Both it and the arch are built of Istrian stone.
Vera was saying with an arch smile.
At the entrance to the latter the senate erected, in his honour, a triumphal arch which is still extant - a fine simple monument with a single opening.
Surprisingly, Fred O'Connor, arch fan of any hint of mystery, remained uninterested in the Donald Ryland-Edith Shipton-Jerome Shipton triangle.
Another vision, one of the Arch through the branches of a tree.
She'd almost crossed the threshold where she was his; he felt her body start to arch under the sensations.
"I'm actually learning from him, Sirian," was Rissa's arch response.
She reached the top of the stairs and stared at a similar scene leading past the Arch and all the way up the park toward the city.
As the whip continued and reached the peak of its arch, he let it fall again, whipping more grass with the other side of the blade.
He swung the car off the road and under an arch that read "Ambrosia Acres."
If you visit Rome and make your way to the Forum, nearby you will see the Arch of Titus.
Though still arch, his tone had softened enough to show her he wasn't unaffected by her genuine words.
I killed over a hundred of Sasha's creatures at the Arch with only a fraction of my power.
unveiled a fine memorial arch commemorating Royal Engineers who fell in the South African War.
SPANDRIL, or Spandrel (formerly splaundrel, a word of unknown origin), in architecture, the space between any arch or curved brace and the level label, beams, &c., over the same.
The arch not only celebrates this military victory, it points out that it was profitable.
The "Marble Arch" cave near Florencecourt, with its emerging river, is a characteristic example of the subterranean waterways in the limestone.
One of the gates is formed by the quadrifrontal arch of Caracalla, a rare form of construction.
Once it chanced that I stood in the very abutment of a rainbow's arch, which filled the lower stratum of the atmosphere, tinging the grass and leaves around, and dazzling me as if I looked through colored crystal.
The church of St Lawrence has Norman portions, and an arch and window apparently of pre-Conquest date.
The Lap- surface of the North American arch is sagged down- worth's wards in the middle into a central depression which fold= lies between two long marginal plateaus, and these theory.
Stanton, and a beautiful memorial arch (with sculpture by H.
Pierre well knew this large room divided by columns and an arch, its walls hung round with Persian carpets.
A trench was first excavated to the proper depth, then the side walls and arched roof of brick were put in place, earth was filled in behind and over the arch, and the surface of the ground restored, either by paving where streets were followed, or by actually being built over with houses where the lines passed under private property.
She sat on the river bank across from a series of wide, large steps leading up a hill to the park where the Arch stood, framed against a black sky.
in length) and an ancient brick arch (called the Arco del Sacramento), while below the town is the Ponte Lebroso, a bridge of the Via Appia over the Sabbato, and along the road to Avellino are remains of thermae.
Representations of apotheoses occur on several works of art; the most important are the apotheosis of Homer on a relief in the Townley collection of the British Museum, that of Titus on the arch of Titus, and that of Augustus on a magnificent cameo in the Louvre.
Its importance is vouched for by the many remains of antiquity which it possesses, of which the most famous is the triumphal arch erected in honour of Trajan by the senate and people of Rome in A.D.
In 1903 the foundations of this temple were discovered close to the Arch of Trajan, and many fragments of fine sculptures in both the Egyptian and the Greco-Roman style belonging to it were found.
The pointed arch owes nothing to the Arabs; it is already used in England in early Norman work.
The vertebrae are stereospondylous, the centrum or body and the arch being com pletely fused into one mass, leaving not even a neuro-central suture.
The arch alone sends 66r out processes, viz.
Not interpreting this as applying to works printed outside Ulm, he published in 1538 at Augsburg his Guldin Arch (with pagan parallels to Christian sentiments) and at Frankfort his Germaniae clzronicon, with the result that he had to leave Ulm in January 1539.
AFTERGLOW, a broad high arch of whitish or rosy light appearing occasionally in the sky above the highest clouds in the hour of deepening twilight, or reflected from the high snowfields in mountain regions long after sunset.
" Winter " in-, 00 eludes October to arch at Sod, so Greenwich and Batavia; November to February at Kew ky and M Kew '110 Bureau Central; December 100, 100 November to January ' at Karasjok, and December and Janu ary at Perpignan.
In these buildings, as in those of Aquitaine, the pointed arch is the surest sign of Saracenic influence; it must never be looked on as marking the approach of the Gothic of the North.
St Michael's, the parish church, has a striking Perpendicular tower, an arch of carved oak dividing its nave and chancel, a magnificent rood-loft, and a 13th-century monument doubtfully described as the tomb of Bracton, the famous lawyer, whose birthplace, according to local tradition, was Bratton Court in the vicinity.
Traces of Moorish influence are evident and the horseshoe arch is common.
ing gs, the bilobed arch sh, The primitive shell-sac or enteron or lateral vesicles shell-gland ° of invaginated endoderm, pi, The rectal peduncle or whichwill develop into liver.
the use of blind arches as an external decoration, and of brick cornices with the points of the bricks projecting like the teeth of a saw, the use of pulvini (cushions) above the capitals of columns and under the spring of an arch, &c. &c., the use of round arches springing direct from these cushions, spherical pendentives, &c.
Remnants of the left aortic arch persist sometimes in the shape of a ligamentous strand.
Thus arose, beside minor streets, the imposing central avenue which, starting from a triumphal arch near the great temple of the Sun, formed the main axis of the city from south-east to north-west for a length of 1240 yards, and at one time consisted of not less than 750 columns of rosy-white limestone, each 55 ft.
Lucchinos brother John, arch bishop of Milan, now assumed the lordship of the city, and extended the power of the Visconti over Genoa and the whole of north Italy, with the exception of Piedmont, Verona, Mantua, Ferrara and Venice.
13), consisting of the sacrum (already described) and the pelvic arch, namely ilium, ischium and pubis, it follows that only birds and mammals possess a pelvis proper, whilst such is entirely absent in the Amphibia and in reptiles with the exception of some of the Dinosaurs.
