One hand gracefully held the folds of her dress and the other brushed a wayward curl from her forehead.
The oldest rocks, the gneisses and schists of the Archean period, form nearly the whole of the Central Plateau, and are also exposed in the axes of the folds in Brittany.
The pouch is incomplete, with two lateral folds, and the number of teats six.
Caecum very long and dilated, with numerous folds.
These great reptiles may attain a length of To ft.; they feed on small animals which they crush to death in their folds.
He world- sees throughout all the chaos of irregular crust-forms the ridges and recurrence of a certain harmony, a succession of folds or hollows.
The number of its folds varies considerably, from three in Caprimulgus to nearly thirty in crow (Corvus).
There is no other protection, but slight, imperfectly movable folds of skin arise from the outer rim.
The largest ear-opening is met with in the owls, with correspondingly larger folds of skin, the function of which is less that of protection than, probably, the catching of sound.
The cloaca is divided by transverse circular folds, which project from its inner walls, into three successive chambers.
The next chamber, the urodaeum, is small, and receives in its dorso-lateral wall the ureters and the genital ducts; above and below this chamber is closed by circular folds, the lower of which, towards the ventral side, passes into the coating of the copulatory organ when such is present.
In the centre of the folds fossiliferous beds with crinoids have been found, and the black slates at the top of the series contain Myophoria and other fossils, indicating that the rocks are of Triassic age.
In the west the folds run from north to south, curving gradually westward towards the southern and western coasts; but in the east the folds appear to run from west to east, and to be the continuation of the Dinaric folds of the Balkan peninsula.
North of this lies a broad belt in which the Mesozoic deposits and even the lower divisions of the Tertiary system are thrown into folds which extend in a series of arcs from west to east and now form the principal mountain ranges of central Asia.
There are considerable tracts which are but little disturbed, but these tracts are enclosed within the arcs formed by the folds, and the zone taken as a whole is distinctly one of crumpling.
There are, it is true, mountain ranges which are formed of folded beds; but in many cases the direction of the chains is different from that of the folds, so that the ranges must owe their elevation to other causes; and the folds, moreover, are of ancient date, for the most part Archaean or Palaeozoic. The configuration of the region is largely due to faulting, trough-like or tray-like depressions being formed, and the intervening strips, which have not been depressed, standing up as mountain ridges.
Besides the three chief regions into which the mainland is thus seen to be divided, attention should be drawn to the festoons of islands which border the eastern side of the continent, and which are undoubtedly due to causes similar to those which produced the folds of the folded belt.
Of all the Asiatic ranges the Himalayan is, geologically, the best known; and the evidence which it affords shows clearly that the folds to which it owes its elevation were produced by an overthrust from the north.
Structurally, the folds of this region are of ancient date; but the area is crossed by a series of depressions formed by faults, and the intervening strips, which have not been depressed to the same extent, now stand up as mountain ranges.
Quite independent of these are certain large dorsally situate funnel-like folds of the coelomic epithelium, ciliated, but of which no duct has been discovered leading to the exterior.
The gill-lamellae of Patella are processes of the mantle comparable with the plait-like folds often observed on the roof of the branchial chamber in other Gastropoda (e.g.
The surface x of the mantle between the rectum and the gill-plume is thrown into folds which in many sea-snails (whelks or Buccinidae, &c.) are very strongly developed.
Its superficial extent is seen when the folds covering the shell are cut away and the shell removed; the external surface forms a triangle with its base bordering the pericardium, and its apex directed posteriorly and reaching to the lefthand posterior corner of the shell-chamber.
36) to the adult form has not been properly observed, and many interesting points as to the true nature of folds (whether parapodia or mantle or velum) have yet to be cleared up by a knowledge of such development in forms like Tethys, Doris, Phyllidia, &c. As in other Molluscan groups, we find even in closely-allied genera (for instance, in Aplysia and Pleurobranchidium, and other genera), the f operculum.
From the ovo-testis, which lies near the apex of the visceral coil, a common hermaphrodite duct ve proceeds, which receives the duct of the compact white albuminiparous gland, Ed, and then becomes much enlarged, the additional width being due to the development of glandular folds, which are regarded as forming a uterus u.
Where these folds cease the common duct splits into two portions, a male and a female.
Jaw formed of folds imbricated externally and meeting at an acute angle near the base.
These centres of renovation are called imaginal disks or folds.
Abich (Sur la structure et la geologic du Daghestan, 1862), the successive folds of Jurassic limestones and slates, all nearly parallel to the Caucasus, which form lofty, narrow plateaus.
The folds are approximately parallel to those of the Taurus, and geologically these mountains may be said to belong to that range.'
Seeing that the struggle against the Boers was hopeless, no fewer than 2000 Basuto warriors having been killed, Moshesh again appealed for protection to the British authorities, saying: "Let me and my people rest and live under the large folds of the flag of England before I am no more."
There are three pairs of cheek-teeth which are rooted, and show folds of enamel on the crown.
Skin very thick, in many species thrown into massive folds.
Nathorst has suggested that the whole of Greenland is a "horst," in the subordinate folds of which, as well as in the deeper " graben," the younger rocks are preserved, often with a covering of Tertiary or later lava flows.'
An important feature is the occurrence in some species (Ptychoderidae) of paired longitudinal pleural or lateral folds of the body which are mobile, and can be approximated at their free edges so as to close in the dorsal surface, embracing both the median dorsal nerve-tract and the branchial grooves with the gill-pores, so as to form a temporary peri-branchial and medullary tube, open behind where the folds cease.
These folds are called the genital pleurae because they contain the bulk of the gonads.
Correlated with the presence of the genital pleurae there is a pair of vascular folds of the basement membrane proceeding from the dorsal wall of the gut in the postbranchial portion of the branchio-genital region, and from the dorsal angles made by the pleural folds with the body-wall in the pharyngeal region; they pass, in their most fully developed condition, to the free border of the genital pleurae.
Ptychodera ruficollis), seeming to indicate that the pleural folds have in such cases been secondarily suppressed.
a large piece of stuff with a hole for the head to go through, hanging in ample folds round the body.
Up to the 9th century these had been very plain, without ornament save such traditional decorations as the clavi of the dalmatic; what splendour they had was due to their material and the ample folds of their draperies.
The calendered sheets are generally cured between folds of wet cloth, the markings of FIG.
Two such folds maybe distinguished, corresponding on a smaller scale to the belt of alpine tracts which fringe the plateau on the north-west.
This vessel is nothing but a split between the right and left folds of the mesentery, and its cavity is thus a remnant of the blastocoel.
The last stage, that in which the folds of the second segment are already reflected over the first, he calls the Typembryo.
The direction of the folds is about N.
The principal folding took place at the close of the Carboniferous period, and was contemporaneous with that of the old Hercynian chain of Belgium, &c. The Permian and later beds lie unconformably upon the denuded folds, and in the space between the Montagne Noire and the Cevennes proper the folded belt is buried beneath the horizontal Jurassic strata of the Causses.
