The church of St Helen is a fine Perpendicular building, restored and enlarged (1880); it contains monuments of the Huntingdon family, and an old finger-pillory for the punishment of misbehaviour in church.
Aunt Helen invited us back the next summer, but we were still too frightened to come.
The youngest, Helen, was for some years vice-principal of Newnham College, Cambridge.
Benrath (2nd ed., Brunswick, 1892), translated into English by Helen Zimmern (London, 1876).
Certain persons and events in the story have a distinctly mythical stamp. Helen is a figure of this kind.
Your loving little pupil, HELEN A. KELLER.
They would have blamed Aunt Helen.
The picturesque narrow-arched bridge over the Thames near St Helen's church dates originally from 1416.
In 1863 he married Miss Helen Day Miller, and through her father, Daniel S.
While engaged on this task he died, worn out with disease, on the 3rd of March 1703 in London, and was buried in St Helen's Church, Bishopsgate Street.
Attica being one of the chief seats of the worship of Artemis, this explains why Iphigeneia is sometimes called a daughter of Theseus and Helen, and thereby connected with the national hero.
MENELAUS, in Greek legend, son of Atreus (or Pleisthenes), king of Sparta, brother of Agamemnon and husband of Helen.
His grave and that of Helen were shown at Therapnae, where he was worshipped as a god (Pausanias iii.
He was represented in works of art as carrying off the body of the dead Patroclus or lifting up his hand to slay Helen.
He advised his fellow-townsmen to send Helen back to her husband, and showed himself not unfriendly to the Greeks and an advocate of peace.
St Helen's, Bishopsgate, belonged to a priory of nuns founded c. 1212, but the greater part of the building is later.
The parish church of which we have the most authentic notice before the Conquest is St Helen's, Bishopsgate.
It was in existence many years before the priory of the nuns of St Helen's was founded.
HELEN ADAMS KELLER (1880-), American blind deafmute, was born at Tuscumbia, Alabama, in 1880.
In 1861 he travelled in Auvergne and the Pyrenees, with Clough, who was to die a few months later; to this year belong "Helen's Tower" and the "Dedication" of the Idylls to the prince consort, "These to his Memory."
It was followed by others, painted on the same principles, but with greater perfection of art: "The Grief of Andromache" (1783), "The Oath of the Horatii" (Salon, 1785), "The Death of Socrates," "Love of Paris and Helen" (1788), "Brutus" (1789).
Later stories say that Thetis snatched his body from the pyre and conveyed it to the island of Leuke, at the mouth of the Danube, where he ruled with Iphigeneia as his wife; or that he was carried to the Elysian fields, where his wife was Medea or Helen.
In 1882 Prince Leopold, duke of Albany, wedded the princess Helen of Waldeck-Pyrmont.
1896); also Helen Maria Williams, State of Manners and Opinions in the French Republic towards the close of the 18th Century (2 vols., London, 1801).
HELEN, or Helena (Gr.
According to another story, Helen survived her husband, and was driven out by her stepsons.
After death, Helen was said to have married Achilles in his home in the island of Leuke.
Helen was worshipped as the goddess of beauty at Therapnae in Laconia, where a festival was held in her honour.
Originally, Helen was perhaps a goddess of light, a moon-goddess, who was gradually transformed into the beautiful heroine round whom the action of the Iliad revolves.
Oswald, The Legend of Fair Helen (1905); J.
Decker, Die griechische Helena in Mythos and Epos (1894); Andrew Lang, Helen of Troy (1883); P. Paris in Daremberg and Saglio's Dictionnaire des antiquites; the exhaustive article by R.
JOHN WILLIAM DRAPER (1811-1882), American scientist, was born at St Helen's, near Liverpool, on the 5th of May 1811.
Lines are left unrhymed: e.g., Julian and Maddalo (211); Rosalind and Helen (366).
He married Maud, heiress of Hugh, earl of Chester, and his son John inherited both earldoms. The son married Helen, daughter of Llewelyn, prince of Wales, by whom he was poisoned in 1237, dying without issue.
There are ruins of an oratory dedicated to St Helen on Cape Cornwall.
As a descendant of Zeus and famous for his beauty, he was one of the suitors of Helen; hence, after her abduction by Paris, he took part in the Trojan War, in which he distinguished himself by his bravery.
A daughter, Helen, was born to him; but his young wife, after a long illness, died of consumption in September 1841.
His wife, Helen Eliza Benson, died in 1876.
In 1776 the site began to be built upon, and in 1802 the town, named after Lady Helen, wife of Sir James Colquhoun of Luss, the ground landlord, was erected into a burgh of barony, under a provost and council.
He had married Miss Helen Melland in 1877, and was left with a family when she died in 1891; in 1894, however, he had married again, his second wife being the accomplished Miss Margaret ("Margot") Tennant, daughter of the wealthy ironmaster, Sir Charles Tennant, Bart., a lady well known in London society as a member of the coterie known as "Souls," and commonly identified as the original of Mr E.
His mother was the princess Helen of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, a Protestant.