West wall: two-centred arch to the window with three cusped, two-centred lights and a central cinquefoil above.
cooperatesecurity chief for Aideed's arch enemy, Ali Mahdi Mohamed, who was cooperating with the UN.
Chancel arch truss distinguished by its angular wooden corbels; the roof between the trusses paneled over in wood.
tower arch at the west end.
The church is cruciform and the altar stands beneath the eastern lantern arch, a fine rood screen separating off the choir, which was devoted to monastic use, while the nave was kept for the parishioners, in consequence of a dispute between the vicar and the monastery in 1499.
The central part of the Malay Arch;- group is a volcanic region, many of the volcanoes being.
The whole design was modified in 1688 so as to represent a triumphal arch in honour of Morosini Peloponnesiaco, who brought from Athens to Venice the four lions in Pentelic marble which now stand before the gate.
An ornamental entrance near the Olympieum, the existing Arch of Hadrian, marked the boundary between the new and the old cities.
The third type is the intermediate one between those two, followed by the Metropolitan and Metropolitan District railways, in London, where the railway has an arched roof, built usually at a sufficient distance below the surface of the street to permit the other subsurface structures to lie in the ground above the crown of the arch, and where the station platforms are from 20 to 30 ft.
Oberlin is primarily an educational centre, the seat of Oberlin College, named in honour of Jean Frederic Oberlin, and open to both sexes; it embraces a college of arts and sciences, an academy, a Theological Seminary (Congregational), which has a Slavic department for the training of clergy for Slavic immigrants, and a conservatory of music. In 1909 it had twenty buildings, and a Memorial Arch of Indiana buff limestone, dedicated in 1903, in honour of Congregational missionaries, many of them Oberlin graduates, killed in China in 1900.
There are remains of a Moorish fort on the hill commanding the town; and the north gateway - the Puerta del Colegio - is a fine lofty arch, surmounted by an emblematic statue and the city arms. The most prominent buildings are the episcopal palace (1733), with a frontage of a 600 ft.; the town house (1843), containing important archives; and the cathedral, a small Gothic structure built on the site of a former mosque in the 14th century, and enlarged and tastelessly restored in 1829.
She said she was near the big one-sided McDonald's—she meant the arch.
She glanced out the window and spotted the Arch.
Then again, I saw what you did at the Arch.
I saved you from Hell, and I saved you from those things at the…at the Arch.
You came after me at the Arch.
Ann., 1857, 101, p. 387; C. Marignac, Arch.
Thus we find that after the failure of Musat members of the family of Lacon-Unali filled all the four judicatures of the island (Taramelli, Arch.
At or near the tower Hananeel the wall turned south along the east side of the Tyropoeon valley, and then again westward, crossing the valley at a point probably near the remarkable construction known as Wilson's arch.
It stands in the parade ground of the Brompton barracks, facing the Crimean arch.
p. 382; Beatson, Arch.
432; Matteucci, Arch.
Murbach, " Beitrage zur Kenntnis der Anatomie and Entwickelung der Nesselorgane der Hydroiden," Arch.
Wagner, " Recherches sur l'organisation de Monobrachium parasiticum Merejk," Arch.
Heron-Royer and C. Van Bambeke, "Le vestibule de la bouche chez les tetards des batraciens anoures d'Europe," Arch.
It is homologous with the distal ends of the ceratohyals or ventral elements of the hyoidean or second visceral arch.
third visceral or first branchial arch.
Muller, Gesammelte Schriften (Otto Becker, Leipzig, 1872), and Arch.
Anatomie des Herzens der Vogel and Reptilien," Arch.
Ballowitz, " Die Spermatozoen der Vogel," Arch.
xx., 1894, and Arch.
xxxvii., 1882); C. Heinemann (Arch.
von Siebold (Arch.
below Ponte a Serraglio, is the medieval Ponte del Diavolo (1322) with its lofty central arch.
Boutan, " La Cause principale de l'asymetrie des mollusques gasteropodes," Arch.
Robert, " Recherches sur le developpement des Troques," Arch.
(1887, 1888); P. Pelseneer, " Protobranches aeriens et Pulmones branchiferes," Arch.
xiv., xvii., 1901-1903); P. Marchal (Arch.
The result is that the tracery itself has to support the structure above it - is, in fact, constructional - whereas in most other countries the tracery is merely, as it were, a pierced screen filling in a constructional arch.
Hartenstein, De Arch.
(Berlin, 1844, 1850); Egger, De Arch.
The arch is surmounted by a triple attic with Corinthian columns; the frieze above the keystone bears, on the north-western side, the inscription aZS' 'Aqvat, OouEw 7rpiv rats, and on the south-eastern, aZS' do' `ASptavoii Kai ou X i Ono-Los 'TO Xis.
The Ponte della Badia over the Fiora, a bridge with a main arch of 66 ft.
All the arches are pointed and slightly horseshoe, preceding therefore by about two and a half centuries the introduction of the pointed arch into Europe.
The most beautiful portion of the mosque, however, still exists in the prayer chamber of Hakim, where are to be found the earliest examples of the cusped arch and the origin of many of the geometrical patterns in stucco at the Alhambra.
They, however, had no confidence in the arch, which, as the Hindu says, "never sleeps but is always tending to its own destruction," so that the pointed arch, which had almost become the emblem of the Mahommedan religion, had to be dispensed with for the covered aisles which surrounded the great court, and in the triple entrance gateway the form of an arch only was retained, as it was constructed with horizontal courses of masonry for the haunches, and with long slabs of stone resting one against the other at the top. A similar construction was employed in the great mosque at Ajmere, built A.D.1200-1211at the same time as the Delhi mosque.
(For views of interior and exterior, see Architecture.) for in the entrance gateway of the Lal Darwaza or Red Gate mosque at Jaunpur, where an arch (of two rings of ogee shape) is carried by a solid wall, built under it, which is pierced with three doorways with bracket-capitals and architraves, returning therefore to trabeated construction.