- Opisthosoma without trace of separate terga and sterna, the segmentation merely represented posteriorly by slight integumental folds and the sterna of the 1st and 2nd somites by the opercular plates of the pulmonary sacs.
- Dorsal area of prosoma furnished with two shields, a larger behind representing, probably, the tergal elements of the somites, and a smaller in front, which is freely articulated to the former and folds over the a b C an FIG.
Ruth put one on before going out of doors, and its folds could be used for carrying small loads (Ruth iii.
The garment (which resembles the Doric irbirXos, but seems to have been rectangular rather than square) is folded over at the top, and the central part is drawn up towards the right shoulder to produce an elaborate system of zigzag folds (Greek Art, fig.
Later still, this portion, instead of forming a bundle of folds in the centre, was carefully folded over and carried up over the left shoulder, and in course of time these folds were carefully arranged in several thicknesses resembling boards, tabulae, hence called contabulatio (Plate, fig.
These ranges appear to belong to two systems. The Cordillera of Merida is one of the branches of the Andes, and the strike of the folds which compose it is usually from south-west to north-east.
The Caribbean chain along the north coast is part of the Antillean system, and here the strike of the folds is nearly west to east or west-south-west to eastnorth-east.
The two systems of folds meet about Barquisimeto, where the structure becomes very complex and is not thoroughly understood.
A gorilla-like feature in "Johanna" is, however, the presence of large folds at the sides (ala) of the nostrils, which are absent in the typical chimpanzee, but in the gorilla extend down to the upper lip. Chimpanzees exhibit great docility in confinement, where, however, they seldom survive for any great length of time.
The shape of the hills and ridges is necessarily influenced by the inclination of the strata, by the relative hardness of different rock-beds, and by the presence of folds and fissures and other lines of weakness.
West of this line the rocks are chiefly Tertiary and Quaternary; east of it they are mostly Palaeozoic or gneissic. In the western mountain ranges the beds are thrown into a series of folds which form a gentle curve running from south to north with its convexity facing westward.
A good example of the camisia of the 12th century is the rochet of Thomas Becket, preserved at Dammartin in the Pas de Calais, the only surviving medieval example remarkable for the pleating which, as was the case with albs also, gave greater breadth and more elaborate folds.
This continues until the grape is reduced to a black hard mass, with the folds of skin pressed closely against the seed.
Cavies in general, the more typical representatives of the Caviidae, are rodents with hooflike nails, four front and three hind toes, imperfect collar-bones, and the cheek-teeth divided by folds of enamel into transverse plates.
South and west of the Fossa Magna the beds are thrown into folds which run approximately parallel to the general direction of the coast, and two zones may be recognizedan outer, consisting of Palaeozoic and Mesozoic beds, and an inner, consisting of Archaean and Palaeozoic rocks, with granitic intrusions.
Towards the Fossa Magna the folds bend northwards.
This foundation consists of Archean, Palaeozoic and Mesozoic beds folded together, the direction of the folds being N.
Towards the Fossa Magna the folds bend sharply round until they are nearly parallel to the Fossa itself.
The principal faade of the temple is filled in one, two or three compartments with hinged doors, variously ornamented and folding outwards, sometimes in double folds.
The plumage of gorgeously-hued birds, the blossoms of flowers (especially the hydrangea), the folds of thick brocade, microscopic diapers and arabesques, are built up with tiny fragments of iridescent shell, in combination with silver-foil, goldlacquer and colored bone, the whole producing a rich and sparkling effect.
Living rhinoceroses may be arranged in three groups: (1) With a single nasal horn, and very thick skin, which is raised into strong, definitely arranged ridges or folds.
The skin is thrown into folds, but these are not strongly marked, and lower tusks are present.
To the third group or genus (Diceros) belong the two African rhinoceroses, which have two horns, the skin without definite folds, and no lower tusks.
With very few exceptions, the integuments form imbricate scalelike folds arranged with the greatest regularity; they are small and pluriserial on the upper parts of the body and tail, large and uniserial on the abdomen, and generally biserial on the lower side of the tail.
The folds can be stretched out, so that the skin is capable of a great degree of distension.
One or more reserve teeth, in various stages of development, lie between the folds of the gum and are ready to take the place of the one in function whenever it is lost by accident, or shed.
It is formed almost entirely of a succession of sandstones and shales of Cretaceous and Tertiary age - the so-called Carpathian Sandstone - and these are thrown into a series of isoclinal folds dipping constantly to the south.
A circular piece of this paper is folded twice upon itself so as to form a quadrant, one of the folds is pulled out, and the cone thus obtained is supported in a glass or porcelain funnel having an apical angle of 60°.
The lines of cardinal importance are (I) the rasceta or cross sulci, which isolate the hand from the forearm at the wrist, and which are the flexion folds between the looser forearm skin and that tied down to the fascia above the level of the anterior annular ligament.
The folds, therefore, which are disposed for the purpose of making the grasp secure, vary with the relative lengths of the metacarpal bones, with the mutual relations of the sheaths of the tendons, and the edge of the palmar fascia, somewhat also with the insertion of the palmaris brevis muscle.
First come the low folds of the western Appalachians, which, though well developed in Pennsylvania, die out near the New York boundary.
Its north-east portion consists of Upper Silurian coral limestones (Llandovery division), containing a rich fossil fauna and representing a series of folds running north-northwest.
Igneous intrusions consist only of unimportant dikes of trap. The most striking and uniformly characteristic geologic feature of the mountains is their internal structure, consisting of innumerable parallel, long and narrow folds, always closely appressed in the eastern part of any crosssection (Piedmont Plateau to Great Valley), less so along a central zone (Great Valley and Valley Ridges), and increasingly open on the west (Allegheny and Cumberland Plateaus).
Asymmetry of the folds is a marked characteristic in the zones of closer folding, the anticlines having long gently inclined easterly limbs, and short, steep and even overturned limbs upon the west.
The effect of such folds is often exaggerated by thrusts, and faulting of this sort is prominent in the southern section, where the existence of over-thrusts measured by several miles has been established.
The direction of the folds in the older series is in Iviza nearly west to east, in Majorca south-west to north-east, and in Minorca south to north, thus forming an arc convex towards the south-east.
The rocks of Secondary and Tertiary ages have been profoundly affected by the Alpine movements, and are thrown into a series of complex folds, so that in numerous instances their stratigraphy is imperfectly understood.
Tongue long and bifid, with papillae or folds, with osteoderms on the head but not on the body.
marvellous series of rock folds with gently undulating axes, trending north-east and south-west through a belt 70 or 80 m.
The \Vasatch Range, trending north-south in central Utah, is peculiar in possessing large east-West folds, which.