Theseus and Pirithous now carried off Helen from Sparta, and when they drew lots for her she fell to the lot of Theseus, who took her to Aphidnae, and left her in charge of his mother Aethra and his friend Aphidnus.
His father was called Gruffydd Vychan, and his mother Helen; on both sides he had pretensions to be descended from the old Welsh princes.
He received his early education from his aunt, Helen Maria Williams, an Englishwoman, who at the close of the 18th century gained a reputation by various translations and by her Letters from France.
In 1783 he married Helen Bannatyne, who died in 1787, leaving an only son, Colonel Matthew Stewart.
and Leipzig, 1889-1893, English translation by Helen Dendy, London, 1895); K.
A beautiful, vivid and reputedly very accurate picture of the old society is given in Helen Hunt Jackson's novel, Ramona (New York, 1884).
Castor and Polydeuces, for instance, are simply brothers of Helen who died before the expedition to Troy (Il.
In the third book the scenes in which Helen and Priam take part (including the making of the truce) are pronounced to be interpolations; and so on.
" Teichoscopy," Helen pointing out to Priam the Greek leaders.
311, but from this point, in the meetings of Hector with Helen and Andromache, and again in the seventh book when Hector challenges the Greek chiefs, his prowess is forgotten.
And when in the third book Priam asks Helen about the Greek captains, or when in the seventh book nine champions come forward to contend with Hector, the want of the greatest hero of all is sufficiently felt.
The story of Paris and Helen especially, and the general position of affairs in Troy, is put before us in a singularly vivid manner.
In the scene on the walls of Troy, in the third book of the Iliad, after Helen has pointed out Agamemnon, Ulysses and Ajax in answer to Priam's 1 " As a poet Homer must be acknowledged to excel Shakespeare in the truth, the harmony, the sustained grandeur, the satisfying completeness of his images " (Shelley, Essays, &c., i.
For a generation nursed in decadent scholasticism and stereotyped theological formulae it was the fountain of renascent youth, beauty and freedom, the shape in which the Helen of art and poetry appeared to the ravished eyes of medieval Faustus.
1896); Helen L.
from Deva (Chester) by way of Uriconium (Wroxeter) and Gobannium (Abergavenny) to Isca Silurum (Caerleon-on-Usk) and Venta Silurum (Caerwent); another from Deva to Conovium (Conway), whence a road, the Sam Helen, extended due S.
The claims of the three deities Hera, Aphrodite and Athena are decided by Paris in favour of Aphrodite, who as a reward assists him to gain possession of Helen (Hyginus, Fab.
Schopenhauer; von ihm; iiber ihn (1863); Helen Zimmern, Schopenhauer and his Philosophy (1877); O.
Helen Tongue, preface by Henry Balfour (Oxford, 1909), reproductions in colours; D.
The genuineness of two rhetorical exercises (The Encomium of Helen and The Defence of Palamedes, edited with Antiphon by F.
After the death of Paris, Helenus and his brother Deiphobus became rivals for the hand of Helen.
Leibnitz, the Bernoullis, Roger Cotes and others - and so assiduously was it studied that it was sometimes named the "Helen of Geometers."
And one Helen, who went about with him at that time, who before had had her stand in a brothel, they say was the first thought that was brought into being by him " (Apol.
What has not perhaps been so clearly perceived is the consequence that all that is told about Helen refers to the later Simon.
Irenaeus then goes on to tell how at Tyre Simon rescued Helen from prostitution, and took her about with him, saying that she was the first thought of his mind, the mother of all things, by whom in the beginning he had conceived the idea of making angels and arch-angels.
For she had been also in that Helen who was the cause of the Trojan War.
But the prophets had delivered their prophecies under the inspiration of the world-creating angels: wherefore those who had their hope in him and in Helen minded them no more, and, as being free, did what they pleased; for men were saved according to his grace, but not according to just works.
images of Simon-under the form of Zeus, and of Helen under that of Athena.
9), that he consoled himself for the loss of the Spirit by the purchase of Helen of Tyre (De an.
25) it is said that Simon called Helen cr0491a.
We are told that Simon allegorized the wooden horse and " Helen with the lamp," 2 and applied them to himself and his E7rtvoca.
" But the liar was enamoured of this wench, whose name was Helen, and had bought her and had her to wife, and it was out of respect for his disciples that he invented this fairy-tale" (Ref.
3 Hippolytus speaks in language similar to that of Irenaeus about the variety of magic arts practised by the Simonians, and also of their having images of Simon and Helen under the forms of Zeus and Athena.
" But if any one, on seeing the images either of Simon or Helen, shall call them by those names, he is cast out, as showing ignorance of the mysteries."
Lipsius conjectured that the supposed worship of Simon and Helen was really that of Hercules-Melkart and Selene-Astarte.
In the Clementine Recognitions Helen is called Luna (ii.
Its language seems to throw light on the story about Helen.
After being cast out by the Apostles he came to Rome where, having joined to himself a profligate woman of the name of Helen, he gave out that it was he who appeared as the father on Mt.
The story of Helen is thus definitely shown to belong to the second Simon, and not at all to the first.