1420) and the Queen's mosque at Mirzapur, the pointed arch exists only in the façades of the prayer chambers; in the mosques built 30 to 40 years later the whole is constructed without a single arch, all the pillars have bracket-capitals, and the domes, which are of very slight elevation, are all built in the trabeated style.
The climax of Mahommedan work in India is reached in that of the Mogul emperors at Agra, Delhi and Fatehpur-Sikri, in which there is a very close resemblance in design to the mosques of Syria, Egypt, and Persia; the four-centred arch, which is in the Mogul style, finds general acceptance, and was probably derived from Persian sources.
It is a square tower built over a circular, probably Norman, arch, and has embattled corner turrets.
Others are Bootham Bar, the main entrance from the N., also having a Norman arch; Monk Bar (N.E.), formerly called Goodramgate, but renamed in honour of General Monk, and Walmgate Bar, of the time of Edward I., retaining the barbican repaired in 1648.
wall and the ruins of the church, in the Early English and Decorated styles, and the principal gateway with a Norman arch.
The door is formed by a lofty arch of the pointed form guarded on both sides with red bands exquisitely sculptured and having numerous inscriptions.
Besides several interesting churches and palaces, it contains a fine arch, erected in 1595 in honour of Philip II., and partly constructed of inscribed Roman masonry.
Palat, in the Bulletin arch.
These larvae, which resemble those described by Fritz Muller (Arch.
Heron de Villefosse, who has laid bare a beautiful temple of Jupiter, a triumphal arch of Caracalla, a Byzantine basilica and the gate of the Byzantine general Solomon.
They stand north of the modern mansion, but, with the exception of a beautiful pointed arch portal, are of small importance.
van Everdingen, Arch.
asp, Paired anterior process of the subneural arch.
snp, Sub-neural arch.
These are a ventral arch forming a neural canal through which the great nerve cords pass (figs.
Bertkau, Ph., Arch.
lviii., 184; Macleod, " Recherches sur la structure et la signification de 1 appareil respiratoire des Arachnides," Arch.
Sense organs: - Bertkau, " Sinnesorgane der Spinnen," Arch.
p. 589, 1886; Graber, " Unicorneale Tracheaten Auge," Arch.
It has an arch under it, being supported partly on the side wall of the church, and partly on a massive pillar.
The upper fall is known as the Rumbling Bridge from the fact that the stream pours with a rumbling noise through a deep narrow gorge in which a huge fallen rock has become wedged, forming a rude bridge or arch.
side of the Piazza della Signoria; it is a huge Gothic edifice with a tower, erected in 1332-1346, according to tradition, by Matteo di Giovanello of Gubbio; the name of Angelo da Orvieto occurs on the arch of the main door, but his work may be limited to the sculptures of this arch.
The Palazzo Accoramboni, on the other hand, is a Renaissance structure, with a fine entrance arch.
The whole town is full of specimens of medieval architecture, the pointed arch of the 13th century being especially prevalent.
Close to the cathedral there is a triumphal arch decorated with bas-reliefs known as the Porte Noire, which is generally considered to have been built in commemoration of the victories of Marcus Aurelius over the Germans in 167.
Remains of a Roman theatre, of an amphitheatre, of an aqueduct which entered the town by the Porte Taillee, gate cut in the rock below the citadel, and an arch of a former Roman bridge, forming part of the modern bridge, are also be seen.
i., Leipzig (2 parts), 1894, 1896), and papers in Grunert's Arch.
The name Tyburn (q.v.) was notorious chiefly as applied to the gallows which stood near the existing junction of Edgware Road and Oxford Street (Marble Arch).
JOSEPH ARCH (1826-), English politician, founder of the National Agricultural Labourers' Union, was born at Barford, a village in Warwickshire, on the Loth of November 1826.
Mr Arch nevertheless retained sufficient popularity to be returned to parliament for north-west Norfolk in 1885; and although defeated next year owing to his advocacy of Irish Home Rule, he regained his seat in 1892, and held it in 1895, retiring in 1900.
Benjamin Thorpe, 1844-1846, for the IElfric Society), compiled from the Christian fathers, and dedicated to Sigeric, arch bishop of Canterbury (990-994).
Outside, on the south is a well-preserved triumphal arch with composite capitals, and close to it the 1 1 th-century basilica of S.
Trajan as represented on the Arch of Constantine, Roman Art, Plate III., fig.
Parietal bones separated by the supraoccipital; prootic and exoccipital separated by the enlarged opisthotic. Pectoral arch suspended from the skull; no mesocoracoid arch.
456; Arnold, " Finer Structure of the Cell," Arch.
201; Davidsohn, " Experimental Amyloid," Arch.
16; Delage, " Studies in Merogony," Arch.
383; Ehrlich, " Mastzellen," Arch.
63; Flemming, " Studies in Regeneration of the Tissues," Arch.
288; Grawitz, " Slumber Cells," Arch.
trans., London, 1894); Heidenhain, " Action of Poisons on Nerves of Submaxillary Gland," Arch.
trans., 1895) Heukelom, " Sarcoma and Plastic Inflammation," Arch.
393; Justi, " Unna's Plasma-Cells in Granulations," Arch.
92; Kickhefel, " Histology of Mucoid," Arch.
450; Krawkow, " Chemistry of Amyloid," Arch.
195, also " Experimental Amyloid," Arch.
172; Lubarsch, " Experimental Amyloid," Arch.
trans., London, 1893); Notkin, " Nature of Colloid in Thyroid Gland," Arch.
Hft.); Nowak, " Experimental Researches on Amyloidosis," Arch.
162; Oddi, " Nature of Amyloid," Arch.
611; Pelagatti, " Blastomycetes and Hyaline degeneration," Arch.
395; Runeberg, "Filtration of Albuminous Liquids," Arch.
252; Schottlander, " Nuclear and Cell Division in Epithelium of Inflamed Skin," Arch.