In Western Utah and through most of Nevada many of the blocks exhibit deformed structures, involving folds and faults of relatively ancient (Jurassic) date; so ancient that the moun~ tains then formed by the folding were worn down to the lowland stage of old age before the block-faulting occurred.
This latest and also highest range was formed by tremendous thrusts from the Pacific side, crumpling and folding the ancient sedimentary rocks, which run from the Cambrian to the Cretaceous, and faulting them along overturned folds.
Gills folded and the filaments at summits and bases of the folds are different from the others.
The mucous membrane is raised into a series of transverse folds or rugae, and between it and the muscular wall are plexuses of veins forming erectile tissue.
The labia minora are two folds of skin containing no fat, which are usually hidden by the labia majora and above enclose the clitoris, they are of a pinkish colour and look like mucous membrane.
The vesiculae seminales are muscular sacs with a mucous lining which is thrown into a series of delicate net-like folds.
The dentition includes one pair of premolars above and below, and rooted or rootless molars with but few enamel folds.
In the typical Australian and Papuan Hydromys, locally known as water-rats, the molars originally have transverse ridges, the enamel folds between which form cutting edges whose sharpness depends upon the degree to which the teeth have been worn, while the large hind feet are webbed.
The jugal is without an inferior angle, and extends forwards to the lachrymal; the palate is contracted in front and deeply emarginate behind; the incisors are short, and the molars divided by continuous folds into transverse plates; and the two halves of the lower jaw are welded together in front.
The general structure of the trans-Himalayan chains appears to indicate that the main axis of upheaval of the whole vast mass of the Tibetan highlands is to be found on two approximately parallel lines, represented the one by the Kuen-lun and the other by a line which is more or less coincident with the watershed between India and the central lake region, extending from Lake Pangong to Tengri Nor, the plateau enclosed between the two being wrinkled by minor folds, of which the relative elevation is comparatively low, averaging from woo to 1500 ft.
The strike of these folds is usually east and west and roughly parallel to the axes of elevation of the plateau.
The ample vestment with beautiful falling folds has thus in many churches given place to a scanty, unpleated garment scarce reaching to the knee.
Within this zone the crust of the earth has been ridged up into a complex system of creases or folds, out of which the great mountain chains of southern Europe and Asia have been carved by atmospheric agencies.
Leaving, however, the larger question of the connexion between the great mountain ranges of Europe and Asia, we find that the Alps are formed of a series of wrinkles or folds, one behind another, frequently arranged en echelon.
The folds run, in general, in the direction of the chain, and together they form an arc around the plain of Lombardy and Piedmont.
The precise character and form of the folds produced will depend upon the nature of the cloth and other accidental circumFIG.
Each of these zones is folded within itself, and the folding is more intense on the Bavarian side than on the Italian, the folds often leaning over towards the north.
But between the Trias of the Eastern Alps and the Trias of the region beyond the Alpine folds there is a striking contrast.
Within the Alps, when normally developed, we may trace the individual folds for long distances and observe how they arise, increase and die out, to be replaced by others of similar direction.
But at times, within or on the border of the northern Eocene trough, the continuity of the folds is suddenly broken by mountain masses of quite different constitution.
According to the view most widely accepted in France the main chain as a whole forms a fan, the folds on the eastern side leaning towards Italy and those on the western side towards France.
These gills are simple folds or laminae of the body wall.
The latest beds which are involved in the folds of this mountain range belong to the Coal Measures, and the final elevation must have taken place towards the close of the Carboniferous period.
The rocks which compose the ancient floor are thrown into folds which run approximately from W.S.W.
Other Palaeozoic systems are, however, included in the folds.
The Permian, as in England, is not involved in the folds which have affected the older beds, and in general lies unconformably upon them.
The curtain often shows several conspicuous folds, and the lower edge often resembles frilled drapery.
Within the glottis is a pair of membranous folds which serve as vocal cords; all the Crocodilia are possessed of a loud, bellowing voice.
In such work the painters of Upper Germany at this time, working in the spirit of the late Gothic style just before the dawn of the Renaissance, show considerable technical attainments, with a love of quaint costumes and rich draperies crumpled in complicated angular folds, some feeling for romance in landscape backgrounds, none at all for clearness or balance in composition, and in the attitudes and expressions of their overcrowded figures a degree of grotesqueness and exaggeration amounting often to undesigned caricature.
The central region, although wedged in between two belts of folding, is not affected by the folds of either, excepting near its margins.
The eastern parts of Greece are composed almost entirely of Cretaceous beds, but nevertheless they must be considered to belong to the central area, for the folds which affect them are nearly at right angles to those of the western chains.
In the western folded belt the strike of the folds is N.W.-S.E., or N.N.W.-S.S.E.
There are many local irregularities, but the general direction is maintained as far as the southern extremity of Greece, where the folds show a tendency to curve towards Crete.
The Sarmatian beds are also involved in the folds, indicating that the folding was not completed till Pliocene times.
the strike of the Silurian folds in the Southern Uplands, the boundary fault, and the ridges of the Old Red Sandstone, and pursues its northwesterly course across the abundant and often powerful dislocations of the Carboniferous system.
They have been thrown into many folds, the long axes of which run in a general north-easterly direction.
On the north the principal glacial tributary of Lake Victoria forms, within the folds of the gigantic spurs of the Nicolas mountains, a series of smaller lakes, or lakelets, before joining the great lake itself.
Finally, unable to impose upon the world either selfish or humanitarian ends, she folds her arms in pharisaic virtue, with the hope that some hidden power will give the victory to righteousness.
Though something in the grotesque dragons of the base recalls the Byzantine school, yet the beauty of the figures and the keen feeling for graceful curves and folds in the drapery point to a native Italian as being the artist who produced this wonderful work of art.
The Band-i-Turkestan anticlinal may be traced eastwards of the Balkh-ab (the Band-i-Amir) within the folds of the Kara Koh to the Kunduz, and beyond; but the Kara Koh does not mark the northern wall of the great plateau nor overlook the sands of the Oxus plain, as does the Band-i-Turkestan.
In Afghanistan, as in other regions near the great Eurasian system of folds, the Miocene includes extensive deposits of gypsum and salt.
It should, however, be mentioned that in the eastern part of the Himalayas some of the beds resemble those of the Peninsula, and it appears that a part of the old Indian continent has here been involved in the folds of the mountain chain.
It has but one horn, and is covered with!massive folds of naked skin.
very large round the waist and hanging in folds, is worn by Pathans, Baluchis, Sindis, Multanis, &c.
long by IIwide tied tightly round the waist so as to fall in folds over the legs.
Half is draped round the waist and hangs to the feet in folds; the remainder is passed over the head and thrown over the left shoulder (Plate II.
In towns the sari is not passed between the legs, but hangs in loose folds so as to hide the trousers.
That near the surface is generally poor in quality and the difficulties of deep mining may be great because of folds and faults in the rocks.