But, if the end in view with the Fathers had been the attainment of truth, instead of the branding of heretics, they could not possibly have accepted the Great Declaration, which contains, as we have seen, the story of Helen, with its references to the Gospels, as the work of Simon 1 See H.E.
The mention of Helen in the Clementines stamps them as later than the Great Declaration, in which, to all appearance, her story originates.
One of these thirty leading men was a woman called Helen.
For the narrative goes on to say that Simon took Helen about with him, saying that she had come down into the world from the highest heavens, and was mistress, inasmuch as she was the allmother being and wisdom.
(AZTns), a poem to a beautiful youth; xviii., the marriage-song of Helen ('E7r10aX& nos); and xxvi., the murder of Pentheus (Ar 7 val).
The epics in general show a mixture of Homeric, Ionic and Doric forms. The Bucolics, Mimes, and the " Marriage-song of Helen" (xviii.) are in Doric, with occasional forms from other dialects.
Upon her male favourites (Paris, Theseus) she bestows the fatal gift of seductive beauty, which generally leads to disastrous results in the case of the woman (Helen, Ariadne).
In less than a year he was compelled to seek relaxation; and going to Switzerland he there met and married Helen, third daughter of Sir George William Denys, Bart.
Its eponymous hero, Decelus, was said to have indicated to the Tyndaridae, Castor and Pollux, the place where Theseus had hidden their sister Helen at Aphidnae; and hence there was a traditional friendship between the Deceleans and the Spartans (Herodotus ix.
The principal buildings are the church of St Helen, Witton, noted for its finely carved roof of the 17th century, a museum and free library and market house.
Urosh married Helen, a French princess of the house de Courtenay, and through her he kept friendly relations with the French court of Charles of Anjou in Naples.
12.5); and hence it was in vain that on the arrival of Helen she prophesied the ruin of Troy.
In August 1860 Tisza married the countess Helen Degenfeld-Schomburg, a union which brought him into close connexion with the Karolyis, the Podmaniczkys and the Odescalchis.
accompanying on the piano, and often play for Helen in recitals.
Helen Cunliffe, the new archdeacon of St Albans.
His former affection being still powerful over him, he obeyed the summons, in the hope of once again beholding Helen.
blonde of Helen getting more boats than me, am convinced going blond will solve problem.
The charter boat Lady Helen was waiting for us.
buster note for Editors Helen Ghosh was born in 1956 and educated at St Hugh's College and Hertford College Oxford.
charter boat Lady Helen was waiting for us.
He is using the same cyclone climatology as Helen but to develop a climatology of polar lows.
Its ending, as ambulancewoman Kay discovers the fate of her lover Helen, is my personal emotional crescendo.
A Nottingham students union spokesperson where Helen attended university, said: " Helen is very dedicated and enthusiastic.
other diminutives include Ann (Hannah ), Nelly (Ellen or Helen) and Peggy (Margaret ).
Helen took a physical drumstick and used it to materialize yards of material which covered the floor of the room.
Harper said: ' Helen is a liberal elitist and is forthright in her opinions, like me.
Image: Shows one of Helen Story's ' Death Dresses ', which explore the end of female fertility.
Helen mixes up her own paper clay for large pieces and sometimes uses porcelain paper flax for smaller work.
He felt he had been made to appear foolish by what he considered to be Helen's deception.
A narrative by Helen Morris, co founder of The Stencil Library, accompanies the viewer around 15 themed rooms in her house.
Reply To This Message Re: new student Author: angie (---.in-addr.btopenworld.com) Date: 17-03-2002 22:57 hello Helen.
Helen Says: January 10th, 2006 at 9:15 pm hmm, well then why don't you search it more often?
Debbie is horrified when she discovers the identity of the new school janitor, and Hannah is reduced to stealing from Helen.
leachate tests Helen Whitham - 25/07/2003 Looking at the CNMT_TTYP Pick list there does not appear to be an entry for Leachate test types.
Dr. Helen Ward is senior lecturer in public health at Imperial College London.
Helen is also a part-time lecturer in media ethics at London South Bank University.
likeable character out of G Wing Governor Helen Stewart.
Helen: When my grandfather died, he left me his shaving lotion bottle collection.
Helen receives annual follow-up appointments with the specialist nurse at the hospital, including annual mammography.
Helen's Spiritualist friends say that during his visits to her cell Prime Minister Churchill made promises of making mends to Helen.
In 2001, Helen John was sentenced to three months in prison, possibly the harshest sentence ever meted out to a peaceful protester.
Helen has also narrated numerous documentaries including the RTS award winning The Night the Bombs Went Off.
Helen: [gasp] I told you she was soft on full frontal nudity!
The boat can be chartered for the evening, with dinner for up to six served onboard by hostess Helen.
Helen showed off her lovely new home made poi which were very cool.
Helen Reed was drawn to the title of a lecture by Dr. Robert Hare, who created a checklist for spotting the psychopath.
Philip Wells has been nominated as a Reading Champion by Helen Dunning, who works as a freelance publicist.
Helen tries to inject some realism into the discussion of the sorts of " things " the women want to see in their cells.
