It wasn't the money he objected to so much as the irrational logic.
There must be a God who can miraculously endow the irrational mind of man with truth - so runs the new.
The soul is partly irrational, partly rational; and therefore there are two kinds of virtue.
The real numbers, which include irrational numbers, have now to be defined.
These are isolated cases of irrational numbers.
In this work, which is one of the most valuable contributions to the literature of algebra, Cardan shows that he was familiar with both real positive and negative roots of equations whether rational or irrational, but of imaginary roots he was quite ignorant, and he admits his inability to resolve the so-called lation of Arabic manuscripts.
We are forced to fall back on fatalism as an explanation of irrational events (that is to say, events the reasonableness of which we do not understand).
Graphic methods also enter into the consideration of irrational numbers (ï¿½ 65).
Would Dean ever make such irrational and illogical decisions if faced with a test of his love?
8), after recognizing the necessity of external goods to happiness, it denies that fortune is due to divine grace, and simply defines it as irrational nature (&Xoyos 060-Ls).
1892), are more suitable for revision purposes; the second of these deals rather fully with irrational numbers.
The universe is merely blind Will, not thought; this Will is irrational, purposeless and therefore unhappy.
The number of questions which Calvin failed to ask or eluded by absolutely irrational expedients frees him from any taint of modern rationalism.
P. Manning, Irrational Numbers (1906); J.
sents an irrational quantity.
The irrational discords of Strauss are also real phenomena in musical aesthetics.
But now the irrational real numbers have all made their appearance.
The Stoic regarded the condition of freedom or slavery as an external accident, indifferent in the eye of wisdom; to him it was irrational to see in liberty a ground of pride or in slavery a subject of complaint; from intolerable indignity suicide was an ever-open means of escape.
On the whole, his voluntarism, though like that of Schopenhauer and Hartmann, is not the same; not Schopenhauer's, because the ideating will of Wundt's philosophy is not a universal irrational will; and not Hartmann's, because, although ideating will, according to Wundt's phenomenalism, is supposed to extend through the world of organisms, the whole inorganic world remains a mere object of unitary experience.
Under the general heading "Algebra and Theory of Numbers" occur the subheadings "Elements of Algebra," with the topics rational polynomials, permutations, &c., partitions, probabilities; "Linear Substitutions," with the topics determinants, &c., linear substitutions, general theory of quantics; "Theory of Algebraic Equations," with the topics existence of roots, separation of and approximation to, theory of Galois, &c. "Theory of Numbers," with the topics congruences, quadratic residues, prime numbers, particular irrational and transcendental numbers.
Moral virtue, which is that of the irrational desires so far as they are obedient to reason, is a purposive habit in the mean.
On the other hand, this new series is not continuous; for we know that there are some points on the line which represent surds and other irrational numbers, and these numbers are not contained in our series.
The development of the theory of equations leads to the amplification of real numbers, rational and irrational, positive and negative, by imaginary and complex numbers.
There must be a God, who could compel irrational matter to serve rational ends - so ran the old argument.
But could Christians sufficiently numerous to deserve a long discussion by St Epiphanius in 374-377, who upheld the Synoptists, stoutly opposed the Gnostics and Montanists, and had escaped every special designation till the bishop nicknamed them the " Alogoi " (irrational rejectors of the Logos-Gospel), dare, in such a time and country, to hold such views, had the apostolic origin been incontestable ?
Evolution and involution are usually regarded as operations of ordinary algebra; this leads to a notation for powers and roots, and a theory of irrational algebraic quantities analogous to that of irrational numbers.
For example, if it should turn out that the mass of a body is to be estimated by counting the number of corpuscles (whatever they may be) which go to form it, then a body with an irrational measure of mass is intrinsically impossible.
In irrational creatures the particular will or greed of the individual is controlled by external forces, and thus used as an instrument of the universal.
Atoms swerved as they fell endlessly downwards, and thus introduced an indeterminate or irrational element into the processes of the world.
The harmony between arithmetical and geometrical measurement, which was disturbed by the Greek geometers on the discovery of irrational numbers, is restored by an unlimited supply of the causes of disturbance.
Her commercial policy was one of most irrational and intolerable restriction and repression; and till the end of Spanish rule on the American continent, the whole political power was retained by the court at Madrid, and administered in the colonies by an oligarchy of home-bred Spaniards.