Cretaceous limestones and serpentine take a large part in the formation of these mountains, while even the Oligocene is involved in the folds.
Farther south there are zones of serpentine, and of crystalline and schistose rocks, some of which are probably Palaeozoic. The direction of the folds of this region is from west to east, but on the borders of Phrygia and Mysia they meet the north-westerly extension of the Taurus folds and bend around the ancient mass of Lydia.
The Taurus folds here meet another system which enters the region from the Aegean Sea.
The perforated pharyngeal region has then been detached from the adherent epipleura or opercular folds (wall of atrial or branchial chamber) by cutting the fluted pharyngo-pleural membrane d, and separated by a vertical cut from the intestinal region.
The vestibule of the mouth is the space bounded by the oral hood; this arises by secondary downgrowth of lid-like folds over the true oral aperture, and is provided with a fringe of tentacular cirri, each of which is supported by a solid skeletal axis.
The ventral side of the body in the atrial region is broad and convex, so that the body presents the appearance of a spherical triangle in transverse section, the apex being formed by the dorsal fin and the angles bordered by two hollow folds, the metapleural folds, each of which contains a continuous longitudinal lymph-space, the metapleural canal.
The ridges lie in vast folds and wrinkles; and elevations in the valley are often found to be pierced by erosion.
The Mesozoic beds are thrown into a series of parallel folds which run in the direction of the chain and which are generally free from any complications such as overthrusting or overfolding.
The Cretaceous beds form a synclinal upon the eastern side of the chain (and, in general, beyond the Chilean boundary), while the Jurassic beds are thrown into a number of folds which form the axis and the western flank.
In it are carried, by literati and merchants, the pen-case and a roll of paper; its voluminous folds are used as pockets; by the bazaar people and villagers, porters and merchants servants, a small sheath knife is struck in it; while by farrashes, the carpet-spreader class, a large khanjar, or curved dagger, with a heavy ivory handle, is carried.
The head and neck are destitute of feathers, and the former, which is much flattened above, is in the male crowned with a caruncle or comb, while the skin of the latter in the same sex lies in folds, forming a wattle.
The central line or axis of the range lies a little east of the meridian of 70° E., and it is geologically composed of one or more great folds of the Cretaceous series.
Westwards, looking towards Afghanistan, line upon line of broken jagged ridges and ranges, folds in the Cretaceous series overlaid by coarse sandstones and shales, follow each other in order, preserving their approximate parallelism until they touch the borders of Baluchistan.
As they pass away southwards this gridiron formation strikes with a gentle curve westwards, the narrow enclosed valleys widening out towards the sources of the rivers, where ages of denudation have worn down the folds and filled up the hollows with fruitful soil, until at last they touch the central waterdivide, the key of the whole system, on the Quetta plateau.
Looking eastwards from the Kaisargarh, one can again count the backs of innumerable minor ridges, smaller wrinkles or folds formed during a process of upheaval of the Suliman Mountains, at the close of a great volcanic epoch which has hardly yet ceased to give evidence of its existence.
The mountain ranges of Baluchistan consist chiefly of Cretaceous and Tertiary beds, which are thrown into a series of folds running approximately parallel to the mountain ridges.
The folds are part of an extensive system arranged as if in a festoon hanging southwards between Peshawar and Mount Ararat, but with the outer folds looped up at Sibi so as to form the subsidiary festoon of the Suliman and Bugti Hills.
Outside the folds lie the horizontal deposits of the Makran coast, and within them lies the stony desert of north-western Baluchistan.
There is ample proof throughout the country of alterations of level within recent geologic periods; and there have even been compressions, resulting in a relative rise of the ground, over the crests of anticlinal folds, within historic record.
The stomach is large and very complex, its walls being puckered by longitudinal muscular bands into a number of folds.
North of Bhutan, between the Himalayan crest and Lhasa, this formation is approximately maintained; farther east, although the same natural forces first resulted in the same effect of successive folds of the earth's crust, forming extensive curves of ridge and furrow, the abundant rainfall and the totally distinct climatic conditions which govern the processes of denudation subsequently led to the erosion of deeper valleys enclosed between forest-covered ranges which rise steeply from the river banks.
The whole is overlaid unconformably by the younger Tertiaries of Hundes, which are perfectly horizontal and have been quite unaffected by any of the folds.
arranged between the same parallel system of folds as we see on the western frontier, connected by short transverse gaps where the rivers cross the folds, frequently to resume a course parallel to that originally held.
The earthquakes of the present day show that the process is still in operation, and in time the deposits of the present IndoGangetic plain will be involved in the folds.
The strata are thrown into folds which run in the direction of the mountain ridges, forming a curve with the convexity facing the south-east.
The gonads are folds of the endoderm containing generative cells, and are primitively four in number, situated interradially, but each gonad may be divided into two by the partition which separates two adjacent lobes of the stomach, that is to say, by one of the areas of concrescence between exumbral and subumbral endoderm, whence arises a condition with eight gonads which is by no means uncommon.
The stratified rocks in the highlands strike north and south, as if they had been crumpled into folds, in Upper Palaeozoic times, by pressure from east to west.
The slates of the Silurian have been bent into folds, and saddle reefs occur along the axis of the folds, as at Hargraves.
The principal directions of crust movement in England are: (I) north and south, by which the Pennine folds and faults, and the Malvern Hills have been produced; (2) east and west, by which the folds of the Weald and the Mendip Hills, and those of Devonshire have been formed.
These basins or ` longitudinal folds ' are enclosed on the south by the long high ridge of dark slates, which extends parallel to the crystalline [main] chain from the neighbourhood of Sukhum-Kale to the Krestovaya Gora [pass of Darial.] Behind this slate crest spreads a confused multitude of hills, Jurassic and Cretaceous in their formation..
The rest of the Daghestan region consists of a series of roughly parallel folds, of Jurassic or Cretaceous age, ranging in altitudes from 7500 up to 12,500 ft., separated from one another by deep gorge-like river glens which cut it up into a number of arid, treeless plateaus which have something of the appearance of independent ranges, or rather elongated tablelands of a mountainous character.
On the south the corresponding zone is affected by numerous secondary folds which involve the Sarmatian or Upper Miocene deposits.
The northern Mesozoic zone is very much broader, and is thrown into simple folds like those of the Jura.
Fournier north are nearly horizontal but on the south are in part included the folds - the Eocene and Miocene being folded, while the later beds, though sometimes elevated, are not affected by the folding.
The Abyssinian rhinoceros has two horns and its skin has no folds.
In time, however, he perceives that behind the fantastic garb of language there is an earnest and vigorous mind, an imagination that harbours fire within its cloudy folds, and an insight into the mysteries of spiritual life which is often startling.
The ovule is usually surrounded by one integument, which projects beyond the tip of the nucellus as a wide-open lobed funnel, which at the time of pollination folds inwards, and so assists in bringing the pollen-grains on to the nucellus.
