keep the peace.
Astronomer comes from the Latin word astra, which means stars; and astronomers are men who study the stars, and tell us about them.
"Milk," with a gesture means, "Give me more milk."
I had an idea that I could win the love and confidence of my little pupil by the same means that I should use if she could see and hear.
After all, ours are things that can be bought but think what being left behind means to them!...
Who's afraid of this Psychic Tipster except a killer who knows what was tipped couldn't be learned by normal means?
But I must be ever cautious with my new means of touring about the land.
He knows the tipster exists because the tipster has information no one could learn through normal means.
Dr. Cohen says I should address the issue, whatever that means.
Any idea what that means?
Exactly and to collect souls of those who have died by other means.
"Guess that means I'll have to stop sleeping around," she retorted.
Means I can play in both worlds, unlike you.
—but to us lesser beings, family means something!
He didn.t take her hand, which means Darkyn probably wants her alive.
It means, if Death finds you, probably.
I guess I could visit for a week, if it means so much to you.
"I don't know what that means," she managed.
"I don't want a favor, unless that means you're willing to help me escape," she replied.
They have no means to control me, which makes them less lazy than they have been for a millennium.
"I guess that means …" … you'll never let me go home.
You don't know how much this means to me.
"I don't know how you can say that," she returned, "when one means your people will be destroyed!"
"I couldn't walk away from your planet any more than I could my own, if me staying means everyone lives," she whispered.
"I knew you'd come, if given the means to return," he said.
Good. That means she's got some bucks.
If this husband of hers is abusive and traced her charge slip to Bird Song that quickly, he means business.
I know Fred means well, but you said it yourself.
These fit on the base of the boot, by a variety of means.
"I don't suppose it means he's marrying her," Cynthia said as she emerged from the bathroom in her flannel nightdress.
Any admission by her usually means a lot more than what she says.
That means it's up to you and me to solve this caper.
No. All it means is Edith didn't.
Once I had a means of discounting the suicide note, everything else made much more sense.
After a moment of awkward silence he said, "I'm sure you know what your name means."
Elisabeth means 'God's promise'.
Kissing had always been merely a means to an end for him, but not with Elisabeth.
Don't you think we owe it to ourselves to figure out what all this means?
That means a lot to me, I don't feel much like hunting though.
I know what it means to turn your back on your family.
Yes, it means a lot to me.
I can get a newborn baby for you, Carmen - if it means that much to you.
We haven't heard back from them yet to know if there are any survivors, which means we have one team available: yours.
"You don't know how much this means to me," Lana said with feeling.
"I don't know what it means. Death can take on any form she wants, though, so I don't know if it was Death or not," he said.
He means more to you than me.
Will you promise to protect Hannah, Toby and everyone else, even if it means losing me?
Her guards are gone, which means they're off tracking demons. Death is unpredictable, but if I were to guess, she's somewhere in the underworld.
But it means this.
It means, 'look for the gal.'
That's what he said to tell you, whatever it means.
Yeah, I know what it means.
It means Vinnie Baratto is in a jam again.
I don't know if it means anything, but I guessed I'd better say something.
I guess that means DeLeo won a cup of coffee, huh?
He said if I didn't go out with him, everyone up there would, 'know about me,' whatever that means.
If he was here, that means there's a good chance he's still in the tour.
I did find out he was an older man, whatever that means to a teenager.
He's a little over protective at times, but he means well.
You think he dominates her, but here he is trying to give her the means to be independent and what does she do?
I've Seen some things … and there are some things so up in the air right now, I can't figure out what it means.
Which means I can forgive any trespass she may have committed.
If that means he dies, so be it.
If that means I dive off a cliff to keep the Others from using me against you, I'll do it.
You know what this means?
"By all means, go!" she urged.
You think he means to unite them?
Money means a lot to some people.
Then by all means, lead the way.
Men use that excuse as a means of retaining complete control.
Eden used Xander for her own means and yet, the Original Human's final acts of limiting Xander's power had been selfless.
"She means, she'll be back in the morning," Xander said.
If there's anything I should know, tell me, before I find out through other means.
"I'm not defending him, by any means," she continued.
My brother is the only one on the planet who isn't instantly fried by their magic, which means you've got a bigger decision to make.
You wanna remind your friend I have a means of contacting Jonny and he's expecting to hear from me?
"She means, we'll take care of it," Xander interpreted.
That usually means no survivors.
"It means … I lost … a bet…" he said between kisses.
Nor are they afraid to venture out of their depth, being excellent swimmers, and able, by means of their trunks, to breathe without difficulty when the entire body is submerged.
These are, however, by no means the heaviest - one, whose length is 7 ft.
FLYING - SQUIRREL, properly the name of such members of the squirrel-group of rodent mammals as have a parachute-like expansion of the skin of the flanks, with attachments to the limbs, by means of which they are able to take long flying-leaps from tree to tree.
The above statement does not by any means exhaust the possible predictions that can be made from the atomic theory, but it shows how to test the theory.
Vico held God to be the ruler of the world of nations, but ruling, not as the providence of the middle ages by means of continued miracles, but as He rules nature, by means of natural laws.