Do) that acting according to right reason is when the irrational part of the soul does not hinder the rational part of intellect from doing its work.
Although this transition from the discontinuous to continuous is not truly scientific, yet it materially augmented the development of algebra, and Hankel affirms that if we define algebra as the application of arithmetical operations to both rational and irrational numbers or magnitudes, then the Brahmans are the real inventors of algebra.
If this be applied to the right-hand side of the identity m m m 2 m2 tan-=- - n n -3n-5n" it follows that the tangent of every arc commensurable with the radius is irrational, so that, as a particular case, an arc of 45 having its tangent rational, must be incommensurable with the radius; that is to say, 3r/4 is an incommensurable number."
Consideration of the binomial theorem for fractional index, or of the continued fraction representing a surd, or of theorems such as Wallis's theorem (ï¿½ 64), shows that a sequence, every term of which is rational, may have as its limit an irrational number, i.e.
The workings of this Will are irrational primarily, but, as in its evolution it becomes more rationalized and understands the whole meaning of the Weltschmerz, it ultimately reaches the point at which the desire for existence is gone.
But the world will take what is available in Comte, while forgetting that in his work which is as irrational in one way as Hegel is in another.
8-9), where the Nicomachean Ethics places the speculative and the practical life; but it omits the theological element by denying that good fortune is divine grace, and by submitting gentlemanliness to no standard but that of right reason, when the irrational part of the soul does not hinder the rational part, or intellect (vows), from doing its work.
Good fortune it divides into two kinds, both irrational; one divine, according to impulse, and more continuous; the other contrary to impulse and not continuous.
Since they have sinned in consequence of Adam's fall, their fate is considered worse than that of the irrational creation.
The Treatise is a reductio ad absurdum of the principles of Lockianism, inasmuch as these principles, when consistently applied, leave the structure of experience entirely " loosened " (to use Hume's own expression), or cemented together only by the irrational force of custom.
That they are in some cases produced by physical or sensory stimuli does not constitute them irrational, and it is purely arbitrary to confine the word pleasure to those cases in which such stimuli are the proximate causes.
This passion or emotion, according to those who deny her attachment to Bothwell, was simply terror - the blind and irrational prostration of an abject spirit before the cruel force of circumstances and the crafty wickedness of men.
Strauss makes a steadily increasing use of avowedly irrational discords, in order to produce an emotionally apt physical sensation.
This insertion of irrational numbers (with corresponding negative numbers) requires for its exact treatment certain special methods, which form part of the algebraic theory of number, and are dealt with under Number.
Lastly, by " ` will " he does not mean " rational desire," which is its proper meaning, but inapplicable to Nature; nor unconscious irrational will, which is Schopenhauer's forced meaning; nor unconscious intelligent will, which is Hartmann's more correct meaning, though inapplicable to Nature.
In crystallography, the regular or ordinary dodecahedron is an impossible form since the faces cut the axes in irrational ratios; the "pentagonal dodecahedron" of crystallographers has irregular pentagons for faces, while the geometrical solid, on the other hand, has regular ones.
Scepticism with regard to reason, on the other hand, depends on an insight into the irrational character of the relation which we chiefly employ, viz.
Their attacks on infant baptism seemed to him not altogether irrational, and in regard to their claim to personal inspiration he said "Luther alone can decide; on the one hand let us beware of quenching the Spirit of God, and on the other of being led astray by the spirit of Satan."
The earliest of these works was Custom and Myth (1884); in Myth, Literature and Religion (2 vols., 1887, French trans., 1896) he explained the irrational elements of mythology as survivals from earlier savagery; in The Making of Religion (an idealization of savage animism) he maintained the existence of high spiritual ideas among savage races, and instituted comparisons between savage practices and the occult phenomena among civilized races; he dealt with the origins of totemism in Social Origins, printed (1903) together with J.
When he found himself confronted with the blind forces of Nature he was obliged to divest irrational will of feeling.
He was for five years a clerk in the office of an Irish land-agent, but came to London with his family in 1876, and in 1879 was, according to his own account in the preface to The Irrational Knot, in the offices of the Edison telephone company.