In all these branches of the Andes the folds run approximately in the direction of the chains, but the Sierra de Santa Marta appears to belong to a totally distinct system of folding, the direction of the folds being from west to east, bending gradually towards the south-east.
Rocks of pre-Cape age rise from beneath them on the north and west; on the south and east the Lower Karroo and Cape systems are bent up into sharp folds, beneath which, but in quite limited areas, the pre-Cape rocks emerge.
In Actinia, as in all Anthozoan zooids, the coelenteron is not a simple cavity, as in a Hydroid, but is divided by a number of radial folds or curtains of soft tissue into a corresponding number of radial chambers.
These radial folds are known as mesenteries, and their position and relations may be understood by reference to figs.
The lower part of the free edge of every mesentery, whether complete or incomplete, is thrown into numerous puckers or folds, and is furnished with a glandular thickening known as a mesenterial filament.
The mesenteries are provided with well-developed longitudinal retractor muscles, supported on longitudinal folds or plaits of the mesogloea, so that in cross-section they have a branched appearance.
(Af ter von Koch.) formed, the endoderm of the basal disk lying above the basal plate is raised up in the form of radiating folds.
There may be six of these folds, one in each entocoele of the primary cycle of mesenteries; or there may be twelve, one in each exocoele and entocoele.
The cells forming the limbs of the ectodermic folds secrete nodules of calcite, and these, fusing together, give rise to six (or twelve) vertical radial plates or septa.
Canals or folds when present in the stereom are irregular.
The stereom and stroma become arranged in folds and strands at right angles to the sutures of the thecal plates; in higher forms the stereom-folds are in part specialized as pectini-rhombs.
The stereom shows no trace of canals, folds, rhombs or diplopores.
The stereom of the thecal plates may be thrown into folds, but the mesostroma does not so much tend to lie in strands traversing the sutures, nor are pectini-rhombs or porerhombs developed; diplopores are always present in the mesostereom, but often restricted to definite tracts or plates, especially in higher forms. Families: Sphaeronidae; Glyptosphaeridae, e.g.
The stereom of the radials and deltoids on each side of the ambulacra is thrown into folds, running across the radio-deltoid FIG.
epithecal and may be continued on No pores or folds in the Dendrocystidae.
dines, monoclinal folds or flexures, because they present only one fold, or one half of a fold, instead of the two which we see in an arch or trough.
- Plan of Anticlinal and Synclinal Folds.
A section drawn across these folds in the line CD would show the structure given in fig.
In the majority of folds the bending of the strata has taken place about an "axial plane" (often called the "axis"), which in the examples illustrated in fig.
In powerfully folded regions the axial planes of the folds are no longer upright; they may be moderately inclined, producing an "inversion," "inverted fold" or "overfold."
The crest-line of an anticline or trough-line of a syncline is rarely horizontal for any great distance; its departure from horizontality is designated the "pitch," and the fold is said to pitch (or dip) towards the north, &c. Most simple folds - with the exception of very shallow curvatures of wide area, - when considered in their entirety, are seen to be somewhat canoe-shaped in form.
In its smaller manifestation, this class of folding passes into "crumpling" or "puckering," where quite a large number of folds may be crowded into a single hand specimen.
In "frilling" or "frilled structure" the folds have still smaller amplitude, and in many highly corrugated rocks minute folds are observable with the microscope that do not appear to the unaided eye.
Occasionally crust-blocks resembling "graben" and "horsts" are circumscribed by folds instead of faults; when this is so they have been called respectively "infolded graben" or "overfolded horsts."
The larger rock folds have produced important economic FIG.
The structure of the Harz is very complicated, but the general strike of the folds, especially in the Oberharz plateau, is N.E.
The sea grew shallow, the deposits became conglomeratic and shaly, volcanic eruptions began, and the present folds of the Apennines were initiated.
Another famous statue is one from Gabii, in which she is finishing her toilet and fastening the chlamys over her tunic. In older times her figure is fuller and stronger, and the clothing more complete; certain statues discovered at Delos, imitated from wooden models (oava), are supposed to represent Artemis; they are described as stiff and rigid, the limbs as it were glued to the body without life or movement, garments closely fitting, the folds of which fall in symmetrical parallel lines.
Legend says that during a siege the bullets fired into the town were caught by her in the folds of her dress.
The Silurian rocks were indeed greatly folded before the Old Red Sandstone was laid down, the general trend of the folds being from south-west to north-east.
The best example of these folds is the axis of Leinster, its core being occupied by granite which is now exposed continuously for 70 m., forming a moorland from Dublin to New Ross.
All across Ireland, from the Ballyhoura Hills on the Cork border to the southern shore of Belfast Lough, slaty and sandy Silurian beds appear in the axes of the anticlinal folds, surrounded by Old Red Sandstone scarps or Carboniferous Limestone lowlands.
ridges and hollows, so conspicuous in the present conformation of Donegal, Sligo and Mayo, in the axis of Newry, and in the yet bolder Leinster Chain, was impressed upon the Irish region at the close of Silurian times, and is clearly a part of the " Caledonian " system of folds, which gave to Europe the guiding lines of the Scottish Highlands and of Scandinavia.
The Carboniferous Limestone, laid down in a sea which covered nearly the whole Irish area, appears in the synclinal folds at Cork city and Kenmare, and is the prevalent rock from the north side of the Knockmealdown Mountains to Enniskillen and Donegal Bay.
The "Hercynian " earth-movements, which so profoundly affected north-west and north-central Europe at the close of Carboniferous times, gave rise to a series of east and west folds in the Irish region.
The effect of the structure of these folds on the courses of rivers in the south of Ireland is discussed in the paragraphs dealing with the geology of county Cork.
The present central plain itself may be regarded as a vast shallow synclinal, including a multitude of smaller folds.
Throughout, the dip is very low and the beds are unaffected by the Carpathian folds, the strike being nearly from north to south.
But the folds are altogether independent of those of the Carpathians; they are of much earlier date, and are commonly different in direction.
On the flanks of the primitive western axis certain ancient sedimentary strata are thrown into folds which were completed before the commencement of the mesozoic period.
In the south, the later palaeozoic rocks are also thrown into acute folds by a movement acting from the south, and which ceased towards the close of the mesozoic period.
On the south the principal streams, after cutting their way through the highest zone at right angles to the general direction of the range, become involved half-way to the plains in great longitudinal folds, from which they make their escape only after traversing long distances without finding an outlet.
The enamelled surface is infolded in a complex manner (a modification of that found in other perissodactyles), the folds extending quite to the base of the crown, and the interstices being filled and the surface covered with a considerable mass of cement, which binds together and strengthens the whole tooth.