Helen Hockx-Yu then gave a recap of the 12 workpackages for forthcoming JISC funding, outlining some of the preservation elements.
reincarnated into the body of, Helen Grosvenor, (Johann ), daughter of the Egyptian Governor.
Helen Thornton - marketing advisor for food & drink sector organizations Robert Rees - food consultant, chef and former restaurateur.
In September 1997 the Post revealed that a £ 5.5million Lottery grant bid toward a proposed revamp of St Helen's had failed.
riot grrrl punk rock resemble a grungier version of Helen Love, and mighty fine they are too.
Helen Dean started making shortbread in her own kitchen to raise funds for the local pipe band in 1975.
Off I went with my trusty sidekick, Helen, to the delights of Corby.
Helen was inspired by the eary 18th century slipware cradle in the museum's collection.
Helen Reid's book also contains snippets of information gleaned from the newspapers of the time.
sol gels for the manufacture of thin film coatings for the optical components of the Helen laser is described.
Even Helen Sharman, the British cosmonaut, believes that commercial spaceflight and space tourism will not be achieved for a number of decades.
The transport of aerosol from the tropical stratosphere Helen Rodgers On the 15th of June 1991 Mt.
struggle against fascism prior to the 1939 war Helen was Secretary of the anti-fascist organization in Glasgow.
Helen goes back to the Sparrow house and Ron mistakes her for his " sex surrogate " .
Clue: It gets a bit tedious... Topographic surveying How does Helen measure up?
Helen, who was in the bed next to his, constantly teased him.
Helen (Pauline McLynn) and Paul (Paul McGann) have been married for 25 years, but their relationship has become threadbare.
Helen suggests using a topper instead but Tony argues against this as they will grow back.
german toyshop: get " train " for Helen.
trusty sidekick, Helen, to the delights of Corby.
The eldest daughter, Helen Miller Gould (b.
door in the Decorated style, supposed to occupy the site of the old Roman palace; Holy Trinity, in Goodramgate, Decorated and Perpendicular, with Perpendicular tower; Holy Trinity, Micklegate, formerly a priory church, now restored, showing Roman masonry in its walls; St Denis, Walmgate, with rich Norman doorway and Norman tower arches; St Helen's, St Helen's Square, chiefly Decorated; St John's, North Street, chiefly Perpendicular; St Margaret's, Walmgate, celebrated for its curiously sculptured Norman porch and doorway; St Mary the Elder, Bishophill, Early English and Decorated, with brick tower, rebuilt in 1659; St Mary the Younger, Bishophill, with a square tower in the Saxon style, rebuilt probably in the 13th century; St Mary, Castlegate, with Perpendicular tower and spire 154 ft.
Noah Webster lived in the village from 1812 to 1822, when working on his Dictionary; and Emily Dickinson and Helen M.
The case of Helen Keller is the most extraordinary ever known in the education of blind deaf-mutes (see Deaf And Dumb ad fin.), her acquirements including several languages and her general culture being exceptionally wide.
The sequel was the rape of Helen and the Trojan War.
In another version, Paris, on his voyage to Troy with Helen, was driven ashore on the coast of Egypt, where King Proteus, upon learning the facts of the case, detained the real Helen in Egypt, while a phantom Helen was carried off to Troy.
163, according to whom Helen originally represented, in the Helenephoria (a mystic festival of Artemis, Iphigeneia or Tauropolos), the sacred basket (iMvn) in which the holy objects were carried; and hence, as the personification of the initiation ceremony, she was connected with or identified with the moon, the first appearance of which probably marked the beginning of the festivity.
The story that he was struck blind for slandering Helen in a poem and afterwards recovered his sight when, in consequence of a dream, he had composed a palinode or recantation (in which he declared that only Helen's phantom had been carried off to Troy), is told by Plato (Phaedrus 243 A.), Pausanias (iii.
Ladd, The Story of New Mexico (Boston, 1891); Helen Haines, History of New Mexico (New York, 1891); Henry Inman, The Old Santa Fe Trail (New York, 1897); Publications of the Historical Society of New Mexico, and Gaspar de Villagra, Historia de la Nueva Mexico; reimpresa por el Museo Nacional, con un apendice de documentos y opiisculos (2 vols., Mexico, 1900), vol.
Yet it is in this religion of Zeus that we see most clearly the achievement of progressive morality; Zeus himself punishes and abolishes the savage practice; the story related by Plutarch, 2 how a kid was substituted miraculously for Helen when she was led to the altar to be offered, is a remarkably close parallel to the biblical legend of Abraham's sacrifice of Isaac.
3 As to the phantasmal nature of Helen see Plat.
It has been mentioned that Callisto, Iphigeneia, Eilithyia, are only Artemis under different names; to these may be added Adrasteia, Atalanta, Helen, Leto and others (see Wernicke in Pauly-Wissowa's Realencyclopddie).
Kenneth Branagh's Much Ado about Nothing and Julie Taymor's The Tempest with Helen Mirren.
He married Lucy Helen Everett, who belonged to the same family of Everetts as Edward Everett and Dr. Edward Everett Hale.