The Irrational Knot, written in 1880, and Love among the Artists (written in 1881) first appeared as serials in Our Corner, a monthly edited by Mrs Annie Besant; Cashel Byron's Profession (reprinted in 1901 in the series of "Novels of his Nonage") and An Unsocial Socialist first appeared in a Socialist magazine To-day, which no longer exists.
His thoughts were scattered and irrational.
In applying tests of memory, it may be legitimate to allow a candidate to pass who answers correctly from 30 to 50% of the questions; such an allowance if applied to a test of capacity, such as the performance of a sum in addition, the solution of triangles by means of trigonometrical tables, or the translation of an easy passage from a foreign language, appears to be irrational.
The same fear of imbibing the irrational soul of animals, and thereby reinforcing the lower appetites and instincts of the human being, inspired the vegetarianism of Apollonius of Tyana and of the Jewish Therapeutae, who in their sacred meals were careful to have a table free from blood-containing meats; and the fear of absorbing the animal's psychic qualities equally motived the Jewish and early Christian rule against eating things strangled.
Posidonius, unable to explain the emotions as " judgments " or the effects of judgments, postulated, like Plato, an irrational principle (including a concupiscent and a spirited element) to account for them, although he subordinated all these as faculties to the one substance of the soul lodged in the heart.
This was a serious departure from the principles of the system, facilitating a return of later Stoicism to the dualism of God and the world, reason and the irrational part in man, which Chrysippus had striven to surmount.3 Yet in the general approximation and fusion of opposing views which had set in, the Stoics fared far better than rival schools.
The irrational soul, as well as the rational soul, is immortal.
There is, however, in the Cynic notion of wisdom, no positive criterion beyond the mere negation of irrational desires and prejudices.
Then, in arranging the other special virtues, he begins with courage and temperance, which (after Plato) he considers as the excellences of the " irrational element " of the soul.
All action or movement of all thins irrational as well as Thoma g Aquina s.
But myths precisely similar in irrational and repulsive character, even in minute details, to those of the Aryan races, exist among Australians, South Sea Islanders, Eskimo, Bushmen in Africa, among Solomon Islanders, Iroquois, and so forth.
The difficulty of mythology is to account for the following among other apparently irrational elements in myths: the wild and senseless stories of the beginnings of things, of the origin of men, sun, stars, animals, death, and the world in general; the infamous and absurd adventures of the gods; why divine beings are regarded as incestuous, adulterous, murderous, thievish, cruel, cannibals, and addicted to wearing the shapes of animals, and subject to death in some stories; the myths of metamorphosis into plants, beasts and stars; the repulsive stories of the state of the dead; the descents of the gods into the place of the dead, and their return thence.
Our answer is that everything in the civilized mythologies which we regard as irrational seems only part of the accepted and rational order of things (at least in the case of " medicine-men " or magicians) to contemporary savages, and in the past seemed equally rational and natural to savages concerning whom we have historical information.
It will appear that, while the non-civilized gods are often theriomorphic, made in accordance with the ideas of non-civilized men, the civilized gods retain many characteristics of the savage gods, and these characteristics are the " irrational element " in the divine myths.
The Brahmanas, on the other hand, later compilations, canonized books for the direction of ritual and sacrifice, are rich in senseless and irrational myths.
I sense you feel this person is somewhat irrational in pursuit of their beloved.
But I must control any irrational emotions and plan carefully, to the zenith of my high level of intelligence.
Especially so when he could dismiss her by implying her concerns were born of irrational premenstrual ranting.
It was an irrational thing, and pointless to allow her mind to linger on the reason for his preoccupation.
The leading low-cost airline believes it is " irrational " for environmentalists to solely blame airlines for climate change.
We must not demonstrate any arrogance, and we must refrain from any irrational or undemocratic behavior.
bondage of irrational fears.
detonate detonating enough explosive to seal the jeweled gateway forever to accommodate an irrational mortal fear?
In the top ten was this little lady and I couldn't have explained my irrational dislike of her half as well as this.
irrational hatred of religion show itself too crudely here.
Under the general heading "Fundamental Notions" occur the subheadings "Foundations of Arithmetic," with the topics rational, irrational and transcendental numbers, and aggregates; "Universal Algebra," with the topics complex numbers, quaternions, ausdehnungslehre, vector analysis, matrices, and algebra of logic; and "Theory of Groups," with the topics finite and continuous groups.