As usual it may be divided into an ascending, transverse, and descending portion; but the middle or transverse portion is folded into a great loop, which descends as low as the pubis; so that the colon forms altogether four folds, generally parallel to the long axis of the body.
The descending colon is much narrower than the rest, and not sacculated, and, being considerably longer than the distance it has to traverse, is thrown into numerous folds.
The surface of the pollen-grain is either uniform and homogeneous, or it is marked by folds formed by thinnings of the membrane.
the chain consists broadly of a series of simple folds of Jurassic and Cretaceous beds.
All the geological systems,from the Cambrian to the Carboniferous, are represented and they are all strongly folded, the folds leaning over towards the west.
But in the Labyrinthodonta, grooves are more or less marked along the teeth and give rise to folds of the wall which, extending inwards and ramifying, produce the complicated structure, exhibited by transverse sections, whence these batrachians derive their name; a somewhat similar complexity of structure is known in some holoptychian (dendrodont) Crossopterygian fishes.
In most of the Caudata, the eggs are deposited singly in the axils of water plants or on leaves which the female folds over the egg with her hind limbs.
The western margin of anticlinal folds in quaternary alluvium are marked with black arrows.
anticlinal folds in Quaternary alluvium are marked with black arrows.
Flexural psoriasis in adults affects the axillae, submammary folds and natal cleft.
Folds up into compact backpack carry bag for easy transport.
The wooden protective cover folds out to provide two sturdy wooden ben... .
The front flap folds down to permit toner cartridges etc to be added or to remove paper jams.
Flow properties of the ice from the Greenland Ice core Project ice core: The reason for folds?
At the touch of a button the fully automatic, insulated cloth top folds seamlessly below the rear cowl.
crease pattern of mountain and valley folds.
crochet blanket for going in the pram etc. that folds up small.
Decurrent gills characteristic of many Clitocybe species and the decurrent gills characteristic of many Clitocybe species and the decurrent vein-like folds of Cantharellus cibarius are also easily recognized.
The gym folds flat for easy storage and travel and features an outside pocket that holds diapers and bottles.
drapery folds are very similar to those on miniatures of the earliest group of Carolingian illuminated manuscripts.
When not in use the easel folds for ease of storage.
electrohydraulic roof folds down in just 13 seconds.
It is more common and troublesome in overweight people and people with deep skin folds.
The normal gastric mucosal folds are absent over the mass itself.
Inside this box are the vocal folds which are flaps made of muscle.
folds flat for storage against the wall.
folds in half for compact storage.
folds of skin on the upper eyelids and deep creases on the lower lids.
frequency of the vibration of the folds.
hyena heard near the folds last night.
The laughing hyena heard near the folds last night.
hypertrophy of the skin, skin folds and swelling of the limbs is often referred to as elephantitis.
The protein itself, however, folds to perfection in several microseconds.
peptidases in different families in a clan is most clearly shown by their similar protein folds.
playboy playmate random number generator the successful social folds losing the.
And playboy playmate random number generator the successful social folds losing the.
Maggie Reed from Manchester, UK - Score 9/10 Good Points Very lightweight pushchair, great fabric, folds up really easily.
settee in the living room which folds into 2 single beds.
shale beds along the access of folds within the Dent Fault disturbance zone.
Malkmus and Ben Folds both left their bands behind in 2001 and then proved they could do the whole shebang better alone anyway.
peaceful villages stowaway in the folds of this landscape.
stowaway in the folds of this landscape.
The floor folds flat to spread the lower ribs whilst the upper strakes are kept tight to the struts.
striated appearance is due to the many long folds of the cell membrane.
subwoofer speaker that folds down away from the PSP.
Acting as the stand so the unit does topple over is a large 6 watt subwoofer speaker that folds down away from the PSP.
tendrils of a curling vine, Fond limbs with limbs, in am'rous folds, entwine.
thrust faults dipping eastwards beneath the folds.
Over his shoulder are heaped the folds of a net, and he carries a trident.
The top folds back to reveal the burners; two wings unfold from either side of the top to complete an efficient windbreak.
In the Newer Appalachian region, the beds which still lie horizontal in the plateau province were long ago thrown into folds and planed off by erosion, alternate belts of hard and soft rock being left exposed.
The outfield land is ordinarily made use of promiscuously for feeding of their cows, horse, sheep and oxen; 'tis also dunged by their sheep who lay in earthen folds; and sometimes, when they have much of it, they fauch or fallow a part of it yearly."
In Endopterygota the wings commence their development as invaginations of the hypodermis, while in Exopterygota the wings begin - and always remain - as external folds or evaginations.
Beyond this range the sand and clay loess formation spreads downwards like a tumbled sea, hiding within the folds of its many-crested hills the twisting course of the Kushk and its tributaries.
A circular piece of this paper is folded twice upon itself so as to form a quadrant, one of the folds is pulled out, and the cone thus obtained is supported in a glass or porcelain funnel having an apical angle of 60Ã‚°.
The folds are so disposed that the thick skin shall be capable of bending in grasping, while at the same time it requires to be tightly bound down to the skeleton of the hand, else the slipping of the skin would lead to insecurity of prehension, as the quilting or buttoning down of the covers of furniture by upholsterers keeps them from slipping.
The membrane is usually more or less sinuous in outline, and is sometimes thrown into broad folds (fig.
The chasuble was originally a tent-like robe which fell in loose folds below the knee (see Plate I.
houses, trees, etc., or from folds in the ground.
37), as in oak; or it has several folds like a fan, plicate or plaited (fig.
In the genus Branchiostoma the metapleural folds terminate symmetrically shortly behind the atriopore, but in Heteropleuron the right metapleur passes uninterruptedly into the median crest of the ventral fin (fig.
The central line or axis of the range lies a little east of the meridian of 70Ã‚° E., and it is geologically composed of one or more great folds of the Cretaceous series.
that the lines of drainage were formed ere the folds or anticlinals were raised; and that the drainage has merely maintained the course originally held, by the power of erosion during the gradual process of upheaval.
- Section of Anticlinal and Synclinal Folds on the line CD (fig.
3), sometimes styled an "open anticline"; (2) the limbs may be parallel in "closed" folds (commonly known as isoclinal folding); (3) the limbs may make an open angle or widen out towards the crest (fig.
A great regional major fold containing within itself a number of minor "special" or subsidiary folds is described as a "geanticline" (Fr.
Even folds of lesser magnitude may be highly complex in regions of extreme crustal movement, and may contain smaller folds of the first, second, third or higher order (Fr.
In mammals both caecum and colon are often sacculated, a disposition caused by the arrangement of the longitudinal bands of muscular tissue in their walls; but the small intestine is always smooth and simple-walled externally, though its lining membrane often exhibits contrivances for increasing the absorbing surface without adding to the general bulk of the organ, such as the numerous small tags, or " villi," by which it is everywhere beset, and the more obvious transverse, longitudinal, or reticulating folds projecting into the interior, met with in many animals, of which the " valvulae conniventes " of man form well-known examples.