At their opposite ends the dorsal and ventral vessels are probably connected with one another by means of a splanchnic sinus surrounding the stomach.
It would have been well if Kossuth had had something more of Gdrgei's calculated ruthlessness, for, as has been truly said, the revolutionary power he had seized could only be held by revolutionary means; but he was by nature soft-hearted and always merciful; though often audacious, he lacked decision in dealing with men.
Hansen pointed out that this was by no means the case, for it is more difficult to separate the cells from each other in the gelatin than in the liquid.
But there is a limit to love-making, and George Sand, always practical, set to work to provide the means of living.
It is by no means certain that he made the remark often attributed to him, "Let us enjoy the papacy since God has given it to us," but there is little doubt that he was by nature devoid of moral earnestness or deep religious feeling.
The large difference between the means obtained at Potsdam and Kremsmtinster, as compared to the comparative similarity between the results for Kew and Karasjok, suggests that the mean value of the potential gradient may be much more dependent on local conditions than on difference of latitude.
At Such Times Gradients Of 400 Or 500 Volts Per Metre Are By No Means Unusual At Kew, And Voltages Of 700 Or Boo Are Occasionally Met With.
This only means that the equipotential surfaces are crowded together, just as they are near the ridge of a house.
In some localities, however, negative potential gradient is by no means uncommon, at least at some seasons, in the absence of rain.
gave means slightly lower than those from the earlier hours, but the difference was only about 5% in I + and io% in L.
Thunder.-Trustworthy frequency statistics for an individual station are obtainable only from a long series of observations, while if means are taken from a large area places may be included which differ largely amongst themselves.
The queen set about to obtain a divorce, and used her influence for the return of Albany as a means of undoing her husband's power.
Salama, from which the word is derived appears in salaam, " peace be with you," the greeting of the East, and in Moslem, and means to be "free" - or "secure."
Martinsburg, in the eastern Panhandle, has nearly the same means, 32° and 74°.
There is little export of the news with the only means of communication being local travelers.
rivers by means of subsidized steamers.
It is admitted that he conducted by means of agents a large business in timber in the Gangetic Sundarbans.
Hastings's personal task was to provide the ways and means for this exhausting war.
The waterways of Cochin-China communicate by means of natural or artificial channels (arroyos), facilitating transport and aiding in the uniform distribution of the inundation to which the country owes its fertility.
These are subdivided into twenty provinces, each administered by an administrator of native affairs by whose side is the provincial council consisting of natives and occupied with the discussion of ways and means and questions of public works.
The angle through which the arm was moved, or, in the latter case, the angle between the two arms, was read off upon a finely graduated arc. With such means no very high accuracy was possible.
The means for changing the length of the tube and the distance of C from the scale are omitted in the figure.
reseau-square by means of a spider-line micrometer, a glass scale, on the plan shown in fig.
The microscope or viewing telescope is fitted with a spider-line micrometer having two screws at right angles to each other, by means of which readings can be made first on one reseau-line, then on the star, and finally on the opposite reseau-line in both co-ordinates.
By means of the quick rack motions A and B move the plate so as to bring the reseau-square into the centre of the field of the micrometer; then, by means of the screw heads o, p, perfect the coincidence of the " fixed square " of webs, with the image of the reseau-square.
3377, Repsold gives a detailed description of two forms of eye-ends of transit circles, fitted with means of observing in this manner, to which he gives the name of " the impersonal micrometer."
complex spectra of stars of the solar type this is by no means the case; for, as Dr Hartmann remarks, " in the first place the lines in these spectra are so numerous that their complete measurement and reduction would require many days, and in the second place a rigorous reduction of such material has hitherto not been at all possible because the wave-lengths of the lines are not known with sufficient accuracy.
The consecrated wafer shared by Lohengrin and the swan on their voyage is one of the more obvious means taken by the poet to give the tale the character of an allegory of the .relations between Christ, the Church and the human soul.
In the demand for the reinstatement of the dismissed ministers were found the means of humiliation, and the prelude to the dethronement, of the king.
The veins of the leaves are next impressed by means of a die, and the petals are given their natural rounded forms by goffering irons of various shapes.
Numerous canals intersect the district, affording ample means of irrigation.
variegatum grows on wet sandy ground, and serves by means of its fibrous roots to bind the sand together.
Finally from a comparative study of several ruins it was established that the plan and construction of Zimbabwe are by no means unique, and that this site only differs from others in Rhodesia in respect of the great dimensions and the massiveness of its individual buildings.
He acted with good sense and moderation, and, although by no means a believer in democratic ideas, he saw the necessity of satisfying public opinion and frankly gave his support to larger measures of reform.
Naturfor., Berlin, 1887) to the colour of the soles of the hind-feet as a means of determining the relationship of the domesticated cat of Europe.
10 In 1629 he asks Mersenne to take care of himself " till I find out if there is any means of getting a medical theory based on infallible demonstrations, which is what I am now inquiring."
Examining next what immediately follows the knowledge of pure intellect, he will pass in review all the other means of knowledge, and will find that they are two (or three), the imagination and the senses (and the memory).