Sometimes, too, he writes as if he accepted an irrational as well as a rational part of the soul.
We saw that Socrates, while not claiming to have found the abstract theory of good or wise conduct, practically understood by it the faithful performance of customary duties, maintaining always that his own happiness was therewith bound up. The Cynics more boldly discarded both pleasure and mere custom as alike irrational; but in so doing they left the freed reason with no definite aim but its own freedom.
He said the act was " replete with seemingly irrational distinctions " .
It may well be a matter of the heart, but that makes it irrational even if it is not downright stupid !
Once the clients understand how their thoughts may be irrational, the therapist tries to rationalize their fears.
You may also be irrational and engage in risky situations.
According to the American Psychological Association, more than 10 million people in the United States alone suffer from an irrational fear.
A doctor, mental health professional, or counselor should be consulted when irrational fears interfere with a child's normal functioning.
Homophobia-An irrational hatred, disapproval, or fear of homosexuality and homosexuals.
Often described as the "disease of doubt," the sufferer usually knows the obsessive thoughts and compulsions are irrational but, on another level, fears they may be true.
Obsessions are intrusive, irrational thoughts that keep popping up in a person's mind, such as the urgency to wash one's hands again.
Other obsessions include feeling responsible or others' safety or an irrational fear of hitting a pedestrian with a car.
An example of an irrational number in mathematics, the Golden Ratio is a constant that represents a ratio of two quantities and how they relate to one another.
This can make the Snake a poor pairing since Snake views indulgence as irrational.
Additionally, they often have an irrational worry of falling short in some way.
Although some people may consider this a negative trait and mark the Pisces personality as being entirely irrational, this is actually not the case.
"Oh it's a little irrational of me, and we never told you girls about it, but we bought this house in the late 1970s and got a great deal because part of it had burned in a fire.
Never consider a tattoo while you're under the influence of alcohol or drugs, or during a stressful period in your life, where you're bound to make irrational decisions.
This was clear in many of his quotes where he mentioned delusional or irrational thinking.
But this "will" is neither rational desire, unconscious irrational will, nor conscious intelligent will, but an instinct, a "will to live" (Zielstrebigkeit), often subconscious, pursuing ends, indeed, but without reasoning as to means.
Graphic methods also enter into the consideration of irrational numbers (Ã¯¿½ 65).
Consideration of the binomial theorem for fractional index, or of the continued fraction representing a surd, or of theorems such as Wallis's theorem (Ã¯¿½ 64), shows that a sequence, every term of which is rational, may have as its limit an irrational number, i.e.
One to seven hours after the bite, the victim begins to experience the effects of the venom, which include tingling at the wound site, weakness, nausea, vomiting, excessive salivation, and irrational behavior.
Many childhood fears fall somewhere between the rational and irrational, occurring in phases as the child or adolescent is exposed to new experiences and as both cognitive reasoning and the capacity for imagination develop.
Typically, children who experience this type of irrational fear, or phobia, should get treatment from a psychologist.
Phobia-An intense and irrational fear of a specific object, activity, or situation that leads to avoidance.
These thoughts are followed by ritualized actions that are usually bizarre and irrational.
A phobia is a strong but irrational fear.
In mathematical terminology, 1.62 is an irrational number because its properties don't conform to rational number expectations.
Hair loss in women causes at times irrational behavior.
It's not a time to be irrational or impulsive, but rather a time to make a calculated financial decision.
When you were in high school, did you ever harbor an irrational anger towards the Student Union?
Scorpio will have to be careful not to overwhelm his tender Virgo when his temper flares up, and Virgo will need to find the courage to remain calm when the man she loves becomes irrational.
Virgo thinks that's a bit irrational and constantly questions Scorpio.
But though it is an essential point in Clarke's view that what is right is to be done as such, apart from any consideration of pleasure or pain, it is to be inferred that he is not prepared to apply this doctrine in its unqualified form to such a creature as man, who is partly under the influence of irrational impulses.
I tried to comprehend his thought process but I found it irrational.
She's as upset as a jilted lover over Quinn's attitude and I'm afraid she's going to do something irrational.