The lips are formed as folds of the side wall of the body, extending from the praeoral lobes to just behind the jaw (fig.
The maiden's gown was soft as satin and fell about her in ample folds, while dainty lace-like traceries trimmed the bodice and sleeves.
From time to time she smoothed the folds of her dress, and whenever the story produced an effect she glanced at Anna Pavlovna, at once adopted just the expression she saw on the maid of honor's face, and again relapsed into her radiant smile.
The mother smoothed the folds of her dyed silk dress before a large Venetian mirror in the wall, and in her trodden-down shoes briskly ascended the carpeted stairs.
Now his forehead would pucker into deep folds and his eyebrows were lifted, then his eyebrows would descend and deep wrinkles would crease his cheeks.
Princess Mary knelt down before her and hid her face in the folds of her sister-in-law's dress.
Charming! cried Natasha, as she stood in the middle of the room smoothing out the folds of the gauze.
"Well, that's all!" said Kutuzov as he signed the last of the documents, and rising heavily and smoothing out the folds in his fat white neck he moved toward the door with a more cheerful expression.
There is also a settee in the living room which folds into 2 single beds.
They largely follow shale beds along the access of folds within the Dent Fault disturbance zone.
Then he folds his spidery fingers, looks away and back again.
Peaceful villages stowaway in the folds of this landscape.
Their striated appearance is due to the many long folds of the cell membrane.
Quick, like the tendrils of a curling vine, Fond limbs with limbs, in am'rous folds, entwine.
Drainage incision also indicates uplift at depth on thrust faults dipping eastwards beneath the folds.
B. Venous valves are folds of tissue formed from the endothelial lining of the tunica intima.
The accordioned folds made the bags easy to collapse and perfect for storage.
While "playing dolls" is a natural year-round hobby to fall into when a new baby is brought into the family folds, the extra novelty of holiday apparel makes it all the more tempting.
However, you will need to clean in the folds of her skin very carefully, and you should also wipe from front to back to prevent the spread of bacteria, which could lead to urinary tract infections.
While foldable diapers can be folded down to any size, including diapers for recently-born babies, there are also specific newborn cloth diapers that are just the right size for newborn babies without the necessity of adding bulky folds.
This type of rash is often seen within the folds of the skin also.
Keep your baby's bottom clean and dry as much as possible, especially after she has a poopy diaper, being careful to clean around skin folds.
The stitching should be straight and even, and the joints should meet neatly with no folds.
Pull the sleeve out straight from the arm to see if any folds appear at the corners where the arm joins the torso of the shirt as these folds will not be apparent when the shirt sits flat.
In a good fit, the material of the cups should fit snugly around your breasts with no creases, folds or sags.
If you are short in stature, do not wear knee length skirts; rather go for longer drapes that fall in sweeping folds.
Check the shoes for any folds that appear at the joint between the uppers and the soles.
The GBA SP is a new design that folds to protect the screen.
The wrinkles will hang out and the folds will be gone in the morning.
In no time, in a catalog I just happen to get also, they had found the 'Cat Cage' which folds for easy portability.
Most gas card applications state somewhere within the folds of the paperwork that applications not approved for the premium card will be considered for a different card.
This $5.00 design from BuildEazy actually folds into two separate garden benches to offer more versatile backyard seating.
The top layer folds up and away from the base of the table, pulling closer to your body and making it easy and comfortable to eat and work.
Depending on how textured you want your decorative wall painting technique to look, you can fold your rag into many accordion folds, or simply use it as a flat surface.
These tapestries bring additional interest to the space because of the fibers and folds in the fabric.
Favorite places to apply it are the neck, wrist, cleavage, and the folds of your elbows and knees.
The cover easily folds to serve double-duty as a stand in two positions: one for typing and one for viewing.
While the grip feature folds relatively flat against the back of the device for storage, it does add a bit of thickness to the device.
It's compact, does not require electricity, and folds up for easy storage, which has made it popular with scrapbookers that don't want the bulk or expense of large digital machines.
Because it folds over, your guests will not drop all of the additional information you included.
When a curtain is pulled to the side following a shower, moisture is trapped in the folds and encourages the growth of mold and mildew.
With his deep melodic voice and youthful good looks, Groban has recorded with some of music's biggest names, including Charlotte Church, Nelly Furtado, and Ben Folds.
These are the infamous white ones with the basic ruffle that folds over so it just grazes the top of the shoes.
Smooth the underlayment as much as possible, pressing out any creases and folds as you go.
When the crank is turned in the opposite direction, the awning retracts and folds away neatly.
The Baggallini hanging jewelry organizer is a complete organizational system for your jewelry and folds up for traveling.
Be careful of large amounts of fringe, zippers, buckles and folds.
They are ankle length or shorter, with no folds or rolls at the top.
A postcard that is in pristine condition will have sharp corners, no bends, folds or creases.
Backpacking Considerations: If you're a backpacker, it's important to choose a grill that is particularly lightweight and that folds to the smallest possible dimensions.
Each hammock has gear pockets and folds into an attached stuff bag.
Kitchen table: Provides eating space and folds down when not in use.
The rash appears first on the upper chest and spreads to the neck, abdomen, legs, arms, and in folds of skin such as under the arm or groin.
Finally, dark red lines (called Pastia's lines) may appear in the creases of skin folds.
Inverse psoriasis occurs in the armpits and groin, under the breasts, and in other areas where skin flexes or folds.
Dermatitis of the buttocks, genitals, lower abdomen, or thigh folds of an infant or toddler is called diaper rash.
Wash gently but thoroughly, including the skin folds.
Malrotation may also involve the presence of Ladd's bands, abnormal folds or bands of tissue under tension across the lumen of the duodenum.
During fetal development, folds enclose tissues and organs and eventually fuse at the edges to form sealed compartments.
Both in the front and the back, folds eventually become major body structures.
In the back, the entire spinal column folds in like a pipe wrapped in a pillow.
The doctor may suggest placing special pads between folds of infected skin, and anything the person has touched or worn should be sterilized in boiling water.
It can affect the scalp, eyebrows, forehead, face, folds around the nose and ears, the chest, armpits, and groin.
In infants, the skin lesions are usually found on the face, scalp, diaper area, body folds, hands, and feet, and tend to be exudative (oozing fluid that has escaped from blood vessels as a result of inflammation).
This classification means that 20 percent of the body's skin surface has been affected or 10 percent of the skin area in addition to involvement of the eyes, hands, and body folds.
Obesity-related problems include hypoventilation, hyertension, right-sided heart failure, cellulitis, and skin problems with fat folds.
The swirls make the women seem to glide across the floor, and the way they lift and turn the folds of their dresses is an art in and of itself.
The pistol-grip handle easily folds down along the dryer's barrel, making it even more compact.
