He issued an edict forbidding the reading of the law, the observance of the Sabbath, and the rite of circumcision; and determined to convert the still half-ruined Jerusalem into a Roman colony.
Circumcision is practised in some regions.
That circumcision (though perhaps not till puberty) was regularly practised is proved by the mummies (agreeing with the testimony of Herodotus and the indications of the early tomb sculptures) until an edict of Hadrian forbade it: after that, only priests were circumcised.
There are a variety of ways of performing a circumcision.
As the first rite corresponds to the circumcision and naming of Jesus, so does the second to His presentation in the temple.
Circumcision is traceable on all the male bodies which are in a state to show its effects.
After a reference to their descent from Abraham and their sojourn in Egypt, Aristides praises them for their worship of the one God, the Almighty Creator; but blames them as worshipping angels, and observing "sabbaths and new moons, and the unleavened bread, and the great fast, and circumcision, and cleanness of meats."
Besides those who were ready to go the whole length and accept circumcision, numbers adopted particular Jewish practices, observing the Sabbath, for instance, or turned from polytheism to the doctrine of the One God.
According to Ramsay, then, Peter was present during the famine, and made a private agreement with Paul that the latter should preach to the Gentiles, and so far Gentile Christianity was recognized, but the conditions of the intercourse between Gentile and Jewish Christians were not defined, and the question of circumcision was perhaps not finally settled.
It would appear, however, that Cerinthus laid stress on the rite of circumcision and on the observance of the Sabbath.
On his return he experienced a remarkable incident which is obscurely associated with the rite of circumcision.
At Sens the Feast of the Ass was associated with the Feast of Fools, celebrated at Vespers on the Feast of Circumcision.
Paul insists that he was appointed the apostle to the Gentiles, as Peter was to the Circumcision; and that circumcision and the observance of the Jewish law were of no importance to the Christian as such.
Many of the Mozarabs even adopted the characteristic Mahommedan rite of circumcision.
In his elaborate defence of Judaism our author glorifies circumcision and the sabbath, the bulwarks of Judaism, as heavenly ordinances, the sphere of which was so far extended as to embrace Israel on earth.
Israel received circumcision as a sign that they were the Lord's, and this privilege of circumcision they enjoyed in common with the two highest orders of angels.
He maintained the everlasting validity of the law, he held the strictest views on circumcision, the sabbath, and the duty of shunning all intercourse with the Gentiles; he believed in angels and in a blessed immortality.
His coming did not annul the Law, for he was merely a prophet and teacher; Paul was wrong and circumcision still necessary.
This rite announces itself as the analogue of Christ's circumcision.
And he justifies his view by this, that circumcision, which foreshadowed the Christian seal (a payis), was imposed on the eighth day on those who as yet had no use of reason.
Circumcision, as is usual among Mahommedan tribes, is universal, and tooth-mutilation absent; of other characteristics, the use of the sword has penetrated to the northern portion of the forest area.
Circumcision is practically universal.
anaesthesia potential problems of caudal anesthesia for circumcision such as leg weakness or difficulty with micturition.
bridegroom of blood, " because of the circumcision.
circumcised when he was called, he should not undo his circumcision.
If you want to become a complete Islamic radical and are ready to undergo circumcision, then I invite you to Moscow.
does male circumcision have any effect on rates of HIV transmission?
The rituals of the Old Testament (which included circumcision) were never designed to make us acceptable to God.
But Jesus did what the law couldn't do, put us right with God, and so made circumcision unnecessary.
My son had to have a circumcision for medical reasons.
Rather, the true circumcision in spirit has become profitable in every respect.
NORM-UK was mainly concerned about medical rather than religious circumcision.
circumcision rites and in the festivities and entertainment which followed them.
circumcision initiation ceremonies.
circumcision rate is approximately 40% .
circumcision group were saying.
circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision; but faith which worketh by love.
The NHS does not fund ritual circumcision in England.
circumcision of heart.
circumcision of English boys: survey of current trends in practice.
circumcision for medical reasons.
Equally ingenious is their cavil, that women should not be baptized if baptism is to be made conformable to circumcision.
