A wooden mosque was erected near the site of the Temple, which was replaced by the Mosque of Aksa, built by the amir Abdalmalik (Abd el Malek), who also constructed the Dome of the Rock, known as the Mosque of Omar, in 688.
A few years later he was taken prisoner by Abdalaziz (`Abd ul `Aziz), who had defeated the sultan of Tlemcen and seized the throne.
After the death of `Abd ul `Aziz he resided at Fez, enjoying the patronage and confidence of the regent.
At Thebes, New York has also carried out work at Qurnet Murra`i and Sheikh `Abd el Qurna, as well as at Dra t Abul Neqqa and Deir el Bahri, 55 where the Earl of Carnarvon, assisted by Mr. Howard Carter, has also dug with remarkable success, recovering some of the most beautiful relics of the art of the XII.
To-day these have all vanished, with the exception of one aqueduct which still conveys the water of the Tigris to the shrine of Abd al-Qadir (ul-Kadir).
On the same side of the river, lower down, is the shrine of Abd al-Qadir al-Jilani (of Pan), founder of the Qadirite (Kadaria) sect of dervishes, also a noted place of pilgrimage.
abd, the solid opistho- - - operc somatic carapace.
Of these the earliest is Avenzoar or Abumeron, that is, Abu Merwan `Abd al-Malik Ibn Zuhr (beginning of 12th century), a member of a family which gave several distinguished members to the medical profession.
Muhajir, with the help of Ikrima, succeeded with difficulty, but thoroughly, in defeating Amr ibn Ma'dikarib and Qais ibn `Abd Yaghuth in Yemen and Ashath ibn Qais in Hadramut.
852), and those about the conquest of Egypt and the West by Ibn `Abd al-Hakam (d.
Abd ul-Mumin, the Almohade conqueror of Tunisia, compelled many of the native Christians to embrace Islam, but when Tunis was captured by Charles V.
Even Moslem historians speak favourably of the Norman rule in Africa; but it was brought to an early end by the Almohade caliph Abd ul-Mumin, who took Mandia in 1160.
746); Swithred, grandson of Sigeheard (succ. 746); Sigeric, son of Selered (abd.
There Abd -el -Kader remained until October 1852, when he was released by Napoleon III.
Pichon, Abd el Kader, 1807-1883 (Paris [18991) Alex.
A man of rare intelligence, a fearless horseman and an eloquent orator, Abd-el-Kader had acquired a great reputation by his Abd piety.
The mosque to which the tower belongs is a large brick building erected by `Abd el Mumin; the interior is adorned with marble pillars, and the whole of the crypt is occupied by a vast cistern excavated by Yakub el Mansur.
ABD, is termed a " segment "; if the chord be a diaD meter, the segment is termed a " semi D A circle."
He was one of the most distinguished and efficient of Bugeaud's generals, rendered special service at Isly (August 14, 1844), acted temporarily as governor-general of Algeria, and finally effected the capture of Abd el-Kader in 1847.
broad), continued westwards after a marshy break by the volcanic Tell Kokab (basalt, about 1300 ft.), and then the `Abd al-`Aziz range (limestone), veering upwards towards its western end as if to meet the Tektek promontory from the north.
(2) The rolling plains north of the `Abd al `Aziz Sinjar mountain wall are intersected by the many streams of the Khabur system (the Arab geographer Mustaufi speaks of 300 feeders), which under favourable political and administrative conditions would produce a marked fertility.
`Abd el-`Aziz and Sinjar are wooded, but not now the neighbourhood of Nisibis.
from Tyre may be read, " `Abd ba'al chief of the Hundred," NSI.
The proper names further illustrate the way in which the relation of man to God was regarded; the commonest forms are servant (`abd, e.g.
Not far from the town, by the banks of the river Makhazan, is the site of the battle fought in 1578 between Dom Sebastian, king of Portugal, and the Moors under Abd el Malek, in which the Moors were victorious, though both kings perished, as well as the deposed Mahommed XI., who had called in the Portuguese to his aid against Abd el Malek.
It was one of the chief towns of Abd el Kader, but was occupied by the French in 1843.
west of Tiaret, Abd el Kader had his principal arsenal.
The necropolis extends from Kurna in the north through Drah abu'l nagga, the Assasif, and Shekh abd el Kurna to Kurnet Murrai of Medinet Habu.
BAKRI [Abu `Ubaid `Abdallah ibn `Abd ul-`Aziz ul-Bakri], (1040-1094), Arabian geographer, was born at Cordova.
Abdalaziz (Abd al-Aziz) b.
Abd al-Malik, 8690 (70.5708).
Abd al-Malik, 105 (724).
Abd al-Malik b.
Abd al-Rabmn b.
Abd al-Whid b.
Ilafiz bul-MaimCn Abd al-Majidi, 524544 (1I3o1I49).
Ilakam (Merw~n I.), who had assumed the Caliphate, and the conquerors son Abd al-AzIz was appointed governor.
Abd alMalik, the country suffered from famine, and under this ruler it was unable to recover.
The succeeding caliph, Abul-Maimn Abd al-Majtd, ~ho took the title al-~Iafi~ lidin allah, was not the son but the cousin of the deceased caliph, and of ripe age, being about fifty-eight years old at the time; for more than a year he was kept in prison by the new vizier, a son of al-Af~aI, whom the army had placed in the post; but towards the end of II~lI this vizier fell by the hand of assassins, and the caliph was set free.
on the part of his Circassian Mamelukes to abdicate (September 20th, 1405), when his brother Abd al-aziz was proclaimed with the title Malik al-Man~ur; after two months this prince was deposed, and Faraj, who had been in hiding, recalled.
257 A.H.; Abd al-Rabim b.
623; Abd al-La~if al-Baghdadi, d.