It wasn't the way she had planned to break the news, but he was being so irrational.
We therefore take a third step, and obtain theoretical continuity by considering that every point on the line, if it does not represent a rational number, represents something which may be called an irrational number.
Another widespread reason for avoiding flesh diet altogether was the fear of absorbing the irrational soul of the animal, which especially resided in the blood.
We may, if we like, call this element, which is assumed as the basis of all scientific method, irrational - will instead of reason, feeling rather than knowledge.
For the application of continued fractions to the theory of O o O b 3 O O a3 b4 O - I a 4 b5 b2 irrational numbers there is P. Bachmann's Vorlesungen fiber die Natur der Irrationalzahnen (1892).
Zend has lar 0 a great tendency to insert irrational vowels, especially near ha uids; owing to this the words seem rather inflated; e.g.
Further, a distinction was drawn between irrational animals, or the brute creation, and the rational, i.e.
and a subtle erudition, it is not surprising that we get the following definition: the end is to live in contemplation of the reality and order of the universe, promoting it to the best of our power, and never led astray by the irrational part of the soul.
Considerations such as these have been used for determining the series of values of the independent variable, and the irrational functions thereof in the theory of Abelian integrals, but the theory seems to be worthy of further investigation.
Nor is that obscurity to any appreciable degree illuminated by the tendency also noticeable in idealist writers to find the true possession of freedom only in a self emancipated from the influence of irrational passion, and liberated by knowledge from the dominion of chance or the despotism of unknown natural forces.
Under the general idea of law, defined as an " ordinance of reason for the common good, promulgated by him win has charge of the community," Thomas distinguishes (1) the eternal law or regulative reason of God which embraces all his creatures, rational and irrational; (2) " natural law," being that part of the eternal law that relates to rational creatures as such; (3) human law, which properly consists of more particular deductions from natural law particularized and adapted to the varying circumstances of actual communities; (4) divine law specially revealed to man.
Let us grant that there is as much intellectual absurdity in acting unjustly as in denying that two and two make four; still, if a man has to choose between absurdity and unhappiness, he will naturally prefer the former; and Clarke, as we have already seen, is not really prepared to maintain that such preference is irrational.'
Another school (also somewhat divided against itself) believes that misunderstood language played but a very slight part in the evolution of mythology, and that the irrational element in myths is merely the survival from a condition of thought which was once common, if not universal, but is now found chiefly among savages, and to a certain extent among children.
The deficiencies of the Greek symbolism were partially remedied; subtraction was denoted by placing a dot over the subtrahend; multiplication, by placing bha (an abbreviation of bhavita, the product ") after the factors; division, by placing the divisor under the dividend; and square root, by inserting ka (an abbreviation of karana, irrational) before the quantity.
If nature can instruct irrational animals, can it not much more men?"
Alcohol abuse can cause arguments, irrational behavior, and be a constant frustration in a marriage.
It is this irrational and unnatural element - .as Max Muller says, " the silly, savage and senseless element " - that makes mythology the puzzle which men have so long found it.
Our first question will be, Is there any stage of human society, and of the human intellect, in which facts that appear to us to be monstrous and irrational are accepted as ordinary occurrences of every day life ?
The civilized mind soon wearies of this stuff, and perhaps enough has been said to prove that, in the traditions of Vedic devotees, Indra was not a god without an irrational element in his myth.
The only calm, civilized Immortal on the Council That Was Seven, she had sought him out rather than try to reason with the irrational leaders of the Council.
extraterrestrial spaceships is kept secret is hopelessly irrational.
In the FTSE 100 at least, we are some way from being in a wave of irrational exuberance.
Being proud to have made it Have you got any irrational fears or phobias?
They provided further examples of that irrational hatred of all things Orange.
We thus shake off usual social controls and become more impulsive, irrational, aggressive and even violent.
economic interdependence alone doesn't make irrational actors bent on belligerent behavior suddenly change their tune.
irrational exuberance in high tech stocks.
irrational fears raise their ugly heads.
irrational outbursts as has often been assumed.
Rational debate seems to be your reason, but on some topics you start from fundamentally irrational positions.
Stock market volatility is therefore of serious concern as investors, faced with financial turbulence, may behave in wholly irrational ways.
What then could have been his motive for his apparently irrational antics?