He will therefore devote all his care to examine and distinguish these three means of knowledge; and seeing that truth and error can, properly speaking, be only in the intellect, and that the two other modes of knowledge are only occasions, he will carefully avoid whatever can lead him astray."
From the brain these spirits are conveyed through the body by means of the nerves, regarded by Descartes as tubular vessels, resembling the pipes conveying the water of a spring to act upon the mechanical appliances in an artificial fountain.
103, owing to the silting up of the Claudian harbour, and the increase of trade, to construct another port further inland - a hexagonal basin enclosing an area of 97 acres with enormous warehouses - communicating with the harbour of Claudius and with the Tiber by means of the channel already constructed by Claudius, this channel being prolonged so as to give also direct access to the sea.
TRACHIS, a city of ancient Greece, situated at the head of the Malian Gulf in a small plain between the rivers Asopus and Melas, and enclosed by the mountain wall of Oeta which here extended close to the sea and by means of the Trachinian Cliffs completely commanded the main road from Thessaly.
In this crisis Pericles induced the Spartan leaders to retreat, apparently by means of.
By this means it was able to defy both the Seljuks and the Ottomans, and to maintain its independence against the emperors of Nicaea and Constantinople.
From time to time the emperors of Trebizond paid tribute to the Seljuk sultans of Iconium, to the grand khans of the Mongols, to Timur the Tatar, to the Turkoman chieftains, and to the Ottomans; but by means of skilful negotiations they were enabled practically to secure their independence.
In 1747, however, the town was taken by the French, under Marshal Lowendahl, who surprised it by means of a subterranean passage.
The name of Alkmaar, which means "all sea," first occurs in the 10th century, and recalls its former situation in the midst of marshlands and lakes.
They are harmless and inoffensive creatures, offering no resistance when caught; their principal means of escape being the extraordinary rapidity with which they burrow in the ground, and the tenacity with which they retain their hold in their subterranean retreats.
south of Cochin, situated on a strip of coast between the sea and one of those backwaters that here form the chief means of inland communication.
A proposal to confine the Drin to its former course by means of a dyke, and to ease the downflow of the Boyana by a canal opening navigation to Lake Scutari, has long been considered by the Turkish authorities.
The means of subsistence are mainly provided by the cultivation of grain and cattle-rearing.
As a rule, however, bridle-paths supply the only means of communication.
Podophyllin is a resinous powder obtained by precipitating an alcoholic tincture of the rhizome by means of water acidulated with hydrochloric acid.
If each distributing flue is connected by means of a mixing valve with a cold-air flue, the warmth of the incoming air can be regulated nicely.
All these methods warm chiefly by means of convected heat, the amount of true radiation from the pipes being small.
Branches may be made from the main pipes by means of smaller pipes arranged in the same manner as the mains, the Bolter branch flow pipe being connected with the main flow pipe and returning into the main return.
5) a rising main is taken directly from the boiler to the topmost floor of the building, and from this branches are dropped to the lower floors, and connected by means of smaller branches to radiators or coils.
The rate of circulation in the ordinary low pressure hot-water system may be considerably accelerated by means of steam injections.
It is certainly the most scientific method of steam-heating, and heat can be made to travel a greater distance by its aid than by any other means.
The steam is introduced into the pipes at about the pressure of the atmosphere, and is sucked through the system by means of a vacuum pump, which at the same operation frees the pipes from air and from condensation water.
12, by means of bands or straps or stitched on; the asbestos is laid on in the form of a plaster from 2 to 6 in.
In a type built with vertical sections each division is complete in itself, and is not directly connected with the next section, but communicates with flow and return drums. A defective section may thus be left in position and stopped off by means of plugs from the drums until it is convenient to fit a new one in its place.
By this means a continuous stream of hot water is obtained, greater or smaller in proportion to the size and power of the apparatus.
The steam is employed for warming apartments by means of pipe radiators, for heating water by steam injections, and for all cooking purposes.
It has been stated that Napier's mathematical pursuits led him to dissipate his means.
When algebra had advanced to the point where exponents were introduced, nothing would be more natural than that their utility as a means of performing multiplications and divisions should be remarked; but it is one of the surprises in the history of science that logarithms were invented as an arithmetical improvement years before their connexion with exponents was known.
The set of ten rods is thus equivalent to four sets of slips as described above, and by their means we may multiply every number less than II,irr, and also any number (consisting of course FIG.
Of course two sets of rods may be used, and by their means we may multiply every number less than 111,111,111 and so on.
These rules were published in the Canonis Descriptio (1614), and Napier has there given a figure, and indicated.a method, by means of which they may be proved directly.
It is unnecessary to recount the various infamous means which he employed to pay his expenses during these journeys.
CHARLES LUCAS (1713-1771), Irish physician and politician, was the son of a country gentleman of small means in Co.
In Lombardy it has a breadth of 200 yds., and a depth of 10 to 16 ft., but the strength of the current renders its navigation very difficult, and lessens its value as a means of transit between Germany and Italy.
Owing to the great distances which must be covered, and also to the defective means of communication in sparsely settled districts, the costs of the postal service in Argentina are unavoidably high in relation to the receipts.