379; Senator, " On Transudation," Arch.
976; Siegert, " Corpora Amylacea," Arch.
224, also a number of other papers bearing upon lymph-production, in same; Thorne, " Endothelia as Phagocytes," Arch.
trans., Oxford, 1891); also, The Germ Plasm (London, 1893); Welch, " Oedema of Lung," Arch.
There is no modern survival of the name of Tyburn, which finds, indeed, its chief historical interest as attaching to the famous place of execution which lay near the modern Marble Arch.
The straight highway from the northwest which as Edgware Road joins Oxford Street at the Marble Arch (the north-eastern entrance to Hyde Park) is coincident with the Roman Watling Street.
Two of its gateways are noteworthy, namely that at Hyde Park Corner at the southeast and the Marble Arch at the north-east.
The first was built in 1828 from designs of Decimus Burton, and comprises three arches with a frieze above the central arch copied from the Elgin marbles in the British Museum.
The Marble Arch was intended as a monument to Nelson, and first stood in front of Buckingham Palace, being moved to its present site in 1851.
The Marble Arch was thus left isolated.
In the 17th and 18th centuries it was a favourite duellingground, and in the present day it is not infrequently the scene of political and other popular demonstrations (as is also Trafalgar Square), while the neighbourhood of Marble Arch is the constant resort of orators on social and religious topics.
At the beginning of the 20th century several important local widenings of streets were put in hand, as for example between Sloane Street and Hyde Park Corner, in the Strand and at the Marble Arch (1908).
In 1582 Peter Moris, a Dutchman, erected a " forcier " on an arch of London Bridge, which he rented for Ios.
London and Middlesex Arch.
Only the chancel of the old church remains, but its red sandstone arch is a remarkably fine example of Norman work; it dates from the middle of the 12th century.
At Silver Islet, Lake Superior, mining was successfully carried on for years under the protection of a coffer dam and an arch of rich silver ore less than 20 ft.
Garstang in Annals Arch.
Guillaume, Exploration arch.
The Siegestor (or gate of victory) is a modern imitation of the arch of Constantine at Rome, while the stately Propylaea, built in 1854-1862, is a reproduction of the gates of the Athenian Acropolis.
The Arco di Riccardo, which derives its name from a popular delusion that it was connected with Richard Coeur-de-Lion, is believed by some to be a Roman triumphal arch, but is probably an arch of a Roman aqueduct.
The evolution of the arrangements for protruding the polypide seems to have proceeded along several distinct lines: (i.) In certain species of Membranipora the "frontal membrane," or membranous free-wall, is protected by a series of calcareous spines, which start from its periphery and arch inwards.
(24) Prouho, "Loxosomes," Arch.
Utility remains becomes substantially an arch of utilitarian proposi tions, with an artificial Great Being inserted at the top to keep them in their place.
When running, they arch their backs and scurry away in a series of short leaps.
The upper part of the tower is ornamented with green and blue tiles and the entrance arch is beautifully carved.
They became feeble copies of Venetian palaces, in which one form of window, with an ogee arch, framed by the dentil moulding, is almost always used.
A very handsome triumphal arch, now called the Porta de' Borsari, was restored in this year by Gallienus (as the inscription upon it, which has taken the place of an older one, cancelled to make room for it, records), and became one of the city gates.
It is a double arch, and above it are two orders of smaller arcades.
The same was the case with the Porta dei Leoni, another rather similar triumphal arch on the east of the city, and with a third arch, the Arco dei Gavi, demolished in 1805.
Many remains from the Roman period have been excavated, such as traces of an amphitheatre, a triumphal arch, the old fortifications, an aqueduct, &c. The remains are preserved partly in the museum at Budapest, and partly in the municipal museum.
In the cause of labour he was active for many years, and in 1872 he set an example to the clergy of all the churches by taking a prominent part in a meeting held in Exeter Hall on behalf of the newly established Agricultural Labourers' Union, Joseph Arch and Charles Bradlaugh being among those who sat with him on the platform.
These foundations are clearly those of a Roman triumphal arch, which perhaps took the name "propylaea" from an ancient Greek structure on the same spot.
This arch appears on Roman coins from Augustus to Commodus; according to Pausanias it bore two four-horse chariots, one driven by Helios and the other by Phaethon, his son, all in gilded bronze.
The facade has a Gothic portal, ascribed to Giorgio da Como (1228), which was intended to have a lateral arch on each side.
At the beginning of it stands the marble triumphal arch with a single opening, and without bas-reliefs, erected in his honour in A.D.
prolonged the quay, and an inferior imitation of Trajan's arch was set up; he also erected a lazaretto at the south end of the harbour, now a sugar refinery, Vanvitelli being the architect-in-chief.
C. Gerstaecker (Arch.
The usual form of ventilating furnace is a plain fire grate placed under an arch, and communicating with the upcast shaft by an inclined drift.
Left brachial artery arising from a common innominate trunk, instead of coming off separately from the aortic arch.
It shows the characteristic hippopotamus-flange to the lower jaw, but has also a large descending process from the jugal bone of the zygomatic arch of the skull.
He was buried with his wife in the graveyard (Fifth and Arch Streets) of Christ Church, Philadelphia.
Special interest attaches to the recent discovery in the cavern of Ultima Esperanza, South Patagonia, of remains of the genus Glossotherium, or Grypotherium, a near relative of Mylodon, but differing from it in having a bony arch connecting the nasal bones of the skull with the premaxillae; these include a considerable portion of the skin with the hair attached.
Portions of a chapel remain, dating from the 13th century, and including a porch and a stone altar; while beside it are traces of a tomb hewn out of the slate, and of some domestic building which had a staircase and a pointed arch above the door.
It is situated on the south coast, on the Bay of Dungarvan, at the mouth of the Colligan, which divides the town into two parts, connected by a bridge of a single arch.
The great gateway is a fine monumental arch in fair preservation, with an inscription to Antoninus Pius.