If the cancer is affecting only the foreskin, it may be possible to treat it with circumcision alone.
Young girls can also be subjected to female circumcision in an attempt to control their sexual promiscuity.
The objection, that there was a fixed day for circumcision, is a mere quibble.
Then he who is physically uncircumcised but keeps the law will condemn you who have the written code and circumcision but break the law.
Pediatric urology we will continue to manage pediatric urology in the form of circumcision, orchidopexy and simple hypospadias repairs.
They would discharge their pastoral duties as individuals, but when a solemn ecclesiastical act, like ordination, was performed, it would be done, as in the case of Timothy, by" the laying on of the hands of the presbytery "; 14 and when an authoritative decision had to be reached, as in regard to circumcision, a synod or court was called together for the purpose.
Sorcery, the scars raised on the body, the knocking out of teeth, circumcision and rules as to marriage have been quoted; but many such customs are found among savage peoples far distant from each other and entirely unrelated.
He has relied, however, in his efforts to link the tribes together, too much on the prevalence or absence of such customs as circumcision - always very treacherous evidences - to allow of his hypothetical distribution being regarded very seriously.
Circumcision of one or two kinds was usual in the north and south, but not in Western Australia or on the Murray river.
At about twelve or fourteen circumcision took place and (or sometimes as an alternative on the east coast) a front tooth was knocked out, to the accompaniment of the booming of the bullroarer.
Finally the references to circumcision, paradosis (ii.
(1906), pp. 14-24; and the article Circumcision (with J.
As if to emphasize the spirit and purpose of the rebellion, one and only one of the Roman soldiers was spared, because he promised to become a Jew even to the extent of circumcision.
Certain days seem early to have been set apart as special festivals for different orders of the clergy: the feast of St Stephen (December 26) for the deacons, St John's day (December 27) for the priests, Holy Innocents' Day for the boys, and for the sub-deacons Circumcision, the Epiphany, or the 11th of January.
12) and the prohibition of circumcision (Spartianus, Hadrianus, 14) are said to have been the causes of the war, but authorities differ considerably as to this and as to the measures which followed the revolt (see art.
The Rabbinic law recognized two classes: (a) the full proselyte, the stranger of righteousness (ger sedeq), who was admitted after circumcision, baptism and the offering of a sacrifice (after the destruction of the Temple the first two ceremonies were alone possible); and (b) the limited proselyte, the resident alien (ger toshab) or proselyte of the gate (ger ha-sha'ar), who, without accepting Judaism, renounced idolatry and accepted Jewish jurisdiction, thereby acquiring limited citizenship in Palestine.
In the Diaspora admission of converts may have been made easy, circumcision being sometimes omitted, but the conditions became gradually more severe, until they reached their present form.
In some reformed congregations in America proselytes are admitted without circumcision, and a similar policy is proposed (not yet adopted) by the Jewish Religious Union in London, though the male children of proselytes are to be required to undergo the rite.
They use it at the ceremonies of circumcision, bismillah (teaching the child "the name of God"); virginity and marriage.
But what Barnabas did see with full reasoned conviction, he was staunch in upholding; thus he upheld the general cause of Gentile freedom from the obligation of circumcision (as distinct from perfect religious equality with Jewish believers) at the Jerusalem conference (Acts xv.).
In this way he takes in succession the typical Jewish institutions - Circumcision, Foods, Ablutions, Covenant, Sabbath, Temple - showing their spiritual counterpart in the New People and its ordinances, and that the Cross was prefigured from the first.
The burden of his epistle, then, is, "Let us become ' His reference to the wide prevalence of circumcision beyond Israel (ix.
4 A covenant was concluded with him for all time, and as a sign thereof the rite of circumcision was instituted (xvii.
Kiwewa, refusing to submit to circumcision, was (after reigning three or four months) expelled by the B a-Islamu, who placed another brother, Kalema, on the throne and began a fanatical propaganda, forcing the peasantry to, submit to the hated circumcision.
They believe in a future life and practise both circumcision and baptism.
(institution of circumcision), xxiii.
to overrun Samaria, and also to invade Idumaea, which he completely subdued, compelling its inhabitants to receive circumcision and accept the Jewish faith.