The service is not popular, and it is recruited by means of conscription from the national guard, the term of service being two years.
for means to open up communications with Peru by way of the river Bermejo.
The result came to be that many small lines were begun by companies that had not the means to complete them, and again the state had to come to the rescue.
By the 1859 conventions the state railway system obtained an entry into Paris by means of running powers over the Ouest from Chartres, and its position was further improved by the exchange of certain lines with the Orleans company.
The above table shows the developments of French trade during the years from 1876 to 1905 by means of quinquennial averages.
Dispensations, and also the one-year voluntariat, which had become a short cut for the so-called intellectual class to employment in the civil service rather than a means of training reserve officers, were abolished.
It is not compulsory, nor is it entirely gratuitous, but the fees are small and the state offers a great many scholarships, by means of which a clever child can pay for its own instruction.
Congo for maternity cases and cases of curable Ubangi-Chad illness; (2) the hospice, where the aged Madagascar poor, cases of incurable malady, orphans, Nossi-be Island foundlings and other children without Ste Marie Island means of support, and in some cases Comoro Islands lunatics, are received; (3) the bureau de Somali Coast bien-faisance, charged with the provision 9f Reunion out-door relief (secours a domicile) in money st Paul 1 or in kind, to the aged poor or those who, Amsterdam though capable of working, are prevented Kerguelen.
In Oceania The members of these committees are un- New Caledonia and [N;S]paid, and have no concern with ways and Establishments in 00 means which are in the hands of a paid treasurer (receveur).
(I) it is a corruption of the ancient name, Egeopelago; (2) it is from the modern Greek, `Ayco iraayo, the Holy Sea; (3) it arose at the time of the Latin empire, and means the Sea of the Kingdom (Arche); (4) it is a translation of the Turkish name, Ak Denghiz, Argon Pelagos, the White Sea; (5) it is simply Archipelagus, Italian, arcipelago, the chief sea.
The incorporation of the Cinque Ports had its origin in the necessity for some means of defence along the southern seaboard of England, and in the lack of any regular navy.
Held between the thumb and fingers of the right hand, they are used as tongs to take up portions of the food, which is brought to table cut up into small and convenient pieces, or as means for sweeping the rice and small particles of food into the mouth from the bowl.
With this end in view he expounded to the Berlin academy in 1849 a mode of determining an elliptic orbit from three observations, and communicated to that body in 1851 a new method of calculating planetary perturbations by means of rectangular coordinates (republished in W.
Later, while attempting to utilize the gas for the production of electricity by means of a Grove gas battery, he noticed that the carbon monoxide contained in it combined with nickel.
Railway connexion with the port of La Guaira was opened in 1883 by means of a line 23 m.
As a rule there is no allantoic placenta forming the means of communication between the blood of the parent and the foetus, and when such a structure does occur its development is incomplete.
Whether a pouch is present or not, the young are born in an exceedingly imperfect state of development, after a very short period of gestation, and are immediately transferred by the female parent to the teats, where they remain firmly attached for a considerable time; the milk being injected into their mouths at intervals by means of a special muscle which compresses the glands.
The family is connected with the Phalangeridae by means of the musk-kangaroo (Hypsiprymnodon moschatus); forming the sub-family Hypsiprymnodontinae.
By means of the Stecknitz canal, the Elbe, the principal river, is connected with the Trave.
occupants of these seven tombs were kings might be inferred from the sculptures, and one of those at Nakshi Rustam is expressly declared in its inscription to be the tomb of Darius Hystaspis, concerning whom Ctesias relates that his grave was in the face of a rock, and could only be reached by means of an apparatus of ropes.
Some trade is carried on by means of the river, and the town is the centre of a salmon fishery district.
The root has nothing to do with resting in the sense of enjoying repose; in transitive forms and applications it means to "sever," to "put an end to," and intransitively it means to "desist," to "come to an end."
He adds a reason that recalls one of Plato's, " As manifestly as the human soul is by means of the senses linked to the present life, so manifestly it attaches itself by reason, and the conceptions, conclusions, anticipations and efforts to which reason leads it, to God and eternity."
and Kinda canals by means of the navigable Starlet.
When they were discovered, a mere raft of reeds in which they could scarcely venture a mile from shore was their only means of navigation.
Yet its result was a disappointment to those who had looked for means of inland navigation by the Macquarie river, and by its supposed issue in a mediterranean sea.
By these means, the unknown region of Mid Australia was simultaneously entered from the north, south, east and west, and important additions were made to geographical knowledge.
By means of bond labour roads and bridges were con structed, and a route opened into the interior beyond Rise of the Blue Mountains.
They spent little on drink or with the storekeepers, and were, therefore, by no means popular.
The crisis was by no means a sudden crash, and even when the failures began to take place they were spread over a period of sixteen weeks.
In its ultimate effects the crisis was by no means evil.
At this meeting all the colonies except New Zealand were represented, and it was agreed that the parliament of each colony should be asked to pass a bill enabling the people to choose ten persons to represent the colony on a federal convention; the work of such convention being the framing of a federal constitution to be submitted to the people for approval by means of the referendum.