Facing the arch, within the Hieron, their rear walls forming one side of the enclosure, are three temples, connected with one another by arches, and forming one design.
(In 1901 a violent storm further damaged the temples and forced the gateway out of the perpendicular.) The other ruins include a triumphal arch of Constantine, a still serviceable bridge and a square keep or tower of late date.
In the former the main supporting member or members may be an arch ring or arched ribs, suspension chains or ropes, or a pair of girders, beams or trusses.
Masonry bridges are preferable in appearance to any others, and metal arch bridges are less objectionable than most forms of girder.
For masonry, brick or concrete the arch subjected throughout to compression is the most natural form.
The arch ring can be treated as a blockwork structure composed of rigid voussoirs.
The stability of such structures depends on the position of the line of pressure in relation to the extrados and intrados of the arch ring.
Generally the line of pressure lies within the middle half of the depth of the arch ring.
By the introduction of hinges the position of the line of resistance can be fixed and the stress in the arch ring determined with less uncertainty.
For an elastic arch of metal there is a more complete theory, but it is difficult of application, and there remains some uncertainty unless (as is now commonly done) hinges are introduced at the crown and springings.
So far as superstructure is concerned, more material must be used than for an arch or chain, for the girder is in a sense a combination of arch and chain.
On the other hand, a girder imposes only a vertical load on its piers and abutments, and not a horizontal thrust, as in the case of an arch or suspension chain.
A granite arch built in 1377 over the Adda at Trezzo had a span at low water of 251 ft.
- The present London Bridge, begun in 1824 and completed in 1831, is as fine an example of a masonry arch structure as can be found (figs.
The centre arch has a span of 152 ft., and rises 29 ft.
The voussoirs of the centre arch (all of granite) are 4 ft.
p. 462); and for that of the elastic arch, to a paper by A.
p. 290.) The largest masonry arch is the Adolphe bridge in Luxemburg, erected in 1900-1903.
The thickness of the arch is 4 ft.
The bridge is not continuous in width, there are arch rings on each face, each 16.4 ft.
One centering was used for the two arch rings, supported on dwarf walls which formed a slipway, along which it was moved after the first arch was built.
The stability of such structures depends on the position of the line of pressure relatively to the intrados and extrados of the arch ring.
- Half Elevation and Half Section of Arch of London Bridge.
But if hinges are introduced at crown and springings, the calculation of the stresses in the arch ring becomes simple, as the line of pressures must pass through the hinges.
Three cases therefore arise: (a) The arch is rigid at crown and springings; (b) the arch is two-hinged (hinges at springings); (c) the arch is three-hinged (hinges at crown and springings).
At Rechtenstein a bridge of two concrete arches has been constructed, span 752 ft., with lead articulations: width of arch 11 ft.; depth of arch at crown and springing 2.1 and 2.96 ft.
At Cincinnati a concrete arch of 70 ft.
The arch is 15 in.
After various repairs and strengthenings, including the replacement of the timber girder by an iron one in 1880, this bridge in 1896-1897 was taken down and a steel arch built _ _ __ _ I ?
The chains of each pair were connected by bracing so that they formed a stiff inverted arch resisting deformation in its place.
By curving the top boom of a girder to form an arch and the bottom boom to form a suspension chain, the need of web except for non-uniform loading is obviated.
(f) Metal Arch Bridges.
Baker stated that it had required patching for ninety years, because the arch and the high side arches would not work together.
Expansion and contraction broke the high arch and the connexions between the arches.
The difficulty of casting heavy arch ribs led to the construction of cast iron arches of cast voussoirs, somewhat like the voussoirs of masonry chambers and air locks, a feat unprecedented in the annals of engineering.
The rise of the centre arch is 471 ft., and that of the side arches 46 ft.
apart, centre to centre, consolidates them into a single arch.
The arch rests on rollers and is narrowest at the crown.
The Victoria Falls bridge over the Zambezi, designed by Sir Douglas Fox, and completed in 1905, is a combination of girder and arch having a total length of 650 ft.
The centre arch is 500 ft.
'The centre span is a two-hinged parabolic braced rib arch, and there are side spans of 190 and 210 ft.
The curve of the main arch is a parabola.
Each half arch was supported by cables till joined at the centre.
The deepest part of the valley is crossed by an arch of 541 ft.
It is formed by a crescent-shaped arch, continued on one side by four, on the other side by two lattice girder spans, on iron piers.
The arch is formed by two lattice ribs hinged at the abutments.
The two arch ribs are 652 ft.
deep, supported from the arch ribs at four points.
The lattice girders of the side spans were first rolled into place, so as to project some distance beyond the piers, and then the arch ribs were built out, being partly supported by wire-rope cables from (3) Draw or Bascule Bridges.
Since the erection of the Forth bridge, cantilever bridges have been extensively used, and some remarkable steel arch and suspension bridges have also been constructed.
The intermediate piers should also have considerable stability, so as to counterbalance the thrust arising when one arch is loaded while the other is free from load.
The girders of the side spans were rolled out so as to overhang the great span by 105 ft., and formed a platform from which parts of the arch could be suspended.
Dwarf towers, built on the arch ring at the fifth panel from either side, helped to support the girder above, in erecting the centre part of the arch (Seyrig, Proc. Inst.
(7) In some cases, especially in arch and suspension bridges, changes of temperature set up stresses equivalent to those produced by an external load.
A frame used to support a weight is often called a truss; the stresses on the various members of a truss can be computed for any given load with greater accuracy than the intensity of stress on the various parts of a continuous structure such as a tubular girder, or the rib of an arch.
Produced by long-continued subaerial decay and erosion, in later Cretaceous times this lowland extended from the Atlantic Ocean well toward the interior of North America; since then the whole continent has been generally elevated, and by successive steps the Appalachian belt has been raised to form a wide but relatively low arch.
