By Hyderabad and the large zamindari estates of the Madras presidency; and on the E.
The zamindari system obtains throughout northern and central India, and also in the permanently settled estates of Madras.
At the same time the nawab made a grant to the company of the zamindari rights over an extensive tract of country round Calcutta, now known as the district of the Twenty-four Parganas.
Originally the company possessed only the zamindari rights, i.e.
Clive's jagir, as it was called, subsequently became a matter of inquiry in England, and on his death it passed to the company, thus merging the zamindari in the proprietary rights.
In the other provinces variations of the zamindari and ryotwari systems are found.