Abd al-Aziz al-Idrisi (history of Upper Egypt), d.
730; Abd al-Qarun al-Ualabi, d.
1033; Abd al-Rabman Jabarti, d.
Abd al-Whid), encomiast of the Fa~imite al-~ahir, d.
The needs of the Egyptian court produced a number of elegant letter-writers, of whom the most famous were Abd al-Rabim b.
597, also secretary of state and official chronicler; and Ibn Abd al-~ahir, d.
632, and Abd al-Wahhb Sha rni, d.
The deposition of `Abd ul-Aziz is an example of the tremendous power that can be wielded by the ulema at the head of their thousands of pupils, 3 when they choose to stir up the masses; nor would Malhmud II.
In 684 Caliph Abdalmalik (Abd el- Melek), in order to weaken the prestige of Mecca, set himself to beautify the holy shrine of Jerusalem, and built the Kubbet es-Sakhrah, or Dome of the Rock, which still remains one of the most beautiful buildings in the world (Caliphate: B 5).
It is the largest and most easterly member of a group of islands rising from adjacent coral banks, the others being Abd el Kuri, The Brothers (Semha and Darzi), and Kal Farun.
Kossmat, Geologie der Inseln Sokotra, Semha and Abd el Kuri (Vienna, 1902); R.
P.) AMA`I [Abu Said `Abd ul-Malik ibn Quraib] (c. 739-831), Arabian scholar, was born of pure Arab stock in Basra and was a pupil there of Abu `Amr ibn ul- 'Ala.
He was both physician and minister to Caliph Abd ar-Rahman III.
Rome, nevertheless concluded a treaty with Lucullus (69 B.C.) and with Pompey, aBd even supported the latter in his campaign against Tigranes in 66.
The Sarbadarids (so called from their motto Sar-ba-dar, Head to the Gibbet), descendants of Abd al-Razzak, who rebelled in Khorasan about 1337, enjoyed some measure of independence under twelve rulers till they also were destroyed by Timur (c. 1380).
He sent an embassy to China; and an English version of the travels to India of one of his emissaries, Abd ur-Razzak, is to be found in R.
Ulugh Bey was put to death by his son Abd ul-Latif, who, six months later, was slain by his own soldiers.
It is difficult to assign dates to a few events recorded in Persian history for the eighteen years following the death of Abd ulLatif; and, were it not for chance European missions, the same difficulty would be felt in dealing with the period after the death of Abu Said up to the accession of Ismail Sufi in 1499.
1878) they were surrounded by the superior forces of Abd el Malek, the reigning sultan, and after a brave resistance Sebastian was killed and his army almost annihilated.
(bin Abd Allah) in 1760, and completed in 1770.
The history of Mecca is full of the record of these inundations, unsuccessfully combated by the great dam drawn across the valley by the caliph Omar (Kutbeddin, p. 76), and later works of Mandi.5 The fixed population of Mecca in 1878 was estimated by Assistant-Surgeon `Abd el-Razzaq at 50,000 to 60,000; there is a large floating population - and that not merely at the proper season of pilgrimage, the pilgrims of one season often beginning to arrive before those of the former season have all dispersed.
in 1571, supplies to the public fountains a sweet and light water, containing, according to `Abd el-Razzaq, a large amount of chlorides.
The legend tells that the well was long covered up and rediscovered by `Abd al-Mottalib, the grandfather of the Prophet.
Burckhardt in 1814 estimated the crowd at Arafa at 70,000, Burton in 1853 at 50,000, `Abd el-Razzak in 1858 at 60,000.
- Besides the Arabic geographers and cosmographers, we have Ibn `Abd Rabbih's description of the mosque, early in the 10th century (`Led Farid, Cairo ed., iii.
`Abd el-Razzaq's report to the government of India on the pilgrimage of 1858 is specially directed to sanitary questions; C. Snouck-Hurgronje, Mekka (2 vols., and a collection of photographs, The Hague, 1888-1889), gives a description of the Meccan sanctuary and of the public and private life of the Meccans as observed by the author during a sojourn in the holy city in1884-1885and a political history of Mecca from native sources from the Hegira till 1884.
Next in rank, and equally supporting the throne of the Almighty, are four Ministering Spirits, the Soul, the Word, the Right Wing and the Left Wing, who, in Hakim's time, were embodied respectively in Ismael Darazi, Mahommed ibn Wahab, Selama ibn Abd alWahal and Baha ud-Din; and beneath these again are spiritual agents of various ranks.
The propagation of the faith in accordance with Hamza's initiation was undertaken by Ismael ibn Mahommed Tamimi, Mahommed ibn Wahab, Abul-Khair Selama ibn Abd al-Wahal ibn Samurri, and Moktana Baha ud-Din, the last of whom became known by his writings from Constantinople to the borders of India.
Jumblat family, even though he was supported by the Talhuk, Abd al-Malik and Yezbeki families; and it appears that some members of the Shehab joined the Maronite faith in the middle of the 18th century, causing a suspicion of secret apostasy to fall on all the family.
4 The boldest of the disaffected was Aziru, son of Abd 1 For the grounds of these dates see Winckler, Gesch.
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Ghazi's first cousin, Amir Abd al Ilah, was made regent.
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determinant factors (abc), (abd), (bce), etc...., and other factors az, bx, cx,...
The simplest invariant is S = (abc) (abd) (acd) (bcd) cf degree 4, which for the canonical form of Hesse is m(1 -m 3); its vanishing indicates that the form is expressible as a sum of three cubes.
Both expectations were defeated by the succession of ' Abd al-Melik, and the injury rankled in the mind of ' Amr ibn Sa'id.
Ghazi 's first cousin, Amir Abd al Ilah, was made regent.
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