Save wrinkled dollar bills for projects with enough folds to hide the wrinkles.
Master these folds and you'll be able to create anything you can imagine.
To see a demonstration of each of these folds, download the PDF file Explanation of Origami Folds.
To help keep your costs down as you're mastering the basic origami folds, consider working with free printable origami papers instead of the expensive specialty papers purchased from a craft store or stationary shop.
Double check the accuracy of your folds before moving on to the next step of a project.
The part of the paper that folds over when the crease is made should move away from your body, not towards it or to just one side.
Even though money origami is considered unique from a design perspective, the same basic origami folds are used.
Specific folds are used in different combinations to create objects.
While there are many shapes for origami weapons that can be created many different ways, like the ninja star, most can be made from a handful of folds that are easy to learn.
To begin folding origami, try some basic folds and then use them to make some simple weapons, like an easy ninja star or pistol.
Once you have mastered those folds, you can move on to more sophisticated techniques.
One advantage of memorizing the basic folds in origami is that you will begin to see the construction in more complex shapes and often understand how they are made without additional instructions.
Learn how to do the basic folds and then use your imagination to make your own arsenal.
From the basic folds to advanced techniques, origami is more than just making paper airplanes.
Unless you are a whiz at spatial relations, the diagrams, instructions and folds will be confusing.
Origami Folds: The best way to figure out origami diagrams and instructions is to learn how to make certain folds.
Once you have familiarized yourself with the basics of origami-the terms, folds and bases-you can begin to make origami things for your home and office.
These books should have a glossary of terms, diagrams of folds and bases and traditional figures.
However, difficult folds can be confusing or impossible for a novice to discern from a book.
Some people believe that origami should be "pure," involving nothing but the folds of the paper.
The folds should form a large X across the paper.
Make sure to crease your folds very well.
Sometimes when you use other types of paper, your folds can get too thick to hold correctly.
If you need to review these basic folds, please see the LTK Origami tutorial on origami folding instructions.
Look for online origami diagrams that have between five and ten folds total, with clear photographs and simple language.
In the very beginning, skip teaching children special folds or bases.
The easiest way to begin incorporating origami hearts in your decorations, gifts, and paper craft projects is to master the folds for a basic paper heart.
If you choose paper that is too thick, it will be hard to make the folds crisp enough to hold the box together.
Rotate the paper around so that the folds that you just made are at the top of the page.
Press firmly on the folds, then pull down the bottom of the boat so that it stands up on its own.
If you need to review the basic folds, the LoveToKnow Origami slideshow on Origami Folding Instructions may be useful.
If you're just mastering the most common origami folds, it's best to begin with a basic gift box.
By combining basic origami folds with skillful cutting, gluing, and stapling, you can design attractive ornaments that are truly one-of-a-kind creations.
This particular design is for those with more advanced skills due to the intricate folds required.
This one is not difficult to make, but it does require precision folds.
Magazine paper and newsprint: While these papers are sometimes used for practicing origami folds before attempting the final version of a project, many people find they don't hold creases well.
Papers with smaller patterns look best on projects with many folds, while larger patterned papers are a good choice for projects with fewer folds.
Smaller and larger sheets can make certain folds more difficult for novices.
Origami flowers, like other figures, usually begin with some basic origami folds and bases, like the origami bird base.
Once you have moved beyond folding origami flowers that have only a few steps, you can move onto more complicated flower designs that include multiple steps and advanced folds.
In addition to understanding the various symbols used in origami diagrams, you may also need to know some basic base folds and bases before you begin following your origami dragon diagram.
Study the symbols and practice making origami things using your basic folds and forms.
Print the colorful dragon face pattern, then follow the provided instructions to make a dragon face using fortune-teller folds.
Novices should be able to follow Dynamic Miscellany's Dragon diagram without too much trouble, as long as they have mastered basic folds and following diagrams.
In the case of origami dragons, you're looking at models that make use of various folds, including rabbit ears, crimps, and sinks.
In addition to basic folds, you'll also want to be confident in creating bases.
Once you've practiced and mastered basic origami folds and bases, you may just be ready to try a simple dragon.
Instructables.com: Tutorial that takes you through each part of the dragon: base, body, head and tail, wings and legs, and final folds.
Later, you can remove the folds and use the money.
The vertical line where the two folds meet is called the centerline.
They introduce basic folds and bases, and are just as elegant as complex models once finished.
These models, like the origami swan, use the most basic of folds, such as the valley fold and the mountain fold.
With just these folds, you can make a lovely bird.
You might also try the twirling bird, which really is a series of folds upon folds.
It only uses valley folds and takes only seven steps.
This model uses valley folds, mountain folds and reverse folds.
If you learn the basic folds and bases -- which simple origami relies on -- you can make the jump to more complicated models in no time.
If you attempt to create an origami project using construction paper, for example, at this small size, you will only be able to create a couple of folds before the paper will not fold properly.
One or more pieces of paper receive folds in various ways to create unique designs.
Invest the time in learning the basic folds and origami basis.
Mastering basic folds is the first step in learning how to make Japanese origami.
Learning how to make Japanese origami is literally, learning how to fold paper based on a basic set of folds and crease patterns.
As noted, the key to learning Japanese origami is mastering folds and creases.
In origami, these are the basic folds you'll need to create models.
From these folds, others naturally emerge, such as the kite base from the valley fold or the petal fold from a combination of one valley and two mountain folds.
Poke the center of the "X" which will cause the center of the folds to fall inwards and the outer edges to pop up slightly.
A Kirigami pattern is any pattern in which a combination of folds and cuts create an object or design.
The creator may only use folds of the paper instead.
You must perform cuts and folds at the right time, in the right sequence, to create the object or the image.
Nothing that is thinner may hold up to the folds.
The diagonal folds need to be valley folds, which means that the fold goes inward.
You need the top to bottom and side-to-side folds to be mountain folds, so they stick up.
If each of these folds is properly done, the paper will collapse along the folded lines.
With the tip being the top, allow the other folds to lie down onto each other.
Fold it down towards the middle of the folds, using the top edge created in the previous step.
At this point, it is quite important to crease the edges well or the next folds will not work properly.
Be careful with the folds to ensure you do not rip the paper.
People who practice Kirigami use many of the same folds you'd find in making origami things, but they also cut the paper to add depth and dimension to their designs.
You will need to start with a square base and then create two petal folds to make the bird base.
Fold the paper on the diagonals in valley folds, which means the fold should point inward.
Flip the paper over to create mountain folds.
Then, pull on the center point where all the folds meet.
You will crease it where the top of the side folds created.
Before you tackle an advanced project with many steps and folds, commit the basics of origami to memory.
He provides terminology, diagrams, and instructions for making most origami folds such as the mountain, the valley, and the reverse.
Indian Child Origami: From history to the right paper to step by step origami folds, this site has resources for every fledgling paper artist.