Mutilations, such as circumcision, violation of chastity in the case of maidens hallowed to certain gods, ritual cutting of hair and nails, and their deposition in a sanctuary, rather belong to the category of sacrifice, as also the burial of a living victim under the foundations of a new building or bridge '(see' Sacrifice).
Herodotus, who states that they, with the Egyptians and the Ethiopians, were the first to practise circumcision, believed them to have sprung from the relics of the army of Sesostris, and thus regarded them as Egyptians.
4-17); but it is uncertain how far their concession went, and in the light of subsequent events it is probable that they still regarded circumcision as a necessary rite for all Christians.
The interior is richly decorated and contains the "Circumcision" and "St Ignatius" by Rubens, and the "Assumption" of Guido Reni.
Those numbered 11-22, written in 344, are almost all directed against the Jews; the subjects are circumcision, passover, the sabbath, persuasion (the encyclical letter referred to above), distinction of meats, the substitution of the Gentiles for the Jews, that Christ is the Son of God, virginity and holiness, whether the Jews have been finally rejected or are yet to be restored, provision for the poor, persecution, death and the last times.
10) and even circumcision, 3 while at the same time they sought to undermine his authority 4 by pointing out that it was derived from the apostles at.
io) and "preaching circumcision" (v.
Paul, the "Apostle of the Gentiles."-So far apostles are only of the Palestinian type, taken from among actual hearers of the Messiah and with a mission primarily to Jews-apostles "of, the circumcision" (Gal.
26.2), who sheds no light on the origin of the Ebionites, but says that while they admit the world to have been made by the true God (in contrast to the Demiurge of the Gnostics), they held Cerinthian views on the person of Christ, used only the Gospel of Matthew (probably the Gospel according to the Hebrews - so Eusebius), and rejected Paul as an apostate from the Mosaic Law, to the customs and ordinances of which, including circumcision, they steadily adhered.
1-25), the Jew cannot claim any preference; Abraham himself, before circumcision and the law came into force, was a man of faith, and consequently all believers (not all legal Jews, iv.
45), Paul is made to put this question - " If then circumcision is a good thing, why did you, Simon, deliver up circumcised men and compel them to be condemned and put to death?
" We must let the Tubingen School have this passage for what it is worth, only remarking that it was not on the ground of circumcision that Paul persecuted the Church, and that it is impossible to extract history out of these fictions.
of the same dialogue Justin remarks that " those who have approached God through Jesus Christ have received a circumcision, not carnal, but spiritual, after the manner of Enoch."
In relation to the publicans and soldiers who, smitten with remorse, sought out John in the wilderness, his baptism was a purification from their past and so far identical with the proselyte's bath; but so far as it raised them up to be children unto Abraham and filled them with the Messianic hope, it advanced them further than that bath could do, and assured them of a place in the kingdom of God, soon to be established - this, without imposing circumcision on them; for the ordinary proselyte was circumcised as well as baptized.
They used the Aramaic recension of the Gospel according to Matthew, which they called the Gospel to the Hebrews, but, while adhering as far as possible to the Mosaic economy as regarded circumcision, sabbaths, foods and the like, they did not refuse to recognize the apostolicity of Paul or the rights of heathen Christians (Jer., Comm.
A partial circumcision is practised, which is exceptional with the Melanesians, nor have these usually an elaborate political and social system like that of Fiji.
Another great festival was at circumcision times.
Since 1868 circumcision has been observed by each family at any time convenient to itself.
Circumcision, already familiar from Exod.
Sometimes he, like the Atnatu of the Kaitish tribe of central Australia, is only vigilant in matters of ritual, such as circumcision, subincision and the use of the sacred bull-roarer, the Greek poµt30s.
3), and the institution of circumcision (otherwise treated in Ex.
Circumcision, characteristic of the Zulu-Xosa and Bechuana, is not practised by many tribes farther north; tooth-mutilation, on the contrary, is absent among the more southern tribes.
Here the removal of the lower incisors is common, and circumcision entirely absent.
Neither circumcision nor uncircumcision means anything; what counts is a new creation.