Helen Keller's letters are important, not only as a supplementary story of her life, but as a demonstration of her growth in thought and expression--the growth which in itself has made her distinguished.
Miss Sullivan began to teach Helen Keller on March 3rd, 1887.
By the following September Helen shows improvement in fulness of construction and more extended relations of thought.
good-by HELEN KELLER.
Good-by, HELEN KELLER.
Good bye HELEN KELLER.
With much love and a kiss HELEN A. KELLER.
Your darling child HELEN KELLER.
Toward the end of May Mrs. Keller, Helen, and Miss Sullivan started for Boston.
On May 26th they arrived in Boston and went to the Perkins Institution; here Helen met the little blind girls with whom she had corresponded the year before.
I went in bathing almost every day and Carrie and Frank and little Helen and I had fun.
With much love and two kisses From your little friend HELEN A. KELLER.
Mrs. Freeman and Carrie and Ethel and Frank and Helen came to station to meet us in a huge carriage.
My dear uncle Morrie,--I think you will be very glad to receive a letter from your dear little friend Helen.
From your darling little friend HELEN A. KELLER.
With much love from your little friend HELEN A. KELLER.
With much love, and many kisses, HELEN A. KELLER.
Lovingly, your little friend, HELEN ADAMS KELLER.
Like a good many of Helen Keller's early letters, this to her French teacher is her re-phrasing of a story.
Give my love to all the little girls, and tell them that Helen loves them very, very much.
With much love and many kisses, from your affectionate little friend, HELEN ADAMS KELLER.
During the summer Miss Sullivan was away from Helen for three months and a half, the first separation of teacher and pupil.
From your affectionate little pupil, HELEN A. KELLER.
From your loving sister, HELEN A. KELLER.
From your loving little friend, HELEN A. KELLER.
This letter is indorsed in Whittier's hand, "Helen A. Keller--deaf dumb and blind--aged nine years."
With much love, from your darling child, HELEN A. KELLER.
With loving greeting to the little cousins, and Mrs. Hale and a sweet kiss for yourself, From your little friend, HELEN A. KELLER.
This, the first of Helen's letters to Dr. Holmes, written soon after a visit to him, he published in "Over the Teacups." [Atlantic Monthly, May, 1890]
When the Perkins Institution closed for the summer, Helen and Miss Sullivan went to Tuscumbia.
My Dear Helen--I was very glad indeed to get your letter.
And, Helen, He loves men still, and He loves us, and He tells us that we may love Him.
Good Bye, dear Helen.
My Dear Little Friend Helen:
Everybody will feel an interest in dear little Helen; everybody will want to do something for her; and, if she becomes an ancient, gray-haired woman, she is still sure of being thoughtfully cared for.
Good-bye, dear little Helen!
I hope the great ocean will love the new Helen, and let her sail over its blue waves peacefully.
Please tell the brave sailors, who have charge of the HELEN KELLER, that little Helen who stays at home will often think of them with loving thoughts.
With much love, from your little friend, HELEN A. KELLER.
Helen and Miss Sullivan returned to the Perkins Institution early in November.
With much love to father, Mildred, you and all the dear friends, lovingly your little daughter, HELEN A. KELLER.
From your little friend HELEN A. KELLER.
Helen asked that the contributions, which people were sending from all over America and England, be devoted to Tommy's education.
Your loving friend, HELEN KELLER.
Please think of me always as your loving little sister, HELEN KELLER.
My Dear Mr. Brooks: Helen sends you a loving greeting this bright May-day.
From your loving little friend, HELEN KELLER.
Before a teacher was found for Tommy and while he was still in the care of Helen and Miss Sullivan, a reception was held for him at the kindergarten.
At Helen's request Bishop Brooks made an address.
Helen wrote letters to the newspapers which brought many generous replies.
From your little friend, HELEN KELLER.
With much love and a kiss, from your little friend, HELEN A. KELLER.
From your little friend HELEN KELLER.
When the Perkins Institution closed in June, Helen and her teacher went south to Tuscumbia, where they remained until December.
There is a hiatus of several months in the letters, caused by the depressing effect on Helen and Miss Sullivan of the "Frost King" episode.
Lovingly yours HELEN KELLER.
In May, 1892, Helen gave a tea in aid of the kindergarten for the blind.
Lovingly yours, HELEN KELLER.
Lovingly your little friend, HELEN KELLER.
At the end of June Miss Sullivan and Helen went home to Tuscumbia.
Please accept them with the love and good wishes of your friend, HELEN KELLER.
In March Helen and Miss Sullivan went North, and spent the next few months traveling and visiting friends.
In a prefatory note which Miss Sullivan wrote for St. Nicholas, she says that people frequently said to her, "Helen sees more with her fingers than we do with our eyes."
GENTLEMEN--The bearer, Miss Helen Keller, accompanied by Miss Sullivan, is desirous of making a complete inspection of the Exposition in all Departments.
I have only a few moments left in which to answer your questions about the "Helen Keller" Public Library.
In February Helen and Miss Sullivan returned to Tuscumbia.
