ZAMINDAR, or Zemindar (from Persian zamin= " land"), an Indian landholder.
The raja of Benares had certain special rights as zamindar, and in 1910 it was arranged to make part of his "family domain" a new native state with an area of 887 sq.
The zamindar himself is a creation of the Mahommedans, unknown to the early Hindu system.
The zamindar was conspicuous and useful; the village community and the cultivating ryot did not force themselves into notice.
The zamindar seemed a solvent person, capable of keeping a contract; and his official position as tax-collector was confused with the proprietary rights of an English landlord.
If the offer of the zamindar was not deemed satisfactory, another contractor was substituted in his place.
The same English prejudice which made a landlord of the zamindar could recognize nothing but a tenantat-will in the ryot.
Neither zamindar nor village officer intervenes between the cultivator and the state, which takes directly upon its own shoulders all a landlord's responsibility.
The same view recommended itself to the authorities at home, partly because it would place their finances on a more stable basis, partly because it seemed to identify the zamindar with the more familiar landlord.