The colonies were, however, to have other and bitter experiences of strikes before Labour recognized that of all means for settling industrial Australians in South America.
Charles devoted the rest of his life to the gigantic task of rehabilitating Sweden by means of a reduktion, or recovery of alienated crown lands, a process which involved the examination of every title deed in the kingdom, and resulted in the complete readjustment of the finances.
By means of a dam across the river, 17 ft.
His father was a tradesman of limited means, but of studious character and active mind.
The right of voting being confined to members of the Communist party, the Government represented by no means one really elected by universal suffrage but rather a dictatorship of the lower classes.
There are practically no branch roads in Turkestan, and the only means of transport in bulk is either by wagon on the few main roads, or by railway.
§ 186), furnishing the date (274 B.C.) when the examination of the heart was for the first time introduced by the side of the liver as a means of divining the future, while the lungs are not mentioned till we reach the days of Cicero (de Divinatione, i.
This, of course, means that a new station, where clearing, digging, and building are in progress, is often unhealthy for a time, and to this must be attributed the evil reputation which the peninsula formerly enjoyed.
na-nun, one; nar, two; and ne', three, or variants of these; all higher arithmetical ideas being expressed by the word kerpn, which means " many."
The presence of the Sakai, a people of the Mon-Khmer stock, in the interior of the peninsula has also been considered as one of many proofs that the Malays intruded from the south and approached the 004° D peninsula by means of a sea-route, since had they swept down from the north, being driven thence by the people of a stronger breed, it might be expected that the fringe of country dividing the two contending races would be inhabited by men of the more feeble stock.
Only less important and only less early to be established in Vermont was the quarrying of granite, which began in 1812, but which has been developed chiefly since 1880, largely by means of the building of "granite railroads" which connect each quarry with a main railway line - a means of transportation as important as the logging railways of the Western states and of Canada.
But Einstein's work has been by no means confined to such abstract questions.
It was on this occasion that he earned the nickname of "Ironsides," applied to him now by Prince Rupert, and afterwards to his soldiers, "from the impenetrable strength of his troops which could by no means be broken or divided."
As the king had no longer a field army, the war after Naseby resolved itself into a series of sieges which Charles had no means of raising.
If that authority falls to nothing,"he said," nothing can follow but confusion."The Presbyterians, however, now engaged in a plan for restoring the king under their own control, and by the means of a Scottish army, forced on their policy, and on the 27th of May ordered the immediate disbandment of the army, without any guarantee for the payment of arrears.
by negotiating simultaneously with army and parliament, by inflaming their jealousies and differences, and finally by these means securing his restoration with his full prerogatives unimpaired.
On his return to London he found the parliament again negotiating Cromwell with Charles, and on the eve of making a treaty which Charles himself had no intention of keeping and the regarded merely as a means of regaining his power, and which would have thrown away in one moment all the advantages gained during years of bloodshed and struggle.
Cromwell therefore did not hesitate to join the army in its opposition to the parliament, and supported the Remonstrance of the troops (loth of November 1648), which included the demand for the king's punishment as "the grand author of all our troubles," and justified the use of force by the army if other means failed.
Nor let them exhibit it at all, unless there is some one present who can interpret the tongues and tell the meeting what it all means.
Anyone who, having the means, neglects to bury a dead body which he is legally bound to bury, is guilty of a misdemeanour, but no one is bound to incur a debt for such a purpose.
But in cases where a debt or instalment is in arrear and it is proved to the satisfaction of the court that the person making default either has or has had since the date of the order or judgment the means to pay the sum in respect of which he has made default and has refused or neglected to pay, he may be committed to prison at the discretion of the judge for a period of not more than forty-two days.
When the consolidation of the Dominion by means of railway construction was under discussion in 1872, Grant travelled from the Atlantic to the Pacific with the engineers who surveyed the route of the Canadian Pacific railway, and his book Ocean to Ocean (1873) was one of the first things that opened the eyes of Canadians to the value of the immense heritage they enjoyed.
by his own means, then was he thenceforth of thegn-right worthy."
Anejo or Anecho means the houses or quarter of the Anes.
According to this, Duke Charles Emmanuel of Savoy, who succeeded his more tolerant father in 1580, was determined to reduce the Chablais to the Catholic religion, by peaceful means if possible, by force if necessary.
The distortion of the spring determines the actual force which the wind is exerting on the plate, and this is either read off on a suitable gauge, or leaves a record in the ordinary way by means of a pen writing on a sheet of paper moved by clockwork.
By this means the mean temperature of the brass was raised through about 70° Fahr., while the amount of metal abraded was only 837 grains.
His philosophy is an attempt to reconcile monism (Hegel) and individualism (Herbart) by means of theism (Leibnitz).
The free use of discords and of wider intervals, together with the influence of the florid elements of solo-singing, enlarged the bounds of choral expression almost beyond recognition, while they crowded into very narrow quarters the subtleties of 16th-, century music. These, however, by no means disappeared; :and such devices as the crossing of parts in the second Kyrie of Bach's B Minor Mass (bars 7, 8, 14, 15, 22, 23, 50) abundantly show that in the hands of the great masters artistic truths are not things which a change of date can make false.
