6, 16 to Ba'al Zebul of Ekron.
Abimelech, warned by his deputy Zebul, left his residence at Arumah and approached the city.
Baal-Zebul) is not improbable; see H.
(b) Zebul is from zebel, a word found in the Targums in the sense of "dung," so that Beelzebul would mean "Lord of Dung," a term of contempt.
The further suggestion has been made that zebul itself in the sense of "dung" is a term for a heathen deity, cf.
(c) Zebul is found in Kings viii.
1 3 in the sense of " height," beth-zebul - lofty house, and in Rabbinical writings in the sense of " house " or " temple," or " the fourth heaven "; 11 and Beelzebul may equal " Lord of the High House " or " Lord of Heaven."
It appears, however, that Rabbinical writings use yom (day-of) zebul for the festival of a heathen deity; and Jastrow connects this usage with the meaning " house " or " temple," so that the meaning " Lord of the False Gods" might be arrived at in a different way.
The names Zebulun, 'Izebel (Jezebel), suggest that Zebul may be an ancient name of a deity; cf.