1489), son of Stephen, count palatine of Zimmern-Veldenz, founded the line of the dukes of Zweibriicken, which became extinct in 1731, when the duchy passed to the Birkenfeld branch, whence it came under the sway of Bavaria in 1799.
Zimmern in Z.D.M.G.
Pp. 167-171; Zimmern, Keilinschr.
Zimmern; see also his Index, sub voce).
23 seems to connect the original of the feast with a threshold covenant (see Trumbull, Threshold Covenant, Philadelphia, 1902); the daubing of the sideposts and lintel with blood at the original Passover, which finds its counterpart in Babylonian custom (Zimmern, Beit.
Pp. 2 4928 7; Die sumerischen Familiengesetze (1879); Zimmern, Babylonische Busspsalmen (1885), pp. 71 f.; Hommel, Gesch.
For the Babylonian evidence see Zimmern, op. cit., 603.
Zimmern and F.
4 seq.; 4 See a collection and critical estimate of this evidence by Zimmern, Die Keilinschriften and das Alte Testament, 465 sqq.
Benrath (2nd ed., Brunswick, 1892), translated into English by Helen Zimmern (London, 1876).
Trans., p. 56, with note on pp. 114 -118; Zimmern, Die Keilinschr.
Winckler and Zimmern, Keilinschr.
The investigations which have been carried on in recent years by King, Tallquist and Zimmern, as well as by Briinnow and Craig, on the magic and ritual of Babylonia and Assyria have been fruitful of results.
This is not a distinction which governs Zimmern and other writers.
As contrasted with the baru or soothsaying priest, as he is called by Zimmern, we have the asipu, who was the priestmagician who dealt in conjurations (siptu), whereby diseases were removed, spells broken, or in expiations whereby sins were expiated.
Tallquist's edition of the Maklu series of incantations and his explanations of the ritual, and also the publications by Zimmern of the Surpu series of tablets in his Beitreige have rendered us familiar with the functions of the asipu.
(I) According to Zimmern the baru and the asipu formed close gilds and the office passed from father to son.
" wipe off " and not " cover " as in Arabic. Zimmern thinks that the meaning " atone " " expiate," which belongs to the Pael form of the root k-p-r in both Aramaic and Arabic was borrowed from the Babylonian (cf.
383 ff.; Zimmern, Die Keilinschriften and das Alte Testament, pp. 529 f., 631 f.; Dibelius, Die Lade Jahves (1906), pp. 72-86.
He was represented as the writer of the tablets of destiny, and was therefore regarded as the interpreter of oracles (see Zimmern, K.
Students of Tallquist's Maklu series of incantation or of the surpu series edited by Zimmern (in his Beitrage zur Kenntniss der Babylonischen Religion) will recollect the images over which the priest sorcerer recites his formulae.
This collective grouping of the seven (five) planetary divinities is derived from the late Babylonian religion, which can definitely be indicated as the home of these ideas (Zimmern, Keilinschriften in dem alien Testament, ii.
The interesting parallels between the Babylonian Marduk (Merodach) god of light and Christ as a world saviour are ingeniously set forth by Zimmern in K.A.T., 3rd ed., pp. 376-391, but the total impression which they leave is vague.
In the western 1 See Zimmern, in Ztsch.
By Zimmern and Buhl, Leipzig, 1910); Brown, Briggs and Driver, Hebrew and Eng.
Zimmern (Zatw xl.
Zimmern, Lessing's Life and Works (1878); H.
Zimmern (1 vol., 1879), will be found in Bohn's "Standard Library."
Professors Peter Jensen and Zimmern have also done excellent work in the same field and, together with Haupt, have established the correct method of investigating the Sumerian vocables, which should be studied only in relation to the Sumerian literature.
Zimmern, Vergleichende Grammatik d.
Gesellschaft, 1892); Zimmern, Vergi.
Guhrauer, Sime, and Zimmern; Kuno Fischer, Geschichte der neuern Philosophie (vol.
Zimmern, Beitrage zur Kenntniss der babylonischen Religion (Leipzig, 1901); J.
Zimmern in vol.
To these local examples may be added the lord (or lady) of life, a serpent-deity of the Assyrian city Der (Winckler and Zimmern, Keilinschrift.
On these points see Zimmern, K.A.T.
"Kushaiah"); and Zimmern, Keilinschr.
Schopenhauer; von ihm; iiber ihn (1863); Helen Zimmern, Schopenhauer and his Philosophy (1877); O.