The master streams of the present have inherited their channels from the drainage systems of the Cretaceous lowland, and though raised athwart the courses of the lowland trunk streams the great arch was developed so slowly that these channels could be maintained through pari passu deepening.
The river is here crossed by three bridges; the (upper) steel arch bridge, built (1895) on the site of the former suspension bridge (built in 1869; blown down in 1889; rebuilt as a suspension bridge) near the Falls, is crossed by double carriageways and footpaths and by an electric railway, and is probably the longest bridge of the kind in the world, being 1240 ft.
long with an arch span of 840 ft.; and 12 m.
farther down the river are two railway bridges, the Michigan Central's cantilever bridge, completed in 1883, and the (lower) single steel arch bridge (completed in 1897, on the site of John A.
under the surface of the city, from the upper steel arch bridge to a point 14 m.
(1877), p. 324; P. Kammerer, Arch.
A stone arch bridge, with nine arches, built of granite at a cost of $1,700,000 and dedicated in 1908, spans the Connecticut (replacing the old Connecticut river bridge built in 1818 and burned in 1895), and connects Hartford with the village of East Hartford in the township of East Hartford (pop. 1900, 6406), which has important paper-manufacturing and tobacco-growing interests.
Near the Capitol, at the approach of the memorial bridge across the Park river, is the Soldiers' and Sailors' memorial arch, designed by George Keller and erected by the city in 1885 in memory of the Hartford soldiers and sailors who served in the American Civil War.
Amongst the Arabs, lands were either held in common by a whole tribe, under a tenure known as the arch or sabegha, or sometimes, especially in the towns, under a modified form of freehold (melk) by the family.
2, p. 31 (1899); Sars, Arch.
The choir, which was used as the conventual church, has left only slight traces, and one arch is standing of a large chapel which adjoined it on the S.
(30) Id., Arch.
(42) P. Tannery, Rev. arch.
3 He was also attacked by Arch, The duke undertook a translation of the Theory of Moral Sentiments, but the Abbe Blavet's version appeared (1774) before his was completed and he then relinquished the design.
Both as regards structure and habits, the leopard may be reckoned as one of the more typical representatives of the genus Felis, belonging to that section in which the hyoid bone is loosely connected with the skull, owing to imperfect ossification of its anterior arch, and the pupil of the eye when contracted under the influence of light is circular, not linear as in the smaller cats.
high, built of rubble stone and mortar faced with square blocks of stone, the interior of the chambers rising into a sloping roof formed by courses of stonework gradually overlapping in a " false arch."
Nadaillac, Prehistoric America (New York, 1895); Zelia Nuttall, The Fundamental Principles of the Old and New World Civilizations (Arch.
Keysselitz, " Ober Trypanophis grobbeni (Trypanosoma grobbeni, Poche)," Arch.
Soc. (1905), 76 B, p. 367, figs., also in Arch.
Caelus is sometimes associated with Terra, represented in plastic art as an old, bearded man holding a robe stretched out over his head in the form of an arch.
403; Flournoy, Des Indes a la planete Mars and in Arch.
(1873) and Oblasinski, Acta disp. Arch.
A broad, low crustal arch extends southward at the junction of the Atlantic and Gulf coastal plains; the emerged half of the arch, constitutes the visible lowland peninsula of Florida; the submerged half extends westward under the shallow Florida.
Flanking strata are even better exhibited in the Bighorn Mountains, the front range of northern Wyoming, crescentic in outline and convex to the northeast, like the Laramie Range, but much higher; here heavy sheets of limestone arch far up towards the range crest, and are deeply notched where consequent streams have cut down their gorges.
This curious and interesting plan has been made the subject of a memoir both by Keller (Zurich, 1844) and by Professor Robert Willis (Arch.
Below the town to the north is a single arched bridge of the road, the arch having the span of 381 ft.
The socalled Arco di Riccardo is a half-buried Roman arch with Corinthian pilasters, possibly a triumphal arch, possibly connected with an aqueduct.
A triumphal arch at Vesontio (Besancon), which in return for this service was made a colony, possibly commemorates this victory.
Of the Dominican monastery (1224) there still exists the stately Magdalen tower; while of the Augustinian abbey of St Mary d'Urso (1206) there are the tower and a fine pointed arch.
Cuenot, " Excretion chez les mollusques," Arch.
The zygomatic arch is variously developed, and the position of the jugal is a character for grouping the families.
The front root of the zygomatic arch is nearly vertical, and placed so far back that it is above the second molar, while the orbit - a unique feature among rodents - is almost completely surrounded by bone.
In the skull the zygomatic arch is slender and the jugal bone small and not extending far forwards, being supported by the long zygomatic process of the maxilla, while the infra-orbital foramen is mostly large, and there are no post-orbital processes.
In the skull the tympanic bulla is hollow, the pterygoid fossa shallow and the zygomatic arch slender, with a rudimentary jugal bone.
Finally, the Philippine Rhynchornys is represented by a rat with two pairs of molars and a long shrew-like nose, the zygomatic arch of the skull being also placed unusually far backward.
zygomatic arch, the middle portion of which is formed by the more or less straight and horizontal jugal, and the large infra-orbital canal, traversed by a portion of the masseter muscle.
This was divided from the nave, sometimes by an arch forming part of the structure of the building, sometimes by a screen, or by steps, sometimes by all three (see Chancel).
Ferguson, Cumberland Arch.
Crowning the vine-clad hills behind it lie the ruins of the castle, a picturesque ivy-covered arch, whence a fine view is obtained of the Siebengebirge and the Rhine valley as far as Bonn.
The hyoid arch is unlike that of any known mammal.
was the virtual master of this Innoce n t 11., arch whose championship of the papacy brought P P P P Y ht g not the smallest advantage, not even that of being crowned emperor with the habitual ceremonial at the place consecrated by tradition.
Joseph Arch >>
south of Peterhead are the famous Bullers, or Roarers, of Buchan, an enormous rocky cauldron into which the waves pour through a natural arch of granite, with incredible violence, in a storm.