In the fall Helen and Miss Sullivan entered the Wright-Humason School in New York, which makes a special of lip-reading and voice-culture.
When the Wright-Humason School closed for the summer, Miss Sullivan and Helen went South.
Then the interference of Mr. Gilman resulted in Mrs. Keller's withdrawing Miss Helen and her sister, Miss Mildred, from the school.
Mark Twain has said that the two most interesting characters of the nineteenth century are Napoleon and Helen Keller.
The names of Laura Bridgman and Helen Keller will always be linked together, and it is necessary to understand what Dr. Howe did for his pupil before one comes to an account of Miss Sullivan's work.
From a scientific standpoint it is unfortunate that it was impossible to keep such a complete record of Helen Keller's development.
This in itself is a great comment on the difference between Laura Bridgman and Helen Keller.
Helen Keller became so rapidly a distinctive personality that she kept her teacher in a breathless race to meet the needs of her pupil, with no time or strength to make a scientific study.
Miss Sullivan knew at the beginning that Helen Keller would be more interesting and successful than Laura Bridgman, and she expresses in one of her letters the need of keeping notes.
When she first wrote from Tuscumbia to Mr. Michael Anagnos, Dr. Howes son-in-law and his successor as Director of the Perkins Institution, about her work with her pupil, the Boston papers began at once to publish exaggerated accounts of Helen Keller.
In a letter dated April 10, 1887, only five weeks after she went to Helen Keller, she wrote to a friend:
--sent me a Boston Herald containing a stupid article about Helen.
How perfectly absurd to say that Helen is 'already talking fluently!'
Indeed, I am heartily glad that I don't know all that is being said and written about Helen and myself.
One paper has Helen demonstrating problems in geometry by means of her playing blocks.
In December, 1887, appeared the first report of the Director of the Perkins Institution, which deals with Helen Keller.
This with the extracts from her letters, scattered through the report, is the first valid source of information about Helen Keller.
In a year after she first went to Helen Keller, Miss Sullivan found herself and her pupil the centre of a stupendous fiction.
The impression that Miss Sullivan educated Helen Keller "under the direction of Mr. Anagnos" is erroneous.
Mr. Anagnos wrote in the report of the Perkins Institution, dated November 27, 1888: At my urgent request, Helen, accompanied by her mother and her teacher, came to the North in the last week of May, and spent several months with us as our guests....
But whether Helen stays at home or makes visits in other parts of the country, her education is always under the immediate direction and exclusive control of her teacher.
My first question was, "Where is Helen?"
Her mother interfered at this point and showed Helen by signs that she must not touch the bag.
But there's nothing pale or delicate about Helen.
One thing that impresses everybody is Helen's tireless activity.
I had a battle royal with Helen this morning.
Helen's table manners are appalling.
Helen was lying on the floor, kicking and screaming and trying to pull my chair from under me.
Since I wrote you, Helen and I have gone to live all by ourselves in a little garden-house about a quarter of a mile from her home, only a short distance from Ivy Green, the Keller homestead.
I very soon made up my mind that I could do nothing with Helen in the midst of the family, who have always allowed her to do exactly as she pleased.
I had a good, frank talk with Mrs. Keller, and explained to her how difficult it was going to be to do anything with Helen under the existing circumstances.
After a long time Mrs. Keller said that she would think the matter over and see what Captain Keller thought of sending Helen away with me.
It is amusing and pathetic to see Helen with her dolls.
Helen knows several words now, but has no idea how to use them, or that everything has a name.
Helen evidently knew where she was as soon as she touched the boxwood hedges, and made many signs which I did not understand.
It seems that Mr. Anagnos had heard of Helen before he received Captain Keller's letter last summer.
He saw a gentleman whom he presumed to be the director, and told him about Helen.
Already people remark the change in Helen.
Helen has learned several nouns this week.
He wondered if Helen would recognize her old playmate.
Helen was giving Nancy a bath, and didn't notice the dog at first.
Then Helen sat down by her and began to manipulate her claws.
Helen and I came home yesterday.
Only a few hours after my talk with Captain and Mrs. Keller (and they had agreed to everything), Helen took a notion that she wouldn't use her napkin at table.
Helen didn't come up to my room after supper, and I didn't see her again until breakfast-time.
Helen loves to dig and play in the dirt like any other child.
Helen's instincts are decidedly social; she likes to have people about her and to visit her friends, partly, I think, because they always have things she likes to eat.
On March 31st I found that Helen knew eighteen nouns and three verbs.
Helen has taken the second great step in her education.
In a previous letter I think I wrote you that "mug" and "milk" had given Helen more trouble than all the rest.
We went out to the pump-house, and I made Helen hold her mug under the spout while I pumped.
Just then the nurse brought Helen's little sister into the pump-house, and Helen spelled "baby" and pointed to the nurse.
I see an improvement in Helen day to day, almost from hour to hour.
I sent Helen away and sat down to think.
I have been observing Helen's little cousin lately.
These observations have given me a clue to the method to be followed in teaching Helen language.I SHALL TALK INTO HER HAND AS WE TALK INTO THE BABY'S EARS.