Before that time it was based exclusively on the use of the harpsichord either as a means of supporting the other instruments or as also contributing principal parts to the combination.
the big drum, cymbals and triangle, was used by Haydn in his Military Symphony, and Mozart in his Entfilhrung, for reasons of "local colour"; it appears as an extreme means of climax in the finale of Beethoven's 9th symphony.
It is probable that the parasite is then transferred to the alimentary canal of man by means of drinking-water, and thence makes its way to the subcutaneous connective tissue.
immitis, which is spread by means of the mosquito Anopheles (Centrbl.
The male next casts his cuticle, and by means of his spine bores FIG.
Before that time there was no basin or wet-dock, though the river Medway to some extent answered the same purpose, but a portion of the adjoining salt-marshes was then taken in, and three basins have been constructed, communicating with each other by means of large locks, so that ships can pass from the bend of the Medway at Gillingham to that at Upnor.
grue), machines by means of which heavy bodies may be lifted, and also displaced horizontally, within certain defined limits.
It can be moved (by its own locomotive power, if desired) long distances without requiring any complicated means of conveying power to it; and it is rapid in work, fairly economical, and can be adapted to the most varying circumstances.
(2) The hook may be attached to a rope or chain, and the pulling cylinder connected with a system of pulleys around which the rope is led; by these means the lift can be very largely increased.
a motor rated for a quarter load factor means that the motor is capable of exerting its full normal horse-power for three minutes out of every twelve, the pause being nine minutes, or one minute out of every four, the pause being three minutes.
With portable cranes means must be provided to ensure the requisite stability against overturning; this is done by weighting the tail of the revolving part with heavy weights, and in steam cranes the FIG.
Where the rail-gauge is narrow and great weight is not desired, blocking girders are provided across the under side of the truck; these are arranged so that, by means of wedges or screws, they can be made to increase the base.
These by no means necessarily agree with the Code.
From what is known, however, of the policy of Spain at this time, it is by no means unlikely that such a scheme was planned.
The word is still sometimes employed in this sense, as of the ship's telegraph, by means of which orders are mechanically transmitted from the navigating bridge to the engine room, but when used without qualification it usually denotes telegraphic apparatus worked by electricity, whether the signals that express the words of the message are visual, auditory or written.
The lines are carried on poles, at a sufficient height above the ground, by means of insulators.
Connexion is made into the office (or to the underground system, as is often the case) from the aerial wire by means of a copper conductor, insulated with gutta-percha, which passes through a " leading in " cup, whereby leakage is prevented between the wire and the pole.
As the cable is sheathed it is stored in large water-tight tanks and kept at a nearly uniform temperature by means of water.
The whole system provides the means of giving sufficient back-pull to the cable to make it grip the drum P, round which it passes several times to prevent slipping.
On the same shaft with P is fixed a brake-wheel furnished with a powerful brake B, by the proper manipulation of which the speed of paying out is regulated, the pull on the cable being at the same time observed by means of D.
In the earlier forms of instrument the record was made by embossing lines on a ribbon of paper by means of a sharp style fixed to one end of a lever, which carried at the other end the armature of an electromagnet.
In such cases it is usual to employ a local battery to produce the signals, and to close the local battery circuit by means of a relay working.
In this the tongue of the relay is kept over to the spacing side by means of a current flowing in one direction, but on the depression of the signalling key the current is reversed, moving the relay tongue over to the marking side.
The arm which moves round over the segments rotates at the rate of three revolutions per second, and is kept in motion by means of an iron toothed wheel, the rim of which is set in close proximity to the poles of an electromagnet.
It consists in punching, by means of " a puncher," a series of holes in a strip of paper in such a way that, when the strip is sent through another instrument, called the " transmitter," the holes cause the circuit to be closed at the proper times and for the proper proportionate intervals for the message to be correctly printed by the receiving instrument or recorder.
The perforation of the paper when done by hand is usually performed by means of small mallets, but at the central telegraph office in London, and at other large offices, the keys are only used for opening air-valves, the actual punching being done by pneumatic pressure.
A and A' by means of two metal pins P, P'.
In Squier and Crehore's " Synchronograph " system " sine waves of current, instead of sharp " makes and breaks," or sharp reversals, are employed for transmitting signals, the waves being produced by an alternating-current dynamo, and regulated by means of a perforated paper ribbon, as in the Wheatstone automatic system.
The current thus sent to the line may be made either to act directly on the printing instrument or to close a local circuit by means of a relay.
The Baudot apparatus can have certain channels extended so as to form a means of continuous communication between one station and two or three others by means of one line.
This machine reproduces a copy of the original transmitting slip, which can be passed on to any other Wheatstone circuit or can be run through a " Creed printer," which is a pneumatic machine actuating a typewriter by means of valves.
Since each letter is represented by a specific combination of positive and negative currents, it is possible, by means of the combinations, to close a local circuit at any given interval, and so cause the paper to be pressed against the periphery of the type-wheel at the time when the letter required is opposite.
In the Korn apparatus the light from a Nernst electric lamp is concentrated to a point by means of a lens on the original picture, which is wound on a glass cylinder in the shape of a transparent photographic film.