Pediatric Urology we will continue to manage pediatric urology in the form of circumcision, orchidopexy and simple hypospadias repairs.
Your pediatrician will probably tell you to skip the tub baths until your infant's umbilical has fallen off, and your little boy's circumcision has healed.
In the United States, circumcision in infant boys is performed for social, medical, cultural, or religious reasons.
Once a routine operation urged by pediatricians and obstetricians for newborns in the middle of the twentieth century, circumcision has become an elective option that parents make for their sons on an individual basis.
Others may elect circumcision for medical reasons.
Female circumcision (also known as female genital mutilation) is usually performed for cultural and social reasons by family members and others who are not members of the medical profession, with no anesthesia.
Female circumcision is illegal in most countries of the world.
Though the incidence of male circumcision has decreased from 90 percent in 1979 to 60 percent in 2002, it is still the most common surgical procedure in the United States.
Circumcision rates are much lower for the rest of the industrialized world.
Despite a long-standing belief that infants do not experience serious pain from circumcision, most authorities in the early 2000s believe that some form of local anesthesia is necessary.
In circumcision of infant boys, the foreskin is pulled tightly into a specially designed clamp.
After circumcision, the wound should be washed daily.
Infants who undergo circumcision may be fussy for some hours afterward, so parents should be prepared for crying, feeding problems, and sleep problems.
Complications following newborn circumcision appear in one out of every 500 procedures.
In 2000, there were reports that the surgical clamps used in circumcision were at fault in over 100 injuries reported between July 1996 and January 2000.
The only medical justification for male circumcision is to correct a health problem or condition.
There are no medical justifications for female circumcision.
The only other justification for male or female circumcision is religious or cultural.
Leaders of the vast majority of religions throughout the world condemn any form of female circumcision.
A Surgical Temptation: The Demonization of the Foreskin and the Rise of Circumcision in Britain.
What Your Doctor May Not Tell You about Circumcision: Untold Facts on America's Most Widely Performed-and Most Unnecessary Surgery.
Circumcision: A History of the World's Most Controversial Surgery.
Lewis, Joseph, et al. In the Name of Humanity: Speaking Out against Circumcision.
Joffe. "Controversies in male adolescent health: varicocele, circumcision, and testicular self-examination."
C. "Care of women with female circumcision."
Johnsdotter. "Female genital mutilation in the West: traditional circumcision versus genital cosmetic surgery."
Kahana. "Fatal hemorrhage following male ritual circumcision."
"Circumcision." Circumcision Information Resource Pages.
"Circumcision." Available online at Circumcision Resource Center.
"Circumcision." Mothers Against Circumcision.
In some babies, hemophilia is suspected immediately when a routine circumcision (removal of the foreskin of the penis) results in unusually heavy bleeding.
Risk factors for UTIs in men include lack of circumcision and urinary catheterization.
Some of the earliest symptoms of the syndrome may be noted during early infancy, including excessive bleeding after a circumcision, bloody diarrhea, and a tendency to bruise very easily.
Eventually however, Christianity saw a broader incorporation of celebrations and commemorations regarding the new year, with many referring to this day as the Feast of Christ's Circumcision.
Many Christians believe that the circumcision of Christ occurred on January 1.
He destroyed the temple of Gerizim and compelled the Idumaeans to submit to circumcision and embrace the laws of the Jews on pain of deportation.
Hadrian had forbidden circumcision as illegal mutilation: he had also replaced Jerusalem by a city of his own, Aelia Capitolina, and the temple of Yahweh by a temple of Jupiter.
Wesley s spirit at this time is seen from his sermon on "The Circumcision of the Heart," preached before the university on the 1st of January 1733.
Lastly, the rite of circumcision, which the Hebrews practised in common with their Semitic neighbours as well as the Egyptians, belonged to ages long anterior to the time of Moses.
Circumcision and Sabbath, separation from marriage with a foreigner, which rendered a Jew unclean, as well as strict conformity to the precepts of the Torah, constituted henceforth an adamantine bond which was to preserve the Jewish communities from disintegration.
The word usage examples above have been gathered from various sources to reflect current and historial usage. They do not represent the opinions of YourDictionary.com.