Helen knows the meaning of more than a hundred words now, and learns new ones daily without the slightest suspicion that she is performing a most difficult feat.
Helen went to the cradle and felt of Mildred's mouth and pointed to her own teeth.
Helen shook her head and spelled "Baby teeth--no, baby eat--no," meaning of course, "Baby cannot eat because she has no teeth."
Helen is learning adjectives and adverbs as easily as she learned nouns.
My first thought was, one of the dogs has hurt Mildred; but Helen's beaming face set my fears at rest.
Helen noticed that the puppies' eyes were closed, and she said, "Eyes--shut. Sleep--no," meaning, "The eyes are shut, but the puppies are not asleep."
Since I have abandoned the idea of regular lessons, I find that Helen learns much faster.
Indeed, I feel as if I had never seen anything until now, Helen finds so much to ask about along the way.
Every new word Helen learns seems to carry with it necessity for many more.
Near the landing there is a beautiful little spring, which Helen calls "squirrel-cup," because I told her the squirrels came there to drink.
We go home about dinner-time usually, and Helen is eager to tell her mother everything she has seen.
Helen is a wonderful child, so spontaneous and eager to learn.
I need a teacher quite as much as Helen.
Usually we take one of the little "Readers" up in a big tree near the house and spend an hour or two finding the words Helen already knows.
WE MAKE A SORT OF GAME OF IT and try to see who can find the words most quickly, Helen with her fingers, or I with my eyes, and she learns as many new words as I can explain with the help of those she knows.
One of Helen's old habits, that is strongest and hardest to correct, is a tendency to break things.
The other day a friend brought her a new doll from Memphis, and I thought I would see if I could make Helen understand that she must not break it.
I made her go through the motion of knocking the doll's head on the table and spelled to her: No, no, Helen is naughty.
She went through these motions several times, mimicking every movement, then she stood very still for a moment with a troubled look on her face, which suddenly cleared, and she spelled, "Good Helen," and wreathed her face in a very large, artificial smile.
We are all troubled about Helen.
Helen is almost as eager to read as she is to talk.
The other night when I went to bed, I found Helen sound asleep with a big book clasped tightly in her arms.
I taught her the word AFRAID, and she said: Helen is not afraid.
Already people are taking a deep interest in Helen.
The heat makes Helen languid and quiet.
Yesterday Helen took off her clothes and sat in her skin all the afternoon.
You would be amused to see me hold a squealing pig in my arms, while Helen feels it all over, and asks countless questions--questions not easy to answer either.
Helen's head measures twenty and one-half inches, and mine measures twenty-one and one-half inches.
Helen is about the same--pale and thin; but you mustn't think she is really ill.
They tell us that Helen is "overdoing," that her mind is too active (these very people thought she had no mind at all a few months ago!) and suggest many absurd and impossible remedies.
I am teaching Helen the square-hand letters as a sort of diversion.
Helen held some worsted for me last night while I wound it.
Helen's as lively as a cricket.
If she wants water she says, "Give Helen drink water."
She discovered a hole in her boot the other morning, and, after breakfast, she went to her father and spelled, "Helen new boot Simpson (her brother) buggy store man."
I heard Helen screaming, and ran down to see what was the matter.
It seems Viney had attempted to take a glass, which Helen was filling with stones, fearing that she would break it.
Helen resisted, and Viney tried to force it out of her hand, and I suspect that she slapped the child, or did something which caused this unusual outburst of temper.
Later Helen came to my room, looking very sad, and wanted to kiss me.
She spelled, "Helen is good, Viney is bad."
Helen do love mother.
Helen's pencil-writing is excellent, as you will see from the enclosed letter, which she wrote for her own amusement.
Please give her my love, and tell her Helen sends her a kiss.
I read the letter at the supper-table, and Mrs. Keller exclaimed: "My, Miss Annie, Helen writes almost as well as that now!"
Everybody there was delighted with Helen, and showered her with gifts and kisses.
We had Helen's picture taken with a fuzzy, red-eyed little poodle, who got himself into my lady's good graces by tricks and cunning devices known only to dogs with an instinct for getting what they want.
"New puppies," "new calves" and "new babies" keep Helen's interest in the why and wherefore of things at white heat.
If it was natural for Helen to ask such questions, it was my duty to answer them.
From the beginning, I HAVE MADE IT A PRACTICE TO ANSWER ALL HELEN'S QUESTIONS TO THE BEST OF MY ABILITY IN A WAY INTELLIGIBLE TO HER, and at the same time truthfully.
I took Helen and my Botany, "How Plants Grow," up in the tree, where we often go to read and study, and I told her in simple words the story of plantlife.
Helen had a letter this morning from her uncle, Doctor Keller.
Finally Belle got up, shook herself, and was about to walk away, when Helen caught her by the neck and forced her to lie down again.
This was too much for Helen.
Mrs. Keller took the baby in her arms, and when we had succeeded in pacifying her, I asked Helen, "What did you do to baby?"
Helen did slap very wrong girl.
"I did tell baby, no, no, much (many) times," was Helen's reply.