By means of this " light-relay " the intensity of the light acting at any moment upon the sensitized paper is made proportional to the illumination of the selenium in the transmitter.
The synchronous revolutions of the transmitting cylinders are effected by making one cylinder revolve slightly faster than the other; after each revolution the cylinder which is accelerated is arrested for a moment by means of a special relay until the difference of speed is accurately compensated for.
The motor is usually supported on a platform at the back of the instrument, its drivingwheel being connected to the shaft of the paper roller by means of a spirally wound steel band.
In what is known as the " hybrid " form of recorder the permanent magnets are provided with windings of insulated copper wire; the object of these windings is to provide a means of " refreshing " the magnets by means of a strong current temporarily sent through the coils when required, as it has been found that, owing to magnetic leakage and other causes, the magnets tend to lose their power, especially in hot climates.
Owing to the difficulty of maintaining perfect balance on duplexed cables, curb sending is not now used, but the signals are transmitted by means of an apparatus similar to the Wheatstone automatic transmitter used on land lines and differing from the latter only in regard to the alphabet employed; the signals from the transmitter actuate a relay having heavy armatures which in turn transmit the signals to the cable; this arrangement gives very firm signals, a point of great importance for good working.
He proposed that one ship should be provided with the means of making an interrupted current in a circuit formed partly of an insulated metallic wire connected with the sea at both ends by plates, and partly of the unlimited ocean.
At a later date, 1891, Trowbridge discussed another method of effecting communication at a distance, viz., by means of magnetic induction between two separate and completely insulated circuits.
The method of induction between insulated primary and secondary circuits laid out flat on the surface of the earth proves to be of limited application, and in his later experiments Preece returned to a method which unites both conduction and induction as the means of affecting one circuit by a current in another.
Rathenau of Berlin made many experiments in 1894 in which, by means of a conductive system of wireless telegraphy, he signalled through 3 m.
In December 1898 communication was established by the Marconi method between the East Goodwin lightship and the South Foreland lighthouse; and this installation was maintained for upwards of a year, during which it was the means of saving both life and property.
By means of several adjusting screws the force and frequency of these blows can be exactly regulated.
The relay itself served to actuate a Morse printing telegraph by means of a local battery.
Marconi's success in bridging the English Channel at Easter in 1899 with electric waves and establishing practical wireless telegraphy between ships and the shore by this means drew public attention to the value of the new means of communication.
All of them make use of Marconi's antenna in some form both at the transmitting and at the receiving end, all of them make use of an earth connexion, or its equivalent in the form of a balancing capacity or large surface having capacity with respect to the earth, which merely means that they insert a condenser of large capacity in the earth connexion.
In July and August 1899 the Marconi system of wireless telegraphy was tried for the first time during British naval manoeuvres, and the two cruisers, " Juno " and " Europa," were fitted with the new means of communication.
What is required is some means for localizing and directing a beam of radiation.
12039 of 1896) brought forward the idea of focusing a beam of electric radiation for telegraphic purposes on a distant station by means of parabolic mirrors, and tried this method successfully on Salisbury Plain up to a distance of about a couple of miles.
In this manner he was able to provide means for locating an invisible sending station.
It very soon, therefore, became clear to inventors that a very great advantage would be gained if some means could be discovered of creating high frequency oscillations which were not intermittent but continuous.
Starting from an observation of Marconi's, a number of interesting facts have been accumulated on the absorbing effect of sunlight on the propagation of long Hertzian waves through space, and on the disturbing effects of atmospheric electricity as well as upon the influence of earth curvature and obstacles of various kinds interposed in the line between the sending and transmitting stations.4 Electric wave telegraphy has revolutionized our means of communication from place to place on the surface of the earth, making it possible to communicate instantly and certainly between places separated by several thousand miles, whilst The Electrician, 1904, 5 2, p. 407, or German Pat.
His aim was the production, by means of the undulations of pressure on a membrane caused by sound, of an electric current the strength of which should at every instant vary directly as the pressure varied).
It is attached to a brass disk E, which is fastened to the centre of the diaphragm F by means of a rivet, and is capable of moving to and fro like a plunger when the diaphragm vibrates.
The employment of the telephone as one of the great means of communication requires a definite organization of the subscribers.
When the subscribers in a local area exceed a certain number, or when for some other reason it is not convenient or economical to connect all the subscribers in the area to one exchange, it is usual to divide the area into a number of districts in each of which an exchange is placed, and to connect these district exchanges together by means of " junction circuits."
Each connecting-cord circuit had associated with it a clearing-out drop connected between the cord and earth and a key by means of which the operator's speaking and ringing apparatus could be brought into circuit.
This attracted the attention of the attendant, who in response to the call inserted a plug into the spring-jack and connected the speaking apparatus to the circuit by means of the key.
Each telephone set was equipped with a special key or switch by means of which the telephone could be transferred from an exclusive line to the call-wire at will.
The system of the British Post Office is worked as follows: A subscriber desiring a long-distance connexion calls up his local exchange in the ordinary way, and the operator there, being informed that a trunk connexion is desired, extends the subscriber's line to the Post Office by means of a record circuit.
