Johnson, Yoruba Heathenism (1899, reprinted in R.
ABEOKUTA, a town of British West Africa in the Egba division of the Yoruba country, S.
An official newspaper is published in the Yoruba and English languages.
Abeokuta is the headquarters of the Yoruba branch of the Church Missionary Society, and British and American missionaries have met with some success in their civilizing work.
See the publications of the Church Missionary Society dealing with the Yoruba Mission; Col.
Ellis's The Yoruba-speaking Peoples (London, 1894); and an article on Abeokuta by Sir Wm.
SAMUEL ADJAI CROWTHER (1809?-1891), African missionary-bishop, was born at Ochugu in the Yoruba country, 1 The duchy of Lancaster, which was the private property of Henry IV.
Here he devoted himself to the preparation of school-books, and the translation of the Bible and Prayer-Book into Yoruba and other dialects.
It was carried at the point of the bayonet by the Yoruba troops, who proved themselves fully equal to the Hausa.
Besides the people of Benin, the coast tribes include the Jekri, living on the lower part of the Benin river and akin to the Yoruba, the Ijos, living in the delta east of the main mouth of the Niger, and the Ibos, occupying a wide tract of country just above the delta and extending for loo m.
Of Benin city, is an important trade centre for the Yoruba country, in which are the large cities of Abeokuta, Ibadan and Illorin, all separately noticed.
Its inhabitants are of various tribes, among which the Yoruba now predominate.
Illorin is a great trading centre, Hausa caravans bringing goods from central Africa, and merchandise from the coasts of the Mediterranean, which is distributed from Illorin to Dahomey, Benin and the Lagos hinterland, while from the Guinea coast the trade is in the hands of the Yoruba and comes chiefly through Lagos.
There are a number of mosques in the town, and the Mahommedans are the dominant power, but the Yoruba, who constitute the bulk of the people, are pagans.
The town of Illorin was founded, towards the close of the 18th century, by Yoruba, and rose to be the capital of one of the Yoruba kingdoms. About 1825 the kingdom, which had come under Mahommedan influence, ceased its connexion with the Yoruba states and became an emirate of the Sokoto empire.
The Fula, however, maintained the Yoruba system of government, which places the chief power in a council of elders.
1890); The Yoruba-Speaking Peoples of the Slave Coast (Lond.
The Yoruba-speaking peoples generalized the spirits of mountain and hill into Oke, god of heights; and the multitude of local sea-gods on the western half of the slave coast was fused into one god of the Ocean, Olokun.
Ellis, The Yoruba-speaking Peoples (1894), p. 289.
Kreo is equally influenced by French, Portugese, Yoruba and other local languages.
Johnson, Yoruba Heathenism (1899).