Besides, they said Helen's wonderful deliverance might be a boon to other afflicted children.
It's easy enough, however, to say Helen is wonderful, because she really is.
Helen was eager to know "more colour."
Helen talks a great deal about things that she cannot know of through the sense of touch.
I suppose the little girls enjoyed Helen's letter.
Helen wrote another letter to the little girls yesterday, and her father sent it to Mr. Anagnos.
This morning I happened to say, "Helen will go upstairs."
The rapid development of Helen's mind is beautiful to watch.
Now he wants a picture "of darling Helen and her illustrious teacher, to grace the pages of the forthcoming annual report."
You have probably read, ere this, Helen's second letter to the little girls.
Here follows the last part, beginning with the great day, April 5th, when Helen learned water.
"Helen is in wardrobe," "Mildred is in crib," "Box is on table," "Papa is on bed," are specimens of sentences constructed by her during the latter part of April.
The next day, while exercising, she spelled to me, "Helen wind fast," and began to walk rapidly.
Then she said, "Helen wind slow," again suiting the action to the words.
We took Helen to the circus, and had "the time of our lives"!
The circus people were much interested in Helen, and did everything they could to make her first circus a memorable event.
The keeper of the bears made one big black fellow stand on his hind legs and hold out his great paw to us, which Helen shook politely.
I don't know who had the best time, the monkeys, Helen or the spectators.
I find it hard to realize that Christmas is almost here, in spite of the fact that Helen talks about nothing else.
Helen has learned to tell the time at last, and her father is going to give her a watch for Christmas.
Helen is as eager to have stories told her as any hearing child I ever knew.
Helen's dependence on me for almost everything makes me strong and glad.
Helen is invited to all the children's entertainments, and I take her to as many as I can.
One little chap, about seven, was persuaded to learn the letters, and he spelled his name for Helen.
Saturday the school-children had their tree, and I took Helen.
One little girl had fewer presents than the rest, and Helen insisted on sharing her gifts with her.
It was very sweet to see the children's eager interest in Helen, and their readiness to give her pleasure.
My fingers and head ached; but Helen was as fresh and full of spirit as when we left home.
Sunday morning the ground was covered, and Helen and the cook's children and I played snowball.
The Christmas season has furnished many lessons, and added scores of new words to Helen's vocabulary.
I HAVE TRIED FROM THE BEGINNING TO TALK NATURALLY TO HELEN AND TO TEACH HER TO TELL ME ONLY THINGS THAT INTEREST HER AND ASK QUESTIONS ONLY FOR THE SAKE OF FINDING OUT WHAT SHE WANTS TO KNOW.
It was touching and beautiful to see Helen enjoy her first Christmas.
The other day Helen came across the word grandfather in a little story and asked her mother, "Where is grandfather?" meaning her grandfather.
Helen asked, and added, "I will eat grandfather for dinner."
Helen felt the heat and asked, "Did the sun fall?"
I appreciate the kind things Mr. Anagnos has said about Helen and me; but his extravagant way of saying them rubs me the wrong way.
I suppose you got Helen's letter.
Helen is more and more interested in colour.
It was nothing but excitement from first to last--drives, luncheons, receptions, and all that they involve when you have an eager, tireless child like Helen on your hands.
It is always: "Oh, Miss Sullivan, please come and tell us what Helen means," or "Miss Sullivan, won't you please explain this to Helen?
Helen was petted and caressed enough to spoil an angel; but I do not think it is possible to spoil her, she is too unconscious of herself, and too loving.
One day Helen said, "I must buy Nancy a very pretty hat."
Helen was greatly interested in the boat, and insisted on being shown every inch of it from the engine to the flag on the flagstaff.
Dr. Hale claims kinship with Helen, and seems very proud of his little cousin.
Dr. Bell writes that Helen's progress is without a parallel in the education of the deaf, or something like that and he says many nice things about her teacher.
Miss Ev. came up to help me make a list of words Helen has learned.
I had Helen begin a journal March 1st.[Most of this journal was lost.
This is what Helen wrote Sunday:
He said Dear Helen, Robert was glad to get a letter from dear, sweet little Helen.
Captain Keller said at breakfast this morning that he wished I would take Helen to church.
The Sunday-school was in session when we arrived, and I wish you could have seen the sensation Helen's entrance caused.
One of the ministers wished me to ask Helen, "What do ministers do?"
It was impossible to keep Helen quiet.
I tried to hurry Helen out-of-doors, but she kept her arm extended, and every coat-tail she touched must needs turn round and give an account of the children he left at home, and receive kisses according to their number.
Everybody was delighted with Helen.
He took us to drive one afternoon, and wanted to give Helen a doll; but she said: I do not like too many children.
He asked me how I had taught Helen adjectives and the names of abstract ideas like goodness and happiness.
We were very kindly received, and Helen enjoyed meeting the children.
When we entered the room, the children's attention was riveted on Helen.
The teacher was writing on the blackboard: The girl's name is Helen.
Wouldn't the children understand if you talked to them about Helen?
During the past year Helen has enjoyed excellent health.