If there be a line free, or when the turn of the call is reached, particulars of the connexion wanted are passed to the distant end, and the trunk operators request the local exchanges to connect the subscribers by means of junction I F..?
By means of his first selector the circuit of a calling subscriber is connected to the outgoing end of a junction whose other end terminates upon the incoming portion of a second selector in the thousand group to which the wanted subscriber belongs.
In suburban and rural districts subscribers are usually served by means of bare wires erected upon wooden or iron poles.
In large towns telephone distribution by means of open wires is practically impossible, and the employment of cables either laid in the ground or suspended from poles or other overhead supports is necessary.
Another method of distribution, largely adopted, is to run the lead cables into the interior of blocks of buildings, and to terminate them there in iron boxes from which the circuits are distributed to the surrounding buildings by means of rubber-covered wires run along the walls.
The decision covered also future invention in regard to " every organized system of communication by means of wires according to any preconcerted system of signals."
While considering that a really efficient Post Office service would afford the best means for securing such competition, it recommended that general, immediate and effective competition should at once be undertaken either by the Post Office or by local authorities.
They are shrubby plants climbing over surrounding vegetation by means of tendrillike prolongations of the midrib of the leaf beyond the leaf-tip.
The food of the camel consists chiefly of the leaves of trees, shrubs and dry hard vegetables, which it is enabled to tear down and masticate by means of its powerful front teeth.
Palgrave, "docile means stupid, well and good; in such a case the camel is the very model of docility.
But if the epithet is intended to designate an animal that takes an interest in its rider so far as a beast can, that in some way understands his intentions, or shares them in a subordinate fashion, that obeys from a sort of submissive or halffellow-feeling' with his master, like the horse or elephant, then I say that the camel is by no means docile - very much the contrary.
Matthias, as the next-door neighbour of the Turks, claimed the custody of so valuable a hostage, and would have used him as a means of extorting concessions from Bayezid.
The best known and the most extensive of these lagoons is that in which Venice is situated, which extends from Torcello in the north to Chioggia and Brondolo in the south, a distance of above 40 m.; but they were formerly much more extensive, and afforded a continuous means of internal navigation, by what were called "the Seven Seas" (Septem Maria), from Ravenna to Altinum, a few miles north of Torcello.
The district is by no means devoid of fertility, the steep slopes facing the south enjoying so fine a climate as to render them very favorable for the growth of fruit trees, especially the olive, which is cultivated in terraces to a considerable height up the face of the mountains, while the openings of the valleys are generally occupied by towns or villages, some of which have become favorite winter resorts.
They, and also the inhabitants of central Italy, are more industrious than the inhabitants of the southern provinces, who have by no means recovered from centuries of misgovernment and oppression, and are naturally more hot-blooded and excitable, but less stable, capable of organization or trustworthy.
The last named has succeeded, by means of the large establishments at Milan in supplying not only the whole Italian market but an export trade.
Most large towns contain important state or communal archives, iii which a considerable amount of research is being done by local investigators; the various societies for local history (Societd di Storia Patria) do very good work and issue valuable publications; the treasures which the archives contain are by no means exhausted.
The officials are not well paid, and are certainly numerous; while the manifold checks and counterchecks have by no means always been sufficient to prevent dishonesty.
To secure fairly uniform efficiency in the various corps, and also as a means of unifying Italy, Piedmontese, Umbrians and Neapolitans are mixed in the same corps and sleep in the same barrack room.
Coast roads of minor importance as means of through communication also existed on both sides of the toe of the boot.
In 890 they established themselves again at Ban, and ruled the Theme of Lombardy by means of an officer entitled Catapan.
In the first place, from this time forward, owing to the election of popes by the Roman curia, the Holy See remained in the hands ~ of Italians; and this, though it was by no means an cities.
He won favor by these means, and completed the levelling down of classes, which had been proceeding ever since the emergence of the communes.
While the French directory saw in that province little more than a district which might be plundered and bargained for, Bonaparte, though by no means remiss in the exaction of gold and of artistic treasures, was laying the foundation of a friendly republic. During his sojourn at the castle of Montebello or Mombello, near I\Iilan, he commissioned several of the leading men of northern Italy to draw up a project of constitution and list of reforms for that province.
These various movements proved in the first place that the masses were by no means ripe for revolution, and that the idea of unity, although now advocated by a few revolutionary leaders, was far from being generally accepted even by the Liberals; and, secondly, that, in spite of the indifference of the masses, the despotic governments were unable to hold their own without the assistance of foreign bayonets.
Young Italy spread to all centres of Italian exiles, and by means of literature carried on an active propaganda in Italy itself, where the party came to be called Ghibellini, as though reviving the traditions of medieval anti-Papalism.
Yet the terrible year was by no means all loss.
Liberals were by no means inclined to despair of accomplishing this task...
a drunken libertine and a cruel tyrant ~ (May 1849); the latter was assassinated in 1854, and a regency under his widow, Marie Louise, was insti tuted during which the government became somewhat more tolerable, although by no means free from political persecution; in 1857 the Austrian troops evacuated the duchy.