A concrete arch is reinforced in much the same way as a wall, the stresses being somewhat similar.
Cuenot, "L'heredite de la pigmentation chez les souris," Arch.
The only notable object of antiquity is a triumphal arch, probably of the early 3rd century, in the S.E.
Kinch, Exploration arch.
See Heuzey and Daumet, Mission arch.
Q' Penan?h g Prov.Welleley 3 s 0 -.._ .,.0 1=Higher 2 = Longitude East too ore Arch.
The Cordova and Ubeda gates, and the arch of Baeza, are among the remains of its old fortifications, which were of great strength.
It has a central tower surmounted by a spire of the 14th century, which necessitated the building of a massive stone screen across the chancel arch to support the piers.
One of his contemporaries was Edward Lee (c. 1482-1544) arch the battles of the Wilderness, Spottsylvania, North Anna, bishop of York, famous for his attack on Erasmus, who replied to Cold Harbor and the long siege of Petersburg, in which, him in his Epistolae aliquot eruditorum virorum.
As the work grew, a training institution for evangelists was started in Oxford, but soon moved (1886) to London, where, in Bryanston Street near the Marble Arch, the headquarters of the army are now established.
Any citizen could bring an impeachment (eisangelia) against the arch ons.
It is related that he ordered the architect Dinochares to build a temple in her honour in Alexandria; in order that her statue, made of iron, might appear to be suspended in the air, the roof was to consist of an arch of loadstones (Pliny, Hist.
There are a soldiers' memorial arch, a statue of Daniel Webster by Thomas Ball, and statues of John P. Hale, John Stark, and Commodore George H.
It was built to consist of two bridges one over the eastern or Damietta branch of the river having 71 arches, the other, over the Rosetta branch, having 61 arches, each arch being of 5 metres or 16.4 ft.
The height of pier from edge of flooring to spring of arch; was 28.7 ft., the spring of the arch being about the surface-level of maximum flood.
In each arch are fitted two gates.
xxxvii., 1882; Foettinger, "Histriobdella," Arch.
Owing to the discovery of inscriptions relating to the Gens Vitruvia at Formiae in Campania (Mola di Gaeta), it has been suggested that he was a native of that city, and he has been less reasonably connected with Verona on the strength of an existing arch of the 3rd century, which is inscribed with the name of a later architect of the same family name -- "Lucius Vitruvius Cerdo, a freedman of Lucius."
The principal extant monuments are a triple triumphal arch, with inscription, through which ran the road to Xanthus, and the walls, discernible on either hand of it; the theatre, 265 ft.
The mosque of Tulun was built entirely in brick, and is the earliest instance of the employment of the pointed arch in Egypt.
The curve of the arch turns in slightly below the springing, giving a horse-shoe shape.
The beautiful little riverside temple, called the kiosk, was built by Augustus and inscribed by Trajan; and the latest building was the arch of Diocletian.
secrated in India under a commission from the arch bishop of Canterbury; and until 1874 it was held to be unlawful for a bishop to be consecrated in England without taking the suffragan's oath of due obedience.
It encloses a mass of ruins conspicuous in which are a fine triumphal arch, the colonnades of two streets, a gymnasium, &c. A stadium and a theatre lie outside on the south.
Forster, in Jahrbuch of Berlin Arch.
Access from the city to the Alhambra Park is afforded by the Puerta de las Granadas (Gate of Pomegranates), a massive triumphal arch dating from the i 5th century.
They are adorned by varieties of foliage, &c.; about each arch there is a large square of arabesques; and over the pillars is another square of exquisite filigree work.
The roof is exquisitely decorated in blue, brown, red and gold, and the columns supporting it spring out into the arch form in a remarkably beautiful manner.
Other important finds were seven statues of women from a sanctuary of Artemis Polo, .a temple and altar of Apollo Pythius, decorative terra-cottas from an archaic Prytaneion, a cemetery with carved and painted tombstones, and remains of a triumphal arch of Caracalla.
The Estates refused to give them an amnesty for seven years; and the arch rebel, Angus Bell the Cat, with Argyll, the young prince, Lennox and other malcontents, declared that he was deposed, and proclaimed his son as his successor and Argyll as chancellor.
The neck is long and curved, and its vertebrae are remarkable for the position of the canal for the transmission of the vertebral artery, which does not perforate the transverse process, but passes obliquely through the anterior part of the pedicle of the arch.
von Linstow, Arch.
Somehow he has the good fortune to come last, and when he places his stone the arch stands selfsupported."
In cathedrals, monastic churches and the larger parish churches the stalls are fixed seats enclosed at the back and separated at the sides by high projecting arms, and placed in one or more rows on the north and south sides of the choir or chancel, running from the sanctuary to the screen or chancel arch.
The fat which is soluble in alcohol appears to consist, according to Schmidt and Roemer (Arch.
It is, therefore, decidedly preferable to employ " muffle-furnaces " in which the heating is performed from without, the fire-gases passing first over the arch and then under the bottom of the muffle.
ï¿½, ï¿½, ?,, ,, O passes through a gap in the arch in such a manner that the gases cannot escape outwards.
de Filippi, Arch.
93, 8), one arch of which and all the piers are still standing; and went on, followed at first by the modern road to Sangemini which passes over two finely preserved ancient bridges, past Carsulae to Mevania, and thence to Forum Flaminii.
Pillars and copper-plate inscriptions have yielded numerous records of the Pal kings who ruled the country from the 9th century onwards, and the district is famous for many other antiquities, some of which are connected by legend with an immemorial past (see Reports, Arch.
A stone bridge built by the Romans, and restored at various times, suddenly gave way in 1857 and is now in ruins; it was built on a natural arch, which, 184 ft.
Then comes a series of tombfronts which terminate in a semicircular arch, a feature derived from north Syria, and finally the elaborate façades, from which all trace of native style has vanished, copied from the front of a Roman temple.