The most common comment from people who have panic attacks is ' It's totally irrational ', which is quite right.
irrational to feel dismay at that prospect?
irrational to believe that imaginary entities are real.
People under stress can be irritable, withdrawn, appear irrational, aggressive or even violent.
God could not have intended Nature or His Holy Word to seem irrational.
This is a case where the agent becomes irrational.
If we do this on the basis of capacities, particularly rationality, where does this leave humans who might be considered irrational?
irrational in the sense of preventing optimal functioning; on the contrary, they serve important functions in everyday life.
If rationality is absolute oneness, freedom is irrational.
But Lomborg's caricature of environmentalists as irrational doom-mongers was over-egging the pudding.
rational argument on a board which attracts " irrational thinkers " .
The material was then edited into elaborate circles of contradiction derived by riding the crest of an infinitely regressive, irrational thought.
The bizarre warmth Zizek shows the skinhead comports with critical theory's own irrational outbursts toward cultural studies, a breeding ground for particularization.
The belief that physical proof of extraterrestrial spaceships is kept secret is hopelessly irrational.
It may well be a matter of the heart, but that makes it irrational even if it is not downright stupid!
He saw that the best education - for people still went to finish their education in Athens - was no protection against irrational superstition.
Bird), but then included, with many others, according to the irrational, vague and rudimentary notions of classification of the time, in what was termed the family " Muscicapinae."
Truth is the unity and substance which underlies all things; Prudence or Providence is the regulating power of truth, and comprehends both liberty and necessity; Wisdom is providence itself in its supersensible aspect - in man it is reason which grasps the truth of things; Law results from wisdom, for no good law is irrational, and its sole end and aim is the good of mankind; Universal Judgment is the principle whereby men are judged according to their deeds, and not according to their belief in this or that catechism.
1218 b 34); (5) that in them appeared the division of soul into irrational and rational, used by Aristotle (E.N.
He also rejected the optimism of Leibnitz and Hegel, and placed the most irrational of wills at the base of the worst possible of worlds (see further Schopenhauer).
Here also psychology, by its elucidation of the important part which instinctive appetites and animal impulses play in the development of intelligence, still more perhaps by arguments (based largely upon the examination of hypnotic subjects or the phenomena of fixed ideas) which show the permanent influence of irrational or semi-rational suggestions or habits upon human conduct, has done much to aid and abet idealists in their contentions.
If you have an unwavering commitment to an idea that all things will be good all the time, then that is irrational.
Also, you say you are trying to have a rational argument on a board which attracts " irrational thinkers ".
The bizarre warmth Zizek shows the skinhead comports with critical theory 's own irrational outbursts toward cultural studies, a breeding ground for particularization.
Dating may sometimes anger the other parent to the point of irrational or erratic behavior, which further damages children of divorce.
Rodney King famously asked this question, and unfortunately, in a world where many are irrational, and closed and narrow-minded, the answer is sometimes no.
Anxiety can cause many uncomfortable problems like panic attacks, irrational fears, high blood pressure, chronic worrying, and disturbing thoughts.
An anxiety attack is a sudden, prolonged period of highly elevated, irrational fear or stress.
In many cases the cause of the anxiety is based on an irrational fear, or dread, of normal activities and situations of daily life.
The dependency causes compulsive and irrational behavior, severe and sometimes painful drug cravings, and chronic behavioral issues.
Whatever the currency in classical circles of the epistle as a literary form, it is irrational to put first in the development of Christian literature a general epistle, couched in fluent, even rhetorical, Greek, and afterwards the Pauline letters, which both as to origin and subsequent circulation were a product of urgent conditions.
The equation is sometimes given, and may conveniently be used, in an irrational form, but we always imagine it reduced to the foregoing rational and integral form, and regard this as the equation of the curve.
a certain irrational function of 0, and the theorem is that the co-ordinates x, y, z of any point of the given curve can be expressed as proportional to rational and integral functions of 0, ¢, that is, of 0 and a certain irrational function of 0.
The myths of civilized peoples, as of Greeks and the Aryans of India, contain two elements, the rational and what to modern minds seems the irrational.
Even religion is affected by these irrational notions, and the gods of savages and of many civilized peoples are worshipped with cruel, obscene, and irrational rites.
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