In one of these earlier strata, of very great antiquity, there was discovered, in connexion with the shrine, a conduit built of bricks, in the form of an arch.
In the plaza at the northern entrance to Prospect Park is a soldiers' and sailors' memorial arch (80 ft.
Outside the town is a handsome triumphal arch in honour of Augustus.
Ivrea) to Augusta Praetoria, up the Valle d'Aosta, which the modern railway follows, notably the Pont St Martin, with a single arch with a span of 116 ft.
It is a fine headland of granite, pierced by a natural arch, on a coast renowned for its cliff scenery.
Of its old gates the Hohe Tor, modelled after a Roman triumphal arch, is a remarkable monumental erection of the 16th century.
In the realm of art the "middle ages" had already set in before Constantine robbed the arch of Titus to decorate his own, and before those museums of antiquity, the temples, were plundered by Christian mobs.
Sobotta, "Die Reifung and Befruchtung des Eies von Amphioxus lanceolatus," Arch.
The triumphal arch is not only far finer than any other in France, but ranks third in size and importance among those still extant in Europe.
To judge from the traces of an inscription, the arch seems to have been erected in honour of Tiberius, perhaps to commemorate his victory over the Gallic chieftain Sacrovir in A.D.
Zeller, "Ammonius Saccas and Plotinus," Arch.
(y) Penultimate affection: i or y in the ultima causes several changes in the penult, as arch, " order," erchi, " to bid "; saer, " carpenter," pl.
Loth, will be found in Arch.
The Ouveze, a tributary of the Rhone, divides Vaison into two quarters - the Roman and early medieval town on the right bank, and the town of the later middle ages on the left bank, - the two communicating by an ancient Roman bridge consisting of a single arch.
high, containing an altar, beneath which is a doorway leading to a vault, and a bronze statue of Luther, originally destined for his tomb; the university library, in which is preserved a curious figure of a dragon; and the bridge across the Saale, as long as the church steeple is high, the centre arch of which is surmounted by a stone carved head of a malefactor.
Two of the tower piers and a part of one arch give some indication of the grandeur of the building.
(1906) (Austrian Arch.
Apart from his more comprehensive works, his most important palaeontological contributions are perhaps his observations on the structure of Sigillaria (Arch.
The natural arch that admits one to Mammoth Cave has a span of 70 ft., and from a ledge above it a cascade leaps 59 ft.
It previously consisted of a tower and chancel (with a fine Decorated window) built by Bishop Gower, the piers of the chancel arch being partly built on earlier Norman work, the Herbert Chapel (originally St Ann's) of about the same date as the chancel and rebuilt in the early part of the 16th century, and a nave built in 1739.
(1904), p. 405; Baur, " Myxobakterienstudien," Arch.
So closely allied are these two fishes that their distinctness can be proved only by an examination of the gill-apparatus, the allis shad having from sixty to eighty very fine and long gill-rakers along the concave edge of the first branchial arch, whilst the twaite shad possesses from twenty-one to twenty-seven stout and stiff gill-rakers only.
Clarke, Assos, 2 vols., 1882 and 1898 (Papers of Arch.
Through this arch Sikandar Adil Shah, the last king of Bijapur, was brought bound with silver chains, while on a raised platform sat Aurangzeb, the Mogul emperor, who had left Delhi three years previously to conquer the Deccan.
The Perpendicular church of St Martin, with a tower of earlier date, having a Norman arch, is one of the largest ecclesiastical buildings in the county.
The whole region may be looked upon as formed by an arch or anticline of Carboniferous strata, the axis of which runs north and south; the centre has been worn away by erosion, so that the Coal Measures have been removed, and the underlying Millstone Grit and Carboniferous Limestone exposed to the influences which form scenery.
On both sides of the arch, east and west, the Coal Measures remain intact, forming outcrops which disappear towards the sea under the more recent strata of Permian or Triassic age.
The northernmost member of the high plateaus is a broad east-west trending arch known as the Uinta Mountains.
Most interesting among these are the Henry Mountains, formed by the intrusion of molten igneous rock between the layers of sediments, causing the overlying layers to arch up into dome mountains.
of Anjou, contains between the round towers of its facade the triumphal arch erected in 1470 to Alphonso I.
The facial portion of the skull is very short; a long process of the maxillary bone descends from the anterior part of the zygomatic arch; and the ascending ramus of the mandible is remarkably high.
A charter of Offa, king of Mercia (785), deals with the conveyance of certain land to the monastery of St Peter; and King Edgar restored the church, clearly defining by a charter dated 951 (not certainly genuine) the boundary of Westminster, which may be indicated in modern terms as extending from the Marble Arch south to the Thames and east to the City boundary, the former river Fleet.
It was originally Norman of the 12th century, and the chancel arch and low vaulted chancel, in this style, are very fine.
Latyshev (St Petersburg, 1890); Materials for the Archaeology of Russia, published by the Imp. Arch.
At one point in its course it is crossed by the Rumichaca arch, a natural arch of stone, popularly known as the "Inca's bridge," which with the Minima gorge should be classed among the natural wonders of the world.
Sala is an elevated platform surmounted by a triple arch, and approached by a flight of steps.
Merwa is a similar platform, formerly covered with a single arch, on the opposite side of the valley.
daring example in existence of the employment of the arch principle.
Part of the street crosses the Denburn ravine (utilized for the line of the Great North of Scotland railway) by a fine granite arch of 132 ft.
A little to the west is the Auld Brig o' Balgownie, a picturesque single arch spanning the deep black stream, said to have been built by King Robert I., and celebrated by Byron in the tenth canto of Don Juan.
Andrea, in its present form comparatively modern), and a triumphal arch erected in honour of the marriage of Charles Emmanuel I.
Cuenot ("Etudes morphologiques," Arch.
Prouho ("Sur Dorocidaris," Arch.
dines, monoclinal folds or flexures, because they present only one fold, or one half of a fold, instead of the two which we see in an arch or trough.